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tv   Check-in  Deutsche Welle  December 24, 2021 1:30am-2:01am CET

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do you like it? do you want it? okay, then buckle up, put the pedal to the metal and let's ride with read on d, w. o d, up to date, you don't miss our highlights. the d w program online. d, w dot com, highlights a on this show we often meet people with brilliant ideas about how to protect the environment. but nature has its own forms of climate protection. for example,
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sale actually captures huge amounts of upon your site, and we're not welcome to a new episode of if africa, i am thunder to nobody reporting from compiler. here in uganda and britain's from les goes, i have chris allowance and i'm happy to join my colleague sandra as your host for the next half hour. these topics are we to you how to women in south africa, not protecting endangered bras. lance are more and more tiny for us to spring up in germany than how to leisure is making a fishing more sustainable. or recent studies show that maze, collard greens and tomatoes from kenya are often groomed using highly hospitals. pesticides that poses a big risk to humans. animals and the environment. food and environmental and
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jewels in kenya have been calling for government ban on the pesticides, but dropped legislation is still under consideration by their efforts already bone fruit elsewhere prompting some producers and fertilizer industry to have a rethink and come up with more sustainable alternatives. ah, the produce has to be harvested quickly. customers in europe won't green groceries in winter to weather bees, chillies herbs are fruit. most of what is going on. he miller farm here in nairobi is destined for export for a long time. why? cliff or cooling, operated a conventional farm use in chemical pesticides. he's making fundamental changes bit by bit and converted into organic methods. we've discovered we,
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we cannot run on it and not you, or we're doing that, that these are not down full to our customers. so that to a we getting to get into organic farming. so he already started with the some field crops out to the farm. we want to see our fight. they're going to take that sofa. we are doing read and read the war to react to the from his greatest concern is seen harvest destroyed by france, disease or parasites. so he's drawing on the expertise of robin c. in iranian g, whose firm rule, organics develops organic fertilizers and pesticides. the men are currently trying out to paradox, intended to combat pests that infest mays. so i will um, has embraced organic products like this top down and stop delisa for you for the lasers. not even a pe said butter. it has the ability to suffolk, it's best to def, like you can some holding some mommy's here,
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which was infested by the fall. i more under we have just done an experiment on them and they have they decently. and that's without the use of any chemicals. one solution for tackling for amy warm is made of rabbits. urine crop oil concentrates and co cannot extract. once the ingredient some mixed, the solution is ready for application. growing demand has led to an increase in the amount of organic farming launched in kenya. according to the canyon organic agriculture network, 173000 hector's of land have already been certified as meeting organic standards. kenny, as parliament has been discussed in the ban on hazardous pesticides for some time. many of the pesticides still used in kenya that prohibited and farms in europe years ago. at the same time, the e u is continuing to tighten up the upper limits of chemical residues permitted in foods, making conventionally drone vegetables harder to sailed there. yet the government
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is skeptical whether organic farming is possible in kenya, on a large scale part of the yielded up. it requires a good army proxy. this, of course, that improve soil health, but also protects human health. and so we have to ride into to find the right balance, and sometimes things, laker, gun man, before the lasers are getting for delays, that may be good for us. monfort lanika to wear cars, probably beyond that, you can talk about or getting for the layers is not feasible. you, you can produce enough of it to be able to diagnose a city as funding and of raising the country. i've never seen it being done anyway, but this fights all the challenge is agricultural practices in kenya are already being transformed more and more farms, especially smaller ones that go in organic, helps with training from experienced experts that was trained by owner farmers done
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train us under i'm fighting that business not to be very bad because i can't produce from my home. i live in for a markets like this one where you're study, kick, who you, organic farmers. market in nairobi may still be small, and it only takes place once a week, but word is already getting around about it's chemical, free vegetables, that seller for more and more customers. they grew up quite a lot of software and they are due for i, i usually even refer some of my friends garcia. i've introduced some of my friends would be coming here every sunday and they do come. he, me little farm is watching the development with great interest. this could mean a new source of income, very close to home through and prevent really good to fully into organic farming. because what we have also discovered is that these are huge market for the organic product. if kenya goes ahead and outlaws many hazardous pesticides,
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this could boost the growth of the organic farming sector nation wide. it's great that farmers in kenya are changing their reproach. a grown brittany initiative is underway in germany to space is of precious commodity. in these densely populated country, this weeks doing your bit segment shows it's crucial to make to most of what you've got. ha, nothing but concrete, where ever you look. it's a sad reality in many cities. but it is possible to create micro forests in urban settings. this day care center on the outskirts of berlin is doing just bass. the saw was 1st analyzed in a lab to see which areas would need enriching with humorous and activated charcoal
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. that house the trees thrive unless space. here 3 saplings are planted on one square meter, much closer than usual. lucas bailing a once to see a lot of tony forrest's planted in germany. there hung about sponsor for shooting the ball. we selected 20 types of trees and shrubs based on a vegetation analysis under them is that they're all native species on but we want to try and recreate what happens naturally in a mixed forest up through an escape. roxanne missed so that we also get different levels of vegetation office in the car. moss lay anamosa shrug lay on 2 main layers of trees and women. that's why i help bomb shift. he set up the meal organization to develop these tiny forests. it's named for the japanese man who came up with this method. akita me a wacky, funded by donations $600.00 saplings worth a total of $15000.00 heroes will be planted here at the daycare. the organization
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created its 1st micro forest, 100 kilometers north of berlin. after just one year, the bushes are bearing fruit. there are more insects to without of these young foresters. it's hoped a new many forest will soon flourish here too. ah, and how about you? if you are also doing your best, tell us about it, visit our website, or send us or tweet hash tag doing your bit. we share your stories. those ecosystems can absorb and store huge amounts of couple into your site. well, not your cub. one syncs a key in the fight to cobb global warming. santas said mitchell can't do this massive job on its own. so, improving agriculture practices could be
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a big help. we need to remove billions of tons of c o 2 from the atmosphere, fast the technology to extract carbon dioxide from the atmosphere at the source of its production. so it can be reused or stored already exists but it's not that simple. a potential often don't play out as big as the dissipated. so there's still a lot of and research needed. also, we don't know, am how well we can really skate it up. why it's still being cheap enough that it's verse and it's these 800 cheap on the other hand, do a good job without even trying simply grazing. they help promote soil carbon storage without expensive technology. thanks to their work. humorous forms in the soil. and humus consists of 60 percent carbon. the sheep are one element in farmer
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tino lose overall concept. while most farmers leave their fields follow after the harvest. he's shown several catch crops one year while as they grow they bind further c o 2 in the soil. been, it's wasn't fulton when the integral starts to fly, all the power goes into the flower as it were near full and pulls out the nutrients that it previously stored in the soil. and also the been to prevent this, the sheet now come into play. it wasn't undeclared, a graze in this area, and their urine and excrement fertilizers. the field for us is equality to that sequence. in august. 8 years ago the farmer switched to regenerative agriculture, mainly because of climate change. longer droughts alternating with short, heavy rains, made it impossible for him to continue conventional farming. to day he mainly use his natural fertilizers and does without his plow because plowing destroys the huge layer. and let's the seo to escape again. there are still very few farmers in
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germany. you work this way, yet in arable farming, small changes have a big effect. you could increase the size of carbon by leaving a more acidic on the fields, but also by a know, a low turnage which would lead to less disturbance and the size. and therefore, unless of a decomposition by the microbes of the plant material that is left on side trees are the best known carbon reservoirs. but world wide forest just under threat so often illegally cleared or destroyed by pests and fires over the past 30 years. more than 4 percent of the world's forests have been lost that way and more still being destroyed than reforest it from all the nitrous oxide, natural solutions forests are the ones that are probably have the largest potentia . this is simply because it's large areas that potentially could be as far as that
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. and forest have a rather high carbon density, so not of carbon per square meter. peak lands also bind c o 2, up to 44 percent of the carbon sequestered in soil world wide is stored there. but in germany alone, more than 90 percent of the country's p lands have been drained for agriculture. but if moisture is removed from a bog, the peat bog dries out and carbon dioxide escapes into the environment. in the long term experts are considering re wedding germany's peak lands su to accumulation and p glance is something that occurs at the time scale of centuries. which is obviously not quick enough for the solutions we need here. tina rills, regenerative agriculture with his sheep and catch crops, works faster. good soil smells a little like carrots,
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he says proudly. the growing humorous layer ensures a loose soil so rainwater can penetrate and is stored by the roots. he got from water in my toll was said that roots form soil and soil forms plants. that's the way it is here. if you reach in, it has a crumley structure luminous look to hear, you see flagler, the root of the flax and the whole root network will give late on and roots act on the ground like the steel reinforcement in concrete, which strengthens a structure. i'm the owner, and it's the same with the soil woocommerce. the fortunate isn't born australia. about half of the human slayer worldwide has been destroyed in recent decades due to intensive farming. tina ruth wants to get more farmers interested in his approach and promote it on his instagram channel. i in the southern hemisphere mangrove far so, particularly effective in store in carbon experts estimate the benefit at more than
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$65000000000.00 per year, primarily as coastal protection against erosion. and as a nursery for fish, they have a very high carbon density. so a lot of carbon per square meter of mangrove forest. a lot of that is in the said immense, not just in the biomass, which makes sense looking at mangrove forest. it's not, i'm all that big compared to a tropical rainforest example, but in the sediments in the soil that they keep their, with their roots, that can be a lot of carbon stored. there is no one natural carbon st, extracting carbon dioxide, out of the atmosphere. but nature provides us with a number of options. and 1st and foremost, we need to reduce our c, o, 2 emissions. well for us, oh, important come on seats up to 40 percent of the odd salons is covered with grass land. these under appreciated,
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bio is an important source of protein and stores come on as well. unfortunately, some of the expansive grasslands in south africa's eastern cape are threatened by mining erosion and oval gracie. i do not have a pool as need be later muddle bella is happy. she just sold 3 of her cows while the equivalent of over 1000 euros. she's a single mother and the mobile cattle auctions, organized by environmental and world solutions are a godsend. this auctions radical i sincerely vital for us because we don't have transport to take our dog to the side fulfilling they come to us and some, sometimes the duly was shaded the price. if we're not satisfied. in the past, small houses in south africa, grass lands could only buy from and sell to their neighbors. the big capital auctions were held much too far away. the environmental and rural solutions or ers
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organization launched the auctions in 2014. since then, $3800.00 cattle have gone under the hammer for a total at $1700000.00 euros. that's benefited more than $500.00 families. the cattle bred here on the grasslands are renowned for their excellent quality on environmental scientist, nicky mccloud and soil scientist li pallet's assist montela founded ers 20 years ago. oh, and how often did he say a capital auctions are just one part of a wider scheme to promote sustainable practices in rural areas. where are much of the grasslands has been badly degraded to fragile ecosystem has been jeopardized by over grazing and mismanagement. the grasslands cover at 10 percent of south africa, but supplied 60 percent of the drought stricken countries. water needs
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against a backdrop of global warming and climate change. problems such as over grazing, soil, erosion and water security have become more urgent than ever keeping this beautiful grassland intact as a water absorb. that's basically the skin on the ground, the skin on the earth, giving as gross any tech to so important for replenishing a water source, arrington. but tackling the issue of over grazing in a region that depends on livestock farming is a challenge. or one solution involves reviving an age old hurting tradition. my boy ella, in dog with darla folks with our pool and i started a long time ago with our forefathers got him. ready him follow my tail the way they used to do it was to pile up some stones and paint them all day long. so their po number, we had another guy that way the community knew which side was fallow and which side was for grazing god. there would be re record all draw now market this traditional
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system of land rotation had been used for a very long time. but as more and more people left the area to find work in the cities, the practice died out. a lot of fad, the young people didn't and best ended bads. if they talked to, they add as of their community, then it was easier to have this system more accepted there. that challenge that we have that is major counties and livestock theft here and the grasslands. 47 percent of young people are unemployed and crime rates are soaring. but ers has found a solution to that problem as well. in the village of parents, sheep a, b into tud, so it's clear who they belong to. good. that makes stealing them pointless. the branding is done by eco champs young people trained by the ers team as a veteran,
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re paramedics. what by themselves, distributing medicine and vaccinating livestock on remote farms. and when i me, it's a very successful project is available. i used to have a 12 kettle 5 sheep, but now drew to this association, helping us with the day vaccination and other made is, is i'm heaven now. they a d and la, la la, la sheep. i am having duane d general due to this leap, acela's, cc montela, and nicky mccloud have convinced many people here in eastern cape province, but living in harmony with nature, benefits them to help secure their livelihoods. now that's how it is done. an initiative is successful when nature can be protected and
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people can still make ends meet the creators of the project in our next report. also embraced that concept. thus right, sound run. next we go to to nisha with fishes. ah, in trouble. what is, according to on e study, demeter in his see has been fish stokes dropped by ah thought over the last 50 years. the vast majority of native species and are threatened by over fission visitors entering the town of ours. these will notice a work of art that looks more like wishful thinking than the reality on the ground . precious you fishers and tunisia bring in a decent catch these days. many simply abandoned their boats. and young people are leaving. when this villain was looking at the current situation, i have to say that there was no future in fishing. i can only tell young people to
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consider a different line of work. biologists from the national institute of marine sciences and technology in fox are looking for reasons behind the dwindling fish docs. the prime suspect toxic algae, which repeatedly turned the sea water, read climate change high water temperatures and rising phosphorus and nitrogen levels provide a perfect environment for the algae to flourish. nater, species such a c, brain suffocate and are dying off in huge numbers. on her i will not take her say this if we discovered that a toxic species of algae is responsible for this phenomenon of them indeed enough in 2019 there was a very high concentration of the algae species called corina bravest cynical on the need of all assia 6 consumption, i assume in 2020 it stocks this like he loa good idea here. i need to be blood enough, if or so, but this year that increased again in eva, eva if once in
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a vast yonder lock, especially in the area around the port of galvez. when you are the father, the bas wants to make ends meet with fishers, frequently resort to illegal methods, such as catching fish that are actually too young and small to sell like this swordfish. at the fish market in fox, you'll also find cartilage in his fish like raise and sharks, which are in fact endangered and protected species bests. yes, i edi a neat ultra betsy are trying to reverse the trend. they want fishers to stop catching sharks and other endangered species. they're part of the project med bycatch, which was launched 2 years ago and began with extensive data collection. oh, not good. we've collected a lot of data up key which will use to make proposals on how to reduce unwanted by
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catch of endangered species. and we're luck up for all of janisa vin the up lot, all due to the law thing is it need out for belle see has developed a good relationship with the fishing community in the port as, as ease he tells them about the research results and provides insights into the concept of close season. this is when the different species lay their eggs and can't be fished. the evaluation of the samples makes it clear that fishing in the mediterranean must become more sustainable. one solution would be using different fishing methods. trawling can be replaced by long lining, which involves long plastic lines with sardine bated hooks attached at around 6 meter intervals. met by catch plans to recommend this type of fishing. lynn filled up with long line and ian and hook line fishing canada. the fish have the choice.
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if hillary barella and the fish that go for the bait wouldn't get caught, they began in the others don't. it's completely different to trawling can em, which basically catches everything in the scene. that was a hopper said deborah mcgrew last at ben shoemaker is an advocate of the long line method. but to day he can't go fishing. the wind is too strong and the waves too big conditions are simply too dangerous. so he heads back to the harbor, preserving the ecosystem in the mediterranean will also require more fishermen like las had been shoemaker, to switch to alternative methods and not only ins are these. but across tunisia and along the coasts of other countries bordering the mediterranean sea. we've got to interact with our planet in a more sustainable way. nature has an incredible ability to regenerate, but we can't leave it up to nature alone. that's all from echo africa today. i am
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chris a lamps signing up from league. i think it grief i will say good bye to buck i hope of yours. do stay in touch with us on all our social media platforms all the best until next week. and deuced it says, i am sandra to nadia. good bye. from compiler here in uganda. ah ah ah ah ah ah ah ah with
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