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tv   Corona Special  Deutsche Welle  August 12, 2020 5:15am-5:31am CEST

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won and so the semifinals will now see sivia taking on manchester united on sunday while on monday inter milan face shocked are you watching the news coming to you from berlin remember you can always keep up to date on our website good of you dot com follow us on twitter instagram at meaningless told me a lot of things are changing. combating the corona pandemic. where does research stand. what are scientists learning. background information and news. hour corona. with 19 special next on d.w. . how does a virus spread. why do we have it and when will all this. produce through the topics covered and the weekly radio show is called spectrum if you
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would like any information on the crawl of virus or any other science topic you should really check out our podcast you can get it wherever you get your podcast can also find us at the. science. the new coronavirus has already killed hundreds of thousands of people across the world and it's up to our lives changing the way we work and who we can meet problem is we can see it stars close to is an invisible deadly threat that could be lurking anywhere. but not everyone believes that. this is now tonight it's pure panic now i don't know anyone who's sick in march and you think people ski holiday makers and others. news in hard to hear you because we believe
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only scientists following the guidelines of the government are being listened to. clearly many only believe in what they can see where does that leave us when an enemy is invisible. welcome to you covered not in special here and it'll be in use and want to get jones and berlin that have you with us now for months you have seen representations of the corona virus like this one behind me but this bias really look like this doesn't matter yes it does because the better we know the virus the better we can fight it and luckily there are people who can make the invisible. brothers ben and plan to be with their grandparents in england right now the coronavirus pandemic made that impossible so what is the virus which is making so many people frightened actually look like. it's going to die.
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things on it and it looks cheeky and now we're in right. here. you know very. scientific illustrator not a major thanks to drawings of pretty good though he finds many depictions of viruses problematic. this for children's book is actually quite nice it's a very simplified depiction which is totally ok but it shows the main features and so on what i sometimes get a little bit upset about is illustrations that are used for online articles for example like this one because the the pictures do not resemble devival at all and they often taken from stock image sites like this one as you see all of these are supposed to be one of each and every depiction is completely different from one another and none of them resemble the actual virus. knows exactly what the virus looks like. researchers emailed the raw data to him that includes information
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about almost every atom in the protein the size and number of spikes on the surface hello the data into a molecular viewer and then export it into a state of the art 3 d. software which is also used by hollywood for special effects. scientists uses illustrations for their publications in popular and scientific magazines these graphic illustrations for the scientific community are a valuable resource in the fight against the corona virus epidemic these scientific data that they try to show can often be very confusing and hard to grasp for example here we have the structure of the poty ace in america have you and as we see it's really hard to see what is going on here the white thing in the middle is the inhibitor that can potentially disable the whole potence so therefore it's
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a good target but it's kind of hard to see so what i do is illustrate the same data in very clear way that makes it easy to understand what exactly is going on here in this binding pocket for example. this gives other viral a just a precise idea of what their colleagues are working on let's just say as a doctor of biology during his studies he was often irritated by how many graphic illustrators had no clue what they were depicting. he decided to fill this gap and so he became a scientific graphic illustrator. he loves his job largely because of the artistic freedom that exists despite the rigors of science. so. here we have my description of the corner grocery here of the illustration of another scientific illustrator and as you see we chose very different colors and slightly different styles of how to pick them even though the overall structure of
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the vials of a similar. regardless of the color ben and shawn aren't afraid of the virus if they're able to see the invisible virus they know how they'd react. i would tell him to go away he says should push off. the 2 youngsters understand there needs to be a vaccine against corona virus before they can start playing here again with all their friends and before they can finally give their grandparents in england a hug. and for more i'm joined by professor ross had to take a director of the center for adaptive rationality of the max planck institute for human development good to have you with us please 1st of all you and your colleagues are looking into cognitive tools of strategies that leads to us being able to to make a decision hopefully a good one how important is it for us to visualize something in order to be able to act or react. good question i think i
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mean if you talk about risks and a lot of our decisions are related to the risks that we proceed in the world one general finally in research and reception is that things that we can see are actually often perceived to be more risky i mean it's just a for instance of war any dark forest and you hear a rustling and of course it makes you afraid and that feels very different than walking through the same forest during the day and you seem oh it's just a rabbit so the things that we do not see tend to make us more anxious ok but that is very interesting because obviously we've lived with this invisible virus this new coronavirus now for for at least 8 a month and it seems to be that this fear is wearing off with some people they don't necessarily keep a distance anymore they don't wear masks anymore why's that. well in all
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likelihood there are many different 2 motors come together and you can to think prius of could be i mean some of these measures are really quite encouraging unit particularly our weather and they're certainly not the only reason there is probably also something in play it is called the prevention paradox feeling that if the predictions are successful and a catastrophe if you will it is happening then one question is well maybe the risk wasn't that big to begin with that as long as the reaction in your losses or say well actually the convention was noting some of this is not happening its own people seem to have to question that the risk is possibly not as big as it was often sat medion. but of course we all know that the virus is still very much alive and kicking so what is necessary to revive the kind of
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feel or respect that people had at the beginning of the pandemic. well as a question if i could easily. be much richer. that's a $1000000.00 course and i think it has a lot to do with the fact that we keep talking about this as a crisis and even the framing of the crisis means that a crisis passes i mean a crisis is certainly not use law and i think what's important is that we need to possibly change our mental model of the problem you need we need to adjust our expectations that this is a problem that is not going to disappear within days weeks or months possibly so who are. i can't wait to sort of learn something perhaps also from religion i mean every religion and the well it is based on people believing in something they cannot see they cannot tot's if they believe in it if they even follow rules while
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others don't what is it that makes the difference in people following religion and something they can't see and others don't. hear. anything wrong with the. word we are what is helpful the strongest sense the tone or send the data that we have and and also to try to more evidence based needs in other words there's not a lot of. room mass and heat in distance is really effective way of dealing with the crew of viruses and so i would say for me i would not wait. a year of really. the best evidence that is currently you know. professor patrick director of the center for adaptive rationality at the max planck institute for human development
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thank you so much for your time. you know well what i want time for your questions now over to our science correspondent and that's derrick williams. does sars kovi to incorporate genetic material into your d.n.a. that remains even when the disease is passed. a number of different viruses among them for example hiv or herpes viruses use a variety of different methods to incorporate their own genetic material into that of the cells that they invade in fact a substantial portion of human d.n.a. we think around 8 percent isn't strictly speaking human in origin it's genetic information from by wrists is that integrated into the human genome at some point in the far distant past and has been hanging around in our genetic code ever
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since which is kind of freaky when you think about it i mean it's thought that these sequences might be involved actually in a wide range of what we consider to be non infectious diseases like like cancer or or dementia but source code too isn't the kind of virus that replicates by integrating into our genome it doesn't have to invade the cell nucleus where our d.n.a. is it can find everything that it needs to make more of itself and what's what's called the cytoplasm which is the the gel like substance that's inside the cell membrane but outside the cell nucleus. and before we go a coronavirus vaccine developed in russia has been registered for use russian president vladimir putin says the vaccine office lasting immunity and that medical workers teachers and other risk groups will be the 1st to be inoculated but many
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scientists. skeptical the vaccine did not undergo face 3 trials which only last for a month and involve thousands of people. well who knows as the world is desperately waiting for a vaccine will suddenly give you an update on the latest developments and alico 1000 show tomorrow until then from the the team thanks for watching the food. after. man and animal living together and unspoiled nature and nelson ole rain co-founded national life the only african wildlife conservation center run by the mass i community but since the coronavirus pandemic they have faced many more challenges than usual needs a part of them shipped in their conservation movement to find out. alternatives to africa. next.
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grand visions. grand deception. your dream. white collar crime. the perpetrators are often the gossips. they promised huge profits for everyone but in the end they're into himself. and insider towns made in germany. in 60 minutes on d w. like . oh. my god says i was food for the russians so. i don't run steamed up. to so many different walks of life. some are pumping and oddly i'm trying to get all
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of them come straight from the heart. it's former c.e.o. and one says no more delusional my school interests. from news of the law to their final resting place the russians on g.w. documentary. taking phoebe into your own hands for yourself on the environment that's often the key to success especially during this difficult times and today's edition of eco africa we will introduce you to a lot of different people just that with various initiatives to help b.n. bob welcome to the show i'm now coming to you from lagos i.


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