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tv   Der Tag  Deutsche Welle  October 20, 2020 9:00pm-9:31pm CEST

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this is g w news live from berlin tonight a landmark lawsuit against a search engine giant the u.s. government is taking google to court the department of justice today announcing that it is suing google alleging that the company has abused its dominance of the online search and advertising markets also coming up. the city of dozens of kilometers away from. people who thought they were. wrong civilians are paying the price as the nagorno-karabakh conflict threatens to
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spill over the business feuded region our correspondent reports tonight from eyes are going. off it's good to have you with us the united states has filed a landmark antitrust lawsuit against google it alleges that the tech giant has been abusing its dominance and online search engines to fend off rivals google controls about 90 percent of global web searches the company has long denied claims of unfair competition the wall street also alleges that google uses billions of dollars to pay phone manufacturers to ensure that it is the default search engine on browsers and this is the u.s. government's most. can act to protect competition since its groundbreaking case
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against microsoft that was more than 2 decades ago. ari for more now we're joined by our correspondent in washington d.c. oliver sell it to you. flesh this out for it what exactly is google being accused of here well the allegation brant is that google is on full unlawfully maintaining a monopoly and that it's causing off its rivals essentially in the areas mentioned here are general search services search advertising and general text advertising so we're talking about the areas that google is known for of course and as you mentioned it's a very significant law case the biggest of its type in 20 years since the groundbreaking case against microsoft but we're also looking at one of the u.s. government's most significant acts to protect competition here really google has already responded that they believe that this law case is deeply flawed and that
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people use it voluntarily because they choose to use google they stress there are other options other search ends and engines out on the market and that they're going to fight this you know the we understand the attorneys general who have signed on to this lawsuit or all republicans not a single democrat has signed on why use their well that's right 1st of all 11 republican state attorneys general joined the department of justice as plaintiffs and if you look at the states then perhaps it's quite self-explanatory those states are are console florida georgia indiana kentucky yana and so on and so forth all republican led states so it doesn't look like a partisan move in an effort to support the department the department of justice here in what about the timing of the verb why are we seeing this lawsuit announced now 2 weeks ahead of a presidential election. the timing brant is particularly interesting because 1st
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of all we are 2 weeks as you said head of the election and donald trump promised this voters time and time again to punish big tech for allegedly having an anti republican bias and of course as you know behind in polls he's trying to keep his promises right now trying to gauge gain some voters support it could also be an opening salvo this case against other antitrust against other big tech companies and other antitrust actions like facebook and twitter for instance they've been under scrutiny for quite some time by the u.s. government because they are now moving against fake news misleading information against conspiracy theories like you and on and as we know donald trump benefits from that he is posting these kind of misleading information himself in a critics make the case that this might also be an act of retaliation right to do but you put who responded on the birds now live on the story for us tonight in washington oliver thank you. well here's some of the other stories now that are
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making headlines around the world in nigeria thousands of anti-government protesters have defied a 24 hour curfew at a rally in the commercial capital lagos' there are reports of police firing shots into the air and arresting many of the protestors protests over police brutality continue to rock the country the european union is pledging almost 44000000 euros in emergency funding to several countries in africa is sawhill region it's part of almost one and a half 1000000000 the un says that it has for the region the sa is plagued by increasing conflict week governance and a lack of development protesters in thailand spread out across the capital bangkok today to sing the national anthem at 6 in the evening while showing the 3 finger salute that's become the movement's symbol it was the latest action in defiance of bans on public gatherings protesters want the government to resign they want
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a new constitution and they want reforms to the monarchy british prime minister boris johnson has confirmed that strict coronavirus restrictions will be imposed on the northern english city of manchester beginning friday the u.k. government has been locked in a standoff with local leaders and the 2 sides failed to reach a deal on additional funding to help businesses and workers in the region. art here's a look at some of the other developments in the corona virus pandemic researchers in the u.k. are planning to deliberately infect volunteers with the virus that causes covert 19 the controversial technique could potentially speed up development of the back scene to help in the pandemic if it receives regulatory and ethics approval singapore plans to roll out rapid coronavirus tests for weddings and business conferences its health ministry says it will identify other events that will require a rapid test for entry they are likely to include sports events and live performances
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and india has recorded its lowest daily amount of the new coronavirus cases in nearly 3 months the number of new infections has maintained its downward trend after a peak reached in september 1 victim of the global pandemic has been press freedom journalists have been harassed arrested for reporting on the spread of the virus some governments have introduced laws punishing those who share information that does not support the official government line muzzling the press can also in danger public health. behind the mosque of corona virus censorship spreads journalists around the world have come under attack for reporting on the pandemic it started in china where citizen journalists dared to deviate from the official narrative. images of overstretched hospitals in
quote
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which is right in front of me or china's criminal prosecutors are behind me i'm not afraid of death do you think i'm afraid of you communist party of china or. chang she should wear disappeared in february and was only seen again by friends in september fung been another reporter remains missing he had released secret videos of coronavirus victims. she. reporters without borders has documented coronavirus coverage restrictions in nearly half of all u.n. member states those who are jailed are at risk of infection. al jazeera journalist mohammad more near died in july from coronavirus after being arrested in egypt as did reporters. jailed for documenting corruption in saudi arabia the deliberate targeting of the press has worried the united nations human rights commission all across the world called 1000 is also being instrumental lies to limit people's
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rights to speak to express opinion and to participate in making decisions that affect their lives in the russian federation china kosovo many other countries i know it reports of threats and intimidation against journalist brokers and civic activist but at the local level with the aim of this courage and criticism of the author this response is to call it 19. at a time when information can save lives press repression can fuel the pandemic. well there have been more fighting in casualties reported in and around the disputed nagorno-karabakh region in the caucasus both sides armenia and azerbaijan have accused each other of targeting civilians in the fighting which began 3 weeks ago our correspondent julie hodder reports tonight from iser by john authorities there say a missile attack by armenian forces killed
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a dozen people and injured 40 last week. on the ruins of what used to be her life. her neighborhood was destroyed in the missile attack over the weekend. for home is. this is from where the rocket came there were houses everywhere here but they were hit and everything got destroyed. the small sports school to. look their clothes and mattresses lying around my belongings also somewhere here. next to the bombed out homes a makeshift memorial. many gunja residents come here to commemorate those killed in the attack certain people according to the authorities. they bring flowers and signs saying who they blame the army an army.
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to rest in peace gunja people may god bless you. the city of ganja allies dozens of kilometers away from nagorno-karabakh people who live here never thought they would become part of the fighting but they were wrong several houses in this residential area have been reduced to rubble over the weekend and it's become clear once again that this conflict. can escalate any time and in any direction. since late september amenia and as a by john have been at war for to go nuclear about again. and it is difficult to get an independent picture of the situation in the region both sides report military successes both countries accuse each other of fueling the fight in.
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2 attempts at a cease fire have already failed propaganda and war rhetoric determine everyday life. oh and. also here in the city center of gunja most people we speak to support the war in a azerbaijan more distant with the power and strength of our army will soon be taken and the flag of azerbaijan will be raced that although much of our registered as a woman to you to join our army i'm ready this clock you know it is being changed when not to friend me my family and fellow citizens all of us so willing to sacrifice our lifes our nation we will never back down this whole truckload is imo close to the old us after the fatal attack on guns as a by john has the right to defend itself many years say like a dog. he now has to look for a new beginning in the ruins of her own life so you think you.
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have to however you are sports news now don't tell the egyptian man as. that ball is a young man's sport the 74 year old grandfather has become the world's oldest professional footballer etching his name into the guinness book of world records the previous record was held by a 73 year old israeli. late night workouts and early morning practice sessions not the typical regime of a 74 year old. gyptian as a teen but had their grandfather of 6 is the opposite of old and rain over the weekend the footballer played in an egyptian 3rd division match and when he entered the pitch he also entered the record books as the world's oldest professional footballer he hopes the story inspires all those who are the message is do not limit your ambitions if there is something you couldn't achieve as
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a young man with a strong will you can achieve it any time regardless of age and the time that has passed are going to $170.00 and i'm now looking for a new club the soon to be 75 year old would like to continue playing to break his own record all. egypt also holds the record for the oldest player to feature in the men's will come up with 45 year old goalkeeper s n at the daddy they'll be no world cup for the hadn't plenty of acclaim i when names matter just think of brands such as apple or corona beer the names of places they matter to as one canadian town learned the hard way residents of aspects in quebec used to pride themselves on the town's large especially small things but the once ubiquitous mineral is now known because multiple illnesses including cancer and the name became a nemesis for residents so over 4 days they conducted
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a referendum to rename their community and they decided from now on the town will be called valor source. sounds better than especially as you're watching the news i'll be back at the top of the hour with more world news followed by the day to see you dick. combating the corona pandemic. where does research stand. what are scientists learning. background information and news. hour carona update. 19 special next on d w. can you hear me now yes yes we can hear you and how last year's gentlemen's hearts now we bring you i'm going to map because as you've never had to have
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surprise yourself with what is possible who is magical for me what moves back and. who talks to people who follows her along the way admirers and critics alike how is the world's most powerful woman shaking how they can join us from eccles last stop . how dangerous is the air around us. every time we speak every time we laugh or seeing. them it's particles and once they're there and they linger we know that this is a key way that corona virus can spread. scientists are still sussing how dangerous these doses of airborne virus can be and what we can do to avoid them. opening a window is one way to keep the air fresh but by keeping the air moving with systems
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like air conditioning or we decreasing the risk or merely spreading it. what do we need to do to breathe easily indoors. and this is the covert 19 special hello welcome to the show and there's a in berlin open the window it's the one piece of advice we're all hearing now that's a bit more complicated in the winter doesn't work in all rooms. and certainly doesn't work on airplanes they've been industry says cabin air is sufficiently filtered and circulated to some experts say questions remain. for air travelers social distancing already starts to get difficult at the boarding gate and it gets even trickier on the plane spacing out just isn't possible unless you can afford to buy an extra seat. with only 50 centimeters distance between each person the risk of infection is obvious and healing the droplets in aerosols from an adjacent
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passenger seems unavoidable scientists have long been aware of the dangers of infection on planes mostly because of studies of other coronaviruses air is not displaced in aircraft inlets in l. it's hard to small for that cabin there can only be mixed. over at the hamburg university of applied sciences professor peter schulte says viruses may stay in the cabin air for up to 15 minutes exposing passengers to infection risk. going to the aviation industry makes 3 claims firstly filters in aircraft to make the air as clean as an operating room for them secondly the air is completely exchanged every 2 to 3 minutes thirdly the air only moves from top to bottom in the cabin all 3 are just not sure. it could be that current safety standards and filtration techniques are not as good as many may think meaning the possibility of catching
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coronavirus when flying could be more up to chance than anything else. let's take a closer look at ventilation and the virus joining me now is paul linden he's professor of fluid mechanics at cambridge university paul it's good to have you on the show sort of the obvious question winter is approaching in northern in the northern hemisphere what's the best thing that someone should keep in mind about ventilation in rooms. well it's obviously a challenge the winter because. you have to see is to close up buildings and ventilation is reduced to keep warm so the best thing to do is to make sure that as much ventilation as possible is achieved open a window if you possibly can. and if you have a mechanical system make sure as much fresh air coming in as possible what about fans or if i just have fans that are standing around the room does that help keep things ventilators that help me at all no it doesn't it will just mix up what's
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already there and that's probably not the best thing because if there is virus particles in the air in the air and sterile around your chances of breathing them are increased so i wouldn't recommend using fans ok so the best option and it seems to be is the keep the window open even though it's when it's winter or least open a periodic lee. of course that's going to mean that people are going to be colder rooms are going to be colder is this really a choice now that we have between climate control and being safe with the virus is it such a black and white choice pretty much i would say it is that's right and. it's well known that during the spanish flu. clusters in the u.s. even in the midwest in the winter were held outside so it's. i think it is a it is a tradeoff between staying warm and staying safe. that's going to mean quite
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a change for the industry the climate control back air conditioning industry. yes absolutely well and i mean conventional systems use a certain amount of research elated air and they supplement that with some fresh air when it's pumped so it's dr through the building and again you want to make sure that the proportion of fresh air is as high as possible and that will in a climate controlled situation mean of course more energy is used to keep that to warm that erupt. so it'll be a tradeoff they have between between energy costs and. the amount of fresh air that you can provide. and then one of your studies you mention carbon dioxide of course being an indicator as well does this mean that we can expect that carbon dioxide will be a more common feature in rooms yeah i believe that's
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a very sensible thing to do carbon dioxide is essentially within a building produced by people exhaling. and so levels that are about the background outside values of about 400 something past a 1000000. indicate indicative of. it's been in someone's lungs and then breathed out again and so measuring that gives you an estimate in fact you can relate the risk of infection directly to. the concentration of carbon dioxide help me understand your picture when i enter a room breathing speaking laughing with without a mask what am i seeing what are you seeing if you're able to see these these plumes or whatever you call them. yes so from an individual you give off heat. every person gives off about 80 watts bit like
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a blot fairly bright light though and that heat rises from your body in what we call a total and plume on and that will rise up to was the ceiling and you know that in most rooms the air in the ceiling is warmer than the air in the floor also plumes arise from equipment like a computer or other things and and when you breathe out you also agree that warm air and that warm air is directed of course in in different directions so if you breathe through your nose it's directed downwards if you breathe if you talk and it goes much most horizontally and of course it depends on sounds that you make some sounds inject air further and loudly you speak the further it goes so there's a very complex dynamical process going on and it's invisible that's quite right we have techniques that make it possible to visualize this and we use those techniques
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which essentially look at the way the refractive index of the air changes it's a bit like watching the air shimmer above a toaster you look at your toaster one that and you'll see that it's the same process and we can visualize that we can see where this goes and what we do see is that if you wear a mask for example that the air that you exhale even when you're speaking we're even blocking and coughing tends to basically leak around. the edges of the last night's sleep around the nose where it doesn't it properly and that then gets carried up with the plume in your body and that's a good thing so that so wearing a mask generally confines your breath to to be taken up with the hot air rising from you is more complicated if you. and there around on the other hand because then you have a wake behind you just as you would. wait behind a ship and and that way you carry your breath in the wake behind you
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so you can spread it around quite significantly so those flows are much more vigorous than the flow produced by your ventilation system an issue very close to say an open window you probably don't perceive the around you. so those floods a real run to the weak the flow from your heat from your body when you speak when you breathe in and out there much stronger and then and so it's a complicated interaction between those flows and the general tendency of pottage to rise and and to be taken in and out through whatever openings you have in you in the building or i want to leave it there for now it sounds like a fascinating time to be a professor of fluid mechanics paul linden joins us from the river say thank you very much thank you and now it's time for viewer questions it's the part of the show where our science correspondent derek williams answers the questions you've posed that tore you tube channel over there.
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if a number of vaccines come out of the same time would it homy to take multiple different vaccines. in light of how quickly things are moving on the vaccine from this is an important question to ask for example there have been reports that china is apparently already giving tens of thousands of doses to people there of vaccine candidates that haven't yet completed widespread safety and efficacy testing observers are seriously alarmed by that because it sets the stage for a range of frightening possible scenarios what happens for instance if the vaccine doesn't prevent infection as well as hoped and and those people have to be vaccinated again at some point with other candidates could that be dangerous for them the short answer is once again we don't know but possibly vaccines can have adverse effects even when just one is administered that's why they're tested so
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widely before being approved for the general public and with dozens of different candidates out there based on a number of different platforms there are a lot of possible combinations with the potential to go wrong if people start being given more than one vaccine or were given them in haphazard undocumented ways until we actually do it there's no way to rule out that giving vaccines in combination or in a series could pose a danger which is why it's best to exhaustively check every vaccine candidate for safety and efficiency in advance so that in a best case scenario we only have to vaccinate everyone once. or science correspondent williams there and before we let you go here's another look at how people are adapting to life in the pandemic in this case by socially distancing within
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a crowd. live music has returned to rio de janeiro but many dance floors and open air concert spaces elfish are spaced out boxes of up to 6 people each music fans there say it's important for their mental health to be able to let loose well hopefully staying safe. and that's it for our coven $1000.00 special we hope that you stay safe and join us next time it's watching. him. take off. still on tom. might think wins against the alphabet and defends their championship me. bill longer at the bottom. some to score is a point against opinion brylin breaking free from last. night on the.
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w.'s crime fighters are back africa's most successful in radio drama series continues this season the stories focus on hate speech cholera prevention and sustainable charcoal production all of a sow's are available online and of course you can share and discuss on africa's facebook page and other social media platforms. crime fighters tune in no. it was the 1st international tribunal in history. the nurnberg trials. 75 years ago high ranking officers of the nazi regime of morning judging by the allied forces. they were the 1st war criminals to be held accountable for their crimes. down there i'm on. going
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rudolph panel earlier brighter. our 2 part series the 3rd right dog starts nov 12th on d w. i'm on the road ever given i'm going to. get out of. bed and i recommended that. all right the mystery guest stars it's go time sign someone not the champions league which kicks off this week.

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