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tv   The Day - News in Review  Deutsche Welle  January 24, 2022 11:02pm-11:30pm CET

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next a whole before turning the gun on himself, the most is for the attack is being investigated. this is either been used. you can find much more on our website, d, w dot com. ah, another flurry of activity over ukraine, nato ships and more equipment to shore up its positions in eastern europe, the u. k. and the u. s. and the families of embassy staff, home. the threat of a russian invasion has cast a long shadow over europe with no resolution in sight. what does ukraine wants? i'm so me so much gone in berlin and this is the day. ah, we are considering the deployment of additional natal battle groups and they reinforce european security for all of us govern government. very clear
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in expressing solidarity with our french grade. we don't one war ukraine is a brother nation for us. this is why war really wants to fight the exit off the mountain sentence without resorting to military need is just the usual french from the big bonding next door. very clear warning of russian president of escalating the press also coming up on the show a last generation 2 years into the pandemic schools are still struggling to stay open and children still suffering. we take you to brazil to meet a teacher fighting to save his students, future guar pharma, ga the only way to change their reality. and the cycle of misery are back
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with kids here at school, asking for food on food that was very painful for us to see what other than the bridge 1st on the day nato allies have put forces on stand by a mid soaring tensions between russia and western name is over ukraine. the alliance is sending more ships and fighter jets to bolster defenses in eastern europe. the european union says it is ready to impose economic sanctions. never seen before. if russia invades ukraine, you foreign ministers meeting in brussels, say they want to double financial assistance to ukraine. the block also had talks via but video link with the u. s. secretary of state antony, blinking around a $100000.00 russian troops have mast at ukraine's borders in the recent months. the kremlin denies plans of an invasion and says, nato is responsible for the escalation intentions. are reporters and moscow went out into the streets to see how people felt about the stand off with ukraine.
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here's what they had to say. breathe. there was your key. i have friends in kiev, joe and i love ukraine grew. i'm against war, your voice roster. bismark, him, a war would be pointless. there won't be one. all we see right now is an attempt to world wide to he talked the atmosphere as an attempt by certain people to make others believe that one site is planning to attack the other moment you could josefa, we don't want war. you, queen is a brother, nation for us move. this is a why war this is a political fight will discuss. but momos my presence here and over there, do you have something in their heads? at least they don't seem empty, so war won't happen. you wouldn't let's get more on the story. we can speak to j cordell journalist in moscow joining us hi jake. you know, we heard the message there pretty clearly. among many russians saying, we don't want war. does the russian government also share that view?
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and it's simply heightening tensions with the aim of gaining concessions from the west. well, the russian government certainly also says that it doesn't. and one war the russian position, the whole way through this has been that is moving force is close to the ukrainian border. some 100000 troops and even more now that we think some military exercises in neighboring batteries, its position has been not the defensive portia against the possibility of a provocation from ukraine and war. the criminal says, or ukraine west, the native backers. now russia has put forward a series of demands, those kind of concessions that you spoke about as to what they want from a to in the west. those are the legal guarantees that ukraine would never join the nato alliance. and the ones nathan ro, back is troop movements from central and eastern europe. the problem is those demand that they've been cook. norma started by the way that russia had to know that those demands were non stop is way when it was put forward. so the guessing
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game now and, and it really is a guessing game because it's very hard to tell what's going on in the mind of the decision makers in the kremlin. and we saw us president joe biden, also say that it's really only one man. lot of me to choice. now, the guessing game is, is this all just going through the motions, and they've already made up their mind that they want to make some kind of incursion into ukraine. or is there really a diplomatic solution that might pay them and how can not be found? and indeed, nato is actually doing the exact opposite of what moscow wants. the u. s. is considering deploying troops to nato member states in eastern europe, how you expect the kremlin to react to that? yes. so if the, if the criminal was serious about what it wanted in terms of pushing back native forces, this provocation has, has really got the exact opposite. you say native is really bowstring its force. it is really given a new life to the native alliance. and we've seen all the leaders of nato and, or 30 countries express solidarity we with ukraine over this issue. so the thing is
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in, in, in moscow this becomes self fulfilling because moscow will now point and indeed is pointing to the latest deployment. the latest sending of troops is putting the so called battle groups on standby as preparations for a potential nato offensive, or nato provocation. or need to support to kiev in trying to take back some of those breakaway republics and ukraine that are supported by russia. pac separatists . russia has pointed to this as an aggressive move by nato, and said, well, if need to be serious about the escalating, why is it now moving troops toward russia? well, if we look at the diplomatic efforts looking ahead, the so called normandy format, that's russia, ukraine, france, and germany. they are set for talks on wednesday. what do you think moscow's position is going to be going into this negotiations? has that position changed? moscow's position? hasn't changed from the very beginning. moscow outlined its demands back in december. that is the legal guarantee that ukraine doesn't join nato and the
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rolling back of the alliance. his forces. this was seen as a broad new european security packed of russia wanted. now the normandy format is very, very closely concentrated on the situation in easton, ukraine with these breakaway republics, and the separate is territory. and president micron. a have said this evening that the focus on those kind of discussions will be on the humanitarian efforts. so we're not really expecting much to come from those efforts in terms of the normandy format, which involves germany as making up the 4th party. however, we are expecting this week the us who to send written responses to moscow's demands about nato. benito 14 met additions and the future membership of the lions. as i said earlier, the key thing is, america has already said those demands a nonstarter, so really is unclear war america can put on the table. the russia would accept or even carry on talking about journals, j cordell in moscow. thank you for your insights. ok,
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that's the view in moscow. let's get the view from kiev now with our bureau chief, my ts billing. i met. yes. we heard the voices in moscow. there isn't that much concern, at least, doesn't appear to be that much concern on the streets. and we saw the kremlin spokesperson again to the accusing the west of hysteria. how does the looking here? how worried are people there that, that a conflict really is imminent? where people have, of course, when observing miss a lot closer than maybe people in moscow because of course it is a lot closer to hear what is going to happen if something happens. and so i feel that in the last few days, concerns have been rising, but we'd see no signs of panic. we don't seize people, stock piling or food buying an empty, empty food shelves. in the supermarkets, we don't see the currency collapse, which you would expect if people, if, if, if,
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if a lot of people would change all their money and into foreign currencies, et cetera, et cetera. so people go about their lives, people go to restaurants, or people are on the streets and, and do their normal shopping am and are you don't see obvious signs of panic here at all. people just wait and see what is going to happen. well, it's only held that the european union has announced a significant boost in 8, a $1200000.00 euros to be exact to deal with a fall out of this crisis. is that welcome news guarantee of or does the government want to see a more muscular response from europe? i guess aid is always a positive news for any government anywhere, but i don't think this is what the ukranian government and many people here are hoping for. most of 1st and foremost, i think the one thing that is now really in the focus of attention is military aid
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. a weapons shipments as there have been some from the u. k, and the u. s. other countries have announced them as well. the netherlands, the baltic states. um, there's a lot of attention on these now, and the aid is certainly welcome, but it's really not of the thing that ukraine worries about most. at the moment. i would ask you about another piece of news to fall out over the german navy chief who quit after these comments. emergent. him saying that vladimir putin deserves respect. that, as i said, made big waves here in germany. what is the response been there? and ukraine, while the wave was certainly not lower than in germany. and the, these words issued by the vice admiral, have certainly been the tip of an iceberg of the iceberg in what you can call a reputation disaster for germany. germany's reputation and ukraine has been
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forgery. throughout the last few days, the 2 things that ukrainians, many ukrainians and also the ukrainian government. although the government stays diplomatic. i have been really worried about or angry about was in the last few days the, the german government insistence on not phasing out not stream to yet, and also also germany's refusal to supply weapons to ukraine. the problem with germany, as many ukrainian see it is not only the german does not supply these weapons, but that it also blocks other countries from supplying them. as for example, the baltic states, which we're trying to re sell weapons that they had procured with germany, to ukraine. and this is seen by some in the civil society here as some kind of sabotage of ukraine's efforts to arm itself against the possible invasion. not to
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view their in here with our bureau chief, my ts failing. i thank you so much for your reporting. ah, what happened in court today is basically what we wanted to happen with to decide whether it will hear the appeal make no mistake. we want today for that was stella morris, the fiance of julian assange with an upbeat reaction to the news that britain's high court has ruled at assange can appeal his extradition to the us. the decision is the latest in the wiki leaks, founders long battle to avoid being sent to the u. s. where he faces charges of espionage. he is wanted for a wiki leaks, publication of hundreds of thousands of leaked documents relating to the afghanistan and iraq wars. a year ago,
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a district court judge and london rejected us expedition request due to concerns over san jose, mental and physical health. for more of the story, we can speak to rebecca vincent, who's from reporters without borders, and she's joining us from london. we're back a welcome to the day you were in the courtroom today following the proceedings. so can you tell us, 1st of all, what your impressions were of the ruling and also what we know about juliana sanchez condition? certainly. well today's hearing was quite short. just a couple of minutes, but the news was positive. this court has now given julia sanchez permission to appeal to the supreme court. so it is very welcome, but it's sort of a limited positive step because now we must wait for the supreme court to decide whether it will indeed accept the review. meanwhile, julian sanchez conditions are quite concerning. he has longstanding mental health issues, which were the basis of the district court's decision from a year ago,
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which was just reference. those are still outstanding and in fact, are exacerbated the longer that he remains in detention, but also his physical health is at risk. so we know now that, that in october he suffered a mini stroke. well, the high court was considering the u. s. government appeal in his case. and now we're getting reports again of a rise and coven infections in the prison all around him. so he is not safe as long as he stays in detention there where he shouldn't have spent a single day in the 1st place. so the concerns of his condition continue. i want to ask you about what you said was a limited step in this ruling. what do you think that it will allow him to appeal? will this mean for the prospect for of his extradition that it could possibly be held back or could still go forward? we will have to wait and see. so what happened today was, wasn't deep positive, but it's a very limited scope here. so what the supreme court would consider is only related
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to the u. s. government diplomatic assurances. specifically the fact that the u. s . government put forward the diplomatic assurances about juliana on just treatment very late in proceedings. this was not considered as part of the evidence rate phase of the tradition proceedings. the u. s. government put these assurances forward only before the appeal, and so that is on the ground that this court, the high court has said they will give, leave to juliet assigned to appeal to the supreme court to consider that. but what it does is give, it gives him another fighting chance. another stop here in the u. k. to fight this on a legal level and possibly to prevent his extradition for back. i want to ask you about those assurances that you just mentioned from the u. s because the high court last month overturned the lower court decisions saying that the u. s. promises were enough to guarantee that julian assange would be treated humanely. why do do do? why does report it without borders? believe that she won't be it's really concerning. there's a, there's a number of levels that you could kind of pick apart the issue of the assurances,
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which i hope that the supreme court will get to scrutinize properly. but one thing i will say is, even if they are respected, even if they're fully respected in the u. s. owners, what it has said to this court, which we have no guarantee that they will even so julianna's lunch is very likely to be held in conditions of solitary confinement. were extreme isolation, whether it's called special administrative measures, whether it's the specific facility, you know, that was under discussion in the assurances, he is still very likely to be held in conditions that will exacerbate his mental health risks and leave him at very high risk of suicide so that is what is at stake here. his mental health is not improved. the conditions are the same as the evidence that we heard at the old bailey, for that full month of the evidentiary portion of these proceedings. he's still at risk. and in that way, this is gambling with his life. i should say that american prosecutors do accuse him of helping to still classified information, publish military files on wiki leeks,
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which then put lives in danger. that's what he is facing in the us. but in the larger picture here, why do you believe that the implications for journalism and press freedom are so important? we fully believe that juliana massage has been targeted for his contributions to journalism. of the leaked documents were in the public interest. they informed scores of public interest reporting around the world. these documents exposed war crimes and human rights violations by the u. s. government crimes that have never been persecuted. it is only the publisher being persecuted here. and if the west is successful in securing juliana sanchez extradition and persecuting him there, he would be the 1st publisher to face these charges under the u. s. espionage act, which it must be noted lacks of public interest to funds. so anybody that finds themselves facing these sorts of proceedings in the us, any publisher, any journalist, any source could not defend themselves. the president that this will set for journalism for press freedom around the world is really alarming. which is our main concern in the case. that's if you from rebecca vincent from reporters without
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borders joining us from london. thank you very much for the world health organization says we reached a crucial drunk. sure. in the cove at 19 pandemic, the highly transmissible arm across very it could be the last, but only of nations around the globe work together. 2 years into the pandemic, nearly every area of our lives has been effected. especially education, school closures and remote learning across the globe have threatened kids health and safety. on this international day of education, we visit rio de janeiro and meet a teacher who's been doing everything he can to keep in touch with students. many of whom have lost out on months of schooling. teacher carlos, eduardo currently spends more time out in the city than in the classroom. he's searching rio de janeiro poorest neighborhoods for school dropouts, so they can get back to learning. when you got pharma,
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you get to the only way to change their reality and then the cycle of misery barclays. if you use your one, then in this the valor in the west of the city, eduardo needs an escort for safety. schools were closed here for around a year with lessons held online. but family than the for valet can often only access the internet via cell phone, if at all. so many students of last contact with the school. eduardo bumps into one student who dropped out of school before the pandemic moment. i work in the scrapyard dismantling air conditioners in brown. he's not sure if he wants to return. he and many others have to work because their parents lost their jobs during the pandemic. but they'll struggle later in life without a high school certificate director andrea lima is happy that some students have been coaxed back to school like bruno, he became his families main breadwinner, a few years ago when his parents fell ill. now he manages a job, an school. he's
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a king student i, i prefer to be at school with my friends and all the activities are just staying at home with his eyes. now angelina has a, ne worry that the all micron very interval full schools to close again. and why should you too my pleasure, that would be a tragedy. all our work would go down the drain and it would be really frustrating for the students. turley based teacher, carlos, eduardo agrees, school he says, is more than just a place to learn. it provide structure and a large number of students get a hot meal here. often the only one of the day or your mom, if we've seen kids here at school, asked for food for him. that was very painful for us to see with laura for the bridge was nearby eduardo meets another student working at his mother's food, stand the 17 year old and says he's finished the school year. went to my i liked to
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be a business man. i say this is the reality of a neighbourhood done. other homes are a reality that the young people could change by getting a good education carnis. eduardo wants to do his part to help them succeed from one the story we can speak to. hi, miss harvey. the director of education for the world bank group. thank you for joining us on the day. how representative is what we just saw in that report in brazil, of some kids dropping out of school or having a hard time making ends meet. thanks for having me. unfortunately, that is that it is representative of warranty in many parts of the world. gifts that will be difficult to bring them and bring them back to to school. i mean, after the longest of the school closure that we have ever seen, this is the,
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we're really leaving the worst of education crisis of the last 100 years. and the challenge now is to make sure that we bring all gets back to school, but still the challenge in many countries to make sure that all schools are open. unfortunately, many parts of the world will still see a discussion if the schools will open or not, or sometimes getting close again. because the because of only chrome. so we're really still at a juncture in which we need to assure that the supply is there for many millions, millions of kids. i saw a pretty remarkable statistic, mr. survey that that as many as 70 percent of children and low and middle income countries may not be able to read and understand a simple text by the time that their 10 years old. are we talking about a last generation? oh, unfortunately not yet. because we'll still have a chance to implement bold and swift action said the country in all countries in order to try to avoid this. but what you're saying is, right, i mean this,
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that the, the indicator of learning poverty by that, that percentage of children who cannot read it, understand it by age and was 53 percent before the pandemic. and we're projecting that it could be 70 percent as a consequence of these extremely long school closures who mouth that 70 percent is a simulation. that's something that could happen if. if, if bob, if we don't do right, the right learning recovery programs and initiatives that are, that are needed. unfortunately, we have data real data not simulations, but data for some countries including brazil. but in which reason, the state of south polo, who has measured what has happened to learning after after one year of school closures. and we are already seen in countries like india, libraries, ill like south africa, or we feel peer congress for which we have some real data already. that there are dramatic learning losses in the case of so part of, for instance, the numbers that they have today implies
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a reversal to the learning levels that were observed in 2011 right after a decade in which the was over sustained growth in that country, so mr. survey that i take us through the biggest priorities for loan learning programs going forward and recovery that need to happen to address this problem. well, the 1st thing, the 1st thing is what you were asking. i mentioned in the beginning, does this make sure that all keeps come back to school? let me now for almost 2 years, right? like in the case of salvation or latin america, mary, maybe parts many parts of the middle east in which it's been almost 2 years out of school. are many kids, particularly in secondary, at the secondary level. i might just not return. i mean, they might be working or they have been completed using gauge from the depletion process for a long time. so that's the, that's the 1st a priority, right? because very strong communications to contain cache programs, a lot of communication with parents. and then at school was keeps on school, we need to teach them at the level that they need to date. we're receiving
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a 5th grader that will have the capacity sort of accompanies a 3rd grader or a 2nd grader. so you cannot do what you are doing for you cannot implement a curriculum of this year, right? you need to need to teach them at the level they are today. will have to leave it their primary survey, the director of education for the world bank group. thank you very much for joining us here on the day. thank very much. ah. here in germany, there has been an outpouring of sympathy for the victims of a mass shooting in the southern city of heidelberg. a lone gunman shot dead, one female student, and injured, 3 more people at the university of huddled back. police say the man entered a lecture hall and started shooting randomly. reports indicate the man was a student that the university he later killed himself. we say there is no indication of a political or religious motive behind the attack issue. that was the day the conversation continues online. you'll find us on twitter after
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w news, and my handle is at some ugly ass. thanks for watching. we'll see you tomorrow. with awe, with a super bowl chemo is simmering with year and the fl greenfield, near naples,
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rumbling once again, researchers are monitoring a change in their volcanic gases. they are familiar with the signs of a potential blast, but spontaneous super volcanic eruptions are still shrouded in mystery. tomorrow to do next, on a w. y, surviving the holocaust sanctuaries against extermination. natalia romika is seeking them out and restoring a uncovering secret hideout close up in 60 minutes to do with
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welcome to the dark side. where intelligence agencies are pulling the strings. where conglomerates make their own laws we shed light on the opaque worlds who's behind the benefits. and why are they a threat to us all opaque world this week on d, w. a. these did on an important mission.

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