tv The Day - News in Review Deutsche Welle January 28, 2022 1:02am-1:31am CET
a extermination camps. 11000000 people including 6000000 jews were murdered in the hall. and watching the the winners. you can get much more information on our website. that's d, w dot com ah, on edge in ukraine. a tense wait for russia. next move after nato and the u. s. make no concessions on moscow. security demands the back and forth has ukrainian stuck in the middle. many are hoping diplomacy and dialogue can help avert war a while bracing for the worst. but it's not the only country, wary of the possibility of russian aggression. sweden, yes, sweden is bolstering its defenses on the island of god, land. i'm so me. so misconduct, and this is the day. ah,
i am hoping for a peaceful solution. i can't even talk about this without trying to use. there is a response which gives hope for the start of a serious conversation on secondary questions. the renewal of talks in the normandy format is already a positive signal. i'm looking for more. i don't have much faith and international diplomacy, but i do believe in russian's common sense that our country does not intend to attack anyone. we consider even the thought of war between our people to be unacceptable in global. the main issues are clear position in admissibility of further expansion of nato. ah, we began the day with a diplomatic deadlock between russia and the west over ukraine. after moscow issued a list of security demands, like the withdrawal of nato forces, from eastern europe, nato and the u. s. delivered a clear no. now the kremlin says there was little optimism that de escalation is
possible, but the 2 sides are still talking and there are hopes that they can still reach some sort of agreement to dial down tensions. here's what russian foreign minister survey lever offset suca. so it figures i knew best for the content of the document . there is a response super which gives hope for the start of a serious conversation you on secondary questions. but in this lackey my global there was no positive response to the main question. so was, it's usually new aluminum, of course. the main issue is our clear position on the it admissibility of further expansion of nato to the east and the deployment of strike weapons that could threaten the territory of the russian federation to do this is good. let's, let's bring a d w's, terry shell to standing by for us and brussels. hi terry. good to see you. so the, you, with the nato delivered written responses to russia, security demands, and it wasn't what rush i wanted to hear. it was it, it wasn't what russia wanted to hear, so me, but it's certainly what russia expected to hear what is contained in those letters
as we understand it, since they're still classified, is exactly what the us in nato told russia to expect. there was never going to be any consideration of not accepting new members for nato or of somehow going back to the borders of pre 1997. which means before the accession of, of the baltic states, for example. so that was never going to happen. and russian knew it even when it was making those demands. but it was important for the u. s. in nato, to go ahead and deliver these letters in person as russia had asked for, in order that they didn't give moscow an excuse to say that they were no longer willing to continue down this diplomatic path. if we look at the messaging from moscow, russia has accused the west and nato in particular, of escalating tensions by deploying troops and equipment to east european member countries. so let's take a look now at how nato has continued to beef up its presence, particularly on that eastern flank. this is just an exercise. for now,
at least, we'll be at one taking place, just 50 kilometers from russia's border with ukraine. in recent months, rushes with a $100000.00 troops, tanks and missile systems within striking distance, not only grain, but also eastern european ne to members. russia says it has the right to hold exercises wherever it pleases, be that on its own territory or the invitation of belarus, his ruler, alexander, lik cinco and accuses western media of whipping up quote, hysteria. before russia's 2014 annexation of ukrainian crimea. nature had no permanent presence member states bordering russia. since then, the block is stationed around $5000.00 troops in the baltic states. in addition to regular exercises, such as these in luck, near the similar number of the 2 and us forces in potent retentions, once again rising, they try lowe's, now offering to up their presence in members states closest to russia. denmark is sending a frigate to the east and baltic sea,
as well as for additional f. 16 jets lithuania, spain for its pot, sending worships the black sea and offered to dispatch you or if i to aircraft, to bulgaria. the dutch government announced plans to send to if that if i fight is to bulgaria misput navient army units on stand by while fronts express willingness to deploy troops to romania, which as a border with ukraine, will this accompanied by news the united states was placed more than 8000 troops on alert for short notice diploma to europe. oh, but for all the flurry of publicity, most analysts agreed that the plans announced do little shift a balance of power region. russia, they estimate already has more troops in its cleaning. grad regional, the pull to cologne. the nato has the entire region, and that's on top of nuclear capable missiles. for now, the seems to be about showing solidarity with small and they to members, rather than significantly helping the sticks moscow. so, terry, what is nato's response to russia's accusations about its presence in the east?
well, that piece explained it very well. nato did not have a beefed up presence in the east until after a russia annexed to crimea from ukraine illegally. and so after that, the baltic states and, and poland felt very threatened, not knowing what the kremlin would do next. what border it may come across next. and that's when nato established what are called these enhanced forward presence units. they're in estonia, latvia, lithuania and poland. in order to, to basically reinforce the border, should moscow decide once again target took to cross that line. so that's how nato defends it. it says, you know, we wouldn't be there if you hadn't done what you did in ukraine. or if we look at the fact that, as you mentioned, nato has said that removing its troops from eastern europe is a non starter it. what concessions is nato actually willing to consider in negotiations with russia? concessions isn't a word that you hear used here in brussels. at all, because nater doesn't feel like it should have to basically back down from anything
. it says that russia is the aggressor in russia is the one that needs to change its behavior and change its military posture. so what, what nato has offered is continue dialogue more meetings discussing other issues that are not so a not so critical not, not so dangerous, like changing a military exercise is more transparency, giving each other more warning about what kind of drills they be doing. how many soldiers, and that's something that russia has said it asked for, but it has not been willing to, to provide on its side. so that that's really in the interest, perhaps of, of both of, of the sides, both nato and of moscow. they're willing to discuss nuclear policy. they're willing to discuss arms control. they are not willing to discuss a limit on who can join nato in the future. well, you know, you, ukraine isn't the only country feeling threatened by russia's military maneuvers at the moment. is it? that's right, and it's kind of shocking to think that sweden and finland a would,
it would actually be feeling a strain, you know, although finland shares a huge border and, and sweden has an island not far from kalynne and grad. they're not normally. countries that feel rattled by this, but this build up on the border with ukraine has really shaken countries far beyond ukraine. and that's why i decided to go to the swedish island of gauntlet, which is in a, a really geo strategic position from got land. if you were to seize that island, you would be able to control the air space. you would be able to control the waterways leading to the baltic states, and that's why the swedish government has begun reinforcing with military units that island. let's take a look at what i found in normal times, the only large groups of foreigners coming to gotten and are the $1000000.00 tourists who flocked to the swedish island every year. but now the swedish government is preparing for the possibility of unwelcome visitors as russian president vladimir putin's military maneuvers spread concern far beyond ukraine. we
cannot exclude an armed attack against sweden. and what we want to do, you know, is to be very clear that we are ready to defend sweden and the course of that. we are also doing what we're doing on dial on mclaughlin. kirkland is a do strategic prize duel in the baltic. c, a central for nato's access to its baltic allies and its swedish and finish partners. from this island you cannot control both of the air and sea waste in the region. garland was a key military asset for sweden, for centuries, until 2005, when the swedish government assessed post cold war tensions as so low that it disbanded all the permanent military units here in what turned out to be just wishful thinking. that's why the swedish government has been re arming the island since shortly after russia's seizure of ukraine's crimea region and has intensified it in recent weeks. that glockland could be next in the kremlin site is no longer
unthinkable. for swedes watching the russian government continued to escalate a bit like a game of chicken were one of the drivers rush on this case as you're strong. the. ready steering wheel out the window, so we're having to unfortunate to some kind of crash in my view, defense minister hook this believes the country has enough friends to feel safe, even without being a member of nato. we have deep corporation with united states who have us. you care, so we're a close port and we are a night to partnership. we have a north nordic solidarity, a doctrine, and we also have a solidarity doctrine in the we're p and union. but being a partner to nato doesn't provide the guarantee of mutual def. instead, allies get and wit, pull yonce, in head of the swedish parliament's defense committee, feels his country needs. we can hope we can assume we can wish that we get the support from nato. but we cannot no longer rejoined alliance. a recent poll shows
an increasing number of swedes support nato membership. but that still only amounts to about a 3rd of the population. for now, anyway, if something very serious would happen in this part of the world with mr. booth and decided san something him in the baltic region here. i think we would apply very quickly. but then the question would be whether need or would accept a country already in dire straits, especially if gauntlet were gone. terry, from your reporting there, what is your impression, how realistic is it that gotten really is in the kremlin sites? well, you could see from that map just how important got lend is. so it's not necessarily that the swedish government thinks that russia would try to seize gauntlet, is just that with the kremlin so unpredictable these days and looking at the history, nobody thought crimea would be seized either. they cannot completely rule it out. and so as the defense minister tells me, we have to prepare for things. we don't even want to think about. we can't even
imagine, but yet, no one can say the probability is 0 that it would happen. and so the swedish government, which does not want to join nato, simply feels that it has no choice but to boost the arms, the arms and troops on that island. they say, if the kremlin were to make this decision crazy as it sounds, now that it would try to invade got lend. the swedes would definitely be putting up a fight, and it would be no easy battle for russia. terry shows reporting there from brussels of thank you so much coming up on the day. remembering the holocaust and ensuring future generations, never forget, especially as survivors are disappearing. germany marks international holocaust remembrance day. oh no. oh, and i still have very clear memories of that dark time mentioned. oh, a time of terror and hate live. sadly this cancer has returned and
hate of the jews has become commonplace again in many countries of the world, including germany. ah. here in germany, the archbishop of munich says he is taking moral responsibility after a damning report released last week about how the archdiocese handled sexual abuse cases between 9 145-2019 cardinal 900. mark said the church had not done nearly enough to help victims, but he also said he would not be stepping down. last week's, independent report was heavily critical of pope benedict. the 16th who himself handed the archdiocese headed the archdiocese from 977 to 1902. it faulted his handling of several cases of sexual abuse. i'd like to welcome now mathias caught, she is the head of the organization, echo tish or square table, which represents people affected by sex abuse in the catholic church. welcome to
the day. as we get started, the vatican has been defending benedict record. i want to play you what's being said there, and they get your reaction to it. so let's listen it. during his pontificate, he and during his troops around the war will benefit met the victim. it was the 1st book to met, systematically, the victims of the abuse. he was near the victims, hurrying victims, crying with the weakness and asking forgiveness to the victim, show it to the war for what's happened. so mr. cuts, i'd like to ask you, we heard they're asking forgiveness from the victims for what has happened. do you think benedict deserves such forgiveness? i think one has to ask oneself, why did he do this? why was he the 1st poke? it was because the survivors movement all over the world starting from the us, but also in central europe in his home country, germany,
pressing the public were pressing the judge to answer with the abuse crisis. so when we are talking about munich, his performance as archbishop of munich, he was guilty of come up opperation. he was responsible to have a pedal 53 again, in the office, in his diocese of munich. and this guy had the opportunity to abuse dozens of young people ask him. so i don't expect would expect the form of pope to apologize for these crimes and mistakes. so to call them and then be can talk. but i had really difficulties to accept this description of the pontificate of benedict the term. certainly here in germany
has promised that there will be changes. if you look at what cardinals i had marx said today, he said he has a moral responsibility and he's valid that there will be reform. do you actually trust that that will happen? my problem is not the 1st time we have heard this. the statements of shock and apologies, and we will learn our lesson and we will renew all of our church. and i have heard it several times in the last 12 years or so. so i really ask, where are the measures, where is taking responsibility in concrete form who is opening the path for new development in the church and who is leading for the survivors meeting for help and
compensation and who is offering these concrete measures. i haven't heard this from how did on marx today. i haven't heard it in the past from other church leaders. i want to ask you more about the perspective of survivors as you just mentioned. from that view, what consequences should there be for pope benedict and cardinal marks and other church leaders involved in cases not just in germany, but really around the world. i really can not imagine way how leaders like copying are marked recognized to have been part of the clerical system abuse system of the past can really lead to new development within the church. so i think they need to step beside and newly does need to assume. and i really hope that the late people
in the catalytic judge sees the opportunity and the urgency to take responsibility. because the of the bishops obviously are not longer in the position and the vatican is no longer in the position to lead this process of change and of supporting the victims. just a quick last question, richard. mister couch with so many people here in germany leaving the church. what do you think is the future for the catholic church here? if they are not changing very soon, the mentally then there will be a very small catholic church in germany and the future will leave it there. but he has cut the head of the organization. echo tissue square table that represents people affected by sex abuse in the church. thanks so much for joining us here on the day. thank you for having me.
ah. germany and the world have been remembering and honoring the victims of the nazi regime, who died in the holocaust with the message never again. international holocaust remembered stay marked the day more than 75 years ago when soviet troops liberated the ocean, its concentration camp. millions of jews and other minorities were murdered in the holocaust. the german parliament held a sombre ceremony featuring a speech from a concentration camp survivor who delivered a clear message. the lessons of the holocaust are as relevant as ever with the rise of anti semitism. she survived the delays inch that concentration camp, which she entered with her parents when she was just 7 years old. 20 members of english, our back has family, were killed by the nazi regime. she endured horrible conditions, antilles inch that for 3 years and was bedridden for for more. such was the dire effect on her health. to day on holocaust memorial day,
alabama warned the german boon this tug that anti semitism is still alive. avo hobbin know the po and i still have very clear memories of that dark time mentioned houses who at time of terror and hate lie the if the sadly this cancer has returned and hate of the jews has become commonplace again, in many countries of the world including germany, deutsch, beagle, this disease has to be cured as quickly as possible. the merc. yeah. hi. how call echoed by the president of germany's parliament, who said january 27th is not only a day of remembrance. puerto is this being off and talk to days will so a day of shame for what previous generations of germans have done. ha shaw, shame that the perpetrators never showed
a few. far too few had to answer to the courts for too many got off with punishments that amounted to a mockery of the victims through the old fog light. also in attendance was israel's parliamentary speaker, mickey levy who recalled how democracy can descend into tyranny high. so it is here, a new look within the walls of this building i room which stand a silent stone and still witnesses here, a democrat, you will remember and knew how fragile democracy is gone and we are reminded of our duty to protect it at all cost landfill and his levy recited the jewish mourners prayer reading from a book used by a german jewish boy on his bar mitzvah. a little he broke down in tears. oh, i do love never again. the call that echoed through the german moon. this tug on this day of
remembrance as a world marks holocaust remembrance day, a debate as ignited in the us about how it is taught in schools. that after one school board in the state of tennessee voted unanimously to remove a pulitzer prize winning book about the holocaust from its curriculum. the graphic novel called mouse depicts juice as mice and nazis as cats. the school board objected to some violent images, a few curse words and one image where a character is drawn in the nude, the books author art spickle, men whose parents survived the holocaust called the decision demented and orwellian . and we have our reporter, i mean, as if with us here in studio to tell us about the story. he also happens to be a tennessee native. i mean, thanks for bringing the story to us. i mean, it is hard to imagine a book about the holocaust that doesn't include violence. so what exactly was the school board objecting to you here?
but an irony here is to me is that this book was chosen and is chosen or in schools around the country. i mean, it was taught in my school as well because it does not to pick the hard cause with gratuitous violence. so it's, it's chosen as a book that does it in a way that is approachable for 8th graders as people from 13 to 14 years of age. that's not a child. so it's not people who have never seen violence before. a lot of the debate was focused not just around the violence, but around the language as well. let me just show you what they were talking about to give you an idea. the one man says it shows people hanging, it shows them killing kids. why does the educational system promote this kind of stuff? it's not wise or healthy. and then a woman who is not on the school board, but she is there as an educator. she says, i think at any time you're teaching something from history. people did hang from trees, people did commit suicide, and people were killed over 6000000 were murdered. i think the author is portraying
that because it's a true story about his father who lived through that. now you can see that there's a, this is the debate that people are having about this book. and unfortunately, she for the people who want to keep using the book, she's not in school board, and it was voted down unanimously our people reacting to this decision on all, this is a popular book around the country and a lot of teachers were outraged and some of them took the twitter to say this was the best book that they've ever used to get 8th graders to really be interested in his history and learn the horrors of what happened during the holocaust. a couple of people even offered any students from the men county who wanted to read the book, could just message her on twitter and she was sent a book to them for, for he, we should say, says in the u. s. the moment part of a larger debate over what should be taught in schools and what books for example should be banned. so tell us more about that. that's what the culture war is raging in the us. now the left is not shy of making its own demands on content. we sent
a lot of things on hulu and streaming services like hulu, being taken down because of actors wearing blackface, or saying words that people find offensive to minorities. but on the right, you see the focus being kind of directed toward schools. the curriculum also library, is there a library associate association, united states that they've never seen so many demands to take books out of school libraries? a lot of that is focused on the horrors of slavery and also l g b, t, identity and sexual reassignment surgery. so the culture war is raging and i don't think we've seen the end of it. and mouse is just the latest victim theories. i mean as a reporting for us there. thank you so much. that was the day as ever, the conversation continues online. you'll find us on twitter at dw news. my handle is at some ugly ass. it was great to have you with us, and we look forward to seeing you tomorrow. thanks for watching.
international perspectives. the dire warnings mountain russian forces dig in on ukraine's border and diplomatic todd stall calls for germany to play a more active role are also growing louder. is it letting its allies down? join us on to the point to the point with d. w. a come up or the thing will be here by india. a city growing at breakneck speed at the expense of with burbank when you go into eviction. notice, this is where our family lives. a city moon, by from the slums to skyscrapers in 45 d w. ah.
hello guys. this is the 77 percent. the platform for africa, the issues and share ideas. ah, you know, or this channel, we are not afraid to happen. delicate because population is growing and young people clearly have the solution, the future, a 77 percent. now, every weekend on d. w. with dire warnings mount has russian forces dig in on ukraine's border and diplomatic talk stall is europe facing its biggest.