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tv   Global 3000 - The Globalization Program  Deutsche Welle  January 31, 2022 1:30am-2:01am CET

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oh, i think is everything challenging for some are big a muslim so much different culture between here and there. so challenging for everything ah, to some of this i think it was worth it for me to come to germany. shove my got my license to work as a swimming instructor on dish and our 2 children and adults with what's your story take part, share it on info, migrants dot net ah ah ah ah ah,
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welcome to global 3000 new life in the step villages in trans india, a replanting forests, and encouraging the rains to return precious and scarce. in many regions of the world, fresh water is in short supply. what's the solution? in lebanon to water supplies, a dwindling but women stepping in and planting the ants. an unforgettable image, a column of smoke rises over the harbour of lebanon's capital bay roots 2750 tons of ammonium nitrate fertilizer exploded. here on the 4th of august 2020 devastating swathes of the city. 200 people died and there was an estimated 13000000000 euros in damages, too much of a crisis rope to lebanon. yet, once upon a time,
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the country was booming. bailey was a cosmopolitan and sophisticated city. but then in 1975 civil war broke out. political and religious groups battled for supremacy tearing the country apart. the war only ended in 1990 to day, much of the population lives in poverty. the infrastructure has largely collapsed, including waste collection. the local currency has lost 90 percent of its value. many struggle to afford the very basics, food and heating and gas. and it's really tough for the many refugees here too. but there are some projects offering hope it looks like a game, and it really is child's place since every throw is the goal. the small brown balls that these women are throwing into the big har valley are so called seed bombs. the
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bulls contain plant thieves, an outer layer of clay, protects them from birth and road, and when it rains, the bulls soak up water and then the plants grow all by themselves. the fertile plateau of the because valley used to be famous for its largest cedar forest. a cedar tree even ended up on the country's flag. however, growing settlements and uncontrolled deforestation have meant that there is hardly anything left of the original forests explains a coordinator from the aid organisation, salam l. a. d. c. and i've had a collateral fellow. we never used to think about the importance of trees up until we might sit under a tree in the shade. but we never asked ourselves where did it come from? 100, a saw who planted it. i had a hand on the other day and it was only 3 this project, and we realized how much effort it is to re green a country hall. i ran the door and get off led to the bay. re forrest in lebanon is just one goal of salam. the work here is also supposed to bring people together who
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otherwise have little to do with each other, says, but to ebara him who fled from her syrian homeland to neighboring lebanon 10 years ago. a cave thought venza the women. her all work wonderfully together. and yet whether they come from syria, palestine or lebanon, about horn, we originally met through the project. but now were all like sisters in the home button instead alone, we laughed together. we tell jokes, it makes the work easier men and then the said, some of the women live in informal settlements. others have a solid roof over their heads, like between abraham from syria. nevertheless, she says live in lebanon is not easy for her. her husband is unemployed and her daughter regularly needs expensive medication. without the 8th us dollars she receives for each day's work, the family would have no income hits and no it has sydel. and my little project is
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more than just a job that brings and money her mother had i had father, i wouldn't know that it lets me do something good for nature and the environment. he did b, r, i'm feeling bobby, and the i now live in lebanon. it's become my new home that to that and not not who are what and i want to serve this home area, but then i the feel of at the runaway penny or even if it's only a small contribution afield, believe ah, lebanon was once called the switzerland of the middle east because of its wealth. in the meantime, however, almost 80 percent of its nearly 7000000 inhabitants live in poverty. ah, the situation is particularly dire for them. more than one point. 5000000 refugees, most of whom come from syria. the high number has led to mounting social tensions in the country. ah, susan, i'm ki, has experienced it herself. she feeds her family of 5 with the money from the reforestation project. she's lebanese,
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but her husband is palestinian. their children are therefore considered foreigners via on pretty annabel admin and on there. so much discrimination in our country here there. so hon. even my children phillips and laughable because of the palestinian father. they're not allowed to go to the local school issue or issue mathematics. i wish my children could grow up like any normal lebanese child on, and instead they're excluded from many things. and my husband isn't allowed to take certain jobs and i just because he's palestinian nor nationality does not play any role in the trees for lebanon initiative. the only condition for participants is that they do not have another means of income. because the project especially wants to help those most in need. to day the women are making seed bombs for wild time and sisters. in addition to reforestation, the product also wants to plant crops that can lace her be harvested after sifting
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the soil, the women add the clay that will later form the hard outer layer of the seed bowls . when both are mixed, the seeds go in everything is then mixed with water and need it. it's a sociable process. the group then sits together and shapes the individual seed balls . ah. when the balls are finished, they need to dry in the sun for at least a day and then they're ready and new life can be created from them in alarm. bizarre. i reinforced in lebanon. it's amazing objectively. my children will thank me as though benefit from it. also to hillary and an even when none of us are here
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any more, i've done something good for the future of our world here. and i'm sure of you. for to day the women have finished their work. the project aim is to release a total of $600000.00 seed films. by the time the reforestation project ends in august next year, it would go a long way towards bringing back the country's famous trees. drinking washing, cooking industrial production farming without water. we humans are lost yet, according to the un, as many as 2300000000 people live in areas docked by water shortages. that's around 30 percent of the global population. by mid century, our planet could well have a population of 10000000000,
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with an accompanying rise in the demand for water. but water supplies are already dwindling. many natural reservoirs are already over used or have been contaminated with sewage. where on the brink of a global water crisis, could our oceans offer a solution? kate down was the 1st major city to risk running out of water. but it's not going to be the last jakarta, london, they, ging, tokyo, could all face their own day 0 in the coming decades. most of the water, at least food form unclear, are experiencing some will to stress off or discouraged street. the gap between demand and supply your water is narrowing down. but how can that be? our blue planet is a wash with water. more than 1000000000 trillion leaders to be precise. the problem is that 97 percent of the earth's water is salty and most of the fresh
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water is frozen in ice caps. they less than one percent of the earth's water is drinkable. that makes one solution, especially promising salvation. you sell a nation, these hallucination and the fellow nation seems like a pretty straightforward solution. you take that undrinkable, salt water, remove the salt and end up with an unlimited supply of fresh water. so why are we not building more desalination plants? me? thermal desalination uses heat. sauce boiling point is a lot higher than waters. so if you boil salt water, only fresh water will evaporate, leaving all the salt behind membrane desalination uses pressure. salt water here, colored in red for clarity, is pressed through a membrane that is only partially permeable.
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fresh water can pass through here, colored and blue, but the salt is trapped on the other side. the technology didn't improve much until the 19th century when industrialization and population growth encouraged more research. population growth is the main driver far increase in water scapes. and soon, another factor could make desalination even more crucial global warming. as the climate warms, more water will evaporate. and as aristotle noticed more vapor equals more clouds equals more rain. but that rain won't fall evenly. this map shows how precipitation will change as the climate heat up. regions in purple will get more rain, those in orange less. now compare it with this other map. these red
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dots indicate areas that are already experiencing water scarcity today. dry areas like hal fornia and the middle east will have even less rainfall. other countries, like india, will have more rain in the monsoon season, but less in the dry season when people need it most. this will make desalination even more popular. mm. boiling billions of leaders of water takes a lot of energy in the middle east. the availability of, of oil and especially fossil fuels makes the thermal process is cheaper. but for other types it could be, i think, 25 or 30 times more expensive. but that energy doesn't have to come from fossil fuels. ah, start up in berlin has a sustainable alternative. the water comes from the ball
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for the system. and after that is gone through the booster bomb with fortune by the water is price through the membrane. and he is in is water with green energy. that's the key to the company success. this is one of their plants can kenya the solar panels, keep the cost of water low in villages like this, where electricity is not available. i get the water for free. we get the electricity from the solar and wind for free. so we can now produce $1000.00 rita for $0.50. this price is actually competitive to clean water from the river or from the ball. but there's another problem.
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what do you do with this water? that's left behind. so we thought of this, so look out of the woods to produce fresh water. but now the salt is still contained within no substance. but it's just in a smaller volume. so it's mostly, ah, this water is called brine, available at what we produce more brine than we produce nice adding it to what you feel your bike with this coming out of the discipline. you'll discharging on the sideline wooten in and as it flows out it will sink because it's more dense. salenti and the temperature can also deplete the oxygen available. and this is what's causing actually the organisms more damage, just a lack of oxygen that basically southgate bryan can also contain chemicals harmful to see life. but what if this waste could become a resource?
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tomatoes, seaweed, and certain fish can tolerate high salinity. morial light uses brian to cultivate them in tubs like this. at the moment here, the technologies ought to wait about a fire or brine management. but those are on a very small scale. the challenge is that we can transform those that small scale technologies into a large scale operation. desalination is not a magic formula. the process must become more efficient before low income countries can afford it. these our nation plans must convert from fossil fuels to renewable energy, to limit emissions. and the whole industry needs to come up with a plan to deal with this bry. what facilities like this are already a lifeline for many communities. movie today in cape town is doing a lot better and the dam is full. and the city was rushing to build desalination
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plants to avoid daisy row. but the solution wasn't desalination or any other technology. people became water wise, they radically changed their water use and they valued water for the essential and irreplaceable substance that it is and will stay with the topic of royalty shortages and climate change is causing drought in many countries like tanzania, but in the region of russia are reported to carry yuki witnessed something extraordinary here in anger. rocca a village in northern tanzania. hardly anyone has a tv. that's why linda moore limbo brings a small mobile cinema with her mood. she was here a few months ago on behalf of the lead foundation. anthony in conservation
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organization. grandma's was another girl. but you were you what? let me grab a spell. i want to show a film about see how here today about cassie high means living tree. stump loyalty, mexic. we will start with announcements in the village and later in the evening we will show the phone that loyalty im not you on. it's not lasting in mexico but where is everyone? it's still early afternoon and the villagers are in the fields. digging in the bone dry earth holes in the earth as far as the i can see, it seems like all 7000 residents are out and about what's going on. they're digging here because of another movie presented by linda ma limbo and the lead foundation. it was called just dig it, john mooney remembers it well as he digs
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a trench and fills it with grass sieve. little grandma palmer give the film taught me that you can do something about the dryness and drought of recent years. well, like a deal at gala, we can till the land is and create water basins via my gonna, which we fill with seeds to help the fields recover. but in a while, melinda buzzard, in recent years fields here have continued to fall victim to desert vacation. the persistent drought is a consequence of climate change with the can anyone really fight back on that on that about whether it's 5 pm and linda malone bos colleague that makes an announcement that the film screening is taking place that evening. yeah, not. we don't want another one. yeah. oh, it's a welcome change for the villagers. they only get to see a film every few months. the children are excited to see what's coming. warm. ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha, ha,
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yes. now the final touches linda mon limbo has been doing this for 3 years. years in m, enough one the dome explains how to protect your land from drought, africa. people have cut down their trees many times. in recent years. the land became barren and the harvest hills got worse. lazopoulos, now we want to show people how to reclaim that moisture so that their yields increasing and they have enough pasture to feed their families even when i shall. mm hm. and then it's fine. the showtime, it starts with j monte, a very popular comedian in tanzania. why he's riding a bicycle through the fields is a mystery. what's more important is what he hears. oh
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wow. wow. wow, we're talking about and he knew your mama, i'm not kidding. yeah. yeah. and you, when i got, i mean to niggle good talk on gama, i see from bonnie up ne, in italy mans and humans, a re not owned on a known him. took a lot. i'm not that i'm you can reach any i'm back in one. yes, i, every one in anger will go once rain and the film as well. received people here
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become familiar with drought over the past few years. what it means to be thirsty all day long. the film showed the villagers that small shrubs or tree stumps can grow into large trees. if given a chance, 1st viable plants are selected. next their prune so that only the strongest shoots remain. then the trees must be marked for every one to see. and importantly, the plants must be protected from hungry cattle. according to the campaign, this method has managed to save over 9000000 trees in tanzania, a re greening measure of this magnitude has an impact on the local weather and can also bring rain this means the country will cool down and crop yields will improve at least in theory,
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in anger rica, it's still a dream though the last few months have seen 30 percent less precipitation than in previous years. which is one reason why they're digging the rain basins according to the campaign that we're now over 200000 such basins in tanzania and kenya. and all this just because people saw a movie. in reality, people here earned one euro, 50 probation, diligent workers like dina, hosea, can manage 5 a day. me cousin in iman for was yes, we make money digging now and i had to buy data. my then you go later when the grass has grown, vaux avenue will benefit both our cattle and us because we save ourselves the trouble of carrying food to the cattle. there were my then home with us. i was able to let ruin my then we'll go with if we employ these practices, they won't help us take care of our livestock fun. not to say dear berlin and fool
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. ready rainwater normally evaporates on the dry soil, but now it can collect in the basins. ready miss gibbs, the water, more time to seep into the soil. and this allows vegetation to grow, not only inside the basins, but also all around them. this re greening program is in full swing and gaining in popularity. strategies like this one have an impact on the global climate and could even help to slow down global warming. and the people of anger walker are doing their part. how did people around the world live for this week's global living rooms? we go to armenia. ah
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that is hello. come on im. ethic. assume the us these are my son's was the last the mom and my mother had sickness with big pardon. my name is annie man. okay, i'm any rocky armenian was atrocity in 2004. we fled from iraq to armenia because of the war iraq. i asked them, ah, i don't you find this dull was the 1st thing i grabbed, whatever the my father said, it was too big to take with us, but i said, i wouldn't go without it. and mink. i asked i don't the door when i was to we got on a trip in armenia to stay with that. i am 46 now said the dolls fuzzy fold that acre then i ah ha me. i'll just get these caps out and make us some tea. ch, are you familiar? how my them make us buy with that? we always during tea from these accounts. i isde con. it's they typical tea cups in iraq ever after then we use them with sources like these che, by juggling that
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a make to re, uh, once the waters boiling, we put in the t let it was m a turn off the heat, let it sit for a couple of minutes and then pour it into the cups. will ganja think me good or bad? he the glistening chain. because it has to be sweet, said humble vigour. and i do then it's her effect. pity his duty, a seething che you have to serve g and very beautiful covers. as near the more you respect your guess the more expensive the cup has gone. tango northbound is in as well. i see it. this is our son's title. he got it for his birthday, we call it cuts that out of it. that it, that the nora garcia on a good zillah. gillian, i said look, if you press on this bus, it peas at gwinnett. mm hm. mm
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aquarium measures. we've had this fish tank much longer than the turtle, an image done, so good luck with some new fish. coming up, i hooked her meds together. got the northville your mother's there. mark her name. now, if her to right now they're letting in front of the fish tank when you're angry, has a calming effect as mom am math. if you heard i take care to knock battle that . so for monster global 3000 this week and write to us at global 3000 at d, w dot com and find us on facebook to d w global ideas. see you next time. take care. ah, with
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who they're more similar to us than we think. great,
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fake hair and real stories. where i come from a lot of women like me have fe care. sometimes a hair cell takes up to 2 days. it's a lot of time that needs to be filled. so people at the salon talk about what's happening in their lives. i became a journalist to be a storyteller, and i always want to find those real authentic stories from everyday people who have something to share with all the time i've spent at the salon. i know good quality here when i see it's an a good story when i hear it. my name is elizabeth joel and i work at c, w ah, a frankfurt a hot international, a gateway to the best connection,
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