tv Kulturzeit Deutsche Welle March 20, 2021 1:00am-1:31am CET
we live in a competitive world it's just cold it's cool it's cool cool water used to be free but the world is changing the most important commodity and it is. the free trade. zone water decision or commodity starts march 22nd on t w. this is news and these are our top stories german chancellor angela merkel says the government will begin supplying family doctors with vaccines to speed up the country's sluggish vaccination drive the decision follows of her virtual summit of federal and state leaders the chancellor also expressed optimism that every adult would have a chance to give vaccinated in by the end of the summer. senior u.s. and chinese officials have wrapped up 2 days of what washington described as serious talks and alaska this was the 1st high level meeting since president joe
biden took office both sides attacked each other publicly showing the depth of tensions between the 2 world powers. police in turkey have raided the homes of members of the kurdish people's democratic party 2 days after beginning legal action to ban the group more than 30 party members were detained in what was the latest in a series of crackdowns against the pro kurdish party. this is d.w. news from berlin you can follow us on twitter and instagram at news and go to our web site that's w dot com. the 1st meeting between china and the new white house differ mastic taking got off to
a decidedly undiplomatic start us secretary of state on to the blank and laid out his charge sheet including china mistreatment of weaker muslims for its parts china told the u.s. to stay out of its business and reminded the hosts of the us is long history of slaughtering black americans but the world needs these giants to work together so can beijing and washington cooperate and compete i'm phil gale in berlin and this is the day. our intent is to be direct about our concerns direct about our priorities including . hong kong taiwan. family opposed to the united states interfering in china's internal affairs. a confident country is able to look hard at its own shortcomings. on the issue of human rights. we think we not
just states can do better. it's the opportunity for us to explain where we are coming from to hear where you are coming from. the tax and accusations that is not hospitality. also all the time in my last minute show authorities continue their crackdown against anti protesters journalists are also in the firing line but i haven't yet been silenced. you know one of the local media outlets have stopped publication for now but the impression that i am getting that people are. reporters are just continue reporting. welcome to the day u.s. and chinese diplomats have clashed at their 1st meeting since president biden took office for. the face talks in alaska got off to an icy stuff with each side
attacking the other amongst the issues with human rights the coronavirus pandemic in china's military buildup in the south china sea the u.s. accuses china of threatening global stability china accuses the us of hypocrisy. and it's supposed to be a traditional photo op between 2 economic and military superpowers but instead a backroom brawl exploded on to the world stage as both sides launched a scathing indictments also discuss our deep concerns with actions by china including and shins wrong hong kong taiwan cyber attacks on the united states economic coercion toward our allies each of these actions threaten the rules based order that maintains will stability that's why they're not merely internal matters and why we feel an obligation to raise these issues here today chinese communist party foreign affairs chief yang a chief fired back by questioning america's status as
a leader. so we hope that when talking about universal values or international public opinion on the part of the united states we hope the u.s. side will think about whether it feels reassured saying these things because the us does not represent the world it only represents the government of the united states . and the u.s. secretary of state reasserted america's leadership role i have to tell you what i'm hearing is very different from what you describe. i'm hearing deep satisfaction that the united states is back there were reengage with our allies and partners i'm also hearing deep concern about some of the actions your government is taking but with the mutually agreed diplomatic protocol scrapped china's foreign affairs chief deflected criticism of its own human rights record by pointing back at the u.s. world. in regard to human rights. we hope the us can do
a little better in this aspect i mean it was us as human rights issues are deeply rooted it didn't just exist during the past 10 years slaughter of african-americans has always been a problem. so if you think that who went. with a chilly start to the new normal for relations between china and the u.s. the rest of the world is watching closely to understand where they fit in in this new balance between global powers let's say farai gomez can help us to understand he's director of defense policy studies at the cato institute that's a libertarian think tank in washington welcome to d.w. at the can we start with this opening which was publicly by nature what is achieved by either side by starting such a way. well i think both sides really previewed this right i don't think this is
coming as a surprise to anyone in beijing or in washington that the relationship is getting off to a very rocky start. it wasn't a very good place when the truck administration ended this is both due to what a lot of things that china has done but also u.s. perceptions of it and the united states is all in on a competitive strategy with china and biden has said so as much very many times so far in his presidency so i think this is just going to be the opening round of a new normal in the u.s. china relationship that unfortunately will probably get worse before it gets better trying to see if that was taking us anywhere you are might say ok fair enough but is there any evidence that recent u.s. actions against china trade was diplomatic expulsions even the name calling of a covert has any of this had any effect on chinese policy.
i haven't seen any i don't think that the u.s. approach has yet to witness any kind of change you know when they talk about issues in hong kong and changing for example understandably the u.s. is very upset about those things and they are grave violations of human rights and in i think i would also agree and the qualification of it as a genocide but when it comes to stopping china from doing the things it's doing i'm not sure how much coercive leverage the u.s. actually has to do that and maybe it's a matter of you know we put on the leverage now and wait a bit and see what happens but like we saw in alaska it doesn't seem to be producing anything except for hostility but there's also a question of well if that's if that's what's happening do not see what kind of engagement strategy or some other approach might work and at least in the united states i don't think there's much political appetite internally for any kind of
bigger change in u.s. china policy that is less confrontational i think the confrontation is with us over time. but it really brings us back around the sort of the background noise to what else is going on around the world except that it's we need the united states and china to work together if we are to conquer some of the world's biggest problems like climate change so can the u.s. and china compete and cooperate at the same time i think so and you know i think in the cold war and and the that reference always makes people little nervous right because things got pretty bad between the u.s. and soviet union and a lot of people around the world during the cold war but. it shows that you can have because the u.s. and soviet union were able to work together on some things and i think that if we want to start figuring out where those areas of overlap are and where the areas of
positive some cooperation are the 1st step is going to have to be putting some kind of floor on the downgrade of relations and i think that in the u.s. soviet case that was nuclear arms control i'm hopeful that the biden administration will be able to engage china on nuclear issues as well because i think that despite the trunk administration's failure in that regard there might be some space for the u.s. and china to improve their nuclear relationship and create those kind of guardrails to the competition the other area is military confidence building measures as the united states is thinking about this competition and thinking about an increased military presence in east asia the likelihood of some kind of incident spiralling out of control i think necessarily increases because the u.s. is going to be more active and so in that situation you want to be able to have very clear lines of communication open to the other side to make sure that you can you know do things without spiraling out of control so i think those should be the
some of the areas where the in might bite him as ration moves to put that floor and prevent the relationship from souring even further and the back down to this of course is that america sees that china expanding its power and its influence in all sorts of directions all over the world and what one does now if china on the front foot economically militarily even technologically it's china is rising i mean for 6 percent economic growth the weather west is still struggling with that sort of post kovan told. yeah i totally agree and i think that when it comes to figuring out. just how did how to live with this right that not everything that china does abroad in terms of its economic presence in terms of its military presence is going to be a threat to the united states and i i think that for many years the perception was
cooperation is really good and now it kind of stuff pendulum has swung to the other way which is cooperation is terrible and we need to compete and i think the truth is somewhere in the middle right i think that in some aspects the u.s. china relationship should become a bit more competitive but on a vast majority of things we have to take a deeper stock of what is it that china's doing that's actually a problem to the united states and then what can we do about it i think right now there's a tendency to overinflate just how many problems there are and i worry that the u.s. is going to try and overreact too harshly and we're not going to be able to actually do the things that we want and it's going to make everything worse so i would hope that the biden ministration things about that right things about what is it specifically that is the problem and where are the areas that aren't and we can actually you know either not care about it or we can work with china to solve common issues thank you for that and to go miss from the cato institute thank you.
the 1000000 miles military coup and subsequent crackdown have affected protesters on the country's media as the general seek to control not just the protests but also information who would interview have the genesis of revoked the licenses of at least 5 local news outlets more than 30 journalists have been taken into custody sometimes under the threat of death this is one of them a k. zone now members of the foreign press have been targeted as well and this is time for a photographer for the associated press is believe that many jailed journalists are awaiting trial at the insane prison a facility notorious for human rights abuses they could be jailed for up to 3 years in charge of spreading false information so let's take a closer look at what these journalists are facing as they try to give us in the
outside world a fuller picture of what's going on inside me and. these police officers in yangon charging after anti military demonstrators and a journalist tanking photo is of little several police around tens or as he tries to get away one puts him in a child cold he's then handcuffed and dragged off this happened in late february 10 zorse pictures were to be sent to his employer the global news agency i paid outlets like a t w then by this material so journalists like him are critical for international media to be able to report on me and mine instead tens or is now behind bars he and a growing number of journalists and media workers in myanmar and facing up to 3 years in jail under vague charges of violating a public order law. or was arrested while he was performing
his work according to the video recording and pictures published in the new. he was arrested while doing his job this is not related at all to the public order law he has been charged with but that's what they are accusing him of on the back of the one along with allison why. it's estimated that over 200 people have been killed in myanmar in a brutal crackdown on largely peaceful protests since the military's tank over on february the 1st getting information is becoming trickier to the military regularly shuts the internet down and it's blocked some social media sites it's also withdrawn the licenses of 5 major media outlets no one is safe and the military government especially these days you know at the nighttime the reagan laden no media. and media buzz in it that's where one of my daughters got right at that time at his house i'm already prepared that there. are indeed
ben as me. there will be no no more press freedom. a decade after the end of the room to in myanmar the military is back in charge it's a major setback for press freedom and for journalists on the ground it means facing censorship threats and intimidation once again when you take a close look at the dangers these journalists are facing with all in nevada who's editor in chief and head of publications a reporters without borders welcome to day w there are reports of of reporters being dragged away by unidentified men are there any that you're particularly concerned about. good evening and thank you for welcoming ass and giving me the opportunity to talk about the situation in the country we are concerned with the news of the indeed of these 2 reporters b.b.c.
world and the local media that where her esteemed the sefton and i are still missing. we called on the authorities the sefton to reveal their whereabouts and to stop the security at least it's an increasing of the attacks on children east after having been beaten they have been arrested and no they are disappearing so the situation is really deteriorating and it's extremely worrying and it's possible to the journalists all the media and who are being detained nationality the tone of their reporting for instance. not really we've seen an increase of the number of journalists to being detained there are arrested it's important to recall the past for us today since the 1st of generic february the beginning of the crew that was in 6 weeks 39 june at least had been arrested 17 are still detained today
22 were freed and many of them working either for international to vacation or local media have been arris to or in difficult situation so our main concern today is really to. get that new media terri jentz then you need to read it at the ship we resort the same terrible methods that they have used to. getting journalists in the past from the 1967 to 2011 and of course. they all journalist are concerns and the situation is more and more difficult on the ground as you're intimating we have this is and man must 1st military coup and once it happened in february we pretty much knew what to expect a crackdown on process than dissent crackdowns on the media i'm not so harassed so give a vast why did so many reporters choose to continue to report and to take their chances
. it is true they face than ship it the desire to cover what's happening right now is even though exposing a dilemma for many children easter one of them was telling us a few weeks ago that they need to cover this story called moment even though it's always a great deal of fear the they want to continue to cover the news as it happens because it's so important to provide reader reporting from the future for the future generation and for the world to know they's a real need to provide information what's happening and probably the case of the 2 wretches journeys to where detain. until 2 years ago for more than 50108500 days in myanmar for korea covering the taboo we should with the earring set over there has also drawn more attention on
the situation over there and probably that junot east feel very concerned to i lead the world i love the public opinion on what's happening on the field but given of the countries in such a terrible mass and samus loss of democracy we're seeing detentions without trial of a spurious reasons on deaths on the streets why does it matter that a few reporters have been arrested. for reporters without borders anywhere that in mass well it's very crucial that reporters should be able to cover the dramatic moment ing and massy story the generals who to try were 6 weeks ago to realize that the world these looking at them and it's very important that to let east continue to report so that they will notice that some people of dozens of people are being cute but also children he stopped being beaten and prevented to do their jobs on the ground thank you for joining us not pointing that out as an event
from reporters without borders. journalist dissidents and lawyers often rely on private communication to do their work and stay safe now a series of police operations targeting so-called crypt a phone system just got civil liberties defenders worry well police say they have shut down major drug dealing networks across europe some lawyers say the surveillance operations are eroding our right to privacy reporter joel dole right is here to explain oh well joel of 1st off let's start with the basics what's a crypt a food a critter phone looks like a regular handset but it's been modified to run a hidden operating system that connects to an encrypted communication network now you access the hidden operating system by pushing a series of buttons or entering a pos code into the calculator and then you can send encrypted messages across the network well one such script of our network was called skype e.c.c.
and it calls itself the most secure messaging platform of vailable it even offered a 1000000 euro reward to anyone who could hack the system well somebody did just a few weeks ago dutch and belgian police announce of they have managed to hack into the sky system and have been monitoring messages which they say contained communications about major drug deals and even murder plots and as a result the belgian police have launched in recent weeks the biggest operation that they've ever run resulting in many arrests and shutting down major drive me works they claim with a other i'm guessing they didn't claim the the reward but this wasn't the 1st group the phone network that police have bridge was it known only one was called encourage chat which was operated in a similar way it was an encrypted phone network it a cost around 1000 euros for a handset and it had around 60000 euros road users right across europe up until june last year when encouraged that sent out a panicked message to its use and saying destroy all funds because french police
had managed to hack into the server. and implant malware on the devices and have been monitoring messages and as a result they have been carrying out a series of raids right across europe in the netherlands for example they say that they found a drug operation complete with a torture chamber inside a shipping container in the u.k. have been more than of thousands of arrests here in germany also a wave of arrests where drugs have been seized weapons have been seized and many people have been arrested and police say that this is going to keep going because they get to keep working through that mountain of messages that they have found and accessed by hacking into these encrypted phones but this still sounds like a splendid news that the police are catching the bad guys so isn't that a good thing well there's nothing wrong or illegal about using encrypted communication in fact you probably do it every day if you used what's app for example what's that has end to end encryption and defense lawyers say that the way that these particular crypto started raids were carried out breaches the normal
protocols and rules the police have to abide by while they're collecting evidence and they say that they are writing our right to privacy at the same time well i spoke to one defense lawyer whose name is over extolled and he says that he's representing people who are arrested in these raids and he says that all of our rights are private communication are at risk. no one criticised the police when they went off to encroach out then they continued with sky yesterday was encroach out today was sky tomorrow it's what's up mark is what i'm after that it's the whole phone network i'm really appalled about the impact on society and how the whole media has ignored the threat to freedom created by these cases. instead celebrating the police success this needs to change or it won't just be another scandal we may be writing off another part of our fundamental rights.
well rick some also points out the dissidents rely on private communications when they're trying to evade all thora tarion regimes and that's not just a hypothetical for example there are numerous cases of high profile human rights activists from pakistan who have been tracked down and killed in exile in sweden and in canada as well there are exiles from chechnya who have been traced and killed right across europe including here in berlin and in the belgian raids a several of the people have been picked up a lawyer who say that they were using crypto started to communicate privately with their clients which they are entitled to do so while these crypto phone raids have got drug dealers running scared they've also got people worried who are worried about civil liberties to hold all right. thank you so much thought. on the pandemic means zoos around the world have been closed to visitors with no
humans around apparently some animals the stuff to get bored so zookeepers in the czech republic of come up with a novel way of end to telling their killers chimpanzees. and. things were getting a bit slow for the local chimpanzees at the safari park to work in the north of the czech republic zoo staff set up the online streaming service with another zoo located in brazil about 170 kilometers away. that is the project that was created here is one of the elements of how to extend enrichment for these animals to offer them a greater source of entertainment and keep them occupied. large screens were set up at both guards of the chimps at the 2 locations who are crowd and bruno connecting the 2 groups of chimpanzees now both groups spend
a lot of time watching each other. see you. at the top of the slide about they started watching it just like we watch t.v. or when we were in the cinema you know with the same behavior with the details they sit in front of the screen take some goodies nuts or something like that they sit down and really watch it like people at the movies the similarity there is obvious the man. the streaming service might not make up for the lack of crowds but at least it keeps the primates out of monkey business some. will be absolutely well the day is almost done the conversation continues online you can talk on twitter i'm looking for the. good.
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