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tv   Global 3000 - The Globalization Program  Deutsche Welle  December 31, 2021 9:30am-10:00am CET

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oh, up to date. don't miss our highlights. the d w program online. d w dot com highlights. ah, the fight against the corona virus pandemic. how has the rate of infection the developing world? what measures are being taken? what does the latest research say? information and context with the corona virus updated the co, the gene special monday to friday on d. w. ah, ah ah ah, welcome to global 3000. this week we had to the rain forests of
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cameroon, home to some now, well protected gorillas, cheese without milk and meat free sausages. is this the food of the future? and we find out why chinese parents a hesitant to have a 2nd child despite the government lifting it's one child, ruled every 2nd to people on our planet. $1060.00, that's $80000000.00 people per year. according to the u. n. one in 9 of us is over 60 years old by 2050. that will be one him, 5. with life expectancy rising and our planets population booming, the global population pyramid is whitening and becoming flatter. life expectancy is improving thanks to progress and developments in medicine. better
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health care provision and a greater awareness when it comes to health. age distribution varies greatly from country to country. nija has the lowest median age world wide just 15.2 years. japan, meanwhile, has the highest 48.4. germany's median age is 45.7. china's population 2 is aging rapidly. the result of decades of government imposed family planning policies. although beijing is trying to turn this around as yet, there's no baby boom insights. as old as a chinese parents want their children to get the perfect start in life. all dingey being offers new mothers, a full package of services for their new borns, which will ha, ha ha to look at this is a talking diaper. if it tells the mom, if the baby paid all the babies, temperature is higher than $37.00 degrees. so it says momma, i have
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a fever before mom hour. how shall i should each diaper cost $0.40? the sensor alerts the mother smartphone. so the, our product from the baby industry, she insists on demonstrating how it works well, as well as selling baby products. dingey being also runs a real estate empire. she owns morton $460.00 luxury hotels for new parents were mothers can go to be pampered, right after the child is born. is how at holly is the luxury suite costs around $13000.00 euros a month. that room is over a 100 me to square big had health, a normal room cost between $57800.00 euros. customers with the middle or high income can afford that film. galvan jackal. gretchen, italy especially in the wealthy cities. the lobby of this baby hotel and beijing looks like any other luxury hotel with
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a welcoming committee for every guest than you under family have enough money. they are renting a room for one month. she belongs to the well educated, a lease with a college degree and a good job and the internet sector. but even she can only afford to have one child right now. i don't know, they will know soon. this is, will i? if we manage to earn a lot of money quickly, then i'll consider having a 2nd child for we want to make sure our child grows up in prosperity to how that into one 0, the midwife sleeps next to the new mother so that she can take care of the baby at all times. plan you still seem to lack confidence and is anxious about doing the wrong thing. getting ahead in chinese society is a challenge that starts at birth. in 18 years. he's expected to go to university. only a very few make it that far. oh paula. so we hope that our child you'll be able to
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start learning math physics in english soon. i don't want my child to fall behind the others. chinese parents have such high expectations to highs about celia gall this generation is growing up with wellness programs like china having a child cough an average of 805000 euros. by the time they reach 22 my. the midwives come from a lower economic class. i could never afford hotels or outlays like those. the communist parties desire for more babies can't be fulfilled. so i may be families in the city have the financial means to have more children. but for country people like me, it's difficult if you are either, if only one parent works, the family can't survive a 100. for decades, the chinese government only allowed families to have one child in an attempt to reduce china's population. women who got pregnant a 2nd time have to report
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a baby or pay a fine. now china's population is getting increasingly older and there's a risk that by 2050, it's population will shrink by 28000000 president. she, jim ping needs more babies to realize his dream of china's greatness or the a show ball pension and health sectors are coming under increasing pressure. yeah, i mean the economy will shrink and expenses for social programs will rise with local administrations, will have to go into debt yet. they will we g in hey long john province. the consequences are tangible. this area and china is aging, the fastest life is hard. most people here are farmers. the cultivation of corn brings a meager income. this year, floods destroyed large parts of the harvest. there are fewer and fewer children here. and parents here have to make a hard decision. was everyone wants to earn the money,
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but you want to be with your child to. you have to decide either raise your children or make money. the city of no, her, the elderly keeps of themselves. street life here is changing in front of the houses. tenants are sought for vacant apartments. one jeff who lives in one of these houses. the 50 year old butcher and his wife are raising their grandchild chung. the parents live in shanghai because the pay is better there. every month they send home money. several generations are paying for shanks upbringing. ah, yes, that way. i think no one in the country can afford a 3rd child and no one can even afford a 2nd child. that's why they don't want mind long. jeff, who has ambitious plans for his only grand daughter,
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he helps her with her homework, but that's still not enough. in a few months time she be taking private english lessons. the child's life motto is hanging on the wall. oh, when you are confused, you have to read hello. when you're a line you can thing or when you get mad, just do your math. i mark your hall. so if you here were she was, i hope she will one day be rich and have a happy life. and when she grows up, i hope she can go to a good university and find a good job. in the last 10 years, the population of no her has shrunk by 30 percent. the city already has a ghostly quality. china's leaders are afraid of a childless future in their her that fear may be slowly becoming a reality kind of late in the countryside. you see houses, but no people were the last generation here we hired while the last generation
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fears an aging country, many in china fear an aging population. the adults at this baby hotel will continue pampering. the precious newborns are no other types of food require as much land to produce as meat and dairy. according to the un livestock farming accounts for 78 percent of agricultural land use and no matter whether it's organic or conventional livestock, farming has some seriously negative consequences. for our planet today though, there's a huge range of environmentally friendly alternatives. oh, what distinguishes these cheeses from these ones. this is the difference. so, mess dary production is exceeding its logical limits. industrial farms are exploiting animals and require postulates water and energy. globally,
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milk production alone accounts for almost a quarter of all greenhouse gas emissions in the livestock sector. rafael vulgar and singer as a cheese afficionado from a swiss presented family with a long standing love of dairy products for him saying no traditional ratcliffe and fun dues doesn't come easy. he want to find cheeses that replicate the taste, experience, and texture of cow milk based ones. but with no animals involved. 2 and a half years ago, he founded former a food biotech company based in berlin. he wants a cheese that can be eaten with a good conscience, thanks to precision fermentation. we instruct micro organisms to convert the nutrients sugars and nitrogen that we feed it to convert that into milk proteins and milk proteins are really the, the basic building blocks of all the products that we love. when it comes to dairy, they are responsible for the functionality of the products, and we are producing them bio identical the same way you would find them in milk,
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but without the cows. and if you get rid of the cows in this whole value chain than you also able to get rid of, most of the, of the downsides. really, whether that's sustainability, ethical, or, or, or health related. unlike house microorganisms aren't picky about their food. informers, lavin bon funky east and bacteria fed into fermenters with by products from the regions beer and potato industries. then their program to produce organic molecules . these micro organisms a 10 times more efficient than cows in convert and feed to proteins. plus they'll a pretty much anything organic. this technology can adapt to what's available locally all over the world, such as cocoa or comb plantations. currently, former is making cheese products with a short maturing process. recada and mozzarella. in this food lab at the taking university of sterling, logan singer and his colleagues are experimenting with various flavors and textures
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. they aim to serve not only weakens but true cheese lovers too. little grenades, creaminess. this is a bit more crumbly. no. you can already. yeah. you can tell what like how it's nice and cool. health tons cool for most cheeses aren't available in shops yet. the company is in the pilot production phase. and the technology is being validated on a small scale mold and zinger ones for mo, to become a leader, implementation based daily in europe by 2030 with the world's growing population. conventional food production can't satisfy demand, bought, new technologies and diverse ingredients could help increase sustainability. taked algae commonly found in asian cuisine, but largely overlooked elsewhere. hamburg based viva. mars is bringing alvy to german dinner tables in the form of the beloved breakfast sausage. but these are
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vague and n nutritious thanks to the moraine component, mixed with spices, potatoes and onions i ran in actuality will go increasingly important in the future to feed the growing population. and they give us so many minerals and vitamins that are important for the body. you know, i am hungry time, you know, that's how we came up with the idea of making products where we incorporate now, given all to come around my home, really for dr. will design into graham to give the body all these minerals vitamins and all the essential nutrients him crop. what so so field, the algae come from an aqua farm of the norwegian, north sea coast, where viva. maurice works with local fishermen. they know the sea, like no one else, and a perfectly equipped to harvest the auggie. the company uses 2 types of micro alkie, red and brown, and one type of nico althea. there are unassuming organisms. all they need is a clean oxygen rich see to flourish up to 2 meters in 4 to 5 months. the harvesters
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must be careful not to damage the roots than the algae rapidly grow back again. one harvest usually yields around $5000.00 kilos. lever maurice produces sausages at this battery once a week to keep it vague and production starts at 6 am before any animal mate has touched the machines, the founder believes that the new alternatives for sausages and other foods we love could help reduce over consumption of meat and fish al gay is the perfect ingredient, and not only for sausages, riley bure shops, m, b, them probably didn't have bio shots and also give the body a lot of vitamin. you also have our mature alvy do like the red dulls algae. it can be eaten straight as a salt substitute at sites or it can be deep fried and then it takes like bacon. yeah. bacon substitute for ligans. i'm not sure. was unchecked as absolutely gonna
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i'll be sausages are more expensive than the meat variety. but these don't have flavor enhances or food coloring, and they're beacon, ultimately, it's up to the consumer cameron's ebay forest is one of the world's largest rain forests, and almost unbeatable when it comes to its variety of animal and plant species. but deforestation am poaching pose a threat to this unique environment. there's hope though, members of the gorilla guardian club of fighting back this rain forest can only be reached on foot zante tear and the able forest research project team are on the lookout for rare primates. oh, oh, that's a gorillas nest waivers on tomorrow, usually build them on the ground. glory after their evening meal. they make
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themselves a place to sleep. long as a cushy mo offered to if he onto. we haven't levin primate species here that including gorilla scout chimpanzees, and drills and prices red, colourless monkeys. nicola, by the press. the primates are in high demand with poachers who can sell them as bush meat. jaunty tear also used to make his living that way. but for most of the last 10 years, he's any study their tracks to find out which animals are traveling way in the forest. he lives in liberty on the edge of able forest. one of the 3 villages that are taking part in the project. they do when i of grasped what impact broaching hands and anyway, like it's not really a profitable business park actually. okay. yes, you can earn a bit of, but the income is very irregular. that's why i decided to stop hunting is ongoing. i live in an empty shahid. usually now he only gets to see the animals in video
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footage. the reset his have set up 17 trial cameras in the part of the forest rigorously. besides chimpanzees and guerrillas, these forest elephants are also threatened with extinction. and the extremely shy drills are particularly at risk. the eval forest research project was set up by the san diego zoo wildlife alliance which supports primate conservation. it's been collaborating with the villagers for more than 10 years. many of them used to be poachers. now they've learned to collect data on the animals or set up camera traffic. anyone who wants to take part must join a gorilla guardian club. then they get paid for their work. for connie during fernando have to thin out the clearing a bit so the camera isn't obstructed. cassandra, i, you're welcome. now once
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a month the team spends a few days venturing deep into the rain forest. they use campuses and t p. s to find their way. marcel kitchen has been part of the team for 9 years. the environmental scientist recalls precisely where each animal trail is found. what's particularly interesting are the movements of the around 25 gorillas that were discovered here in 2000 t a to then they were only 2 known gorilla subspecies in cameron. one group living south of the seneca river and another hundreds of kilometers away to the north. for the reason why we call we are collecting the sample is to do some genetic analyses to find out, well, how related the glass of able to doors far inside of the cassandra, the coffee regularly left it so significant and it is even these analyses are
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finally you know, finally come to a conclusion. we might realize that in come around yourself having tools hops, fishes of glory, love we might be having a 3rd. one. able forest in southwest and cameron covers an area of almost 1500 square kilometers and borders are nigeria. it is part of a large rain forest region, the 2nd largest world wide of to the amazon in brazil, to protect the rain forest in the future. the project aims to include the residence of the more than 40 villages surrounding the forest. this reason it is taking part in the project so far all have a gorilla guardians come to enable the residence to feed their families without having to resort to poaching. they can joined the local club. here they get helped to buy life stock or plant vegetables or cocoa. joseph. luckily, another former poacher became a farmer almost a decade ago. he farms vegetables but focuses mainly on cocoa beans cultivation. if
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he ever has problems, he can get support from the gorilla guardian club. like all the other members of numbers under the cole, i, the cuckoo plantation has changed my life. who will i shall, hunting, is very tiring and you get a little money in the end. allah plant as young dealer with the cocoa plantation, i just have to get out back and go to work. and then harvest as much as possible. could you put on a y o? like here in mit? there is a small school in the other 2 villages on the edge of the forest. the teachers receive training from the scientists and protecting the forest and its animals has become a fixture of the curriculum. even more than that, what kind of animal is that? 11, a gorilla man, lee. the idea is to raise awareness about the topic among the youngest villages.
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so can move blair down, but i like about the cause. it is the guerrillas calmly. they're like people yesterday, and what i learned is that hunting isn't good because animals, i like people on the project has made many of the vin, it is see the forest with different eyes like 70 to some 90 percent of the one time coaches have become farmers and that's what the children see while they grow up. but the gorilla guardians club stones, one things to stop there won't go. i'm fed, do we want to know, go zone to be created in which the measures to guarantee this arrival of the guerrillas are respected because the species is in danger of extinction. finish by this young alman. that's why he only takes his children to the edge of the forest. little look here, this trail. what animal left, that trail, that he saw a porcupine. he wants his children to know about animals,
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but he also wants them to know when to leave the forest to its inhabitants. in today's global living rooms, we go to mexico. ah ah, louella, when i started. hi there. i'm pedro calderon and welcome to the rancho as no house in chihuahua and come in well, i went up to the menu of the kia in through la kaiser l rental luna. the ranch is owned by
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the mexican funds for nature conservation. he, yo, yo, ma nichol. i manage a deal, and this is where i live. i read in fact, and if the casa, i am really fortunate to leave here in the ranch house for may not let it kind of have been best. he was built in the 19 seventy's by the original ranch owner. he lived here for 40 years and we we occupy and much of what is still here was his for them of it by year the like ethan financial. oh to he not. ah, it's almost like wasena gave this is the kitchen without. here is my computer, my coffee, it's very cold here in the winter law and that's why we don't work in the office. but in the kitchen where everything is close by. and well, i really like my coffee, so i'm always drinking came week of battle. those are things coming up at the, at the ample ranch own in this used to be a busy kennel ranch from there. there was between 1003000 head of cattle here,
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denila. now the ranch is used for animals species conservation because we have heard of mexican bison here and a few cows. me not but then morgan? nope. at all. there used to be meals for the ranch, hands here in the house, and i can going back then they had these large tables where the food was served, an as grand as day. but today we'll use them for workshops, or when people come to help us work with the bison, jani condo in, in a, and that you and with that, how do we sound? oh, that will put up, but you may, but this is a jar made by the pucky maid which are one of the 1st cultures among the original inhabitants of northern mexico, ac i, as in last holiday. this is the living room. i mean, there's also some of the original furniture makita. that's a game table made out of the barrels. a chuckle, there's also a pool table and on my side, but it is more of a work and storage table. they had a place to put things for a day,
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but i'll be out of the island and took it away. well, we always try to keep the ranch, feel at them of the month and everything. but in a lament that in the rancho here are some of the saddles and present rancho you and this is my gear. horses are my passion, but you can empathy on phone. look. goliath ah, this is the ranches official office because it's so cold here in winter. we hardly use it and i worked next door in the kitchen for my house. i would have no, but i collect data here. information about the wells, the map of the ranch or records of where animals have been spotted. thanks a lot for visiting and thank you for allowing us to share a bit of our life here and give you a few impressions of what its like on the ranch. bye for now. oh and oh, i owe 2 children
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to countenance one giant problem. a mighty lazy leo feature is a delay food. exactly. how will climate change affect us and our children? o d w dot com slash water? that's all from us that global 3000 this week. please do get in touch and send us your feedback. we're at global 3000 at d, w dot com. and check us out on face that to d w global ideas. see you next week. take can ah, with
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who he's known for his venus sandra, but a tele renaissance genius. but he also had
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a dark side for years, he painted helm just as masterfully and mysteriously as the poet dantes depiction bought a tele inferno. a d. w . small acts can inspire big changes, lead the people making it possible on it go africa, joined them as they set out to save the environment, learn from one another and work together for a better future. ah many thoughts to you all but tuning in africa. in 90 minutes on d w. o and sometimes
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a seed is all you need to allow the big ideas to grow. we're bringing environmental conservation to life with learning pass like global ideas. we will show you how climate change and environmental conservation is taking shape around the world and how we can all make a difference. knowledge gross through sharing, download it now for free. well, go to the dark side where intelligence agencies are pulling the strings. there was a before 911 and an after 911. he says after $911.00, the clubs came off. where organized crime rules were conglomerates make their own laws? what's true, it's vague. it doesn't matter. the only criteria is what we'll hook people up. we
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shed light on the opaque world who is behind the benefits and why are they a threat to us all hope peak world starts january 5th on d, w. ah ah ah, this is dw news live from berlin, fleeing dangerous fires in the american state of col.


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