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tv   Covid-19 Special - What works against omicron  Deutsche Welle  January 14, 2022 4:30am-5:01am CET

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ah, the internet knows all its creators more to everything and digitize everything. uh huh. that in this global experiment, our data, smart devices are embedded in our daily lives, tracking our every move. oh, we headed to a futuristic utopia, poor, but digitize the nightmare. the internet of everything starts january 17th on d, w. ah, ah, his name is buddha, and he is an instagram start. this male pucker from a herd, and sheila has developed neutralizing antibodies against several coven 19 variance,
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and a sicilian village has a cope with 19 vaccination rate of over 100 percent. how did they do it? but 1st, corona virus, infection rates are soaring worldwide. germany included all me. kron is far more contagious than previous variance. slash berlin is an omicron variant hot spot in germany. before every shoot, our entire team gets tested to all 3 of us a negative for me, life under pandemic conditions has become routine. despite omicron, i head to the color market in the center of berlin. there are crates of fruit and vegetables on sale. here for price is lower than at the surrounding supermarkets.
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mosques, a mandatory here under 111111 . in corona times everything's cheaper. corona's destroying our business. i know one for one euro to our 2 year. oh wow. i'm with thousands of customers a day. are you afraid of catching cove it or not? this bring new i'm vaccinated fully vaccinated. reflect appears still there. all that was not you can still catch corona when you're vaccinating the risk. is there a completely ordinary person? comes god you think everything's completely normal, maj, banks, if johnson and suddenly 10 people are infected? i'm mr. douglas. yeah, that's how corona spread. mcmillan, father, lord, hello everyone, please keep your distance. i'm vaccinated,
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but you might not be here. you go this year. i'm almost 2 years covert 19 and it's you variance have kept the worlds on tenterhooks at 1st. no one was sure exactly how the virus spreads. every place people gathered, including markets was seen as arrested because of blue. so the color market also closed for awhile in 2020 later red barrier tape insured customers and vendors maintained the required distance with the barriers have disappeared. but there are lots of security guards to make sure people are wearing their mosques, regular customers keep coming all the same. i shop here every saturday. i you afraid of getting corona virus has others are not in the slightest. we're out in the fresh air. good. do you feel safe here?
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definitely more normally there are more security guards, but every one's wearing their masks. as you can see, the neglect because you're never in one place for more than 5 minutes and you get your things and move on. i know people flock care from all over the city to stuck up on food like this man. he was double vaccinated, but still got cove it mildly we thought, do you worry about what's happening with the corona, virus situation in berlin? on full. yeah, i do worry because this other infection has arrived. yeah, the oma cranberry and you feel your whole new role, but we just have to live with there to god that wouldn't do it with money and lock its feet. if it happens, it happens to shiksa rags. that's what i believe mother got on yellow this. that's not many think here at the color market, they all know that no one is completely immune. ah,
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i live with infection rates are rising sharply in italy as well. even though nearly 90 percent of the population age 12 and over has been double vaccinated, of those 2 thirds have even received a booster shot. but one sicilian village has outdone them all, posting a vaccination rate of more than 100 percent. a small miracle has once again been achieved by the sicilian village of palazzo adriano. 30 years ago, the town square was made world famous by the movie cheenum up out of these. so, and now the township at the foot of their monte dela rosa has again managed the extraordinary in their fight against the corona virus. they still remember the fear they felt during the 1st wave. senora mima recalls watching footage of military
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trucks transporting, piled up coffins out of bag m. o. in northern italy. people here wanted to prevent something like that happening in their own town at all. costs a bear with the boat at elvita sybert care deleted that he died. nobody when we know that we was scared of the virus. we're now in brain cell multiple manenda. in the beginning we thought it was a type of a severe liberal, liberal law. the summer will look like they will should then to the other what we saw on television. ha, ha ha, told us that it was something that we will. it's an altogether different, but we abdomen the cell and the entire village had the same thought. and theory that vaccinate toilet cannot set up yet, this hardware store everyone has to wear mosque mima wants to do all she can to protect against the new ami chrome variant. no, see a just so glossy bit k. yes. and it's the right thing to do. i'll tell you how to protect yourself, just like you have to protect evans and i said we are vaccinated,
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but still you have to be careful. that cannot be, there must be a change. in fact, palazzo adriano has a vaccination rate, other european cities can only dream of going by official statistics. a 104 percent of the population are vaccinated. mm. that statistical quirk isn't a cinematic fantasy. but due to the fact that the figure includes visitors who were vaccinated right here in the chin him up at a d. so museum, which just happens to be housed in the town halls, largest room equates so in will, so that she them up early. so this is the chima parity. so museum. yeah, the film is still important. that was the last a win win. so locating our vaccination center here was common sense about also about a sense of community that's the only own since all the buttons and so against a backdrop of movie posters. 3 major vaccination campaigns were held here for the met a well functioning vaccination campaign is about more than numbers. oh gee ill,
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but sheila, elizabeth and these times vaccination means freedom is provided to us by the government eventually. but it's about freedom for every way media, and i'm sorry that vaccination appliance don't understand that there is also a lot of democracy and the lack seems, kiddo each latino shale of them will. garcia. ha, and there's a lot of hope to the infection right here has been close to 0 thanks to the measures taken. oh, and that evening mima and her husband invite friends to the house for dinner. they plan to once again wants their own local cold film. chima parity, so back in the day me, my husband helped build the set on the piazza. they all know the dialogue by heart little means everything to most volvo. it's the hope that our town has
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a good future of it. so he, he, lou, they're proud of their town and of their corona virus response here in pallets. so, adriano people stand together so that the virus doesn't stand a chance. m lou sheesh. ah, but will these vaccines also protect against the ami kron variance? what do we know so far? mount is very into our science correspondent derek williams. has answers to your questions like this one from you to mirror luis m. oh, how does ami current differ from earlier virus variants? oh, and the crown is, is pretty different from previous variance and compared to the original version of
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the virus. it's genome carries mutations in more than 50 places around 3 dozen of them affect what's called the spite protein. that structure that jots out all over the place. on the viruses surface and the thing is alterations to it can have major effects in a couple of different ways. first, because the spike protein is what sars covey 2 uses to dock on to cells. and in fact them. so, mutations in it can potentially make our micron even better at that. and 2nd, because the spike protein is the target of many of the coven vaccines that we've developed. i'm, it's structure plays a key role in training the immune system to recognise future virus infections. so if the spike changes to radically in a new variant,
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then defenses like anti bodies might no longer recognize it as well or, or even at all, it could start evading immunity. we're still learning about the ways that alma cron differs from previous versions of the virus, but, but skyrocketing cases in many countries clearly make it the most infectious variant that we've seen so far. scientists think that, that like delta, some of our microns increased trans miss ability probably has to do with spike mutations that help make it better at grabbing on to the membrane receptors that provide an entryway into a cells interior. um, another hypothesis holds that people infected with a micron might be shedding more of the virus. since some studies show that it seems
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to replicate massively and rapidly and closer to your mouth and nose. so and the respiratory tract above the lungs and, and less in the lungs themselves. by the way, that might also be a big reason. why are micron is proving less deadly than its cousins? because in a lot of people, it seems to spare the lungs, but at the top of the list of differences between alma crohn and other variance is how good it seems to be at dodging immune defenses in both people who've been vaccinated. and in those who recovered from previous bouts with other variance, delta could evade immune defenses as well, but, but not nearly as well as alma kron seems to be able to. and if defense is no longer mostly protect people from infection, expert, se, then that could help explain a lot of the steep rise in cases that we're seeing,
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even in heavily vaccinated countries. but that doesn't mean that vaccines or previous infections provide no protection at all. people who are unvaccinated, and have never, had coven still make up the majority of patients. and i see use so even with all micron, previous infection or vaccination appears to help prevent severe infection. in most people, especially if they've received a booster shot boom. israel has decided to launch another round of booster vaccinations to help wash the omicron variant. the country has approved a 4th dose for all israelis age 60 and over medical workers and immunocompromised people. the country is currently registering its highest infection rate since the
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start of the pandemic. ah, the line for a coven 19 test is long at this official center in tel aviv with the on the chrome very and spreading fast, free p c. r tests are now reserved for people over 60, under their high risk groups. everybody else is required to take it down to gen test 1st, with ever changing rules. patience is running low. basically, the rules change on a daily basis. there is a joke, the if you refresh the news on the news page, then you get different restrictions and different rules. mostly more kid feels like a circus. if they cancel the p c r, test declination. let us do the outage and testing at home and send our kids back to school. now we have to stand here called work and just have to stay at home being caught boshamp light. israel made an early pass on it's rapid vaccination campaign. in october,
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it had successfully slow down the del to waive by administering a 3rd booster shots. but now the country is struggling with the i'm a kron variant. i was talking oh, very on that is spreading very fast. think bishop period is about 2 days, not 7 days as used to be. so this is why many of the epidemiological measures saw, especially testing and breaking of transmission are much less efficient. ah right now, much of israel's toby strategy has been focused on vaccination. over $4300000.00 israelis have taken the 3rd booster shots less than half of the population of roughly $9400000.00. since last week, the country has begun to roll out the 4th booster for people over 60 medical staff and other high risk groups. ok. each time we boost we fortify or immune response,
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we deepen the immune memory and enhance our ability to cope more efficiently with the fire in that already challenging us. and those that will and unfortunately will emerge because it's still unclear how hospitals will cope during this 5th wave at a heel of hospital in tel aviv family. dr. laura azurie takes us to the cove at 19 wards. not every bad is occupied right now. but numbers of severely ill patients are increasing daily and majority are unvaccinated. 2 or have underlying health conditions quote unquote, underneath the picture. at the moment some of our patients are vaccinated, some are not every one hospitalized has underlying health conditions, heart, kidney conditions or diabetes. but again, the vaccinations are very important and very effective for him. how shall be many
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liam thought after so many waves of this disease, there's a sense of experience routine on this wards are now. newly authorized drugs can be given to patients early on. still after 2 years, it's not just hard for doctors and nurses to keep up. but for every one struggling with the new uncertainty that's replicating along with this latest variant. how much protection do booster chance provide against corporate 19 and variance like omicron? some countries are considering a 4th vaccine. we ask infectious disease specialist team will full of what lies ahead. thanks for your time doctor woke. thank you very much. my pleasure. you belong to a working group at university hospital frankfurt that focuses on covet 19 developments . and according to one of the groups latest publications to boost the effectiveness of biotech vaccines is found to have been reduced by $27.00 times against the only
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crime variant. now i've had my booster shot duster new discovery. mean i'll still get infected at some point. well, let me quickly explain was what we actually needed these experiments which essentially was taken from patients that had been vaccinated or a covered. and also, you know, we use some of the, some of the drugs that are available on the market. which side of the bodies and measure the ability of the anti bodies to neutralize the bar in a cell culture. i'm a couple of weeks later, you know, the extra, the neutralization capacity has been parallels and realized that the change that, you know, i'm the protection again, i'm a comparison has been reduced around $40.00 to $0.60, but it's not 0. but we also learned that patients will have to be very
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strongly protected against all of the disease. so i'm very beneficial. with fact maxine, manufacturer is working on thank seems adapted to the only con variant, but new variance will come eventually that will need new vaccines again, isn't it going to be an endless loop? it's likely you will have to be adapted to universe and i'm going to be an endless lute. well, we will have to see, but i think it's worthwhile to try and compare and contrast with what we had with the news that we actually have a strong and a good idea. and alex, of the infection i'm every adapting it's not like you that school has to be done for, for have it as well. thank you. talk to thank you so much. and
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now for some animals with super powers, such as sharks, camels and their cousins in south america, scientists found neutralizing antibodies to the corona virus and its variance in these species. could animals help bring an end to the pandemic that probably began in an animal, namely fat in china. at 1st glance, this south american alpaca looks like an ordinary animal. but to scientists think it could help us fight the corona virus pandemic. with a hud of 19 alpaca living on the campus of austell university in val diva southern chile biochemist. alejandro hall house is conducting research, working with the l pack. has it
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been this mail alpaca is called buddha. yes, he's developed neutralizing antibodies against a number of cobra. 19 barons including oma chronometer the scientists 1st vaccinated the alpaca with surface proteins from the covey. 19 virus. then they took a blood sample and found nano bodies that can neutralize sauce cove to viruses. nano bodies are much smaller than normal antibodies. their structure is also less complex and they're quite easy to reproduce using yeast cultures. for example, nano bodies are only produced by camel eds, so our packages, lamas camels and drama, dairies, and by shocks. even before the pandemic began rojas and his team founded and publicized an initiative aimed at combating emerging viruses. but they didn't have any animals to work with until an unexpected visitor turned up ill annual mucus and
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when 29 team, a buddhist monk who wants to help us came to visit to fill to colorado, gave us for alpaca. skinner? good kim, who? one of them was buddha, then we had a deal. go below tara and pedro who were yahoo! know the legal. they haven't just produced antibodies to fight sars. coby to like buddha. oh, but against other viruses to like me, per virus. and hendrick virus, me, pedro here, for example, a little bit better. the research doesn't harm the i'll pack has once a year there vaccinated by vets, who then take a small sample of blood the animals account for bi veterinarian to raise a pinto. but i meant this angelina thought madeline pants lately, out of her hand, sam only don't care of them and loved them in you. at 1st they wouldn't come near us, but now they are no longer stress line. a presence not done if we treat them very
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well, we have in the downtown as well being is extremely important to us side in val d via in southern chile, at astro universities laboratory for medical biotechnology rojas and his team have patented 30 nano bodies that directly target saws cove to viruses. now they want to use the l pack has nano bodies to develop a drug to treat coven 19 for grow? remember? oh, there were no no. this involves mixing the alpaca, nano bodies with a fragment of a human anti body. so that it is accepted by the human immune system the drug could be inhaled or administered in the form of a nasal spray or injection and helped to prevent severe or fatal cases of covey 19 . but the scientists need financial support to develop the drug. and so far,
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the chilean government hasn't offered funding muscle. it didn't go more come of kathy. it's not just about developing an antiviral, thera legal research, covey tools to look at. i'm been, look, if you put what also showing that here in a remote place, like southern chile, we're capable of developing a technology that can help bring a global pandemic under control. remote that go more in solitude for her then the scientists in chile aren't the only ones researching alpaca, nano bodies. there's a similar initiative underway at the university of san francisco and in germany, the university of barnes and the max planck he institute in getting and are engaged in nano body research. but the scientists here in chile are a step ahead. when i did get under that, one of the big advantages of developing antibodies from becoming from chile is that here the al packers and lamas are in their natural habitat, embargoed with them at the university campus. the al packers have their own
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enclosure covering more than 3 hectares of land where they're free to roam, sleep and feed. the scientists haven't just given the elpac his names. they've also discovered distinct personality traits worth of pocket the meal. buddha is a bit shy big. when people are around a lam he won't need out of my hand. seneca widow and he's not so keen on people he doesn't know iowa. it's anybody way out that off. what if him blow in when others the ah, like done e o for example. get out and i will eat out of every one's hand and accommodate them. and they all have different personality. single betty. think that personnel, yes, despite his shyness butter is quite the star on social media. he has nearly 17000 followers on instagram alone.
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little buggers. some of your packers provide an alternative solution to monoclonal antibodies that is much cheaper monica in the coming years will probably see many products developed in the immune the systems of these animal wonderful animals. with the necessary funding, the al packers may be able to help us both in this pandemic and in future ones too . alejandro has sent his team a convinced of that ah ah, ah, with
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