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tv   Ab in die Natur  Deutsche Welle  July 12, 2021 7:30pm-8:30pm CEST

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recycling for disposable solutions overseas. our ways are, is truly unique. and we know that, that uniqueness is what allows us to live and survive. google ideas, the environmental global 3000 on d, w. and this is the of the news asia coming up today. 5 years of illegal chinese actions in the south china sea. despite the court ruling, china is still preventing filipino fishermen from accessing fishing grounds. why can the philippines do anything about it? plus, protecting the pollinators. the rescuers in militia are doing all they can to ensure the creators of our foods don't die off the me.
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i bid energy. welcome to d w. news asia. glad you could join us. some 20 to 33 percent of global trade by fi bosses through the south china sea. it is also home to rich shane grounds. what if china controlled all of that? it's other quarter for international concern over china of actions in this body of water located in se asia, the south china sea is claimed almost in its entirety by china, through what is called the 9 dash line. this includes started out order claims by other countries in the region. china has overtime, militarized many low lying islands and coral reefs here. but 5 years ago today, an international court, effective new ruled chinese claims were illegal. particularly over this pub scarborough show. a low lying rocky outcrop that falls within the philippines. this
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territory, according to the court. the binding ruling by the hague based permanent code of arbitration, was in response to the philippines taking china to court. but china refused to acknowledge the verdict. as a result, to this day, filipino fishermen prevented from accessing the coveted fishing areas. there were not catching fishes like this and discover a show has become increasingly difficult. internationally, these filipinos writes to fish here are recognized. but the fishermen say chinese coast guards have been chasing and harassing them and the policy is threatening their livelihood. probably monday. i mean there's really not. the problem here is that, you know, fishing territory. we are the ones who are pushed away from us. if we have the fees, every because the chinese coast guard doesn't allow us here in the non coming up,
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i haven't commissioned them on guard. that's because aging never recognized a 2016 ruling by the have permanent code of arbitration. brute that china had violated the philippines to rhetorical integrity in parts of the south china sea. a significant ruling given the china claims, almost all the waters and origin. la hardly islands in the south china sea have long been china's territory. they are the legacy of all emphasis and we can't afford to lose a single inch of them. but the philippines also cleans part of the resource, which area soon as taiwan, tonight, militia, indonesia, in vietnam, this decades long conflict has always been a flash point in the region. tension has increased a times since 2013. as china started building and militarized artificial islands in
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the south china sea, prompting protests like this one in manila. but the government's position has been less clear, alternating between rhetoric and restrained them all. so let us be friends, but do not touch. a learn under the lice order lice, things would be different, but the fishermen aren't convinced they say the country may truly to push back against paging while seeking investment opportunities. their wish is very simple. take action so they can fish freely in the show. again. let's get more on this. i'm join now from manila by richard had daddy and he's an analyst, an author of numerous books. i'm, i say, including a shares new battle field, us china and the struggle for western pacific. richard,
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welcome. the 2016 ruling went to in the philippines this favour. why has it not been able to exercise its sovereignty? was scarborough shoals well as far as international lawyers concerning the problem always was enforcement. it's also a question of diplomacy. how do countries that when international arbitration against super powers, like china, how the, how did they leverage that legal victory or legal warfare to gain actually concessions on the ground? so i think the probably in the case of the philippines was that it legally was able to invalidate the bulk of trying its claims across up to 85 percent of the south china sea and international water. we're talking about trying to 9 dash line and historic rights claims. but the problem was that the arbitration case was initiated by the former been chino administration, which is the liberal american friend the reform he said ministration. but when the
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result came out, we had a completely different person in charge in the philippines, which is present or the good, who by the way, try to p what the china. so conscious, the over the past 5 years, the tilting president has downplaying. and sometimes even denigrated, the philippines own legal victory in order to keep it chummy and close and intimate with his chinese friends. and how is that gone down in the philippines? filipinos buying that? well, 1st of all, it hasn't gotten down well with its own deputies on multiple occasions. we have seen at the department of foreign affairs, the defense senior serve, the country, the foreign minister of the country. re treating that arbitration award. what final and binding by intern per international law, and no matter what anyone says including china. the fact is that this is already a part of the fabric of international law and the furnace to deter it this deputies all the time. and again, they tried to actually solidify the philippines position on the ground,
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not much gains on the scar bar. so because the president, the 3rd, this downplaying of the physical legal victory, including over who should have access to precious resources in the scar marshall. but the philippines, in fairness, over the past few years, think today efforts of defense minister started in zinah. in the philippine minutes, i was able to fortify its position on the ground in other dispute, the areas including the island and the strategy. so the picture is quite mixed. it's not an unmitigated disaster. but of course, the big question was, how could the philippines have done better in leveraging this legal victory to get more concessions on the ground including getting access for the fisherman there in the scar or so which is just over. busy a 100, not the most away from the philippine coastline. correct. what could the philippines have done better? well, many things, right. i mean, they expect ation was if we had a different president or so on, closer in terms of india, logical outlook and strategic outlook to the previous president or the late
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president in bidding quino are the philippines. how many options? one option was to take this issue, this legal victory all to the unit you and general assembly take it to the parliament to get to all the different for, to put pressure on trying to comply with it. of course, china will always say, we don't recognize the jurisdiction of this by the but china also wants to be a respected leader. doesn't want to be seen as an outlaw or bully. so a true multilateral pressure. the philippines could have got some concessions from the philippines, not the mission bilaterally. the philippines could have said, ok, maybe we'll not put that much pressure on you. multilaterally will not try them. bars you by the exchange. maybe you can give our fisherman more access to resources in the scar bar, so maybe you can stop harassing them. so there were many scenarios that we could think about how to leverage these awards. but none of that happen because you have a president. the 3rd who priority is i prioritize is good relations. we china per up above, you know, the interest of the philippines, the times of the us position on the south. china sea has also been seen as crucial
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to this ongoing dispute. and just over the weekend, your secretary of state, anthony blink, and re today us support for the philippines. if it comes on the attack in the south, china say, i'm wondering what everything that you've said. if that is a boost that the philippines needed to press home its legal advantage. right, i mean this is the synchronicity problem, right? when president keno was pushing ahead with this arbitration where the philippines was not getting as much support from then president bark obama was very cautious, was very reticent to take it due to, to the chinese. right. and if i went arbitration to work out in 2016 to 5 years ago, president obama immediately sent his top national security advisor, susan, right, to china, in order to bring down tensions that have been the position of his successors. donald trump and biden are taking very tough stands and standing by the philippines . the problem is that they cannot be holier than the pope. the silicon itself has to stand for itself before our lives can stand for it. and this is the problem
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we're facing today, which i had that in thank you so much for joining us today. from geo political issues to issues of our food supply imaginable. without coffee, apples automate toes. according to the un, this isn't entirely unthinkable, given the steady decline in b populations the world over. what's the connection? well, bees actors, pollinators, for many of our favorite troops, lesser means means less of foods. it's what prompted a new breed of b, rescuers and militia, whose main job is to save rather than destroy bees. it's not a job for the faint of heart when he's not working his day job as a software developer. oil and shares often hands deep in a swarm of bees or without a protective suit. he's just one of the volunteers that might be savior. a group of
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environmental activists rescuing hides from destruction. volunteers handle up to 10 relocations a day, acting on people from the public or local officials. in malaysia, those calls usually go to the fire brigade who often towards the entire nest. my b savior provides an alternative to killing the insects. but changing attitudes remains and make a challenge. so yeah, perception, that means read dangerous. so the moment if they see me immediately hi to find some way to, to remove the b b 's of vital 2 or 3 systems as pollinators of major crops. but the u. n is warning of rapidly declining numbers to, to habitat, los pollution and pesticides. here's crisis in us and europe where we're having
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a problem. we'll be going almost i think. so before that happened here, i think it's important that we continue to the face of the b and make sure that doesn't happen here. and yes, these volunteers do get stung, but it's a price they're willing to pay for them to save the small. but vital creatures. one swarm at a time. you buy and that's it for today. of course more no website. the w dot com forward slash asia will leave you today. with these pictures of one families, each preparations in pocket on the raise capital on the rooftop of their cut out to home to be slaughtered on either of her, which is in a week's time. but what goes up must also come down and it's quite enough. petition will leave you with those images and tomorrow, by the
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news ah, the green you feel worried about the furnace and the host of the on the green fence to clear remains to change. join me for the size of the green transformations for me to use for the plan that we're interested in the global economy. our portfolio
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g w business beyond here is a closer look at the project. shit to analyze the flight for market dominance. with the business beyond, on youtube and me time now for 13 minutes of arts and culture. coming up with the oscar winning musician composer john bat teeth talks about black lives matter and how he help inspire. pixar is 1st black leading character is. this is me, i was, i was in here, it was a very and also coming up at the london textile designer tricia guild started her business small now half a century later,
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she is an icon of colorful living that's coming up. but 1st we're off to venice. where architects from around the world come together every 2 years to dream up, the future of architecture. and this is architecture be an i'll a really is about the challenges of the future in a world of turmoil, climate change, and pandemic, se, ah, the vintage architecture being asked, how wiggly together, ah, to the course, she ported from participation countries, including from africa, latin america, and asia, ah, before the finale is used to be about western europe coming together to show off what is new and then the rest of the world will come and copy or follow or be influenced over the past few be analysis, this has changed. it's the denali bringing of the whole world examples and ideas
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and innovations from the rest of the world and putting them in front of western europe and america to look like this does, i'm phoning from the philippines called structures mutual support. the core of the project is not the construction itself, but the cannot be the way it was created, especially how we live together. it also there could be a lot about how we build together, how we create something together. this product is made through a tradition that's called by in the, in the philippines and we called the london, all right. and these are forms, the mutual support that exists in most countries around the world. traditions are important because their way of coping in every day. there's a way of coping in the face of natural disasters or post calamities and there and found them. i know we can architect alexander ericsson food. and his filipino colleague sort of us can come work together with the local community here in the
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north of the philippines. to build a much needed public library. ah, the community has been knowledgeable about living in the place where they are from and the context where the, where they are living. so they're sharing that to us and we're sharing our architectural knowledge with them. so together at the end of the day, we are working as one in the construction work 2 months in the results can only be seen at the finished architecture. b. and i concept, molly was embodied all of these ideas that people can find in a beautiful space in a space which is the bright light. it's when been deleted and variable. so all of these terms are captured by the 3rd value on the sign of the building had to incorporate that into every decision. so the story is thread, the doors are firmly. the roof is at the slope so that you can also bring the air to the building. this became
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a guiding principle. all the da signed decisions made. so that's what i'm really proud of. it was there to be in the library will be returned to the philippines to the people, the giving back sharing joy during tough times. that's what it's all about for us musician john battista, despite the pandemic, petite has been on a serious role, and he's put out his 8 studio album, been nominated for 2 grammys. he even won an academy award for co composing the soundtrack to sol, pixar. his 1st movie featuring a black lead character, but he has also taken his music to the streets, leading black lives matter protests against police brutality. we need to communicate on the claim, anti summer 2020 john batista took to the streets, which is
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a way for people to connect without having seen split 2nd lay understanding language and in lex in face. your gesture is even more than that because it sounds tasks in all of you. you don't have to have any sort of intellectual engagement with it at all or you can have a lot of it. it gives you a feeling. you don't have a choice in how you interpret it, and that was powerful, not much else in the world. thousands, he did his musical call to action, but chief march with the black lives matter movement through the city. he lives in i think new york city is such a political hotspot that whatever's happening in politics impacts the move in the toner, the city in the last 4 years, with the pandemic in the protest,
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and all of the political divisions. so i think that he has shifted. we're constantly in the space between struggle and compromise. watson, ups, and downs. we don't want it to be an easy thing. so as with beautiful about, even though it's never quite beautiful of the coffins, jombateeste turns was on its head in the video for i need you. he brings pictures in the gallery, turn life the the just break. i will go out of space and visit all of the other plan just to see if there
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was life out there. i will probably play some legged dance to see if they got to grow the job, but he threw up in a family of musicians in louisiana. he learned to 12 instruments, while his big sister was still making mix tapes. he was burning his favorite songs on to cds. ah, eddie murphy, to beverly hills cop actual f b. i used to play that one by ill and a piano blue foam. be anything new on the e me, you know that. yeah, that was for the soundtrack songs to the pixar movie. so he sat down at the piano, the filmmakers were so excited about his performance. they animated him for the
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film. ah, but she's provided inspiration for the development of the main character. like this is, this is me. i was, i was in tears. it was a very special experience because as a mortar, last fall time the soundtrack won him an oscar and a golden globe. john keith has arrived. what's next for the 1st? the 4 year old man moves will sing him. ah marie curie
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it artistic expression isn't just the bad thing. it's not just the music we listen to. it's also in the designs we surround ourselves with. and they're constantly changing with new trends every season. but for british designer and business woman tricia guild, the secret to success has been largely ignoring the trends. 51 years ago, she found the lifestyle brands designers guild. she started off small importing and reinterpreting fabrics from india. now she's those fabrics, wallpaper, and furniture in countries around the world. your color frenzy. tricia guild boldly combines patterns, colors, and materials creating brightly colored rooms that break with all convention. the
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british artist has a flare for the right combination. ok, look at that. to me, it's just in my heart how i use color. if you want to see my passion for color, it's all over here. fabrics, accessories, wallpaper furniture, tricia guilds collection have made her a european design icon from the design to the production. every step of the process is equally important to her. patricia gills wants not only to create beautiful products for world of colors, should be more than just decoration. when i 1st started this word, lifestyle didn't exist. i think it's really important to show people different ideas of how they can live, so that we've kind of an interactions. and that is what creating lifestyle is all about. it's about creating a space that people will enjoy to be with it. in 1970 guild
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established the company designers, guild, and store on king's road in london. today the company is known worldwide. so this is where we started and i had 30 fabrics and now 6005, right? i want to show people that you could live with color and i'm constantly learning. i'm constantly trying to something new. and that's what i've always wanted to do. i suppose i like a risky life. tricia yield always swims against the current. she made floral wallpapers, socially acceptable when minimalism was in fashion. she likes to spend time in places that provide inspiration for her work. we've gotta look at, i think that for to me i'm, i live enough to keep looking around me and not ignoring my surroundings. wherever
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that is, the designer tries to reinvent herself with every collection. repeating recipes for success is part of the question for her. and trends, she just ignored them. i have a lot of information about what people are liking, but you cannot design a collection like that. you have for me, i have to design it because i feel that it's the right thing. to me, it's all the same thing, you know, a lifestyle, the space, how it looks, how it functions, how we eat, how the world is going to survive. to me, it's all part of the same thing. she continues to draw inspiration from all over the world to make living spaces more colorful and lively patricia guild, a grand dumb of design. ah,
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for more stories about design, music, and architecture, find us on facebook and twitter a d, w culture south for me and the whole crew here in berlin. it's been great having you with us next time for more arts and culture. the news. the news, the news the news ah,
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the sign in the leisurely lifestyle kind of tropical island. paradise for surfers. but the country dream beaches aren't just about fun and relaxation. young surfers are training in the least national program. they're target limping. goals for china. printed and george w bush invited us to his summer home. we talked about the path and the special relationships to chancellor. i'm going to medical on those not afraid to make a decision was not afraid. delaney kind person with a lovely saw. and that's the person i got to know needs clues, that interview with george w bush july 14th at 1530 you t c on d w. how does the virus spread?
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why the repairman and when will all this and just 3 of the topics that we covered in our weekly radio, if you would like me for information on the corona virus, or any other science products, you should really check out our podcast. you can get it wherever you get your podcasts. you can also find us at some t, w dot com or flash science. are you ready to get a little more places in europe? ours, managing all the records, get into a venture. just don't lose your grip. the treasure map for modern globetrotters for some of us are wicker break and also in book form.
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the news this is, you know, we do live from berlin, anger, and unrest in south africa where violence robson erupt and deadly violence and widespread looting after authorities. joe, for president jacob zoom up, the army says is deploying troops to quell the violence. also coming up, fed up thousands in cuba. take to the streets to protest food shortages and rising prices. the communist regime pointing the finger at the united states, but the protesters aren't buying it. and also on the show jubilation after italy are crowned champions of europe. friends, welcome home, the victories of doing,
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following their triumph over england and euro 2020 will take a look at what the victory needs to the people of italy. ah, i thank you so much for your company, everyone. well, we begin our broadcast with unrest in south africa. the military there is deployed to tackle the violence, sparked by the jailing of former president jacob's at least 6 people have died and hundreds more have been arrested since the protest broke out last week will be on unrest comes asked south africa. the highest court begins hearing mister zoom was appeal against his 15 month jail sentence, for contempt. soldiers gone the streets of south africa. they're there to protect police after protests, month by looting and destruction of property,
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became more violent. looters planted a large shopping mall in durban overnight. it's one of many businesses in the port city that were ransacked over the weekend. another shopping mall lives in ruins, in peter maddox book, some 80 kilometers from durden. the unrest has been mainly concentrated in the south eastern province, of course, in a town during this whole region, many of his supporters, they were angered by him as 15 months jail term employees for failing to appear at corruption inquiry. but now the violence is also sprayed to johannesburg. south africa, the economic panel held with police stretched in the army will deploy troops to the 2 most effected regions. the unrest is uncalled for said president sewer authority though by those who may be hurt and angry at this moment. that can never be any justification whatsoever
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for anybody to embark on violent and destructive and destructive directions that's negatively affect the rights of others. juma is popular among many of south africa is less well off. his imprisonment has laid bad deed divisions in the country. a short time ago we spoke, we did have correspond, christine, when do are in cape town and we can by asking or who is behind this unrest. it started out with the people in the hands pointing out before the president's support is to go and pray against his incorporation. his imprison, i'm so initially when we're coming out with the blocking roads and creating also chaos, they were saying that this is in the name of the for the president, mr. to be freed back. it is now, it is the to ration way he can see they are criminal intimates. now you've got to
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be remind a lot of the people that we see carrying out the be asked by these people come from under privileged communities. we have them on policy and unemployment here in south africa, you can see that what people walking in the shop, the ceiling, basic items in many cases, low, they bathing and items of the night. so there was now in, in the midst of opportunity, the criminality. people taking advantage of the situation, young children involved in the losing elderly people as well. so there was some incitement from the mackenzie initially mobilizing support is sharing support is on, in terms of the retreat some of these videos, what people were anything putting more people to do the same thing in the name of but it's not walk into complete chaotic situation. where there are different motivations that play and that was the did, of course on christina and when reporting it from cape town. let's bring you up to
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speed with some of the other stories making headlines around the world right now. protestors and opposition lawmakers in georgia have been calling for the prime minister to resign. over the death of a journalist, alexander was carrabas, worked for an independent television news station. he was found dead at his home on sunday after he was badly beaten by far right. activists during a protest against an l g b t q. pride march in the capital to briefly belief in haiti say they have arrested a man who they allege flew into the country on a private jet and conspired to assassinate president juvenile noise. the haitian national allegedly worked with the masterminds of the killing. maurice was shot dead at his home in the past early on wednesday. according jordan has sentence to former officials to 15 years in jail for attempting to destabilize the monarchy. less than what the law and should he hasn't been said were found guilty
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of conspiring to install prince himself as ruler. he is the half brother of the king himself, as a voter charges report by the united nations has found that the current of virus pandemic has contributed to an increase in the number of people facing hunger worldwide. and only one in 3 did not have access to enough food in 2020, an increase of almost 320000000 people in a single year. for next to are some astonishing scenes in cuba were protest have broken out thousands of people taking to the streets against the communist regime. demonstrators express frustration of food shortages, rising prices, and the lack of coven 1900 vaccines. while the government has tried to blame the u . s. for the unrest and is rally its own supporters. yeah, they crying out for freedom in the streets of savannah. this the greatest show just
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content with the socialist government since the 1990 fact in the trigger for this project, the desperate economic situation. right now the country is suffering from food shortages. we're here because of the repression of the people. they are starving us to death. have on it is collapsing. we have no homes, nothing. now, the police arrive and they begin to drag off people in the crowd. the arrest and the violence only makes the demonstrators angry. we are not afraid. they cry out. security beat me and my daughter a child they beat us just because we were walking down the street. the support of the government had been out in the streets to president miguel diaz can now himself
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lead this rally. he was organized quickly in a town outside havana, where the anti government protest began. early on sunday we came here to show together with the revolutionaries of this town that the streets belonged to us. with the president encouraging, supported to mobilize against opponents. there were ugly confrontations. here revolutionaries detained opposition protest to cubans who were here. we are never going to give up this revolution. never. the communist regime has ruled cubis in 959. it survived the fall of the soviet union and the debt found the fidel castro, now would, it's again been challenged on. so that's why it's like they show it is unlikely to without a fight. the william grant a is a professor of government and
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a latin american politics expert at the american university in washington. he joins us right now, a very warm welcome professor, what has brought about this level of discontent? what are some of the main issues facing the country? right now, well the problem is that the government doesn't have any foreign exchange currency to import food or medicine or fuel. and so there are shortages of all basic goods in the stores. there are electricity blackouts which remind cubans of the worst times of the 1990 after the collapse of the soviet union. and people are frustrated at the spread of cobra and it looked like cuba head cold it under control early on . but now the delta vary and has broken out into community spread and health care system is just being overwhelmed. now, professor president, negro la d. s. canal blaine's. the united states for being behind these layers protests. what role does the u. s. trade embargo play in the worst thing, economic crisis and hardships that are currently being experienced by cubans. while
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the us embargo is extremely important, at the very end of his term in office, president trump prohibited cuban americans from sending remittances to their families in cuba. that was about 3 and a half $1000000000.00 a year worth of revenue, which not only raised the standard of living about 60 percent of the cuban population, but it also gave government access to foreign exchange currency. you could use to import vital goods. the lack of that money is really a critical component of discouraged. do you see, foresee the binding administration, changing its policy piece of the cuba? well, you know, a candidate joe biden promised that he would in fact reverse a number of crump sanctions that hurt ordinary cuban remittances would be an obvious one. and he also promised to restore travel, although that's really a move issue until the pandemic is over. whether or not he'll do that is still up
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in the air. we're 7 months into the administration and they have done nothing to reverse any of donald trump's sanctions. and some ways i think these demonstrations will make it politically more difficult for bites to do that. now this is a very delicate time for cuba, for all the reasons that you've mentioned as well, the challenging challenges, not new for the country can cubic leader. we go the kind of turn things around well, he's got his work cut out for him. obviously, in past crises, fidel castro, and even ro, castro could lean on the legitimacy of being the historic leaders of the revolution . the people who founded the revolutionary regime. and they had a significant residual legitimacy among unimportant particularly older segment of the population won't be as can obviously doesn't have that. and so he really has to demonstrate legitimacy through performance. and so far he hasn't made much headway
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. not so much because of the problems of his own, but because he just lacks the resources, relax the resources now serve in conclusion, could protest that many are describing is unprecedented. mark the start of a major opposition movement against key was communist regime. i think we'll have to see, we'll have to see whether these demonstrations are now followed up by a kind of rising cycle of demonstrations against the government, like we've seen in a number of other countries, or whether this is just a single event. and the government will be able to quickly re establish control by putting its own supporters in the street. professor william layer grande's, in washington, france of government, and latin american politics. thank you, sir, for joining us. thank you. let's get you caught up. now we're on some of the latest developments in the corona virus pandemic. the world health organization has said government should not be ordering booster shots for their vaccinated populations. well, many countries have still not received enough initial,
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initial vaccine doses to protect their most vulnerable people. and meanwhile, official say the global vaccine distribution system callbacks now expects to deliver about 1400000000 doses of cove in 1900 vaccines over the next 6 months, or the co vaccine shares vaccines with mainly middle income and lower income nations. and england is to go ahead with plans to lift almost all legal restrictions on the day to day life. on july 19th for britain's health minister has urged people to be cautious as depend amick is far from over the well it it's, it's been a whirlwind few hours for the italian national team since they beat england in london to win the football year or 2020 while the squad this embarked itself playing in italy with airports staff cheering. as coach mancini displayed the trophy ball from there, they were whisked to the korean all
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a palace where after showing office civil war again, they were received by the head of state president sergio earlier we had the opportunity to catch up with our correspondence who talk to you who is in the italian capital and she described what this victory meant to the people of italy pick lesson. after speaking to a lot of fancy italian fan, there was a case that the emotions with quite intense and i think that also had to do with the fact that of what italy underwent separate trick lock downs. and i think that resulted in from the bottom up emotions. of course you have to you couldn't meet up with friends. you couldn't watch football in math math gatherings. and i think yesterday when italy, one, it was football, became an outlet, it became a release. it became where they actually has a life. i mean, who tacky are reporting their earlier from room in the you're watching the w lie
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from berlin. a lot more. coming up at the top of the hour up next is rob watson, who bring you up to date on what's happening in the world of business. i'm layla herancha in berlin on behalf of the entire news team. thank you so much for spending this part of your day with the news . the the, me the me
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ah, me. the dramatic worsening of world hunger, the united nations says 2020 still previous progress on tackling food shortages. last global found demik is a major factor. we'll hear from the un food and agriculture organization, another giant leap for mankind. what those richard branson's journey to the edge of the earth's atmosphere mean for space tourism times your morning. coffee could be under threats from climate change. we take you to columbia,
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to find out why see to be a business on robots in berlin. welcome to the program. first hunger remains one of humanity's greatest challenges. the target is their chief, 0 hunger by 2030, that's the united nations go. but the world is a long way from achieving that. according to the un food and agriculture organization, the number of people without enough to eat is rising in 2020 more than 750000000 people went hungry, may be as many as 811000000 around the 10th of the global population. the worst hit regions, asia, which has 418000000 hungry people at africa with 282000000 massages believe the situation in africa is massively western. a drought has destroyed the harvest and southern madagascar for 4 straight years. and sandstorms made it next to impossible to replant the field. well, they had 3 children,
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as well as to orphan. she took n every day. is a fight for survival. 3rd router for tunneling or moral. not if i and i trust in god. today we have absolutely nothing to eat except cactus flowers, which we are trying to clean with the children here. their mother died. i did my husband in love with this as the the world food program says, acute nutrition among children under 5 has doubled and just 5 months in one district, a quarter of all children are malnourished. all told, more than 1000000 people need help. the, it's 7 times worse than it was just a year ago. 7 times more children are in trouble. why? because of drought, we're facing the worst drought in over 40 years. and this is an area where people
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depend on their own agriculture. northern ethiopia has also long depended on aid. last year there was a plague of locusts than the war. more and more people require assistance. but many areas in the interior away from the cities are inaccessible. people have lost their, their assets and more ne. so people are in the senior middle situation trying to manage with the farmers, potentially with a few stops that they had. we know that people are not having seats to land or the potentially might be missing another another harvest if the next harvest is also lost, people like this farming couple will also have to turn to the agencies across africa . the number of those forced to flee drought violence in climate change is on the rise. you speak to cindy haldeman who is
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a senior economist at the food and agriculture organization of the united nation. thanks for joining us on the do you business? the un set this clear target. 0 hunger by 2030. but is that moving out of reach now? well, i think last year 2020, created a huge challenge for us. we just came out with our assessment, which is the 1st assessment of 2020 coven impact. and we're seeing that in that one year alone, we have up to 161000000 more hungry and 2020. now that's an increase. that's the highest we've seen in decades. i think the other thing that's really critical to point out is that last year, although we saw across the board, not only in africa that in asia and latin america increases in hunger. so definitely, you know, we are now facing a much more difficult situation to meeting the target and those high numbers are hungry. are they attributable to the pandemic and it's fall out. well,
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i think what we're finding is that 2020 with the unique year because we saw the largest increase and we also thought and across the board and all the countries the main impacted. it's coming from the economic downturns and countries. and this is largely attributed tribute into the coven impact, and also the containment measures. so where we see hunger spiking, it's because people have lost their lives, their incomes, and aren't able to access sufficient amount of food. but i would like to add also that where we see the increase in the most just where it's combining with these other drivers that are already driving hunger spaces, specifically climate change climate, extreme disasters conflict. so where you have this confluence of factors that really seen the spike in hunger and one of those places subsaharan africa. well we
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do have this, this economic slowdowns drought was can you go the hunger in those places without tackling those major issues? well, i think that our main method that we're coming out with in here is that you know, climate extreme, the climate, you know, disasters are increasing around the world. and they're not going to go away in the short term. and what we're seeing is that combining with economic shock, whether it's related to the coven demik and the containment measures. or maybe it's a global financial crisis. so that's, that's coming together of the different impacts. so we really need to support a resilience in the economies to climate and also these on the card share so that when we get the combined shock, which are created, creating more often that we don't see the spikes and hunger. and what i'm talking about is chronic hunger. so it's something that's not going to go away. people have
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lost their livelihood, their, their income, it's hard to regain. and that's our worry. is anything being done to regain that and to improve the situation turn back is backward tide. well, i think what was happening more is realizing that we need to have the colon, report approach and really focus on the drivers of the economic downturn. the climate believe the climate resilience not only in africa yet africa, we saw the sharp with increased, but in 2020 we saw 35 countries with the highest increases in hunger. and that was not only in africa, some countries like kenya or wanda, but also the philippines and asia, sri lanka, mexico, columbia, brazil. so we can think this is only a problem of africa and we need to really scale up our, our efforts, or climate resilience terms of all of the food chain in terms of protecting and
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making sure that we don't have a problem with accepting food when we get these climate extremes, and then you can get back cindy haldeman from the food and agriculture organization of the united nation. thank you very much for coming on and explaining all this for us. thank you. now let's take a quick look at some of the other business stories making headlines. china is tightening its cracked down on tech companies, issuing draft rule is forcing firms to undergo security reviews before this thing abroad. last week, right, sharing up the last $15000000000.00 of market value. shortly after new york and china announced the ban on new use, a sign up so expensively due to security consent b. you had put a proposal for a digital tax on the hold, a spokesperson that the u. s. has pushed brussels to hold off on the measure which focuses on large tech firms as leading economies discuss tax reforms to 20 finance cheese agreed to
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a minimum corporate tax rates over the weekend commercial. it's like see, show that we we're welcome to the dawn of a new space age. the words of richard branson. as a virgin galactic claim blasted him to the edge of the atmosphere is the 1st billionaire to reach space at least by the u. s. definition of 80 kilometers up, but branson's brief flight is important for another reason. it marks a major step towards space tourism becoming a reality. others are about to stake their claim for a piece of that future market, just based off as blue origin and l on less space x bronson says he doesn't mind the competition so many times it really wasn't erase that. we're just delighted that everything went so fantastically well. we wish jeff the absolute best and his people are getting up within during his flight. then take
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your morning coffee for granted climate change means 60 percent of wild coffee species are threat of extinction. warmer temperatures, pest and disease are all taking. the whole farmers in columbia are searching for new techniques to protect their crops. the inspection of her coffee field has just begun with clara lago is already nervous. are the coffee berries healthy, or has the beetle gotten to them 1st, as it has so often in the past? when it comes to climate change is fueling the spread of the coffee bar or beetle. if you don't carry out consistent inspections, then it gets into the fruit and consumes everything. that's around the village of can. everything revolves around coffee just as it has for generations. some $3000.00 small farmers oppose the tradition. each coffee cherry selected by hand like in other parts of the world. this quality control has
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helped make columbia world leader. however, climate change is threatening to reduce the area that can support coffee cultivation, both here and worldwide, by 50 percent in the next 30 years. coffee could become scarce, a many farmers that are already giving it up. that's out of the question for the you kito, we borrow family. they're fighting against these climate change consequences. up here at 1700 meters, the harvest is going well for them this year. so i need to either copy it. i've lived off coffee all my life. i don't have a lot of money, but i've been able to raise a family and move forward. thanks to coffee is really looking for e l. his family and his neighbors sought advice from an organization funded mainly from the netherlands. as a result,
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they now plant their coffee trees under larger shady trees. they also leave weeds to keep the soil cool and moist in a court with the pool. we need to act now and consolidate the soil. the plants, the trees, everything that helps us survive. we cannot stop climate change, but all of this will help coffee farming. last longer, this is, maria says he can't do it alone. but with his efforts and his neighbors combined, maybe they can make a difference. and just finally on dw business time to tell you about the university of south korea, this is turning human waste into digital currency. the b v is eco friendly toilet connected to alive, which turns the waste into me thing, a source of energy. there are currently 3 toilets on campus where students can make
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deposits, so to speak. anyone using the eco friendly toilet and 10 units of a virtual currency called google, which is the greenwood for honey. and i'm sure i've said it wrong. the only catch though, the digital currency is only for use on campus. and so from us, go by, ah, the fight against the corona virus pandemic. how has the rate of infection and in developing what does the latest research information and contact the corona virus? 19 special next on dw the same way in a leisurely lifestyle. time is tropical island for paradise for surfers. but
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the country is dream. beaches aren't just about fun and relaxation. the young surfers are training in the least national program. there target a limping goal for china in the me. ah, covered 19, it's complex. you can effect the nervous system leading to language disorders, strokes and seizures. scientists still trying to understand why 75 percent of people hospitalized with a virus continue to suffer from secondary symptoms. at least.


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