Skip to main content

tv   Global 3000 - The Globalization Program  Deutsche Welle  January 31, 2022 6:02am-6:31am CET

6:02 am
amuse it from the platform. prince harry and megan markelle, who signed deals with spotify have also expressed concern of a vaccine mis information. you're watching the w news. you can find much one, a website, d, w dot com. ah ah ah, welcome to global 3000 new life in the step villages in tanzania, a replanting forests, and encouraging the reins to return precious and scarce in many regions of the world, fresh water is in short supply. what's the solution? in lebanon to water supplies a dwindling but women stepping in and planting the ants.
6:03 am
an unforgettable image, a column of smoke rises over the harbour of lebanon's capital bay route $2750.00 tons of ammonium nitrate at fertilizer exploded. here on the 4th of august 2020, devastating swathes of the city. 200 people died and there was an estimated 13000000000 euros in damages, too much for crisis rock to lebanon. yet once upon a time, the country was booming, they route was a cosmopolitan and sophisticated city. but then in 1975 civil war broke out. political and religious groups battled for supremacy tearing the country apart. the war only ended in 1990 to day, much of the population lives in poverty. the infrastructure has largely collapsed, including waste collection. the local currency has lost 90 percent of its value. many struggle to afford the very basics,
6:04 am
food and heating and gas. and it's really tough for the many refugees here too. but there are some projects offering hope home. it looks like a game, and it really is child's place since every throw is a goal. the small brown balls that these women are throwing into the big har valley are so called seed bombs. the bulls contain plant thieves. an outer layer of clay, protects them from birds and road in. when it rains, the bulls soak up water and then the plants grow all by themselves. the fertile plateau of the because valley used to be famous for its largest cedar forests. a cedar tree even ended up on the country's flag. however, growing settlements and uncontrolled deforestation have meant that there is hardly anything left of the original forests explains
6:05 am
a coordinator from the aid organizations or lum. l. a. d. c. and i've had a collateral fellow. we never used to think about the importance of trees up until we might sit under a tree in the shade. but we never asked ourselves where did it come from? an aside, who planted it? i had a hand on the other day and it was only 3 this project and we realized how much effort it is to re green a country hall. i ran lower and did off latour. debir, re forest in lebanon is just one goal of salam. the work here is also supposed to bring people together who otherwise have little to do with each other, says, but to ebara him who fled from her syrian homeland to neighboring lebanon 10 years ago. okay, about the bins and the women her all work wonderfully together and yet whether they come from syria palestine or lebanon, about horn, we originally met through the project. but now we're all like sisters in the home button instead alone. we laugh together. we tell jokes,
6:06 am
it makes the work easier men and then the said, some of the women live in informal settlements. others have a solid roof over their heads, like between abraham from syria. nevertheless, she says live in lebanon is not easy for her. her husband is unemployed and her daughter regularly needs expensive medication. without the 8th us dollars she receives for each day's work, the family would have no income. his and nor has said a little, my little project is more than just a job but brings and money her mother had i had father, i wouldn't know that it lets me do something good for nature and the environment. he did b, r and b that bobby and i now live in lebanon. it's become my new home that to that, and none of none who are what any. and i want to serve this home harry about, and i the feel for better run north any or even if it's only a small contribution, little shield believe ah, lebanon was once called the switzerland of the middle east because of its world. in
6:07 am
the meantime, however, almost 80 percent of its nearly 7000000 inhabitants live in poverty. ah, the situation is particularly dire for the more than one point. 5000000 refugees, most of whom come from syria. their high number has led to mounting social tensions in the country. ah, susan m ki has experienced it herself. she, it's her family of 5 with the money from the reforestation project. she's lebanese, but her husband is palestinian. their children are there for considered foreigners via anthony annabel admin. and are there so much discrimination in our country here? they're so hon. even my children phillips and laughable because of that palestinian father, they're not allowed to go to the local school is or is she mc and i look, i wish my children could grow up like any normal lebanese child on an instead, there excluded from many things and my husband isn't allowed to take certain jobs in it, just because he's palestinian or nationality does not play any role in the trees
6:08 am
for lebanon initiative. the only condition for participants is that they do not have another means of income. because the project especially wants to help those most in need. to day the women are making seed bombs for wild time and sisters. in addition to reforestation, the product also wants to plant crops that can later be harvested. after sifting the soil, the women add the clay that will later form the hard outer layer of the seed bowls . when both are mixed, the seeds go in. every thing is then mixed with water and need it. it's a sociable process. the group then sits together and shapes the individual seat balls . ah.
6:09 am
when the balls are finished, they need to dry in the sun for at least a day. and then they're ready and new life can be created from them in alarm. bizarre. i re forrester lebanon and it's amazing objectively. my children will thank me though benefit from it also to hillary and an even when none of us are here any more, i've done something good for the future of our world here. and i wish it up of you . for to day, the women have finished their work the project aim is to release a total of $600000.00 seat bombs. by the time the reforestation project ends in august next year, it would go a long way towards bringing back the country's famous trees.
6:10 am
drinking, washing cooking, industrial production, farming without water, we humans are lost yet, according to the un, as many as 2300000000 people live in areas docked by water shortages. that's around 30 percent of the global population. by mid century, our planet could well have a population of 10000000000, with an accompanying rise in the demand for water. but water supplies are already dwindling. many natural reservoirs are already over used, or have been contaminated with sewage. where on the brink of a global water crisis, could our oceans offer a solution? kate down was the 1st major city to risk running out of water, but it's not going to be the last jakarta, london,
6:11 am
beijing. tokyo could all face their own day 0 in the coming decades. most of the water, at least food for monkeys, are experiencing some will to stress off or to skirts the, the gap between a mont and supply your water is narrowing down. but how can that be? our blue planet is a wash with water. more than 1000000000 trillion leaders to be precise. the problem is that 97 percent of the earth's water is salty and most of the fresh water is frozen in ice caps. less than one percent of the earth's water is drinkable. that makes one solution, especially promising salvation. you sell a nation, these hallucination desalination seems like a pretty straightforward solution. you take that undrinkable, salt water, remove the salt, and end up with an unlimited supply of fresh water. so why are we not building more desalination plants?
6:12 am
me thermal desalination uses heat. sauce boiling point is a lot higher than waters. so you boil salt water. only fresh water will evaporate, leaving all the salt behind. membrane desalination uses pressure. salt water here, colored in red for clarity, is pressed through a membrane that is only partially permeable. fresh water can pass through here, colored and blue, but the salt is trapped on the other side. the technology didn't improve much until the 19th century when industrialization and population growth encouraged more research. population growth is the main driver far increase in water scares. and soon another factor could make desalination even more crucial global warming.
6:13 am
as the climate warms, more water will evaporate, and as aristotle noticed more vapor equals, more clouds equals more rain. but that rain won't fall evenly. this map shows how precipitation will change as the climate heat up. regions in purple will get more rain, those in orange less now compare it with this other map. these red dots indicate areas that are already experiencing water scarcity today. dry areas like hal fornia and the middle east will have even less rainfall. other countries like india, will have more rain in the monsoon season, but less in the dry season when people need it most. this will make desalination even more popular. mm.
6:14 am
boiling billions of leaders of water takes a lot of energy. them at least the availability of, of oil and especially fossil fuse makes the thermal process is cheaper. but for other types it could be, i think, 25 or 30 times more expensive. but that energy doesn't have to come from fossil fuels. ah, start up in berlin has a sustainable alternative. the water comes from the ball for the system. and after that is gone through the booster bomb with 14 by the water is fresh through the membrane and he is in is water with green energy. that's the key to the company success. this is one of their plants can kenya the solar panels keep the cost of water low in villages like this, where electricity is not available. i
6:15 am
get the water for free. we get the electricity from the solar and wind for free, so we can now produce 1000 liter for $0.50. this price is actually comparative to clean water from the river or from the bowl. but there's another problem. what do you do with this water? that's left behind. so we thought of this, so look out of the woods to produce a fresh water. but now the salt is still contained within no substance. but it's just a smaller volume. so it's most sophie ah, this water is called brine a be over let what we produce more brine than we produce nice adding it. you feel your pipe with this coming out of the discipline. you'll discharging on the
6:16 am
sideline wooten in and as it flows out it will sink because it's more dense. salenti and the temperature can also deplete the oxygen available. and this is what's causing actually the organisms more damage, just a lack of oxygen that basically southgate bryan can also contain chemicals harmful to see life. but what if this waste could become a resource? tomatoes, seaweed, and certain fish can tolerate high salinity. morial light uses brian to cultivate them in tubs like this. at the moment here, the technologies auto in a boat are far brine management. but those are on a very small scale. the challenge is that we can transform those that small scale technologies into a large scale operation. desalination is not a magic formula. the process must become more efficient before low income countries
6:17 am
can afford it. desalination plants must convert from fossil fuels to renewable energy, to limit emissions. and the whole industry needs to come up with a plan to deal with this bry. what facilities like this are already a lifeline for many communities. movie today in cape town is doing a lot better and the dam is full. and the city was rushing to build desalination plants to avoid daisy row. but the solution wasn't desalination or any other technology. people became water wise, they radically changed their water use and they valued water for the essential an irreplaceable substance that it is and will stay with the topic of water shortages. climate change is causing drought in many countries like tanzania,
6:18 am
but in the region of russia are reported to carry yuki witnessed something extraordinary. here in anger. rocca a village in northern tanzania. hardly anyone has a tv. that's why linda mill limbo brings a small mobile cinema with her mood. she was here a few months ago on behalf of the lead foundation, anthony in conservation organization. i'm on another group. i did you, are you what? let me grab a spell. i want to show a film about see how here today i'm buy cuz he hi means living tree stump loyalty mexic. we will start with announcements in the village and later in the evening we will show the found apply it. im not you on it's not blasting them execute but where is everyone? it's still early afternoon and the villagers are in the fields. digging in the bone
6:19 am
dry earth holes in the earth as far as the i can see. it seems like all $7000.00 residents are out and about what's going on. they're digging here because of another movie presented by linda ma limbo and the lead foundation. it was called just dig it. john mooney remembers it well as he digs a trench and fills it with grass sieve lawfully her. grandma palmer will get the film taught me that you can do something about the dryness and drought of recent years. well, i do white glove where we can til the land is and create water basins of via my gonna, which we fill with seeds to help the fields recover, but in the canal coil molina masses in recent years, fields here have continued to fall victim to desert vacation the persistent drought is a consequence of climate change with
6:20 am
a can anyone really fight back on that on about whether it's 5 pm and linda malone bos colleague makes an announcement that the film screening is taking place that evening? yeah, not. we don't want walk another one. yeah. oh, it's a welcome change for the villagers. they only get to see a film every few months. the children are excited to see what's coming. one partner hormone la, la, her one. yes. now the final touches linda ma limbo has been doing this for 3 years . years in emma enough, when the film explains how to protect your land from drought, africa, people have cut down their trees many times. in recent years, the land became barren and the harvest hills got worse. lazopoulos. now we want to show people how to re claim that moisture so that their yields increasing and they
6:21 am
have enough pasture to feed their families even when i shall. mm hm. and then it's fine, the showtime, it starts with j monte, a very popular comedian in tanzania. why he's riding a bicycle through the fields. is a mystery. what's more important is what he hears up . why, why, why we're talking about any new your mama,
6:22 am
i'm not kidding you. you. when i got, i mean to niggle good talk on gama. i see from bonnie up ne, in italy mans and humans, a re not owned on a known him took up. i got, i'm not about i'm you can reach any. i'm back in one. yes. i every one in anger will go once rain and the film as well. received people here become familiar with drought over the past few years. what it means to be thirsty all day long. the film showed the villagers that small shrubs, hoard tree stumps can grow into large trees. if given a chance. first viable plants are selected. next their prune so that only the strongest shoots remain. then the trees must be marked for every one to see, and importantly,
6:23 am
the plants must be protected from hungry cattle. according to the campaign, this method has managed to save over 9000000 trees in tanzania, a re greening measure of this magnitude has an impact on the local weather and can also bring rain this means the country will cool down and crop yields will improve at least in theory, in anger rica, it's still a dream though the last few months have seen 30 percent less precipitation than in previous years. which is one reason why they're digging the rain basins. according to the campaign, there were now over $200000.00 such basins, intense india and kenya. and all this just because people saw a movie. in reality, people here earned one year of 50 probation, diligent workers like dina,
6:24 am
hosea can manage 5 a day weekend in iman for wednesday as if we make money digging now. and i've had to buy data. my then he grew up later when the grass has grown. folk said we will benefit both our cattle and to us all of the inn because we save ourselves the trouble of carrying food to the cattle. never mind anyone was i was as able to let ruin my income when gold, if we employ these practices, they want help us take care of our livestock failure. not to say dear bud in fool. rainwater normally evaporates on the dry soil, but now it can collect the basins, miss gibbs, the water, more time to seep into the soil. and this allows vegetation to grow, not only inside the basins, but also all around them. this re greening program is in full swing and gaining in popularity. strategies like this one have an impact on the global climate and could even help to slow down global warming. and the people of anger are doing their part
6:25 am
. ah, how did people around the world live for this week's global living room suite go to armenia. ah, that is hello. come on im ethic. assume the last these are my son's was the last a mom and my mother had sickness with a pardon. my name is annie, man. ok, i'm any rocky armenian was i source of i in 2004. we fled from iraq to armenia because of the war. a guy i asked them ah, at us you found that this dull was the 1st thing i grabbed, whatever the my father said, it was too big to take with us. but i said, i wouldn't go without it and make i asked, i got the door when i was to we got on
6:26 am
a trip in armenia to stay with that egg. i'm 46 now, said the dolls fuzzy fold that acre with them. ah ha artist, get these caps out and make us some tea. ch, are you familiar home? i'm the new. ah, make us by with that we always string tea from these caps hijacking, isde counties. they typical tea cups in iraq, never after then we use them with sources like the hi, by juggling the domain to re, uh once the waters boiling, we put in the t let it was m a turn off the heat. let it sit for a couple of minutes and then pour it into the cups. will gander the mir goulburg did belittling che medicaid has to be sweet said huh. vega thought i let you know then it's a her effect. pity is duty of stealing. che you have to serve di and
6:27 am
very beautiful cap as near the more you respect your guess the more expensive the cup of gun tongue and not bumbled it in as well. i see it, honey, this is our son's title. he got it for his birthday. we call it cuts that out of he did that without the nora galena godzilla vienna said look, if you press on this bus, it peas, ganette. mm hm. mm. aquarium measures. we've had this fish tank much longer than the turtle. and mr. good luck with the new fish coming out of her meds, get a copy northville yamato as their mark grow up. lay lamb ever to right now, does it letting in front of the fish tank when you're angry? has a calming effect. it's as mom am mother of the heard,
6:28 am
i take care to knock bottle that. so from us at global 3000 this week, right to us at global 3000 at d, w dot com. and to find us on face that to d. w global ideas. see you next time take care. ah, with ah, we already knew that the ocean is a massive c o 2 reservoir. but we did not know that the fish had something
6:29 am
to do with it. could we slow down climate change by catching fewer fish? why didn't we think of this before to morrow to day next on d w ah, with one of the kinds oldest ambitions could be within reach. oh, what is it really is possible to reverse aging researchers and scientists all over the world are in
6:30 am
a race against ah, the pm, a molecule has 28000000 different powered glasses. they are peers and rivals with one daring gold to outsmart nature for a longer, healthier and fuller life. one of the most insightful discoveries in the history of mankind down the hatch. more life starts february 16th on d. w. planet as, as heating up according to the united nations 2021 was one of the 7 hottest he is ever recorded.


info Stream Only

Uploaded by TV Archive on