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tv   Corona Spezial  Deutsche Welle  March 11, 2021 8:30pm-9:01pm CET

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we live in a competitive world is this cold it's cool it's cool cool water used to be free but the world is changing the most important commodity and it is. the freezer and. it's a water city or commodity starts march 22nd on t w. joe biden is taking a huge risk the new u.s. president is making reform of america's outdated immigration system one of his key policy goals critics though say any hint of a more humane approach will only trigger a new surge of immigrants heading for america's southern border meanwhile the e.u. is taking a tougher approach one that observers say amounts to keeping migrants out of europe whatever it costs so on to the point we ask u.s. immigration reform by council turner to have a full tryst europe. thanks
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very much indeed for joining us here on to the point where my guests here in the studio are ana maria of virus of migration expert from costa rica she says what joe biden can learn from europe is that inclusion needs to be a key element of the narrative also with us is helen posner from the german daily developed he thinks if you want to write when wing populists to rule europe all you have to do is open the book also has a very warm welcome to joseph hutchinson u.s. lawyer and activist his opinion biden's ambitious plans are doomed to fail in the empty democratic u.s. senate. we go so much to talk about only let's begin with you as i said joe biden has made reform of america's immigration system one of the. central plugs of his
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politics for the years to come now are you surprised i'm not surprised because a lot of oregon nice groups from the civil society and grass are going to say show us made him go to power today and he showed it to them many of them were organizations. organizing groups which are the basis of my grand relations as well so i'm not surprised the owner to me was part of his narrative throughout the campaign i'm just basically surprised that he started his 1st day with some bishops platen which definitely right now who in the future is absolutely but they were not prepared and they're not prepared and we have seen that being unfolding this in this case that they're not prepared they still plan and they're still working on that look at how they're not prepared in just a 2nd joseph joseph murchison immigration is one of the most issues in the u.s. one of the most divisive issues in the wools i think what makes it so polarizing i
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think unfortunately that we've let right wing populists control the narrative so you know people don't like data or facts anymore when you look at that they to immigration is a net positive for pretty much every society you look at. increase people do better there is more diversification immigrants generally have either the social capital or just the gumption to come in start new businesses so immigration is a net positive but that's like a wonky detail that most people don't understand it's easier to you know resort to this fear and. i want to be very careful to say that i understand the fear right so people are afraid for their security they're afraid for their livelihoods but i think what we need to understand is that people coming to you know i say europe or the united states those are the same things they want they want to be free from that mirror and they want to have the same security going to stand here so what we're lacking is the empathy. and really the understanding contextually why are
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these people the people who buy the bike the ministration is going to do it so differently one senior official says quote they're going to restore compassion and order to our immigration system correct the divisive inhumane and immoral policies of the last 4 years so it's all the while donald trump broke the country so there's just a lot of facts. donald trump broke the country. yeah i would i would agree though looking at the numbers of immigration i mean what we're talking about actually didn't go down as much as donald trump promised they would go down so i mean he the worst thing about trump was his rhetorics right and and in many ways he was just continuing what the obama administration sought it i mean fence building that wasn't his invention right obama started that so by this change the rhetoric right . but how much to really change remains to be seen i mean what biden saying now
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is word for word what the european union has been saying all along and you know if you listen to fund a lion or anyone commission president they will you know they'll sign on the dotted line of work on what biden's just said so the question is really what actually happens and it remains for any government they have to control the borders and control who comes in who stays out. of what you refer to reduce news change the rhetoric but then to ease the door so you could say to this thing that might be one way of. describing it but it has meant there has been towards the border. absolutely and i agree with you i mean sometimes i mean the change needed to happen from an ira to perspective but there's so much to be done for example it's very important we understand of the 1st day when he entered to the white house he expected orders but there's one executive order regarding the migration protection
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protocol which was set by trump he said we're going to review it you have never said we're going to change it enough and surely what i am very concerned because actually in 2 days ago even in the press briefing we heard that they were going. to cop some which is the new chief in come on who's going to take care of. these issues exactly so. it makes me feel like they're still not aligned with what they're going to say what is the plan what's going to be the what's going to be the plan what's going to be the the actions to be unfolding in the sort of the border and we still don't know that so yeah and critics say the this is you know this is a pandemic own this is not the time to be revamping the system or tweaking the system would you say this is exactly the time so i would disagree that there's now a surge because he's in office i think there's this natural pressure that pushes people to the united states especially in light of the pandemic what we've realized
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and you know i'm frankly shocked the united states with their vaccination campaign is doing so well or realizing as you need quick decisive action to impress that i'm impressed yes. it's interesting to know you you just mentioned roberto johnson it is the jacobson who the woman who's responsible for the biden policy tool on the southern border yeah she said what we're trying to do is walk the walk and chew gum at the same time that we're trying to be sort of kind of friendly but saying to people stay away from the border the workers. for probably not i mean. as you say people are coming. for reasons which are beyond the control of the u.s. government i mean terrible situation venezuela due to the mismanagement of the socialist government there the situation in central america due to again lots of corrupt governments there and gangsterism the situation even in mexico due to the drug
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cartels i mean they killed like something like 10000 people in last year these are all things that biden can con controlled so i would do would agree that people are going to come whatever he says and that's when i think and i say that they're not prepared because when when you have a narrative that is unifying and telling people that you're going to fix the immigration laws and you're going to not be an open borders because it has never been out if but you're going to fix what west done in the past you're essentially not comfy there in that when people in central america were the ones waiting in mexico are you listening to it with hope so these people is not like us economy we cannot just wait to go to the embassy before we get to be set to come to europe because of pandemic issues these people are fleeing persecution they are and they're not secured they're there outside with nothing to eat so you cannot tell these people to stay away and wait hold on until we fix something or we create a plan for you so then why the urgency why not in the narrative of the beginning
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and promise in people with a lot of hope. point in recent years tens of thousands of people from central america and mexico who have tried to make their way into the u.s. many ending up stranded in refugee camps along the border of the trump of been stricken trying to close the border altogether now and leadership slowly beginning to change. they come from honduras venezuela and lots of mana fleeing violence and poverty in their homeland for years many have lived in camps like this in mexico on that border to the. dream destination the u.s. with biden hope and movement every turning to a stalled situation volunteers like sister norma accompany small groups across the border. now there is a possibility for a person who is politically past acute it and who fears for their life to have their case reconsidered. and that also means crossing onto american soil
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where there is sisted by aid organizations meanwhile more families are coming attracted by the prospect of fair treatment but the application process is long. while the us needs migrants as labor force whether these people will receive asylum or residency is far from certain will refugees soon have a chance to stay in the u.s. undivided. good question mona you post the response to seeing those petitions well i mean i'm from central america this is. feeling that creates. us howard is totally and the thing is yes it will exist and yes they will reform i trust and i believe that this is what is going to happen because i can have so much faith and so much respect towards the organization and grass organization that has pushed this further in the united states so it will eventually happen it just takes so much time and in the meantime
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for example the kids that are still waiting in the tension centers they call it in a spanish year let us which is research you know and so i just want to system this in the meantime while this is fixed is the life of humans and kids feel the tension centers. to this is an activist i just wonder i saw a sentence this week which is what was going to interesting because it seems to me to describe a balance in the situation that is a cruel balance but perhaps a realistic one the sentence goes like this to let some people in you need to keep many of those. if you see it as a there's only so much pie and if i have less pie then i'm losing so what we need we need to come to realize that we have the resources to take care of everyone and everyone in the whole way everyone in the whole wide world because we have nowhere else to go if we don't take care of everyone in the whole wide world what are we
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doing and why are we doing it so we're trapped in this mindset of you know these my little nation state guarding my little resource and i can't do it but we have the technology we understand technology now technology flows across borders we have the capacity to track people moving across borders we don't need we we can have these open borders in europe because we have the ability to track people as they're moving across if we can send goods and services and capital cross borders why can't we afford the same to people are trying to vision. yet and i don't think the technology is the problem right we can of course we can track people where they go data protection laws in europe say you can't we even have problem with covert vaccine tracking device on our mobile phones of people you know people don't have to have unlike in shall we say china with a full us too. and i for one i'm in favor of as much individual freedom as possible in europe is not
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a fortress by the way it is an island of freedom in a sea of unfreedom and i don't want to have to restrict that for instance with the technological devices you're talking about tracking everybody where they going i would prefer to be able to go across to france or to poland tomorrow and nobody knows i'm there and nobody cares and i can do you know unless i start using my credit card or could go online then and then facebook or whatever no no no you know knows who i am but you know the government isn't following what i'm doing and it's this freedom that i want to protect and i have to balance that against letting in a whole you know i mean how many people can you let in and still keep this freedom it sounds like i'm defending a privilege and i am i'm defending the privilege of freedom. and i'm very sorry but if the alternative is a literary one in have them in
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a mosque and see where they're going then no thank you i'd rather not have that george orwellian state i'd rather have the situation we have now. i think if this is happening. and i am reaction and what i like about what you said if that why are we using this technology in the wrong hands so let me refrain that migration is our business. and not for the right purposes. it's a business because technology to the logical companies we've been industry even face recognition it's very in the way of creation for what we know about frontex perhaps we'll talk about that later so my point is there's a lot of control or going exactly there's a billions invested there's billions of money being invested which basically essentially enables the right wing in a very conservative narrative to continue and controlling us so that will
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eventually happen in technology it's already been deployed but for duran direction when when we talk about migrants and i want to pick up something that you set the problem of fox not to be. taking into account anymore which is a big problem is that we have not seen the rest contribute way more than what for example europe is a spending in controlling them but since we don't care about data them that's when technology in this company has to spend much more money in making their business themselves. i'm so glad you pointed out the facial recognition technology so the world where you could travel to paris or rome and no one knew where you were that's gone the moment you're at a train station the moment you're at an airport these major hubs of transportation and we need that in the fight against terrorism so on the one hand we understand that we need this in the fight against terrorism but we don't understand that we
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could be using it to have much more humane borders ok can i just move away from the debates about technology migration is also about it's about politics it's about economics it's about culture tell me a little bit about that about for i think you know in the united states we really see ourselves as a nation of immigrants it would be better if we also saw resolved as a nation of colonial conquest but i think we're kind of slowly getting there as the generation shifts in the nation 30 troubled by racism as world says europeans can learn so much about you know constructive policy on racism from america. had a very. troubled by what we see and hear right so i think either the issue with europe is europe still has this concept of itself you know these nation states these ethnicities i'm french i'm german we're white french were white german without understanding that the concept of europe historically was more around the mediterranean so you have people on the mediterranean now who are no longer
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considered european but historically and when it culture were so the issue is where do you start looking right and i think european culture right now has been stuck since the age of conquest and exploration. go on. to say yes. i'm going i just want to add more because how much your pm and i don't i would like to hear from from from one from europe what do you think about this because i from iran's perspective point of view when i came here to 15 and then i see all these welcoming never to if and all the narrative that you know i think you have. i mean now in the united states. diplomatic super correct when you refer to my wealth and yet you see that not much has been a bounced. so the euro ok europe or most people in the tacitly at least 2 or so have agreed to look the other way while official agencies do the dirty work of keeping immigrants out of the continent that
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has led to the cruel prank since known pushbacks. cries for help from refugees off the greek coast their inflatable boats constantly being attacked by massed assailants unfriended. both directly and border agency from texas as well as the greek government deny that such illegal action is taking place but there is video footage to prove it. in the southern mediterranean meanwhile e.u. funded libyan militias threatening the work of sea rescuers like see i. am all refugees and now taking the dangerous route toward the canary islands for most this is the end of the line. the situation is even worse in the balkans in the. refugee one time most want to move on quickly to the
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e.u. . again and again they go. again he. is the e.u. keeping out refugees at all costs. people like r.c.u. citizens are prepared to look the other way was not occurring. just now we're all we willing to look away while the dirty work is done for us. your your your your film was very. biased the fact is these things happen and they shouldn't happen that let's and yes they get among other things they don't get the the attention they deserve that must happen the same time what your film didn't say is that hundreds of thousands make it to europe every year they are processed in a not in orderly fashion about 90 percent of them apply for asylum and they don't
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get it because you know and then they go to a court and the 30 percent of the decisions against them by then reversed by the court this is means that things are working in in europe and also talking about frontex basically frontex has saved inception run about 26. hundreds of thousands of people right fish them out of the war to save them from from people smugglers forth against pirates and that kind of thing and. i think it's a mixed bag right but if you hear the other side of the argument. before we heard it in the film didn't we i mean the fact is we are and i just want to say one thing if you had been as long and i mean when i came to germany in the sixty's as an as an english speaking migrant i was fitted like you know. you know and at that time
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no one could imagine that would we today we have something like the welcome culture i mean we've we aren't we haven't understood that we're a nation of immigrants the united states has since at least john f. kennedy so it's been you know. obviously it's going to take some time before that seeps down into i mean you have to hand it to the germans with. something like 2015 would have been unimaginable only 10 years before. true its work came to a certain extent and yes there is how much more welcoming culture than before i set 15 when i arrived here i was impressed enough never seen anything like that from a human rights perspective if such a welcoming acted to to me to tears mainly germans or europeans welcoming asylum seekers yet the problem is that it got stuck somewhere between 20162017 we know what happened politically speaking in places like germany. but
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this was the fear and panic that joe talks about this was you said you understand the fear that people feel and think that you're referring to the same things or yes exactly people saw too many people flooding into this country and afraid and it created an entire opposition which was there that active but now it's very active and it's very out there so the problem with with what's happening afterwards is like in turkey 15 i sold these hope when i saw these welcoming back to it but somehow it's been changing a lot over the last years and there is desperation we still have how many people more than 30000 people are still stuck in greece with no hope so for what's going to happen with them many of them actually 4000 of them are young people in the school so whether they continue or they just left send them home is just that we need to make a soon regarding from defense just cannot say anything good about these unfortunately i mean i work with organizations that are right now in the in the birch to be criminalized for 20 years sentences for saving lives and only it's just
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it's just very powerless how it feels to really express how people are feeling out there so it's not about me and what about you anymore i mean even they're going to say shows that i was running now i can't get over to younger generations because i have hope in the same way that it's happening in the united states with young people changing and working tireless to tireless to change the system that it will happen here as well wouldn't be in the hands of many of us i would lead to the younger generations that they decide what was the future they want to have. you run forward as though you are. one of the big differences between the united states and europe is the neighborhood. you do not have among the hundreds of thousands going north to the united states. a percentage of terrorists we do our neighborhood is syria with. people the guy in the in the film coming from pakistan state
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sponsor of terrorism right i'm not saying he's a terrorist but amongst those coming from pakistan from iraq from syria even from morocco across from libya there is a presence of terrorism they have to be screened out right and and front existing a very good job with that and the reason why there is a problem with some of these activities he works in for instance is that they don't do it in a good way and one of the problems why there is these illegal boats coming from from from turkey and landing in greece is when they get on board we don't know where they're going so it's i'm sorry but we have to deal with reality is we're not living in an island we're living in a very. dangerous neighborhood we used to think it's only israel right when they said on able to stay now we've realized or knew that it made me realize that in fact ok europe is not the old europe of the greeks around the mediterranean because
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half of that is occupied by. writers and yet to conflate terrorism with immigration makes i'm not i mean you know the issue that we have is homegrown terrorism so to speak right so keeping people out is not going to keep us safe and that's what we have to understand i definitely agree we need to be screening people but we need to be training people by either letting them reach our shores or going to where they are. run out of time i'm referring to some in the christian right great guests here would be looking at immigration policy on either side of the atlantic joe biden's new administration policy if we can have plenty of food for thought and i trust we have come by next time around until then but by and choose. to.
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cover. i'm going to.
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be. done lola. what people have to say matters to us. that's why we listen to the stories reporter every weekend on t
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the be. the big. this is g.w. news live from berlin tonight the military crackdown in myanmar the un's human rights investigator calls for sanctions against the general shrilling their troops let's just say many of their military led by changing your. crimes against the u.n. says at least 70 people have been killed in a violent crackdown on protests following last month's clue also coming up the regulators approve the johnson and johnson single shot vaccine for use in the european.

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