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tv   Covid-19 Special - What works against omicron  Deutsche Welle  January 13, 2022 6:30pm-7:01pm CET

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thanks, a nation campaigns are accelerating while restrictions are intensifying once again . but or these measures enough to stop the spread of omicron fax data and reports covered 19 special. next on d w. we've got some hot tips for your bucket list. ah, magic corner tread hotspot for food and some great cultural memorials to boot w travel off we go. ah, his name is buddha, and he is an instagram start this male parker from a herd. and sheila has developed neutralizing antibodies against several coven 19
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variants. and a sicilian village has of coco 19 vaccination rate of over 100 percent. how did they do it? but 1st, corona virus, infection rates are soaring worldwide. germany included all me, crohn is far more contagious than previous variance. slash berlin is an omicron variant hot spot in germany. before every shoot, our entire team gets tested to all 3 of us a negative for me, life under pandemic conditions has become routine. despite omicron i head to the color market in the center of berlin. there are crates of fruit embed on sale here
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. the price is lower than at the surrounding supermarket masks. a mandatory here. oh, well not good. in corona times, everything's cheaper corona's destroying our business. i'm one for one euro to our 2 year. oh wow. i'm with thousands of customers a day. are you afraid of catching coven turn on? this ring new i'm vaccinated, fully vaccinated before the fears still, they're all at once out. you can still catch corona when you're vaccinated. the risk, is there a completely ordinary person comes god, you think everything's completely normal, maj, banks, if johnson and suddenly 10 people are infected english, that doesn't. that's how corona spread it go. but remember, lord, hello everyone. please keep your distance. i'm vaccinated,
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but you might not be here. you go this year and i almost 2 years cove. it 19 and it's you variance have kept the world on tenterhooks at 1st to no one was sure exactly how the virus spreads. me every place people gathered, including markets, was seen as a risk because of hulu. so the color market also closed for a while in 2020 at a later red barrier tape insured customers and vendors maintained the required distance with the barriers have disappeared. but there were lots of security guards to make sure people are wearing their masks regular customers keep coming all the same. now i shop here every saturday. are you afraid of getting corona virus here is not in the slightest. we're out in the fresh air. oh, do you feel safe here?
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oh, good, definitely. well normally there are more security guards, but every one's wearing their masks. as you can see, my webcam because you're never in one place for more than 5 minutes and you get your things and move on. i know people flock care from all over the city to stuck up on food like this man. he was double vaccinated, but still got cove it mildly we thought, do you worry about what's happening with the corona, virus situation in berlin? a full year? i do worry because this other infection has arrived, the oma cranberry, and you pay feel you call new the old, but we just have to live with there to god that would only do it with money and lock its feet. if it happens, it happens to shiksa rags. that's what i believe all the got on yellow this. that's why many think here at the color market, they all know that no one is completely immune. ah,
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i live infection rates are rising sharply in italy as well. even though nearly 90 percent of the population age 12 and over has been double vaccinated, of those 2 thirds have even received a booster shot. but one sicilian village has outdone them all, posting a vaccination rate of more than 100 percent. a small miracle has once again been achieved by the sicilian village of palazzo adriano. 30 years ago, the town square was made world famous by the movie cheenum up oddity. so, and now the township at the foot of their monta de la rosa, has again managed the extraordinary in their fight against the corona virus. they still remember the fear they felt during the 1st wave. senora mima recalls watching
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footage of military trucks transporting, piled up coffins out of bag m. o. in northern italy, people here wanted to prevent something like that happening in their own town at all costs. deborah, would the boat had a little separate care to believe that he died? nobody when we know that we were scared of the virus. we're now new brains are multiple bonita in the beginning. we thought it was a type of a severe liberal, liberal law dish. i'm a while ago, like which of a van to the other. what we saw on television. ha ha ha, told us that it was something that we will it all together different. that query abdomen he said, and the entire village had the same thought. and theory that vaccinate toilet about you, not so in this hardware store, everyone has to wear mosque, mima wants to do all she can to protect against the new omicron variant. no, no, see a just so glossy bit k. yes. and it's the right thing to do. i think you have to protect yourself just like you have to protect evans, and i say we are vaccinated too,
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but still you have to be careful that cannot the, the beer must say a change. in fact, palazzo adriano has a vaccination rate, other european cities can only dream of going by official statistics, a 104 percent of the population of vaccinated. mm. that statistical quirk isn't a cinematic fantasy. but due to the fact that the figure includes visitors who were vaccinated right here in the chin, him up at a d. so museum, which just happens to be housed in the town halls, largest room equip. so in, we'll say that she them up early. so this is the china, my pat id. so museum. yeah, the film is still important. it was a loss to woman. so locating our vaccination center here was common sense about also about a sense of community that's the only own since all the buttons and so against a backdrop of movie posters. 3 major vaccination campaigns were held here for the met a well functioning vaccination campaign is about more than numbers. oh gee ill,
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but sheila, elizabeth and these times vaccination means freedom is provided to us by the government eventually. but it's about freedom for every way media, and i'm sorry, the vaccination appliance, don't understand that there is also a lot of democracy and the lack seems, kiddo each a latino shale of them of the thea ha. and there's a lot of hope to the infection. right. here has been close to 0 thanks to the measures taken. i don't that long that evening mima and her husband invite friends to the house for dinner. they plan to once again once there are local cold film, chima potty. so back in the day me, my husband helped build the set on the piazza. they all know the dialogue by heart little means everything to most volvo. it's the hope that our town has
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a good future of it. so he, he, lou, they're proud of their town and of their corona virus response here in pallets. so, adriano people stand together so that the virus doesn't stand a chance. ah lu sheesh. ah, but will these vaccines also protect against the ami kron variance? what do we know so far? mount is very into our science correspondent derek williams. has answers to your questions like this one from you to brewer louise m. oh, how does any current differ from earlier virus variants? oh, and the crown is, is pretty different from previous variance and compared to the original version of
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the virus. it's genome carries mutations in more than 50 places around 3 dozen of them affect what's called the spite protein. that structure that jots out all over the place. on the viruses surface and the thing is alterations to it can have major effects in a couple of different ways. first, because the spike protein is what sars covey 2 uses to dark on to cells. and in fact, them. so, mutations in it can potentially make micron even better at that. and 2nd, because the spike protein is the target of many of the coven vaccines that we've developed. a, it's structure, plays a key role in training the immune system to recognise future virus infections. so if the spike changes to radically in a new variant,
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then defenses like anti bodies might no longer recognize it as well or, or even at all, it could start evading immunity. we're still learning about the ways that alma cron differs from previous versions of the virus, but, but skyrocketing cases in many countries clearly make it the most infectious variant that we've seen so far. scientists think that, that like delta, some of our microns increased trans miss ability probably has to do with spike mutations that help make it better at grabbing on to the membrane receptors that provide an entryway into a cells interior. um, another hypothesis holds that people infected with a micron might be shedding more of the virus. since some studies show that it seems
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to replicate massively and rapidly and closer to your mouth and nose. so and the respiratory tract above the lungs and less in the lungs themselves. by the way, that might also be a big reason why our micron is proving less deadly than its cousins. because in a lot of people it seems to spare the lungs. but at the top of the list of differences between alma crohn and other variance is how good it seems to be at dodging immune defenses in both people who've been vaccinated. and in those who recovered from previous bouts with other variance, delta could evade immune defenses as well, but, but not nearly as well as alma kron seems to be able to. and if defense is no longer mostly protect people from infection, expert, se, then that could help explain a lot of the steep rise in cases that we're seeing,
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even in heavily vaccinated countries. but that doesn't mean that vaccines or previous infections provide no protection at all. people who are unvaccinated, and have never, had coven still make up the majority of patients in icy use. so, even with all micron, previous infection or vaccination appears to help prevent severe infection. in most people, especially if they've received a booster shot boom. israel has decided to launch another round of booster vaccinations to help wash the omicron variant. the country has approved a 4th dose for all israelis age 60 and over medical workers and immunocompromised people. the country is currently registering as highest infection rate since the
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start of the pandemic. ah, the line for a cove at 19 test is long at this official center in tel aviv with the on the cross variance spreading fast. free p c. r tests are now reserved for people over 60, under their high risk groups. everybody else is required to take it out until jan test 1st. with ever changing rules. patience is running low. and basically the rules change on a daily basis. there is a joke, the if you refresh the news on the news page, then you get different restrictions and different rules. mostly more kid feels like a circus. if they cancel the p c r test, when they should let us do the outage and testing at home and send our kids back to school. now we have to stand here called work and just have to stay at home being called upon to invite israel made an early pass on it's rapid vaccination campaign . in october is had successfully slow down the del to waive by administering
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a 3rd booster shots. but now the country is struggling with the i'm a kron variant. our stocking ah variant. it is spreading very fast. then commission period is about 2 days, not 7 days as used to be. so this is why many of their p d, my logical measures, saw especially testing and breaking of transmission are much less efficient. ah, right now, much of israel's toby strategy has been focused on vaccination. over $4300000.00 israelis have taken the 3rd booster shots less than half of the population of roughly $9400000.00. since last week the country has begun to roll out the 4th booster for people over 60 medical staff and other high risk groups. ok, each time we boost we fortify our immune response. we deepen
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the immune memory and enhance our ability to cope more efficiently with the fiery inst that already challenging us. and those that will and unfortunately, will emerge as it's still unclear how hospitals will cope during this 5th wave at a heel of hospital in tel aviv family, dr. laura azurie takes us to the cove at 19 wards. not every bed is occupied right now. but numbers of severely ill patients are increasing daily and majority are unvaccinated. 2 or have underlying health conditions quote unquote, unconventional, at the moment some of our patients are vaccinated, some are not everyone hospitalized has underlying health conditions, heart, kidney conditions or diabetes. but again, the vaccinations are very important and very effective. so remember how to showing
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them helium thought after so many waves of this disease, there's a sense of experienced routine on this wards are now. newly authorized drugs can be given to patients early on still after 2 years. it's not just hard for doctors and nurses to keep up, but for every one struggling with the new uncertainty that's replicating along with this latest variant. how much protection do booster shots provide against corbett? 19 and variance like omicron. some countries are considering a 4th vaccine. we ask infectious disease specialist team will full of what lies ahead. thanks for your time doctor woke. thank you very much. my pleasure. you belong to a working group at university hospital frankfurt that focuses on curve it 90 developments. and according to one of the groups, latest publications to boost effectiveness of biotech scenes is found to have been
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reduced by $27.00 times against the only crime variant. now i've had my boost a short duster new discovery. mean i'll still get infected at some point. yeah, well let me quickly explain was what we actually did of these experiments, which essentially was taken from patients that have been vaccinated or a covered. and also, you know, we use some of the, some of the drugs that are available on the market, which i actually want to come and see bodies. and mention that the ability of the anti bodies to neutralize the virus in a cell culture. i'm a couple of weeks later, you know that this extra neutralization capacity has been parallels and realized that the change that you know, siemens protection, again on the chrome berry and has been reduced around 40 to 60 cents. but it's not 0. but we also learn to science and patients will have to be very strongly
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protected against all of the disease. so very beneficial to the fact manufacturers and working with students adapted to the on the con variant. but new variance will come eventually that will need new vaccines again. isn't it going to be an endless loop? it's likely you will have to be adapted to and you've already, and i'm going to be an endless loot. well, we will have to see, but i think it's worthwhile to try and comparable situation with what we had with reading the news that we actually have a very strong and a good idea of the infection and adapting the vaccines. it's not like you that will have to be done for have it as well. thank you. talk to thank you so much. and now for some animals with superpowers,
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such as sharks, camels and their cousins in south america, scientists found neutralizing antibodies to the corona virus and its variance in these species. could animal help bring an end to the pandemic that probably began in an animal, namely fat in china. at 1st glance, this south american alpaca looks like an ordinary animal. but to scientists think it could help us fight the corona virus pandemic. with a hud of 19 alpaca living on the campus of austell university in val diva southern chile biochemist. alejandro hall house is conducting research. working with the l pack. has
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it been? this male alpaca is called buddha. yes, he's developed neutralizing antibodies against a number of coven 19 barons including oma crock only to the scientists 1st vaccinated the alpaca with surface proteins, from the covey. 19 virus. then they took a blood sample and found nano bodies that can neutralize sauce cove to viruses. nano bodies are much smaller than normal antibodies. their structure is also less complex and they're quite easy to reproduce using yeast cultures. for example, nano bodies are only produced by tamela ads. so our packages, lamas camels and drama, dairies, and by shocks. even before the pandemic began rojas and his team found it and publicized an initiative aimed at combating emerging viruses. but they didn't have any animals to work with until an unexpected visitor turned up irregular mucus. and
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when 29 team, a buddhist monk who wants to help us came to visit to fill to colorado, gave us for alpaca. can kim it? one of them was buddha, then we have a deal go over latera and pedro, who were yahoo? no, the legal, they haven't just produced antibodies to fight sars cove to like buddha. oh, but against other viruses to like me, po virus and hendrick virus. me. pedro here, for example, here, the road, little. the research doesn't harm the i'll pack has once a year there vaccinated by vets who then take a small sample of blood the animals can't fall by a veterinarian to raise a pinto. but i meant this uncommon, a 1000 the like pants. they eat out of her hands, sam alone, we don't care of them and love them. you know, i, at 1st they wouldn't come near us, but you know, they will no longer stress. my presence not done. it, we treat them very well,
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we have in the downtown as well being is extremely important to us side in val d via in southern chile, at austell universities laboratory for medical biotechnology rojas and his team have patented, 13 nano bodies that directly target saws cove 2 viruses now they want to use the elpac has none. nobody's to develop a drug to treat coven 19 for the role. remember, there were no, no. this involves mixing the alpaca nano bodies with a fragment of a human antibody, so that it is accepted by the human immune system. the drug could be inhaled or administered in the form of a nasal spray or injection and helped to prevent severe or fatal cases of coven 19 . but the scientists need financial support to develop the drug. and so far,
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the chilean government hasn't offered funding muscle looking to go more comp. cathy, it's not just about developing an antiviral, thera legal research, covey tools to look at. i'm been, it could be what would, what, what also showing that here in a remote place like southern chile, we're capable of developing a technology that can help bring a global pandemic under control and more that go more in solitude. the scientists in chile aren't the only ones researching alpaca nano bodies. there's a similar initiative underway at the university of san francisco and in germany, the university of barn and the max planck institute in getting and are engaged in nano body research. but the scientists here in chile are a step ahead when i didn't get under that, that one of the big advantages of developing antibodies from becoming vincent schilling is that here, the al packers in la mas are in their natural habitat, embargoed with them at the university campus,
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the al packers have their own enclosure covering more than 3 hectares of land where they're free to roam, sleep and feed. the scientists haven't just given the elpac his names. they've also discovered distinct personality traits worth of pocket the meal. buddha is a bit shy big. when people are around a lam, he won't need out of my hand. seneca widow and he's not so keen on people, he doesn't. no, i didn't. what do i open up? what if him blow in one others? ah, like danielle, for example, get out and i will eat out of every one's hand and accommodate them. and i think you have different personality. single betty. think that personnel? yes. despite his shyness, buddha is quite the star on social media. he has nearly 17000 followers on instagram alone,
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let above us some of the alternatives provide an alternative solution of to monoclonal antibodies that is much cheaper monica in the coming years will probably see many products developed in the immune the systems of these animal wonderful animals with the necessary funding, the al packers may be able to help us both in this pandemic and in future ones to alejandro has sent his team a convinced of that m ah ah ah ah
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ah ah ah ah ah who oh yes i kid who the hell his name, he couldn't he couldn't he think you? i think i don't miss the call. yeah, i turn to i li auto
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