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tv   30 Jahre Deutsche Einheit  Deutsche Welle  October 3, 2020 1:30pm-1:46pm CEST

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and world war germany was a very strong militarist militarily and economically very strong country in europe and started the war against the whole of europe and the whole of the world this country was then divided into 2 parts and in terms of the cold war that led to this time of peace the cold war within europe certainly was a time of peace stable time was a stable time now the stability was starting to crumble and the question was what would happen if this very strong state in the center of europe would be unified again so there were concerns against it then what will have always a don't stick you could say that in a sense everyone was against it the french were against it because they had fought many many wars against germany the. british were against it margaret thatcher was prime minister at the time she had huge stance about whether this was a good idea the poles were against it because they had suffered heavily during the 2nd world war through german war crimes basically the soviet union was
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initially against it because the soviet union had fought this great war against nazi germany which is very much a substance of salvi it and russian history until today there were a lot of in the end you could say it is the allies the americans it was george h.w. bush at the time was the president the americans too had their dogs they all had to agree to this and that was the presses that happened after the fall of the german wall which was how shall i say the symbol that nina was talking about earlier but to turn that into a treaty into a unified into unified germany that was a diplomatic. force and to really that willis and i married or scientists i think you know. the german president especially. mentioned george go. the. leader of the soviet union at the time when he agreed to this then the
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last element of resistance basically fell the allies agreed to a treaty that allowed the unification of germany and then it happened but it was really touch and go in some sense but there was also a price to pay wasn't that it wasn't just political and that. as we talked everyone into agreeing kindly agreeing to german reunification there were prices to pay that well in a sense you could say that the price that germany paid or the. the promise that germany made was to push ahead with the unification of europe to integrate germany further still into the european union into the nato alliance into multilateral constructs in other words. groups of countries international groups of countries that and some say it's fenced in germany and germany has taken
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this role very seriously something he talked about a lot you could even say that the creation of a common european currency the euro was also a factor of those that are something that binds the german economy very very closely into the european you're calling me all of these measures were taken in order to in some sense pacify germany and france so then. i think we can listen to another bit of father stan my as speech now let's see what he. has to say that and this is why i say it isn't a seriously that it's more about a question of style here it's not about. acting it lately should it's about democracy because if people feel pushed aside. their views do not know how to get some kind of. platform because politically. if they begin
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to lose faith in their ability to have access it isn't this then we must not ignore this because then cohesion decide man to dominate their own fragments and then distrust policymakers increases and all this is a breeding ground for populism and extremist parties. hans who's he talking about the people who are unhappy about the commons situation i mean that is a situation that in the eastern part of germany a lot of people feel in some sense left behind which in some sense they have been by the especially you cannot make develop and since unification people that were of a certain age at the time that unification happened were not able to rebuild their block refused to rebuild their careers and among such people the populist narrative of especially of right wing populist parties these people that hark back to a germany that is in this sense germany your strength germany of national pride
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that is something that they find very attractive so he's talking about the fact that if within modern german society this sense of dissatisfaction is not addressed these people are not listened to then they were listening to right wing populist parties who propose who pursue a very different kind of germany a germany that is more much more militaristic much more also rotarian much more nationalistic much more. anti islam and the foreign. anti migration. and that is something that is very worrying about some aspects of his german society at the coming to you thomas at the brandenburg gate. we just heard him say about those feeling left behind is it really just being left behind do these people really just feel left behind or are we if we say that making them
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victims. there are concrete differences that's for sure nino and how it's already mentioned some of those between east and west the fact that for example in the east people to tend to less than in the west is more an employment in the east than in the west so you can clearly see come. create differences between both sides but there are also mental differences that is something that we have also been able to seen different studies that have been made in recent weeks to commemorate german reunification and there indeed people have stressed that they feel 2nd class citizens that they feel left behind when it comes to germany's progress and that explains why for german officials it is also a very important challenge what comes and now it's not only about trying to reduce the differences in wages or reduce the differences in unemployment or trying to reduce other concrete physical differences it's also trying to make sure that those
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who feel left behind are also included in those narratives nina mentioned at the beginning of our coverage stressing that there isn't a common narrative that it's very difficult to find a common narrative of what actually happened 3 decades ago and what germany has achieved and it hasn't achieved since then and that i think will be one of them one of the main tasks that authorities will have coming now in the next few years in the next few decades is not only are they say about reducing those physical differences it's also about making sure that everyone in this country feels included and that everyone in this country feels part of of what is happening and how germany is progressing in the world and i would like to also point to something very important that she. addressed in his speech and that's the international aspect of all this you already stressed that as well with with hands but this is not only something that germans can and should be proud of the fact that germany reunified is also something that has to do with the united states that believe firmly in reunification this also has to do with the fact that there were those
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negotiations that led to the german reunification where the allies firmly agreed although at the beginning as hans said france and for example the united kingdom were not particularly happy about german reunification and again when we look today at for example what i called stresses on various occasions that idea that germany can only do well. if europe does well that goes all the way back to german reunification that goes all the way back to the idea that germany could only be reunified a spot over a spot of the european union a spot of these european approaches and that's because essentially the other countries involved did not want germany taking an independent apos something that they certainly did not want to know such germany was reunited a spot of the european union and that's why today when you hear german politicians today when you hear angular merkel for example at the german parliament you often hear her say that germany's destiny is strictly united to the european union
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destiny as well. thomas thank you very much we're coming to roughly coming to the end of all special coverage before we do i'd like to go to nina. said that the memory and heritage of 989 was never more important than today what do you what do you think about that. poll i think is right and i think when you look at what's happening behind thomas barrow in the middle of the anti corona measures the demonstrations against corona measures of course they're not organized by east german you know so he means we need to think that we have to keep this peaceful spirit that we need to fight for democracy and that here in germany we've experienced this process that it is possible that people do want to more proceed because it simply is a system that gives people freedom and
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a good standard of living and that it is important to keep that spirit alive today more than ever and it is not just the story of between west because there are many groups inside germany that are beginning to question the validity of democracy. thank you very much and i believe we are wrapping up. paschal coverage of this 30th anniversary of german unity and we're coming to some other news that happened today u.s. presidents donald trump is being treated at a military hospital after testing positive for cove it 19 he's expected to remain of walter reed medical center for several days tom's doctor says he's taking the antiviral drug as if we're earlier white house officials said the hospitalization was only a precautionary measure trump would continue his presidential duties. the 1st glimpses of the u.s.
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president since he shocked the world with his covert 19 diagnosis. here donald trump has been transferred to hospital with officials insisting it's only a precautionary measure the white house said he was fatigued but in good spirits and experiencing mild symptoms before takeoff the president assured his supporters he was doing ok i. think everybody with the tremendous record you want to read or he's going to do very very well. maybe you are the. first lady he is doing. so thank you very much very appreciated. here. the white house had been on high alert after news that a top aide was diagnosed with a virus on thursday. whoa picks seen here in the brown coat often travels with president trump. now the race is on to trace and test the people who might have
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come in contact with the president and the potential pool of people is huge with an election to win trump has been on the road addressing voters and he hasn't always won a face mask or followed social distancing guidelines. outside of walter reed trump supporters gathered to show their support for the president. but with a month until the election illness has thrown the campaign into uncharted territory . donald trump says deen office he's going to have to beat the coronavirus 1st. but earlier we spoke with eli rosenberg he's associate professor of epidemiology and biostatistics the university of albany and we asked him how hard it's going to be to trace the president's contacts over the past few days for better or worse the president is one of the most watched people in the world and i think you know in order to attend his events people have to go through security register and so forth
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so i think there's a lifting a list and following up with people will be a possible task it's going to be some is doable and i think we know there are there are lots of contacts racers and states and counties that can provide assistance to that so i think it's a possible task but oh well i was there i will go back some some days and requires contacting reaching out to a quite a large number of people but i think it's a doable task so that quick update of some other world news happening today and that wraps up a special coverage of the ceremony marking 30 years of german reunification i'd like to thank my colleague here in the studio hans of bronze who helped us guide through this day and also a big thank you to nina thomas sparrow who. in respectively this of course. has
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a day come so the end of joy and reflection for germany and the germans but for all those striving fighting working peacefully for freedom and democracy we hope it's going to be a day of oh. thanks for joining us. germany is celebrating its 30 years anniversary of reunification in 99 west germany and east germany reunited to become one nation what was it like join us and shift today to take a virtual journey through time. this is what the berlin wall looked like and unbreachable stone obstacle on the close
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god dividing the city for most citizens of the g.d. are leaving the country for west germany was not possible you had to go to extreme lengths to flee like digging underground tunnels using virtual reality it's now possible to experience what it was like when people try to escape and from khosla got to experience what it was like for his grandfather who dug a tunnel underneath the berlin wall. this man in this picture is tells me here from go is that he's my grandfather and in this picture you see him building a tunnel under the bird and ball. goes on to one closer and social historian and the interviewee time traveling back to the year 964 for the you choose to show virtually history. that tenzin is either he has a plan. just a few years now but younger is this we're.


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