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tv   Myanmar and the Rohingya  Deutsche Welle  August 9, 2020 2:15pm-3:01pm CEST

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following the huge explosions in beirut on tuesday. that's all the news for this hour of next is doc film reports on the in march and it's for interest in protests following the huge explosions in beirut on tuesday. that's all the news for this hour of next is doc film reports i mean maher and it's we're into muslim minority don't forget you can always get the latest from d.w. dot com or follow us on twitter and instagram after w. news and william click croft more for you at the top of the hour thanks for. images of gaza. the photo studios archive documents lives in bygone era. and leads to lose living today. they are guarding gaza's past in a box. collected memories starts focused fourteenth's own t
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w. i do that how there was training that day the river had flooded. to the fore and we couldn't cross the river without babies and children who were sitting on the riverbank. and 100 soldiers came and surrounded us. for a. beginner a given area. and then when they started stabbing our men and shooting at them they shouted shot. they hit us the women with long sticks.
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a lot of really. returned soldiers carried me off along with 6 other women in the dominican. as they took us away my youngest brother said to me family and my sister. i can't say all the terrible things they did to us. what happened was called a cleansing operation. in the summer of 2017 the myanmar army laid waste to the western state of rakhine formerly hora
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contrabands. nearly 500 villages were burnt down. the role hinge of population fled to the forests and hills muslims one wanted in a mainly buddhist country. after days on foot the survivors reached the border. on the opposite bank bangladesh. to.
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the outer look this is why we have enough time any more the soldiers beat us. i lost my daughter she is a little bigger than this child here my father and my mother are missing when they set the village on fire i took my wife and the children who were there and ran away as fast as i could since then i don't know where my daughter is 400. therefore they got in the street and by the river i saw many dead bodies including children wherever we looked there were mutilated and burned bodies there because the no food idea in the level of it.
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the crackdown left thousands dead in recalling the province where the range of people used to live. most of them fled myanmar their own country. bangladesh has taken 700000 refugees. the situation remains a textbook example of ethnic cleansing can anyone rule out but elements of genocide may be present. genocide. international law is yet to decide but that's what many academics and diplomats are calling the situation. what is not in doubt is that the events were premeditated.
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and that requires decisions by people in power that requires time and resources to plan. as if he meditated nothing. happens without a plan there is always a master plan. i. 2 bangladesh is home to the largest refugee camp in the world. the row in jump all told the same story citing the same violence the same methods.
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the name of one village has become synonymous with crimes against humanity. to not told. far from their homeland the survivors in this village tell their stories. to describe a well oiled machine. that the mother left that day at 8 in the morning the soldiers attacked our village from the north they set our houses on fire and fired their guns we knew we had to get
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away though and a lot with a lot of we took our things and fled. but i don't why don't they go. for then we knew that we took our bags and our children and ran to the beach we hid by the riverbank so again the soldiers surrounded us like a mother to decide oh about the. most of them lot of them are among the people ran away in all directions some fell down others jumped in the water. and they drove us all out of the embankment miners couldn't download it then they separated the men and the women who did it my own boss and i would only. one moment out of the 3 and they were nominated shot and killed the men and the alphabet and them out of the battle. but i had them on with the weather got there to escape the bullets we jumped into the river there were 4 or 5 of us we fled to the opposite riverbank from there we saw what they did to my
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wife and the other women. we had to watch what was happening. so i think. they didn't stop shooting we watched and cried. my wife and i had a baby it was our 1st child. i watched and i wept. when all the men were dead they started to throw the babies in the water and they killed the children with machetes before they threw them in the river to the war. and i watched them beaten kill people they set my house on fire and threw my baby into the file. after they had killed the men and children they started dragging the women off in
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groups of 5 or 6. got a little girl i knew they brought this to my house blindfolded us and bound arms and legs they raped us. they knew no massey really. didn't we were doing it in the place and when. the soldiers came to us 3 times then they left us lying on the ground and like to see in. the it was late afternoon . i thought i was going to die. i close my eyes and said my last breath. at that moment they set the house on fire. but i managed to crawl out. i used to be afraid of death but i'm not afraid anymore one of the.
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men and women separated children massacred systematic rape. they used the same methods and almost all the villages they attacked. matthew smith has an ngo that defends human rights in asia. he's investigating the violence suffered by the regime to people. we documented upwards of 11000 soldiers from 27 battalions that were operational during these attacks that requires decisions by people in power that requires time and resources to plan so all of these all of these aspects certainly speak to a genocidal intent.
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the eyewitness accounts of the survivors are unanimous the soldiers want to love. their men it is what that city and what was the vans and soldiers acted together so you know there are at least. 500 of them. gentlemen inches less and killed people and burned down houses on that and then i saw them attacking people with knives cutting people's throats and throwing babies into the fire didn't it bought a house they did it on the soldiers' orders and the minute it out on the air then i mean one of the. civilians and soldiers acting
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together. that. there is a dead end here in these images filmed by a myanmar soldier an officer in combat gear is addressing some buddhist villagers. you know these people are breeding like rabbits there are more and more of them that's why they're a threat to our ethnic minorities they want to populate the whole of. then they will conquer the whole country and take control of it that's what they're planning to do. we can't be afraid of these foreigners. where they are. the officer reveals the me and more armies plants. the moon we will hit them hard and fast have no doubt we will cleanse their villages. one group of soldiers will be in charge of cleansing the area while
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another group will prevent the russian ship from escaping. so they don't scatter where you are. but here are the other you know them is essentially describing what the military ended up doing which was attacking rethinking diligence in some cases blocking them from from from fleeing and then massacring them and in other cases just driving them out towards bangladesh. oh no i don't well we have no backpacks no food and we won't sleep we have come only with our guns and bullets so that we can defeat them. but we're counting on your help in this mission to show your courage. on yourselves with machetes he sticks around and we even have to fight people don't and small children to make sure we defeat them. there you see the soldiers encouraging the civilians to themselves take up arms and so and we
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ended up seeing this this this ended up taking place villagers were armed with farm equipment with long swords with knives in some cases with firearms and they flanked me i'm army soldiers and police one eyewitness described it to us after watching some of these trains described to us as they were being trained to kill it looked like they were being trained to kill he said to us. harming civilians creating a militia to attack an ethnic group amounts to a war crime. was a crime against humanity.
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in the last few years one man has played a central role in changing mindsets. starting in 2012 when he was released from prison this month has been touring the country to convince the poor of the dangers of islam. a holy man turned politician. 'd 'd 'd machine we run through has harnessed the anti rohingya hatred inherited from the
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colonial era. during the 2nd world war prior to independence a muslim minority supported the british. many buddhists and myanmar never forgave them 'd. he met the market the height of his fame. sometimes they call me the neo nazi the bald nazi or the bin laden of myanmar but i've already made my statements about that. a lot. of. the racist preacher was protected and financed by the generals in power. ah machine in iraq that exploded just popularity to have mixed faith marriages
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prohibited. for a little while a cool i'm very active on social media especially on the issues of foreigners and rape i. listen and the biggest threat to all of us are the muslims who marry several women and have lots of children because they want to become a majority and me on mar day. i s. quite a get a. little by little the radical sides influence growing with hindsight his words could be understood as a warning. for. the government made the right decision they no longer use the word. they say they are illegal immigrants and they should be put in a camp where they would even be prepared to send them to another country.
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also. driving the real hinge of muslims out of me and mar the country where they had lived for centuries. that day the monk revealed the general's plans years before any action was taken. it was also at this time that london based academic thomas big man's went to southern rakhine. there were media reports about the problems with muslims the reports about muslims raping buddhists making the front pages of the media. there were a group of monks touring the country to explain to schoolchildren the problems
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of islam. a specialist in state crimes mcmanus quickly became convinced that an act of genocide was imminent. this is part of a stigmatize ation stage of genocide you problematize another group they're still accepted to the still part of society but you point to them and you say look what they do there's something wrong with them and that is the 1st stage in genocide. the theatrics to turn from words into actions. led by radical monks and accompanied by the police the buddhists attacked muslim villages.
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it was the 1st act of a tragedy that would last 5 years. in june 2012120000 broken just muslims were driven from their villages and forced into camps. southern rakhine had been cleansed. and. little by little the rockin just lost the remaining rights. they could no longer study and seek health care or even leave the camps.
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who were going to you know. those not in prison camps but confined to their villages in a rest day link. who were. also. well. well. her honor of gone. but after years of persecution in our movement was born in recalling the rock n roll in just salvation army. the only committers of this
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mysterious guerilla army are these propaganda films. that are murdered are murdered . again i'm going to murder. without uniforms and under equipped the militants attacked me and more police stations in the summer of 2017 the powder keg had been lit. when august 25th came around and writing a militant attacked and killed a handful of. myanmar officials the authorities essentially activated what appeared to be a very well planned operation. a massive repression of the wreckage of minority led to the myanmar army being
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accused of crimes against humanity. don't. worry about the rakhine state to me and mark. the region is off limits to journalists. since 2017 humanitarian organizations have also been banned. it's a territory devoid of outside witnesses. and you know when you're. going to be on you know when you go about it like you know when i go. to defend itself against accusations of genocide the myanmar government
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invited in a handful of journalists. but the trip is tightly controlled. and. over. we take the only road leading north to where the injured lived before they were driven out. everywhere military camps and forts took the place of burnt villages the ruins of which are barely visible.
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slow down please. love low life slow down but stopping it's up to question each time we pass a bill in which the car speeds on. we pass what used to be booked in jakarta and for only the charge stops of palm trees are made. the driver seen it all. but he has been warned. he has only one word to say. a pejorative ethnic slur used by the region's buddhists to describe the region. as soon as we arrive in the northern capital of rakhine were taken to a press conference. where you might think.
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the propaganda lesson delivered by the governor and a handful of officials in the finest room talent. people in a minority a little bit when we look back in history we see it was always the muslims who attack the local buddhists now they seized the land whenever they had the opportunity. the government just did what was necessary to retain our national territory. the official version of the genocide. i mean. it was neither the police nor the army who drove these people out nobody forced them to leave it was rohingya terrorists who burned down their houses forced them to flee with.
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the accusations of crimes against humanity or brushed aside by the mayor. there was no genocide here it has never happened and never will. if that were true why are muslims still living in the region. how can that be. if it had really been genocide then they wouldn't be here anymore. and you know as i think. they've managed to kill 22000 then my estimates range and drive up to a 1000000 out of the country without any repercussions and they've managed to convince the people that this is all fake news that this never happened that the birth of their own houses unless on their own accord. after the genocide it's the last stage it's about the nile it's about rewriting history it's about
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understanding what happened in another way as part of the new national story. what has happened since the injured were driven out. of. the convoy heads to northern rakhine their trucks everywhere. the road is still being built but whole villages have appeared only one year after the wreckage of flood. prefabricated houses that the government has given to buddhists moving here from other parts of the country.
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the settlement show that the injure land did not stay empty for long. the international community is increasingly taking
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a stand and denouncing the crimes against the engine. for justice takes time. in the corridors of the palace of nations one woman is once again preparing to defend the range of cards. since 2014 yankee league has been the un special rapporteur for human rights in myanmar. because there's no water provided under the and they are. doing. ok get some to give it up. i think i just hear.
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mr president distinguished representatives ladies and gentlemen i'm honored to once again to address you and present in my report to this council on the situation of human rights and me i'm up. i re the international community going to tell bangladesh they must continue their generosity indefinitely for a crisis but there was cost in myanmar are we going to tell the rohingya refugees that they are going to have to endure the situation indefinitely the answer to the above questions must be unequivocally no i encourage you to stop the talking and start doing i thank you for attention thank you. for instance which is it time for she's not calling for people yes of course it's been delayed a long and as you know justice delayed is justice denied the high level of generals
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who really did the ordering of. atrocity crimes they must be tried as long as well as others to me to me. please you know exceptionally who are these others to whom the diplomat refers. given her knowledge of the workings of the myanmar political machinery at the start of the mantic yankee league regularly met with nobel peace prize winner. but in 2015 the lady from young gone refused to express an opinion on the right into question. we met her briefly during her election campaign. but since we weren't there.
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yet. i think it's a very complex love think that you tell you and. i think. once appointed state counselor her position became clear it was that of the military with whom she shared power. elite and the nobel peace prize winner had been close for years. for the 1st time a south korean diplomat revealed what was said during her last meeting. i would have a tete a tete very private meeting and i would raise many issues in had a very good we talk you know she asked about my mother about how my father is doing
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we talked about family when i met her and her 1st fight after she was elected it's use of a hand and she said oh no we don't use the word range and i told her no i can't use something else and principle i am going to use range. despite having a mandate from the united nations the diplomat was only able to visit north america once. when i saw her in 2017 she was very bitter about it and. and i asked her i need more access to different areas and and july she said to me if you continue the nat this narrative of the last 10 mile to you may not get any access.
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3 days later sons who cheated ask you in march parliament to withdraw the diplomats accreditation young he lead was forced to leave me and mark. and son suchi had built up a lot of political capital over the years she is a nobel peace prize winner and she used this capital to provide cover for the military to carry out their operations every time the international community came in and said look we have reports we have evidence they were frankly bamboozled by an sense to cheat using her capital she built up over the years to provide cover for the military to carry out a genocidal campaign this is complicity in genocide and uncensored she should be investigated for complicity in genocide. if our own sons who choose image has been tarnished by the real hinge a crisis those who cause the chaos of rakhine are using it to their advantage.
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after 50 years of dictatorship in 2011 in march started moving toward democracy. a transfer of power from the military to a civilian government. but in fact it didn't happen the general still controlled the country. is going to benefit from the destruction of their injuries from their annihilation the genocide the military need a way of explaining to the burmese people why they still need such a huge military at all. so the question is do we need a militarized country so that so the military are creating problems like the ranger
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so that the country will rally around the military is their defenders they remained in power there in complete control of the country the strategy was a success. strategy that worked in the general's favor not only on a political it could also mean big profits. we know staters resource rich so we know that the military are going to want to get their teeth into the resources that are there it shouldn't have been one of the poorest state and. we have some evidence some reports that in central. there is a uranium. there is nicole there is all those what you call it
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specialists and that is official government secret almost where you have no access to any information there's no data and so to have access to those resources. you can't have people living there. having driven out the undesirables you mark claims to be ready to welcome them back . at least that's the official adopted under international pressure. the forty's take us to the border to the bridge over which hundreds of thousands of rangers are meant to cross on their return.
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to myanmar authorities promise to house the engine in this empty camp. the camps are guarded by the same brigades which drove them from their villages. inside officials are waiting for the new arrivals the scene is carefully staged. yet although i would you say this is the authority for immigration and identification. all return east will register here. and then we will issue them with this identity card. and whatever the card is
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a condition of their return and. then they can apply for an official i.d. card. but it doesn't mean they are citizens of myanmar. this card merely states that the holder is an immigrant who wants to live in myanmar. by the end of it big yeah yeah. yeah. if they accept it the wrench away for their burmese nationality. they can't refuse . the last visit camp on the border in myanmar.
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these rohinton chose to stay in their country. me and mark has imprisoned them behind barbed wire. how is it possible to believe a 1000000 exiles will return to trust the promises of a country which tortures. what is going to happen next for the range of bangladesh absorb them into their size what does that mean for the right india as a culture. the genocide is continuing is going on as we speak so people have to ask the question how do we get through hinge your home and how do we rekindle our culture how do we get people back together and if we don't do it the genocides continuing so so every day that nothing is done is the world continuing the genocide of the road. 2 2 with no guarantees for their safety with no recognition of their identity the
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working just don't want to return to their land. one of the most persecuted minority. the world is waiting for justice. and mixed ethnic bad cast until one dance country 12 exceptional dancers from across the globe are brought together by one of the most exciting choreographers of our time. that's the kind of carry you out shirts and the ballet of different
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arts 21. in 30 minutes on d w. a new era has become. the fire point religion. has been filling. our shuttle just. blazes 1st ever before. flames that consumed forests and entire residential areas from. rising temperatures food water shortages lens clearance there's an abundance of flammable material once again i did no stop the fires. is
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a move going up in smoke. global culture duration the world on fire starts aug 12th on g.w. . but. this is deja vu news live from berlin could the lebanese government be about to resign one minister has already quit in the whole cabinet may be on the way out they root has been clearing up after a night on arrest and the huge explosions that ripped the city apart on tuesday. also coming up the people of belarus go to the polls president alexander lukashenko has been in power since the 1990 s. but this time around he's facing a serious challenge from this woman.


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