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tv   Kultur.21  Deutsche Welle  December 18, 2021 11:30pm-12:01am CET

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ah, listen carefully. don't know how those 2 things you need to do, go ah, feel the magic discover the world around you. subscribe to d w documentary on youtube. a on this show we often meet people with brilliant ideas about how to protect the environment. but nature has its own forms of climate protection. for example,
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sale actually captures huge amounts of upon your site. and with that, welcome to a new episode of if africa. i am sandra to nobody reporting from compiler. here in uganda and brittany from lagos, i have chris loans, and i'm happy to join my colleague sandra as your host for the next half hour. these topics are we to you how to women a south africa, not protecting endangered bras. lance are more and more tiny forest springing up in germany and how to leisure is making a fishing more sustainable. or recent studies show that maze, collard greens and tomatoes from kenya are often grown using highly hospitals, pesticides that poses a big risk to humans, animals and the environment. food and environmental and jewels in kenya have been
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calling for government ban on the pesticides. the drop legislation is still under consideration by their efforts ob, already bone fruit, elsewhere prompting some produces on federalism industry to have a rethink and come up with more sustainable alternatives. ah, the produce has to be harvested quickly. customers in europe won't green groceries in winter to weather bees, chili's herbs, or fruit. most of what is going on, he miller farm here in nairobi, is destined for export for a long time, why cleave or cooling? operated a conventional farm using chemical pesticides? he's making fundamental changes, bit by bit and converted to organic methods. we've discovered we, we cannot run on it or not you, or we're doing that,
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that these no downfall to our customers. so that to a we, we are trying to get into organic farming. so he already started when the some field crops out to the farm, we want to see our fight. they're going to take that bet sofa we doing railroad, the war to react to the from his greatest concern is seen harvest destroyed by france, disease or parasites. so he's drawing on the expertise of robin seen ron yen g, whose firm rule organics develops organic fertilizers and pesticides. the men are currently trying out to paradox, intended to combat pests that infest mays. so i will from has embraced organic products like this top down. and stop delisa for you, for the laser is not even a pe said butter, it has ability to suffolk, it's best to death. like you can some holding some ma mrs. here, which was infested by the fall. i more under we have just done an experiment on
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them and they have they decently. and that's without the use of any chemicals. one solution for tackling for amy warm is made off. rabbit urine crop oil concentrates and co cannot extract once the ingredient some mixed. the solution is ready for application. growing demand has led to an increase in the amount of organic farming launched in kenya. according to the canyon organic agriculture network, 173000 hexes of land have already been certified as meeting organic standards. kenya's parliament has been discussed in the ban on hazardous pesticides for some time. many of the pesticides still used in kenya, the prohibited and farms in europe years ago. at the same time, the e u is continuing to tighten up the upper limits of chemical residues permitted in foods. making conventionally grown vegetables harder to sail there. yet the
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government is skeptical whether organic farming is possible in kenya, on a large scale part of the yielded up. it requires a good at good army proxy. this, of course, that improve soil health, but also protects human health. and so we have to write and to, to find that i balance and sometimes things laker, danny, man, before the lasers are getting for the laser may be good for us. mom brought one erica to erica. it's probably beyond that. you can talk about getting for the laser is not feasible. you, you do, you can produce enough of it to be able to donna, a city of farming and uprising the country. i've never seen it being done anywhere, but this fights all the challenge is agricultural practices and kenya are already being transformed more and more farms, especially smaller ones ago in organic, helps with training from experienced experts that was trained by over on it from
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mazda on 3 months under i'm finding that business not to be very bored to because icon for beautiful my home. i live in for a market like this one where you're study. keep cool you. organic farmers market in nairobi may still be small, and it only takes place once a week, but word is already getting around about is chemical free vegetables, that seller for more and more customers. they grew up quite a lot of software and they are due for i, i usually even refer some of my friends garcia. i've introduced some of my friends to be coming here every saturday and they do come, he, me little farm is watching the development with great interest. this good mean a new source of income, very close to home. we want to eventually get to fully into organic farming cars would be able to discover, does that a huge market for the organic product. if kenya goes ahead and outlaws many hazardous pesticides,
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this could boost the growth of the organic farming sector nation wide. it's great that farmers in kenya are changing their reproach. a grown brittany initiative is underway in germany to space is of precious commodity in these densely populated country. this week's doing your bit segment shows it's crucial to make to most of what you've got. ha, nothing but concrete, where ever you look it's a sad reality in many cities, but it is possible to create micro forests in urban settings. this daycare center on the outskirts of berlin is doing just bass. the saw was 1st analyzed in a lab to see which areas would need enriching with humorous and activated charcoal
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that helps the trees thrive unless space. here 3 saplings are planted on one square meter, much closer than usual. lucas bearing a once to see a lot of tony forrest's planted in germany there hung about sponsored for she'd in a ball. we selected 20 types of trees and shrubs based on a vegetation analysis under them is that they're all native species on. but we want to try and recreate what happens naturally in a mixed forest up through an escape. boxley missed so that we also get different levels of vegetation office in the car, must lay on a more of a shrug layer on 2 main layers of trees on it. and that's why i help bumptious. he set up the meal organization to develop these tiny forests. it's named for the japanese man who came up with this method. akita me a wacky, funded by donations $600.00 saplings, with a total of $15000.00 heroes will be planted here at the daycare. the organization
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created its 1st micro forest, 100 kilometers north of berlin. after just one year, the bushes are bearing fruit. there are more insects to without of these young foresters. it's hoped a new many forest will soon flourish here too. ah, and how about you? if you are also doing your bit, tell us about it, visit our website, or send us a tweet. hash tag doing your bit. we share your stories. those ecosystems can absorb. i'm to store huge amounts of couple and your site. well, not your cub. one syncs a key in the fight to cobb global warming. santas said mitchell can't do this massive job on its own. so, improving agriculture practices could be a big help. we need to remove billions of tons of c o 2 from the atmosphere fast.
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the technology to extract carbon dioxide from the atmosphere at the source of its production. so it can be reused or stored already exists but it's not that simple. a potential often don't play out as big as the anticipated. so there's still a lot of and research needed also we don't know m how well we can really skate it up. why it's still being cheap enough that it's verse and it's these 800 cheap on the other hand, do a good job without even trying simply grazing. they help promote soil carbon storage without expensive technology. thanks to their work. humorous forms in the soil and humans consists of 60 percent carbon. the sheep are one element in farmer tino lose overall concept. while most farmers leave their fields fellow after the
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harvest, he's shown several catch crops. one year, while as they grow, they bind further c o 2 in the soil than it was important when the into crop starts to fly. all the power goes into the flower as it were neutral and pulls out the nutrients that it previously stored in the soil. and also the been to prevent this, the sheet now come into play. it wasn't a neglect, a grays in this area, and their urine and excrement fertilizes the field for us is equality to that sequence. in aga, 8 years ago the farmers switched to regenerative agriculture, mainly because of climate change, longer droughts alternating with short, heavy rains, made it impossible for him to continue conventional farming. to day he mainly uses natural fertilizers and doves without his plow because plowing destroys the human layer. and let's the seo to escape again. there are still very few farmers in
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germany. you work this way, yet in arable farming, small changes have a big effect. you could increase the size carbon by leaving a more re cities on the fields, but also by a know a low tillage, which would lead to less disturbance in the size. and therefore, unless of a decomposition by the microbes of the plant material that is left on side trees are the best known carbon reservoirs. but world wide forest just under threat though, often illegally cleared or destroyed by pests and fires over the past 30 years. more than 4 percent of the world's forests have been lost that way and more still being destroyed than re forced it from all the nitrous oxide, natural solutions forests are the ones that are probably have the largest potentia . this is simply because it's large areas that potentially could be as far as that
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. and forests have a rather high carbon density, so not of carbon per square meter. pete lands also bind c o 2, up to 44 percent of the carbon sequestered in soil worldwide is stored there. but in germany alone, more than 90 percent of the country's p lands have been drained for agriculture. but if moisture is removed from a bog, the peat bog dries out and carbon dioxide escapes into the environment. in the long term experts are considering re, wedding germany's pete lands su to accumulation and p glance is something that occurs and the time scale of centuries . which is obviously not quick enough for the solutions we need here tito, rills, regenerative agriculture, with his sheep and catch crops, works faster. good soil smells a little like carrots. he says proudly. the growing humans layer ensures
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a loose soil, so rainwater can penetrate and is stored by the roots. he gone from water in my toll was said that roots form soil and soil forms plants. that's the way it is here or if you reach in, it has a crumley structure. humanist look to hear. you see flags, the root of the flax, and the whole root network will to reflect on and roots act on the ground like the steel reinforcement in concrete, which strengthens the structure. mm hm. and it's the same with the soil, was woocommerce, the fortunate isn't born australia. about half of the human slayer worldwide has been destroyed in recent decades due to intensive farming. tina ruth wants to get more farmers interested in his approach and promote it on his instagram channel. i in the southern hemisphere mangrove far so, particularly effective in store in carbon experts estimate the benefit at more than $65000000000.00 per year, primarily as coastal protection against erosion. and as
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a nursery for fish, they have a very high carbon density. so a lot of carbon per square meter of mangrove forest. a lot of that is in the said immense, not just in the biomass, which makes sense looking at mangrove forest. it's not, i'm all that big compared to a tropical rainforests like sample, but in the sediments in the soil that they keep their, with their roots. that can be a lot of carbon stored. there is no one natural carbon st, extracting carbon dioxide, out of the atmosphere. but nature provides us with a number of options. and 1st and foremost, we need to reduce our c, o, 2 emissions. well for us all important come on seats up to 40 percent of the odd salons is covered with grass land. these under appreciated biome is an important source of protein and stores come on as well. unfortunately,
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some of the expansive grasslands in south africa's eastern cape are threatened by mining erosion and oval gracie. i would like to have a pool as a needy lakehoma. dabilla is happy, she just sold 3 of her cows, will be equivalent of over 1000 euros. she's a single mother and the mobile cattle options organized by environmental and rural solutions are a godsend. this auctions identical for us on the right hand side as because we don't have transport to take our doctor the slight fulfilling they come to us. and some, sometimes we do negotiated the price if we're not satisfied. in the past, small houses in south africa, grasslands could only buy from and sell to their neighbors. the big capital auctions were held much too far away. the environmental and rural solutions or ers organization launched the auctions in 2014. since then,
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$3800.00 cattle have gone under the hammer for a total of $1700000.00 euros. that benefited more than $500.00 families. the cattle bred here on the grass lands are renowned for their excellent quality, an environmental scientist, nikki mcloud, and soil scientists. li pallet's assisi montela founded ers 20 years ago. oh, and how often do you think the cattle auctions are just one part of a wider scheme to promote sustainable practices in rural areas? where much of the grasslands has been badly degraded? the fragile ecosystem has been jeopardized by over grazing and mismanagement. the grasslands covered 10 percent of south africa, but supplied 60 percent of the drought stricken countries. water needs
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against a backdrop of global warming and climate change. problems such as overgrazing, soil, erosion, and water security have become more urgent than ever. keeping this beautiful grass lead intact as a water absorber. it's basically the skin on the ground skim on the earth given as gross than intact, so important for replenishing our water source area. but tackling the issue of over grazing and a region that depends on livestock farming is a challenge. or one solution involves reviving an age old hurting tradition. my boy, ella, in dollar, we're dollar folks with our call after i started a long time ago with our forefathers, got him, him follow mantell. the way they used to do it was to pile up some stones and paint them all day long, so their po number will notify you. that way the community knew which side was follow and which side was for grazing god. there would be a big record older on our market. this traditional system of land rotation had been
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used for a very long time. but as more and more people left the area to find work in the cities, the practice died out. a lot of fad, the young people didn't and best ended bads. if they talked to, they add us of their community, then it was easier to have this system more accepted. that the challenge that we have that is major around here is the livestock theft here and the grasslands. 47 percent of young people are unemployed and crime rates are soaring. but ers has found a solution to that problem as well. in the village of parents, sheep of b into tud, so it's clear who they belong to. good. that makes stealing them pointless. the branding is done by eco champs young people trained by the ers team. as
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a veteran re paramedics, they work by themselves distributing medicine and vaccinating livestock on remote farms. really when i learned it's a very successful project and you know, i used to have a 12 kettle 5 sheep, but now drew to this association helping us with the day vaccination and other made is, is why i'm heaven now. they a d n a la la la la sheep, i am having 20 general due to this leap acela's, sissy montela, and nicky mccloud have convinced many people here in eastern cape province. but living in harmony with nature, benefits them to help secure their livelihoods. now that's how it is done. an initiative is successful when nature can be protected and
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people can still make ends meet the creators of the project in the next report. also embraced that concept. thus right, sandra: next we go to to nisha with fishes ah, in trouble waters? according to on e study, demeter in his c as been fish stokes dropped by ah thought over the last 50 years. the vast majority of native species and are threatened by over fission visitors entering the town of r z s will notice a work of art that looks more like wishful thinking than the reality on the ground . precious view fissures and tunisia bring in a decent catch these days. many simply abandoned their boats, and young people are leaving. when this villain was looking at the current situation, i have to say that there was no future in fishing. i can only tell young people to consider a different line of work. biologists from the national institute of marine sciences
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and technology and fox are looking for reasons behind the dwindling fish docs. the prime suspect toxic algae, which repeatedly turned the sea water, read climate change high water temperatures and rising phosphorus and nitrogen levels provide a perfect environment for the algae to flourish. nader species such as c, brain suffocate, and are dying off in huge numbers. on her i will not take her said as this, we discovered that it, toxic species of algae is responsible for this phenomenon. of the wind is enough. in 2019, there was a very high concentration of the algae species called korea bravest sniffles. on the need of all astir, said consumption. assume in 2020 it stocks this like ala girl that they haven't yet . or i need to new blood is not a person but this yet, that increased again in eva, eva, it was a live. i see all the local,
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especially in the area around the pose of galvez when you are the father, the this one to make ends meet with fishers, frequently resort to illegal methods, such as catching fish that are actually too young and small to sell like this swordfish at the fish market in fox, you'll also find cartilage in his fish like raise and sharks, which are in fact endangered and protected species best here. so edi a need alt rebels, the are trying to reverse the trend. they want fishers to stop catching sharks and other endangered species. they're part of the project med bycatch, which was launched 2 years ago and began with extensive data collection. oh, nice though good. we've collected a lot of data up key which will used to make proposals on how to reduce unwanted by catch of endangered species. and we lock up for all of tenicia minneapolis
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lot, all due to the law thin lizzy. need out, rebel c has developed a good relationship with the fishing community in the port as are these. he tells them about the research results and provides insights into the concept of close season. this is when the different species lay their eggs and can't be fished. the evaluation of the samples makes it clear that fishing in the mediterranean must become more sustainable. one solution would be using different fishing methods. trawling can be replaced by long lining, which involves long plastic lines with sardine baited. hooks attached at around 6 meter intervals. met by catch plans to recommend this type of fishing? lin fed up with the long line in and hook line fishing. laura, the fish have the choice for larry barella and then the fish that go for the bait
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wouldn't get caught the the can in the others don't. it's completely different to trawling animal which basically catches everything in the sea and a woozy. a cooper said deborah mcgrew last i've been shoeing is an advocate of the long line method. but today he can't go fishing. the wind is too strong and the waves too big conditions are simply too dangerous. so he heads back to the harbor, preserving the ecosystem in the mediterranean will also require more fishermen like las had been chewing her to switch to alternative methods and not only ins are these. but across tunisia and along the coasts of other countries bordering the mediterranean sea, we've got to interact with our planet in a more sustainable way. nature has an incredible ability to regenerate, but we can't leave it up to nature alone. that's all from echo africa today. i am
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chris the lamps signing of from league. i think it grief i will say good bye to buck i hope of yours. do stay in touch with us on all our social media platforms, all of the best until next week, and deuced it says, i am sandra to not be a good buy from compiler. here in uganda. ah ah ah ah ah ah ah, with
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ah ah ah, ah ah, the kristi pico a german tradition. ah, we want to discover its origin and follow the sentence roasted almond forest and vine to the christmas market. ah,
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one of the most beautiful german traditions checking in 30 minutes on dw checking, mail, hosting selfies, reading news, following your followers. being always online is unhealthy. neck pain, sleepless nights, just plain unhealthy. find out why taking a little digital detox might be a good idea. good in 60 minutes on the w. o. o, a or an eternity. time,
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it can be measured precisely, and yet each person experiences it differently as if there are different forms of type, type phenomena. a dimension and illusion. about time starts december 31st on d, w. well, go to the dark side where intelligence agencies are pulling the strings. there was a before 911 and an after 911. he says after $911.00, the clubs came off. where organized crime rules were conglomerates make their own laws work through what's big. it doesn't matter. the only criteria is what we'll hook people. we shed light on the opaque world who is behind the
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benefits. and why are they a threat to us? all opaque world starts january 5th on d, w. ah, ah, ah, this is day w, news ly, from berlin, the netherlands, and has a christmas corona virus lockdown. alice before it came into a fake shop, is came out in force before businesses shop. they doors also coming up hong kong holds a vote on the new election laws and the candidates by jean.


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