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tv   Kulturzeit  Deutsche Welle  March 14, 2021 2:30pm-3:01pm CET

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amanpour no tension. in 60 minutes to. the boss and it's a surprise you don't need to keep a grave eligible to vote for all of the action on the 4th time for the most recent of its members missed the boat on most of the families at the nasa dragons which were called the hard 2 years and did a really good. will hunting i mean also and witness to world events you know that's all. it was the hardest decision in my life because i didn't want to hold. on banking to germany and was like a child. and half blind. or. really
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for artists who have fled political persecution in their own countries. and settled in berlin. what drove them to leave. what challenges do they faced in their new home. what attracted them to the german capital. the people in berlin are demonstrating for every bello roups. theater director at smith a child who is one of the cold organizers of the protest. he's glad that he can express his opinion freely in germany and that. signal from abroad.
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in the berlin is not indifferent to what is happening in the morning to the situation in our homeland and citizens are doing. simply saying. we're helping you are supporting you and in their. mass protests have been taking place in bello ruth for months with the demonstrators calling for an end to the country's authoritarian regime police have clamped down on them heavily. even if they are no longer their child cohen other belo ruffians in berlin feel part of the wider protest. they force our hand we don't want that we just knew things aren't right. choco have to bellow russo over 10 years ago. he had always opposed to the regime
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and had organized protests and hunger strikes. as a result he was arrested locked up for days at a time without charge. i will say that if i had stayed i would become a professional revolutionary. i was allowed to study i would never have got a good job or education i would probably have landed in jail because i took part in protests and because of my years. so i had to make up my mind and leave i wanted to do what i love art but. thanks to a ground he was able to go to poland where he acted and directed plays both in the offbeat or scene and in state theaters. including a production of dostoevsky's the idiot. though he still works in poland he prefers to live in berlin. he says he loves the alternative
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district of course it's bad because people here are free to think and do as they please. they discovered a new kind of protest across their constant process and procedure but it was important for me to see the different forms and how they were organized. transferring this knowledge. to protest. he's currently working on an exhibition about civil society in bella ruse. he says that he was politicized as a young man by an encounter with some german punks who were visiting bella ruth. and listen to the sex pistols were basically. so cool. and they talked about freedom and civil rights and i was into the music. we were. kids in the city and all of
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a sudden we discovered another culture. and shewed me that there was another world out there. totally different from the 100 new war. there was a kind of break stopping society from developing. we were constantly told what to do and what not to do. and we had to follow. our apparatus. the relationship between. state the individual today is something he often examines in his work. to. the peace projection paranoia shrine integrates text written by the ira have terrorists to recombine hoff who explored how far a political resistance could go. who
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hopes that his work will resonate in belo roost to see myself as a bridge between or linen means something happens there a preacher between berlin and bellowed. but then i'd like to find the need between institutional state and the under. there. right now berlin has more such. so for the time being who will be staying put. now to. meet the vice president of penn center in germany it's one of some 150 centers the ported by writers' association pending international. attention to authors who have been persecuted for exercising their right to freedom of expression its german center helps them in germany worldwide many writers still
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live dangerously there are countries which are always at the bottom of the list. in terms of freedom of expression and every tree is not. for 10 years in the last 3 or 4 years turkey has gotten much worse and remains level. each year and international. documents cases in which writers have been imprisoned or subjected to other restrictions. but there are also many cases we knew nothing about. for example in china. it's like a black hole. or national death sentences are executed there are only very rarely does work. sometimes when joe ching feels lonely he goes for a stroll being out nature calms him helps him clear his mind in focus.
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he's lived in berlin for the past. like nature. but i don't feel it's woman one particular place. i have no special connection to a certain place on earth i've lived in mostly in the us with up and in beaching. here in germany i live here and there i think that stems from my time in jail since then i had a sense of restlessness. under. terms not of the good in 1989 protests erupted at beijing's tiananmen square and elsewhere in china tens of thousands of young chinese demanded greater freedom. but the pro-democracy movement was brutally suppressed. dzogchen helped organize demonstrations in his hometown for this he was sentenced to 2 and a half years behind bars and forced to spend the 1st 2 months in solitary
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confinement locked up in a dark underground cell. the only free to me after $51.00 days. he had to carry me out will. be covered my eyes will point. at 1st i didn't know why would i spend all this time in total darkness. without. a harrowing experience but judging has remained undeterred once a widely respected nonfiction author and publisher in china he's kept writing books in exile he's a very gracious reader to. his an enthusiastic cook the passion he discovered as a single parent for him eating is about companionship and looking after one's health but cooking also brings up grim memories from time behind bars to war jail
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and looked after more than 30 people on death row who don't leave a few days or weeks left to live. they were strapped to their beds arms and legs spread to their sides. for the crucifixion. a song called with you there was a hole in their bed to deafen for after relieving themselves are switched off to go out white and clean if you will home i also fed them. in their final moments. it was all that mattered. judging process to the experience in a book it tells the story of 15 different prisoners on death row and includes recipes for the last meal they ate before they were executed. a leading german literary magazine has published an excerpt of the book his translator and good friend susanna becker will translate the book into german joe ching regularly covers highly sensitive topics that few in china would dare discuss for research
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purposes he sometimes returns to his homeland though he's careful to stay off the radar as susanna becker describes it but unlike his artist friend i way way joe ching resists the label dissident. i am an author and witness to world events that's all. a courageous one for sure joe ching carried out extensive research in china for his documentary film i don't quite recall which addresses a dark chapter of chinese history. culture revolution. the film revolves around the lynching of 2 teachers at the hands of their students it features interviews with people who may have witnessed the killings. and the action that superficially . to. them.
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recent events in paris show how timely my documentary is. as a teacher was killer sparking global outreach. by film talks about how to chinese teachers were beaten to death but to this day new responsible. talks about this event. put it on. 2000 for investigators. book about china's food industry became an international best seller . to maximize its profits including adding dangerous chemicals to blood products it was translated into several languages. 15 years ago i started telling people that chinese food is unsafe and chinese food production methods can cause an epidemic like sars. but nobody took this seriously
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. so i think european politicians and food manufacturers are harming themselves when they import chinese products. currently working on new documentary films about china he's been barred from entering the country. but that won't deter him he's not easily intimidated. what's germany's role when it comes to offering protection to people threatened in persecuted and i think. germany please an important role. then germany's voice is very significant within the context of pen international for one. program that was created by the minister of culture in 2000. debt of gratitude for writers who had to flee germany in 133 refuge abroad or. now we can persecuted
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writers and from all over the world to. see them in. when the nazis came to power in 1933 a whole generation of writers was silenced their works were banned and burned their lives were threatened many fled others were killed today german cities such as where the nazis held their rallies taken exiles from all over. the service of course it's just a trick of the ocean. there are many more writers who need our help. that's why many make their own way if they can and their place of refuge is often berlin. it's a bit of home away from home for a syrian in exile at the pergamon museum in the historic center of berlin. first tours for refugees she explains the history of the exhibits and how they can
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transport people back in time. just. close your eyes try to smell. and you will feel at home and there is always like a very nice trips we go through closing their eyes and think about our memories our heritage many visitors return time and again. provide comfort and stability coming here also helps combat her homesickness after she was forced to flee syria 6 years ago. i used to say it's my museum. and i am one of the very rare people who used to go to the museum almost every. studied art in damascus and wrote for a children's magazine she's also
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a successful children's book author. she suffered under bashar al assad's regime until 2011 when the anti-government protests known as the arabs. again. it's give me a hope. that time to change. we leave we leave with very long time. joined in the demonstrations and fought for change but the protests were brutally suppressed. repeatedly arrested and eventually fled her homeland. the hardest. because. her whole new syria. leave all her friends and fellow protesters behind. she hasn't heard a word from many of them since. they arrested or abducted. are
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they even still alive. her art works to picture this sense of loss. but mostly. because. they are here. now she's found her mission. after her arrival germany took in almost a 1000000 refugees we can do this chancellor angela merkel famously said in encouragement so. down to work. i always find myself somewhere in-between. trying to bring them together she also writes for the platform handles germany which gets refugees practical info on how to adapt to life here. who believes that hosting
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society should know more about newcomers about 3 feet she's most of them have to integrate with. to help make that happen ali deep writes a column for a german newspaper. she highlights cultural similarities and differences between hosts and newcomers. and tries to combat the prejudices she encounters in her daily life. from syria and he said oh my god are you are really feel she said yes. unfortunately and this is but you don't look like. so for me this is very important things to think to think about legs and stereotypes that media spirit. and. of people there's still much to be done to
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dispel such stereotypes and to encourage interaction between cultures which actually aren't that different. says that her hometown damascus and berlin have much in common. it's very similar from different perspectives because it's very. it's very open and accepting everyone from everywhere doesn't matter where are you from what you're doing how you will how you dress what kind of study you did you will find your space. has certainly found her space helping to bring together different peoples and cultures . exiles have a hard time. from their culture and they usually have a difficult time communicating in the new language. this applies to exiles
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today and to those of former times like those who fled nazi germany in the 1930 s. now there are plans to build a museum dedicated to these refugees where berlin's an halter railway station once stood. to open its doors in 2025 the modern building curve around the station's ruins. literature nobel prize winner. who fled from romania dictator nicolae ceausescu is regime to germany in 1907 is the museum's patron. berlin is coming to terms with its past but what about the more recent history and the fact that many people from all over the world are moving here voluntarily or to flee. from danger as germany has experienced many different waves of immigration
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unfortunately there's new museum dedicated to this topic and that would be very interesting from a political perspective. a museum that tells the story of germany as the country of immigrants because they are an integral part of its history. when sharbat in shaky came to germany 10 years ago he had to leave everything behind in iran he was an acclaimed writer an intellectual who actively participated in social debate. being forced into exile him of his identity. i had most everything a person could want to have that stature was a journalist in the best newspaper and lectured at the best universities isn't. on the come to germany and i was like a child and that's dead and done and half blind from. the.
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shaky belongs to iran's kurdish minority he learned his mother tongue kurdish from his father he describes it as the language of his soul and his innermost thoughts in his youth about in shaky frequented literary clubs and wrote lyric poetry that was naturalistic and realistic. kurdish literature was for bisan it was illegal like drugs or something. so i think i was always self-confident. i just went in and did my poems and the folks there were surprised. 1617 year old boy. did he learn to speak kurdish. shaky quickly made a name for himself as a modern poet who courted controversy his writing advocate. equality of the sexes and human rights and he was a vocal activist in 2009 he took part in iran's green movement people rose up
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against the regime that put his life in danger. spending 20 years in jail i don't fear torture or even the death penalty. but i do fear the indeterminacy. if you're arrested by the secret police or whoever there's no guarantee you'll be released in 2 or 3 hours after 3 days or 7 days after 7 months or 7 years. he was arrested but managed to escape he never wanted to leave his country. forced to flee an invitation from the german government including an exit visa and a plane ticket to safety fears from that time still haunts him. have never rented an apartment that was above the 3rd floor because i always
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thought if they come for me i must flee no matter what happens to me. whenever i went to look at him i always checked the escape route that i still have it was happens these are the one i lived off it took a long time before shakey could feel he was on firm ground again he broke with his past and embarked on the search for a new life a new identity and words his most important tools he wants to communicate but in what language. you know 70 percent of the people around me are germans or german speakers in the streets or my streets these walls are my walls this cafe is my country. you are right your list here these are my neighbors weren't there germans are speaking german now makes it exciting about hard to write.
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but for now he's preoccupied with bringing some peace into his life having a secure job and residency status. shaky is employed as a social education worker in a home for asylum seekers in his new home land. they start berlin is a city of my soul. berlin has a soul that's completely crazy and this. suits me because it's always like my least that's my view and berlin is nationality less your novels nationality less is also how sharbat in shaky feels it's impossible for him to return to iran he hasn't seen his homeland in a decade. so where does he belong now in berlin. that's occurred maybe i should see him kurdistan will forever be my homeland in the struggle but i was born there and i'm
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a kurd but that's the person i am now for him and this here this is my home. that's it for the arts 21 this week stay safe until next time good bye and alfie did they.
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