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tv   Unter Waffen  Deutsche Welle  October 9, 2020 5:15am-6:00am CEST

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later said he heard a splash but didn't realize until he was back on shore just how narrowly he does skate becoming australia's 20th shark attack a victim this year. and is your news update at this hour and a richardson in berlin for me and the whole team here thanks so much for watching. combating the corona pandemic. where does research stand. what are scientists learning. background information and there are some. our corona update. covert 19 special next on d w. in the art of climate change. the mayor says. looks nice to people.
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what ideas do they have of their future. d.w. dot com african lego city the multimedia. click tour. dates from the corona virus have devastated millions across the world. many couldn't say goodbye to their loved ones. funerals were restricted making grieving difficult. but even in normal circumstances one in 10 affected typically develop a prolonged grief disorder. cova deaths have been even more traumatic for the bereaved as specially at a time when getting the support they need isn't always possible.
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i'm ben physical and nice to have you along dealing with grief is hard enough to in . middle of a lockdown during the panic of a pandemic or surrounded by bulldozers filling mass graves that's not easy but it's important to deal with there are major health problems to think about and consequences for life. teri schultz reports on one belgian family's loss. the world has lost a 1000000 lives. one of them meant the world to 10 year old lorenzo grandpa was the best his grandpa luke picked him up from school each day and what got us to we made it all merch and after a gap. me just played and couch and just didn't really want to deal. mostly i got snacks. but their
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hometown st trued and was hit early and hard by the coronavirus we had 53 people. who had to enter the hospital and we only had bets for 20 people but luke was already hospitalized failing fast he said if i don't make it police they could go. he didn't make it on march 23rd luke became seen truants 1st corona death jeanine and their daughters nellie and elaine and lorenzo didn't even get to see goodbye now that really hot. but struck was really all. mayor very hit and felt it personally her husband became critically ill but survived it was a terrible time for the families but also for us as a mayor but also all the people in my policemen and you know the people in the tongue working. 24 hours
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a day 6 months later same treatment has the infection rate under control with strict measures father room community says now inhabitants need to heal it's important to share. with each other what we feel what we want or are and she thinks are the 2 but also or the good things may or head and decided to create a space for that a corner of a city park is now a memorial the theme forget me not plenty of those flower. as had been planted by city landscaper d.v.s. summers with the tree of life and a plaque bearing a poem in the heart of. the flowers will come so yeah even when it's. it will be a little bit. beautiful. for the memorials dedication september 13th lorenzo was asked to commemorate his beloved grandfather he told his mom nellie he
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was too afraid to look at life they were again to laugh at me. but lorenzo changed his mind and wrote a letter leave. your grandpa i miss you very much i am mad about corona mad about what happened you were dead best and always are going to be the best because you think these are things. that i was brave and i was happy that i did it that i. feel would l. out. wish happy. everyone lies. you sue me grandpa. no one here will forget some. really powerful stuff
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there and a great message about dealing with grief well martin i suppose in the assistant professor for the department of psychology at the university of corning in the netherlands how do you deal with not being able to say goodbye so this is this is obviously a very very difficult situation. because you thought about. able to be physically present when the person dies and also the funerals can be quite limited and how they are arranged not so many people can be there the example we just saw and where there's a collective ritual to deal with these losses i think that's great i think you can also creates a more private rituals with friends repeat close to the deceased. to to say goodbye to this cease again when it wasn't what you were able to do that well for what is it about the pandemic what else is there that's making it so hard for people to
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cope with losses like they. yes well there's a there's a couple of things you consider of course not being able to say goodbye or not being able to say goodbye the way you want to it was definitely one of these factors but there are also. many additional stressors that people are now experiencing for instance that might. feels more difficult to get social support socially isolated 'd only at girls would be that they're. they're free to become ill themselves restricted to a house or order that they have a certain i don't last is that they have to deal with such a financial moss' with loss of jobs and likely to be just a normal look sorry mum won't will be going to say i was it was going to say that if you look at court 19 that's the simply it's a different story still because people are also dealing with the sudden loss. and
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loss that occurs after some time in intensive care during which it's really uncertain what happened and i and we know from the from side to literature these are risk factors for more severe grief reactions what will happen because 10 percent of bereaved individuals statistically typically develop problems grief disorder has cova going to change that. yeah that is indeed the case oxer after not lost due to natural causes we recently conducted the 1st quantum that study into this topic were all white. people and adults and what we found in a very large surveyed 1500 people is that people who experience loss to cope at 19 actually have stronger acute griefs those then people who experience natural losses are just losses due to too long term unless. their acute reveals are more or less
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similar. to that experienced by people who ready have experienced a natural loss that we're talking about accidents murder or suicide. so so these are very strong responses and be can expect that in the long run the problems of the long grief if he's within this specific group will open will go up and i believe you also have new findings on people grieving those who've died from other causes than corona during this pandemic yes thanks for asking yes we are we just had a paper except that on. this topic and what was really striking is that we found that people who experience loss not due to too corona and too grown apart is actually also have elevated grief levels if the loss occurs during the pandemic but not the torah so so that really shows us that also within this group. there is
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a people are experiencing more difficulties initially dealing with the loss just in general is the internet making it any easier for people to grieve. well what you do see is that more people are meeting online and this is not really a substitute but i think i think that can be a way to stay in touch if you kind of meet face to face but i think you're you might be referred to 'd it at these treatments. and in that case i can say that internet based treatments are. available and in the netherlands there's also groups working on that so there's there's people from the university of corning and people focus at university developing our ally current debate all cretins long pieces were specifically for people who experienced a lot to cope with 19 cases a very promising. modernised i thank you very much for coming on the show today.
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let's check in now with eric williams our science correspondent he's been looking into your questions on the coronavirus. will the developments and the creation of a vaccine for this corona virus help towards a vaccine against the corona viruses that cause the common cold. wouldn't it be great if something positive came out of this pandemic like other vaccines for other coronaviruses for example or even a universal coronavirus vaccine of some kind well that isn't impossible but it's pretty unlikely any time soon with all the resources that we're throwing at a covert 1000 vaccine we're learning more every day about sars cove to but we still have a long way to go in understanding the way that coronaviruses in general evolved and the ways that they're transmitted and we still don't know nearly enough about
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what's called cross reactivity which is when the weapons your immune system produces to fight one infectious pathogen also work for others that have similar characteristics there's some evidence that cross reactivity in some people might be playing a role in helping badly they get coded 19 or how easily they fight it off but it's all still very speculative one promising avenue of research for example that could help in the development of future coronavirus vaccines involves what's called the 2 domains on corona virus spikes those proteins that stick out that the viruses used to latch on to cells that they're trying to in fact researchers have discovered that these s 2 domains seem to be pretty well preserved across the range of corroded viruses that in fact humans there are quite similar regardless of which one you look at that's a great potential starting point for working on
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a broader coronavirus vaccine but but it's only that who knows though. maybe one day the work that we're doing to stop covert 19 might also finally help us stop it's much less deadly cousins. by finale see an excellent. there's a lot of energy. there's enough of it available. there's a way to come good for a. month after it's feed nothing sealed is released. but green energy is the future and it's already here. made in germany. on g.w. . to the point strong opinions clear positions
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international perspectives. after days of uncertainty don't just say donald trump no longer has any cofield 19 symptoms so what's behind the president's mysterious recovery and will the corona undamaged decide the u.s. election find out on to the point shortly. to this point. in 60 minutes on t.w. . this is some note story a stubborn rice farmer from thailand. his problem pests. his credo no chemicals. and his kindness. stepped. out. senators.
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to students of the past 6. training successful. talking to me. starts october 15th w. . you thought the coronavirus was big or climate change is an even bigger challenge facing the planet but the current health crisis has been a boon for green energy dramatically lower global demand for electricity during lockdown has allowed bridge new goals to flourish they also make more business sense they're increasingly cheaper than fossil fuels like coal which is turning out
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to be one of the most expensive sources of power green energy for the future a topic all made the w.'s business shark. coles biggest threat now is economics but there's still a heap of it used in the making of steel the sector is one of the most energy intensive around the production methods about the change since the 1st industrial revolution of the 18th and 19th centuries usually iron ore is melted in blast furnaces where the impurities are removed and carbon is added by burning coal that lots of huge amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere but changes in the air and you're a of steel making is here without the high emissions. heavy industry doesn't get much heavier than this steel production. would come the match will be money factor and using green algae tricity at this factory they say they can.
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seal production is responsible for around 5 percent of global c o 2 emissions but here. they flash their output if the greenhouse gas. is higher. with conventional steel production where coal is burnt in a blast furnace c o 2 emissions are 3 or 4 times higher than with steel recycling using an electric arc furnace. a conventional steel production involves the combination of iron ore and coking coal which takes place in the blast furnace when melted the or produces a pig iron. the yarn is then melted in the converter together with scrap metal to produce crude steel the finished product is used to make items such as steel girders burning hard cold limits around 2000 the kilos of c o 2 per ton of steel produced. that figure is far lower with green steel because it
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involves recycling here scrap steel is fed into an electric arc furnace the electricity comes 100 percent from renewable sources such as wind farm. you know 2 emissions amount to just $110.00 kilos per tonne of steel. the scrap steel comes in all shapes and sizes from waste incineration plants and dealers primarily from the surrounding valley region. and this is where it's recycled this specific mix of different kinds of used steel is collected in sheets scrapbook adds. they are then conveyed to the melting hole which measures some 40 meters tall. everything here is super sized because one of the biggest electric arc for indices in the world is about to get to work. howard by alex tricity with a note of 61110000 volts generating
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a loss of thieves. these graphite electrodes measuring several meters long built up a temperature of 1800 degrees celsius and the furnace will soon see and hear the resulting spectacle. over in the control room kevin this house has. just added a special mixture of scrap steel and this is it we should be seeing a change in the furnace from the sound. normal it should be getting a bit quieter. that's why it took 10 years of experience to muster the job. in the biggest danger is always a failure in the cooling of the electric arc works with a huge amount of energy at temperatures of up to 3 and a half 1000 degrees of metal as he said to 17 or 1800 degrees so if the cooling fails the furnace will melt itself and water and steel are not compatible.
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the melting process is over he retracts the electrodes. his immediate boss is in charge of both the melting and the steel production process. the steel that's released or top from the furnace before being processed. what we have here is a special design a furnace that's pretty rare so it's exciting coming here every day and seeing the crew through material being turned into precision. the factory has a high voltage power lines due to the scale involved they supply the entire complex with 350000000 kilowatt hours of energy a year making energy efficiency a priority. using scrap we already have low energy consumption and c o 2 emissions. now producing green steel is
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a further improvement. in the future we'll be making it with green electricity. and the plants our consumption is enormous joy to eat as. vaca needs as much alec christie as the entire time a victim seen in the background if population 100000 people. the continuous constant plans produces green steel and someone dies in different grades from bullet proof steel for limousines to a special bryson for medical implants. the sort of the electric company we have 90 to 100 minutes between tappings which means 13 or 14 batches per day than the smoke. which in
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turn translates into around $1500.00 tons of steel produced every day a product up marketed under the green steel label due to the lower end push of studio to. a new smelting procedure every time kevin but it's house prepares for a new batch it's something of an event some must use a big motivation when i took on the job it's pretty special. then it's time for the fireworks. despite being produced with eco friendly energy the company says it's green steel does not cost much more than steel made with coal. to grown a virus pandemic has put a damper on the mood in the industry but the pressure to lower c o 2 emissions is high and this deal could soon be used to fashion a truly green automobile. in 30 years europe wants to become
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the 1st climate neutral consulate but that won't save the environment if other big polluters don't join the initiative south africa's hunger for electricity is only growing at the same time that the nation struggles through an economically damaging energy crisis it's been dragging on since 2007 widespread rolling blackouts a power utility riddled with mismanagement and corruption but turning out the lights on the country has spock's lots of ideas. one year ago the protea heights academy school in cape town when solar without paying for the installation the system was financed by a crowd funding platform the idea small investors buy panels and earn an income from selling the electricity to the school that is using them. so far abraham cambridge's crowd funding platform has equipped over 30 schools and companies
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within 5 years they plan to have more than $200.00 additional systems installed. so if you want to put money in solar panels from environmental reason put them in south africa you're offsetting 8 times the carbon emissions by the side of our own herds of africa than it would do in germany for example and we're getting twice as much electricity out of it so it just makes more sense to put a solar power where you create more social environmental and economic impact. and for the school the solar energy is cheaper than power from the grid with investments as little as 4 year as sun exchange is also open to people with less income and fact many of the pupils at protea heights invested in the solar cells themselves wendy horne is the school's former principal she says that aside from clean cheap energy the project also brings another benefit so we'd always that yeah kids were so excited that alan is to actually evolved an intrapreneur old thing and actually buy still sells them selves and see how the money would increase or
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decrease or whatever i mean it was it created a huge interest in near real excitement and then it was so what do you want to teach our children for the future isn't tipping nearly skills. innovative models to fund and produce green energy are urgently needed in south africa the government aims to produce a quarter of all electricity from renewables by 2030. the ocean could play a role. simon weinberg's company developed an underwater pump powered by the ocean. as waves it turns salt water into drinking water all of the same time producing a constant source of energy that could power up to 10 european households all year round. for. there's always energy. if we said we're looking at whole range of waves that come from different areas there's a lot of stuff that's produced locally by the local winds but there's an enormous
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amount of energy that's come from storms that could be causing the miles away. from the wave pump it is time to a boy that lets the arm with each wave the lever movement pressure rises water to purify it and generate electricity at the same time for years the prototype unit was tested under water and is now back in the workshop for some maintenance. so far the unit has proven that the concept works the team says despite the challenges. the challenges with the ocean is that it's an expensive system to develop when it is very little funding available so this is why it's taken so long to get where it has today with sufficient funding the company could start to build larger pumps next year that would feed into the power grid the sun exchange crowd funding platform meanwhile has just received an additional $3000000.00 euros from one major investor powering on south africa's green energy
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transition. here's some more clever guys who were acting early enough to be head of the game a decade ago the founders of big box met at university and decided to bring solar systems to remote parts of africa today the london startup provides hardware software sales and customer services for green electricity on the continent their concept was ditching national grades for locally sourced solar energy networked via the internet. supplying. africa with solar energy via their headquarters in london might seem like an ambitious goal but it's one that b. banks is determined to make a reality for startups founders months or home a union christopher baker bryan want to end global energy poverty. and describe ourselves as a next generation utility company that means we're providing a lot more than just electricity to our souls but things like internet access and access to water services and cooking gas for example it's all of those basic modern
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services that we take for granted here in the western world that our households and our customers on the ground are really striving to achieve locally. so that you memetic college over 10 years ago together with their other partner the beginnings of the venture where modest as a students generally organization the budding engineers vision to bring solar systems to remote areas and to link them up digitally. you managed to get some funding from our own university from other sponsors as well and we were able to that some provide electricity to some 60 households in a rural part of the rwanda and i think but a time that the thought system got installed our 1st customer that was really applying that was very transformative in my own personal life because everything is theory until that point we saw this real major global challenge of billions of
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people who lacked access to reliable electric power and we may be naïve back then felt that we could do something to make an impact. and the engineering students efforts soon bore fruit they developed the box a digital platform that connects off grid solar systems to a central server the system can for example detect technical problems ahead of time and to correct them the boxes are currently provided to 10 countries mostly in africa the company also supplies the corresponding solar panels and has so far served over a 1000000 customers. but already spent a lot of money and energy to spending money on kerosene candles batteries for radios very bad diesel generator to spending tens of dollars a month on this sort of stuff so take that money that they're already spending on energy and giving them something better you know if you included in here the c.e.o.'s are in close contact with their branch offices in africa but they want to
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keep their h.q. in london. that's where they find the programmers and engineers they need. it's also where the money comes from. the boxes yet to make any profit but they've just raised $50000000.00 u.s. dollars from international investors. one of the key things to be able to achieve millions hundreds of millions of people without access to electricity is to bring in partnerships the likes of yes we joined within the last few years. and mitsubishi who invested in the books in the middle of 2019. partnerships help us achieve the scale that we need to to achieve over the next few years in order to make a real significant impact the concept could be put to work in europe as well according to the b. box founders but battery prices would need to go down for that to happen still their main goal remains to serve developing countries. my dream would be at least
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a spark one of many sparks that creates that transformation that entire nations need to lift themselves out of poverty if even if we create. universal electrification in one country i would be extremely happy and there's so much more to do there are still around 900000000 people worldwide who have no access to electricity. forests the lungs of our planet they are an effective way of hoovering up pollution and according to scientists also help slow the global average temperature rise trees suck carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere and lock it away in their trunks and soil collectively they also protect biodiversity and provide natural resources we continue to chop them down at an alarming rate. for centuries our species has had a close relationship with the forest forests are more than
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a backdrop for fairytales they provide us with food fresh air and clean water and played key roles and biodiversity and climate their essential habitats that are now under threat. every single 2nd a wooded area the size of a football field is destroyed. and almost always we are the destroyers there are no monetary reasons why humans would want to protect wooded areas on the contrary when turned into row materials forests can bring in big profits. wood products are growing in popularity whether it's for paper furniture or chopsticks in some regions of the world it takes up to 7 trees a year per person to meet demand. many of these wood products come from illegal sources up to 17 percent of the global trade and is illegal in brazil
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that number jumps to 80 percent an estimated 19 percent of you timber imports come from illegal logging and that's not all humanity also destroys forests to create farmland for the production of other ball materials like palm oil soybeans sugar cane or beef billions of dollars worth of those products are bought and sold every day and how many of the companies that depend on these raw materials are trying to participate in what's called the green economy which seeks to ease humanity's impact on nature only around 13 percent. if humanity needs more farmland or space for new cities the forest always has to give way. as our numbers grow the forests shrink. worldwide 40 percent of them have all. already been cut. with no thought for how much we owe them they've
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given us life saving medicines paper course. and one of humanities paper it's chocolate. i bet you didn't know this if you flew into germany you've noticed the highly industrialized and biggest economy in europe is actually quite green a 3rd of the nation is covered in forests that's a lot of work for a forest ranger my colleague all of creagh decided to put himself in the shoes or boots of a forester for the day oh hi i'm the new guy here grading for us to. talk to your high cougar ready to go into the woods not like that get your boots on . ok but. this is their.
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natural momentum. lines i'm slowly but surely krieger is turning into a force that some 1st like. regular lucky the risks here are tripping over a root being attacked by boards and being hit by a tree they're a threat to everyone in a farce if i don't think most people crawling you know that is often true could be . a model but you shouldn't be able to see through a healthy tree so this wasn't good even though you might think i'm not everything
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so green and oh nice. this was not you doing got it all good god not at all if you don't recover either it's completely dead how does a single leaf left the bark has burst open and. what's this is that you know this is dust from the beatles who drink their way inside they already inside their working and insects that are already inside the tree if you look a little higher you can see the drill holes where they are out in and the indents from a woodpecker looking for larvae but. what do we do with this guy name it has to be failed. this one to. this one definitely means family. how long do these trees usually live a little book called the beech tree can live up to 400 years. 400 years. these trees are over 150 years old.
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so i guess it's getting dangerous i'll go in alone. good idea. i'd rather not go and. go. come come come. across as on this being a force just lovely i'm sure but i'm a bit scared of these bourse they huge in the main looks aggressive and they are all on high alert because the baby's mom is really looking up here they are now. look at the super shop. yes they are again.
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he's driving them on. the boss. very good. oh. it's all about the swing you need proper momentum this isn't a name fight it's an act. swing it's very. very. well. i have a blister no one cares. so
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. it's easy. and i think i look pretty good doing it. jokes aside it is tiring imagine having to cut enough wood to heat your home for the winter. when also when they get blisters so easily you know here's one. that's proper work. i've wanted to be a forester since i was in 1st grade and it's always been my dream and i found my dream job i'm living it. what about the next generation of forces. luckily the career prospects are really good it's always nice to have a grown up with it. much food and i'm really proud that my daughter is studying forestry and maybe someday she'll become a forester herself would feel like for some of the back to me. i think i
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cut quite a good figure i've proven my woodcutting credentials would you say i've got what it takes to be a force. there's a lot of it if you've got the image down running around here in that outfit in all these temperatures it can be quite a strain as a forester you have to roam around a lot in the forest you seem to be up to that you were a pretty quick learner i describe you as an internal with potential. great being at forest road so. much for ever. with this i don't. it ruins your house stop. off the
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tru t.v. ban thanks for joining us today i'll see you next time. to
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the point showing the painting a clear position in the international perspectives. after days of uncertainty don't just say donald trump no longer has any covert 19 symptoms so what's behind the president's mysterious recovery and will the corona i'm demick decide the u.s. election find out on to the point shortly. to the point. 30 minutes on d w. the beautiful one has come mr t.
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the legendary lived over 3000 years ago she was the great moral wife a feral i cannot. say. proud in mystery. and her mummy has never been found. the next routine phenomenon. in 75 minutes on t.w. . being told it is for me. is for. beethoven is for him beethoven is for her. and beethoven is for. beethoven is for everyone. beethoven 2020.
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the 50th anniversary here on d w. every 2 seconds a person does forced to flee their homes nearly 71000000 people have been forcibly displaced. the consequences have been disastrous for our documentary series displaced depicts dramatic humanitarian crises around the world. forgetting when i didn't go to university to kill people that i don't want to have my boss come to me and tell me to kill some living in many and if i don't they'll kill me. people feel for their lives and their future so they seek refuge abroad it's about boring a vasquez me the most about his steady seem to rise is that sunday we went. and see the rooster. but what will become of those who stay behind and simply my
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husband went to peru because of the crisis. if he hadn't gone there we would have died of hunger. let alone one of them it. just starts oct 16th don't you. wish this is it over your news and these are our top stories germany's capital berlin has been declared a coronavirus hotspot after the number of cases passed a key threshold that could lead to even tougher restrictions officials warn about the spread of covert 19 could become uncontrollable as people don't stick to hygiene and to.


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