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tv   World Stories  Deutsche Welle  March 1, 2021 5:15am-5:30am CET

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information because it's and. it is and good sandstone it as. we're looking at what we can't touch it or feel it and feel it is sand with lots of poor space between the grains under the north sea the poorest of the sandstone are filled with water most of the injected c o 2 dissolves in it turning it into sparkling water the bigger the poor the easy and the gas can spread well test with your own. just blowing it and see if it can and you can get some air through it. and this is quite good no i don't need to too much force on my bro to get the. the you hands information which is intended to absorb the c o 2 lines below the troll field a gas deposit that contains another 30 years supply of the fossil fuel in between
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a several layers of dense shale rock the base of an alternation. of the bottom is cold up here somewhere in. and because of the gas production from this all feels the pressure is falling in this more shallow. means even if there should be a little bit of the occasional c o 2 from this one. it cannot escape from the under pressure in the. overlying sounds. like so far everything has been going well with the storage of c o 2 in norway at the slightly gas drilling platform more than 1000000 tons of c o 2 have been pumped back underground every year for 25 years the northern lights project aims to stop with 1500000 tonnes a year. if you look at the sheer magnitude of the problem globally there is a need for thousands of facilities and we're talking hundreds of millions of tonnes
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per year that needs to be handled. carbon capture and storage chill c.c.s. it's also been researched in germany a 2017 experiment was a success the c o 2 remained in the ground under kit steam in eastern germany but it raised fears of earthquakes and escaping gases and since then the storage of c o 2 has been politically dead in gemini even the search is essentially for him put it. into. into the scene where i was also deeply involved in the safety council if i would have gladly built or close to the storage facility at any time without any word or to get us all. out of been worried if i would put it on the wrong plates in the wrong way with the wrong partner. it's clear that countries like germany that emit a lot of c o 2 also have to take responsibility for it he says c.c.'s is indispensable is get
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upset so. you know there are estimates but in europe we have enough storage space for 1000 years for a c o 2 emissions woman at the moment we have c.c.'s as a good alternative. if someone has a better one in 30 years all the better out. to but right now we have to improve the technology so that it's safe and it's also controlled safely houses. france used in the top priority when it comes to climate protection is to return the bugs to their natural state and thus stop their c o 2 emissions. would appear in their take nets region near whole stuck on the eastern german coast he's researching how i really whetted bulk can become the c o 2 store again in the long term the troops a bug was drained over the centuries this allowed oxygen to penetrate the bugs oil and break it down that released a lot of carbon it was reflooded 20 years ago. at
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a shop jury in the period it was without water it was a system in decline. we've calculated that we lost 2.7 meters of peat at this location over the last few decades. and now we're looking to see whether we can not only stop these processes but also turn them around in order to get new peat formation acquire water levels to. the scale of the problem is vast half of northern germany has been drained to grow potatoes or corn or to graze animals a check 10 emits as much c o 2 in a single year 29 tons as a car does in a typical lifespan of 200000 kilometers. in hank house and in the northwest landscape ecologist. is investigating what happens when a drained bald is flooded again he discovered that at 1st it produces methane another
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very dangerous greenhouse gas. to a few years the missing emissions decrease and then the ball begins to store c o 2 over the long term. just extrapolated that for all areas that are currently drained globally. and you can see very clearly that the faster we return water to the bar the better it is for the climate. drained make up 7 percent of arab land in germany is it even possible to turn back time if we take climate protection seriously we have no alternative. to it dusty when you understand that agriculture on bogs in germany causes annual climate
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damage of 7400000000 euros corresponds exactly to the total added value of the whole of agriculture then you have to ask yourself what are we doing here. there's an activity that causes $789000.00 euros damage per hectare is allowed or and even subsidized. because of course these greenhouse gases that are a message must be compensated for somewhere else somebody else has to pay for it. it won't be easy to restructure agriculture and convince farmers to turn huge areas of farmland into wet bulbs again. if we follow the norwegians plan for dealing with c o 2 europe will soon have lots of facilities like the claymates rude waste to energy pound. here c.l.o.
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to is filtered from the flue gases this could serve as a model for other industry sectors that have not yet been able to make their production carbon neutral. jani could be a cuz initiated the c.c.s. project at the waste to energy plants in 2014 i'm proud that i believe that it's meaningful to work with this visit because this could actually make a difference and this is something we need to do in order to basically save the same this world. the customs to prove that it's possible to remove c o 2 from industrial emissions the waste to energy plant releases 400000 tons of c o 2 every year the small pilot plant can only collect 1000 tons of it the year but that shows that it can work all it comes to the capture rates the technology has proven to be extremely you have managed to capture more than 95 percent of the c
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o 2 from the pilot plant. when it comes to the energy use it's quite an edge of the mining. i that usually makes capturing c o 2 very expensive but that's not a. i'm here in the waste to energy plant there's an abundance of waste teams here in. the big challenges to make capturing c o 2 economical it share in the flue gases the 75 to 10 percent it's important to find the right chemicals that combined and enrich the c o 2 they are then removed with heat and you used again. because. it's quite costly today because if we are at the very beginning of the developments there are only
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a few plants today and none of them are actually on industrial sources the biggest challenge today. is not favoring handling of c o 2 it is a more attractive business voice simply to the c o 2 the high price the c o $2.00 could make carbon capture and storage increasingly attractive since around half of the waste in this waste to energy plant consists of biomass c o 2 is even in directly extracted from the and because when this biomass grows it absorbs c o 2 and if this is trapped during incineration and bunkered away it reduces the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. we've got c o 2 negative and we know that we need to develop c o 2 negative solutions in order to reach the paris agreement so waste to energy the
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waste energy business can be very important in that matter. so this is what the future of getting c o 2 out of the atmosphere could look like. houston is in his favorite place the calendar off meadows here you can see how pete the grow in their natural. what state they don't really see 02 but instead absorb it and yet they can still be used for agriculture by growing reads a lot can be made out of these rains grooves plastics bio gas. real hot machines are reeds are an example of a plant that can be harvested sustainably without damaging the more shooting in the bush. there are already many ideas about what can be cultivated in bugs in hind house in the west in germany knowledge areas of moss being cultivated for the 1st
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time on a regretted blog after all most is that the natural vegetation on people can they be grown and harvested like any other field crop. and the search for the best most is for agricultural cultivation is underway on the edge of the trial area and here paga and her team grow muscles from all over the world here they aim to find the ones that grow as well and just quickly as possible in this way they also absorb c o 2 and turn the bugs into sinks with greenhouse gases however it will take more for moss' to become a profitable product. effects are long is a big strong direct payments to support and subsidies for farmers are not yet established it's almost i remain my dear but we can show here on the demonstration farm at this is actually feasible was much as well as what we can harvest into a large scale implementation really depends on political will decline further technological development off and on finding the supermarket and. most for want as
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a replacement for white pete pete was once made from us and horticulture needs huge amounts of it so much that germany's trained dogs are not enough and most of the pete is imported from the baltic states. in about 15. is the german peach will be completely exploited then an alternative will have to be found most is a pizza substitute would be a double benefit for the climate no more emissions from peta extraction and the must is buying c o 2 from the air. on methods of binding c o 2 must be researched without prejudice time is running out.
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of food. these plants are true climate. they store huge amounts of c o 2 via their genetically modified leaves. soon they could also enable higher yields which will help in the fight against food shortages to the brain power in a small package. coming up tomorrow to do. next on d w. very 1st time in an airplane and the very 1st time on an
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escalator. after 20 years in an african refugee camp the new monthly jim was with a one way ticket to america. must still no doubt an extraordinary congolese family and about the pitfalls of the american way of life. in 45 minutes w. . every day counts for us and for our planet. the idea is it's on its way to bring you more conservation. how do we make c considering earth how can we protect habitats what to do with all our waste.
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we can make a difference by choosing smart solutions overstrained said in our waste. the idea is to implement a series of imploded cells and on to double down on modern. greenhouse gases trash and heavy metals we humans are really hot on the earth. but many industries have been briefing to know how they work and science is lending that hand. today we take a look at a few funded projects that are hoping to reduce c o 2 emissions for him and ate them entirely.


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