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tv   Tomorrow Today - The Science Magazine  Deutsche Welle  March 8, 2022 11:30am-12:01pm CET

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hey there, i'm david, and this is climate change briggs, it's sex. happiness in 3 books. this is the book for you. you'll get smarter for free, didn't will you book on newton. oh no, cookie puppy tuskegee li tends to his cattle outside his village on pastures that have been steadily shrinking since the south, the sea, she and region definitively broke away from george in 2008. goldie's land is now divided by a new border, heavily guarded by russian troops. who locals, fear i've robbed the russians, arrested me here. just recently, i'll show you like, image day came all the way up to there and chased me this way. i said, who said they couldn't come,
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a wicked. russia has been effectively in control of south you see she has since 2008 and has steadily shifted the border further into georgia territory. the government in tbilisi seems powerless to take action. so david, cassava and the men in his citizens patrol group set out to stop what they say is the creeping annexation of their country order the struggling for mission that after the war in 2008, oh, russia occupied 20 percent of our country that by itself is a lot, but it didn't, and there are, we've been losing more and more territory ever since about 30 korea. ah, ah, yes, david cassava is actually in the tourism business. but a number of years ago, he began conducting daily patrols of this disputed border area. he set up as a villain, defense unit to prevent the seizure of george and land with the use of fences like
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this one. i struggled scribbled, oh, sorry. ok, hello. this is new barbed wire. the russians installed it about 6 weeks ago. dom up sie arc. they did it specifically to stop us bringing deliveries and some other help here. odd that will debussy dover rebel. what about the the group come to this fence every week or 2? around my value auto or it's david turner caller. we're by the fence. okay, we'll wait for you here who live gilbert file. yeah. lives on the other side of the divide, in the self proclaimed republic of south se shya, russian military intervention in 2008 secured the regions break from georgia. valia is now effectively fenced in, and david cuts are of our points to another injustice. sugar the red line is the
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south o c soon. administrative boundary it while we're here by the blue dot. so the fence has no business here that we've had 7000 hector's of land taken from us in addition to the areas we lost during the war. i vanished really and her husband refused to take south lucy. she in citizenship. they insisted on continuing to live on their land in a personal protest against the occupation. but since the death of her husband mal, your strength has been feeling my relative, say i should move to their place oliver aurora. no, you have to stay where you are. doctor will take care of you and do everything we can well up. it matters. we've brought along a few things for you while you're logged on a private server. thanks. the russian south o. c. she and border authorities rarely allow the 90 year old's relatives to visit
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her. here to the george and civilian patrol group helps out with food and medication. eats his health, so be it. if she acknowledges the importance of her being there. yeah. and fighting for his horrible because it is a fight. you know, the laws for 16 percent of the disputed border has already been fortified by russian south o c. she enforces with barbed wire and fences. villages have been divided and people separated from their fields as well as from their friends and relatives. georgia is a multi ethnic state during the soviet era, both of those c sheehan and that kazi and minorities had autonomy, territories inside george's borders. after the collapse of communism and the soviet union, they declared their independence. but with georgia insisting that they remain part of the country, a series of violent conflicts broke out in the early 19 ninety's. moscow backed the
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separatist movements from the outset in 2008 fighting escalated into an open war between russia and georgia. to day the regents of south, the sienna kasha are effectively under russian control, with an estimated 20000 soldiers stationed there. according to georgia estimates, georgia state security services monitor their side of the occupation line, turning a blind eye to the activities of the civilian patrol groups, provided they don't lead to open conflict with the other side. but just days earlier, the volunteers had been denied access to the high security zone surrounding the border village of a tootsie. i've got him over there, but ah, we miss no sir. how did the officer conduct can only mean one thing? he said average, right? we're not supposed to see what's happening there. hold syllabus pulled, so she, so we counted, formed the public picture that says we've got the bus autumn. he was with his foot myriad of if were denied entry again today. ah,
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what hope it's possible we'll make our own way to a touchy though what trade exhibit they can't stop us hobbled c o a some, some water which i really got to watch it had been any one wishing to pass through the security zone requires permission at one of the many check points along the occupation line, the citizens patrol group are denied entry again. cassava has always given the georgian authorities advance notice of his group's movements. now he threatens to take matters into his own hands are mutated. i've just sent a message to my contact former southern saying vetter deal with the security services is over or maybe done trin ruggedly. and his threat is effective. a few minutes later they get the all clear and are permitted to continue their journey to potosi.
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ok, we're off. you go 1st. all followed long as you know, levy elementary at all. no, that fine log i with the men, sat off again followed by george in state security personnel. the civilians, the suspect of further border encroachment in a touchy information. they believe their escorts purposefully withheld from them. 20 minutes later, they discover a new border sign. the russian military are nowhere to be seen. but a new demarcation line is also in place, along with a freshly ploughed field. ah, it's hands or something that they will. they call it a fire break, see no lula. she are, but by digging this trash to allegedly protect the fields from fire. so they've also drawn a new line of occupation. okay, what's i answered, the border fence. they originally erected must be 50 or 60 meters away that you
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want to read with me on this new borderline is more than a kilometer long were but that means they've taken over several 100 hector's of land. what's his houses? so she's in it or if you go are a mirror mirror to pay up to repeat, this is all new god, the movie the now you see it with the naked eye here that the symbol local, but they've crossed the original demarcation line. they set up hill through the, the, the road. they've done their work along the whole line, although then disappeared. pharmaca, mozart, that's what our government is hiding. our kids again. i isic or that's why we weren't allowed to come here. the lower coal gym to use some to huddle some hillier, the new border shift is a set back for the men in 2018. they managed to prevent the erection of a fence at this very spot. and their patrol group, when fans across georgia. the older controls of the old quote throng while ago we
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stood up to the russians molto that we told them we wouldn't let them through and that they'd have to shoot us 1st or after that. we lived here the whole year. well, that meant facing the russians. they saw we were here and couldn't do anything. developers that are good but the george in government relented under pressure. though while we build it over 19th 2019, that was a day of shame for our government screen. okay. just look at this video so that they sent police officers to stand between us and the russians was and created the ideal working conditions for the russians in the process. um show probably arnold, i gave apology. i this is not your standard. see, up with robert thought that was
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the george and government found itself in an unenviable position. and it pains to avoid open conflict with a militarily superior opponent. louder pitcher loudy and tom tug wattsey work for state security monitoring the george inside oakley occupation line . there is no longer any contact between tbilisi and shin valley. the capital of the self proclaimed republic of south proficio almost daily. the 2 witnessed offences on the south association. border changing from one to cctv cameras was the 3rd mobile one. the relief a free go closer than operation of forces might appear on the ground. will this famously lego illegal detain?
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erin, who goes, though it, closer to the capricious since the turn of the millennium, georgia has been drawing closer to both nato and the you. in russia's eyes, this constitutes a security risk from within its declared sphere of influence. moscow has spent 2 decades trying to hinder george's growing affiliation with the west. without the help of international partners, georgia can do almost nothing to oppose russia's expansionist policy. formal diplomatic relations between moscow in tbilisi have been suspended since 2008. but on the econd front, georgia remains heavily dependent on russia, especially when it comes to energy, infrastructure and tourism. the george and authorities are therefore eager to focus on di escalation, deputy foreign affairs minister, lasha dice,
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sally. i explained the situation. they are doing this inside of the so former administrative lying. but the thing is that it, sir. indiana could be said, just plain lay and they're going give portion by portion just to hear it as a supplemental for oh, liberty john doe decided $10.00. 3 got to be crazy. so i'll be want to read your article. georgia has 2 other writing principles. annabel territorial, integrity and european, as well as you are atlanta integration also for the rockets. the warsaw trump, the russian federation is trying to make us renounce one all the other psalms haro, his ag, that's an existential threat to georgia for hospitals. 3 small dishes, long supper. so we have no room to compromise and not much room to negotiate. a particle money would he? she has a little blue bow trying griff. our fear is that the russian federation will keep trying to bully georgia little. martha cromwell, peter soccer toys, the bottle david cassava and his team are now on their way to please see. most of
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the men live in the capital with their families and work in various professions. they spend as much of their free time as possible on the patrols which are funded by donations of it on their way home. they hear some surprising news. i with the one that's called all, shall we good to go. we need to go there and take a look at the situation is with us, so we can maximize public exposure and response. we want these people released as soon as possible. russel drama law. here in the border region, someone is arrested every 2 or 3 days. charged with illegally crossing the border. al hurt her goby poppy touched really has already been attained 3 times by russian
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forces. on 2 occasions he was released again after a few hours. but the other time he ended up spending 2 months in the south, the sea, she and jail schermer could agree the hungry cattle did not recognize the invisible line of occupation. of course. so go these assistant. ilya desperately tries to drive them back. don't remember june, don't let them go into the ravine and she oh, i missed the russians, arrested me. he had just recently died both shooting. they came all the way up to there and chased me this way. lower than i said will forbid it couldn't come a wicked, this entire stretch of land belonged to us. georgians, morally, the and the russians took it from us. you see the lines there along the forest that marks their territory. they say little garden with you so. so we have to constantly
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wonder what exactly belongs to us georgians. how far are we allowed to go, roddy? i'll get us up and back. there is our cemetery chaw next to the conifers by that path. any zaden? all right, we can't visit the graves of our ancestors any more than i do not but a double. the village pastures have shrunk since the break away of south se shya, but the border has yet to be fortified here. so it's invisible, even for the herders. they still don't know exactly where they can send their cattle to greys. oh lordy, we now have just 16 cows. we used to have a 100 i calico, but if we brought a 100 animals to graze here, now the grass would all be gone in a day or so. people sold their cattle and did i mention how many cows we lose here? last year it was 4 and 8 the year before how much remitted i go to go to wash, really let them go to the water until i go through. there's
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a small river down in the valley. perilously close to the demarcation line. the herders can either stay back and risk losing their cattle to the other side or across the line and face the prospect of arrest and a hefty fine imposed by the occupying forces. little gordon in government, those what, what are we supposed to do with the cows? keep on moving or what we need to get them back while we're afraid, but the cows need water and there's not enough in the village in killing us all morning. w die as he walked through a door. practically, every family in karbala has been affected by arrests. the men in the village share the cattle hurting duties. goldie's wife, irma, where he is, every time it's his turn to go out on to the pastures. marano mac, i don't want anybody to get captured by the enemy. the last time he was arrested, they dragged him away by force. comely as this ha ha. at 5 pm, gaki safely ushers all the cows back into the village. were including the 2 that
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are his own. i am glad to see you back safely. come and sit with me. i. d. o goggan. irma 1st met, inch in valley. she's a c sheehan and he's georgian, ethnically mixed. couples are not uncommon in the region. and this couple don't brook any discrimination, i'm going to look quoted hot, mirthful armor, shackleton middleton. i wouldn't allow anyone to say anything bad about her role. and actually nobody does that as the limits. there's no such thing here at ashley. it's been 13 years since emma last saw her family back in sheen valley and the conflict between georgia and south sea she has been going on for at least a century with war crimes, ethnic cleansing, and acts of forced displacement. committed by both sides. the couple experienced the war in 2008 1st hand russian wound never so begun.
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nothing was damaged when the russians came in here you and an o horse arab is to set up pity, doesher b r. o. though the house was shaking from the roar of the tanks, passing by, i sister of wood, but there was damage or talk to her what it was, was russia more? dot oversaw, but they didn't harm anybody or insult them above other we see a lot of georgians don't want to have anything to do with the or sessions anymore and vice versa. that's how it is. now. the village is along the demarcation line. i know locally as she she so natalie zones of fear. emigration rates are high. local people feel the government has already given up on their communities. meanwhile, david cats or other and his patrol group have arrived in the border village of erik nettie. the latest arrest incident has already drawn attention. the local press are
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waiting for cats or rather the go to interview partner when it comes to the occupation onto crist, who's got hon. informative rights. now, stories are circulating that say, or citizens crossed the occupation line and were arrested buckler. but in fact, of 80 percent of cases involved, the occupier seizing people from territory controlled by also looking for government training. it's no coincidence that these interviews are conducted right next to the checkpoint. in ag, nettie, this is where those who have been arrested are usually handed back to the georgian authorities. often after lengthy negotiations. apparently there from the refugee settlement in kara, letty audrey triple sharon, not from the village. forgotten about. yeah, right. they live in the refugee settlement, which is where the patrol group are now headed in order to find the families of the
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men rested. the settlement was built after the 2008 war to house refugees fleeing the chin valley region. the mother z at aren't there any stores here where we could ask a mini mom. it says mini mart. let's try there. one more channel. no cuts are allowed, makes inquiries. and it turns out the shopkeeper does know, one of the families that her, her grandmother back long this on with. so let's see if we can locate them. they live somewhere around here. oh, cool, that's horrible. and so there inquiries continue. this driver immediately recognizes cassava and is happy to help. after being told the address, the volunteer patrol man finds the family's home. hello, sorry to disturb. have you been contacted about to find mr. commander? no, i haven't. auto and nobody's been in touch all. no, my heart's been racing morning working with so than yet. um other than it was only
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when i went to the store this morning that i found out about their arrest. thankfully good. what will happen to my son who will my hours in amber both. oh, oh god, the mac, whether it's used of having crossed a border garden, which i doubt how is it because it's really not easy to do there because of the fence or from yeah, i miss me a little. you can always reach me on my phone, showing that we do everything we can do to help with the horrible throat for the ploy. thank you so much. my little david cassava has no new information, but he knows how these arrests usually progress. a homeless oak, what's your budget taken to a military base and then transferred out. they have to pay a fine that's determined to court. the whole process takes 2 or 3 days. and during that time, they're held in prison. only the local, the basic line is equivalent to 25 heroes. a considerable sum for people here. and
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it can be a lot more. but here too, the patrol group tries to help out as a long day draws to a close. the men drive home. tbilisi is a city of over a 1000000 inhabitants. despite the ongoing conflict with the countries, powerful neighbor, the george and capital attract large numbers of tourists from russia. providing a welcome boost to the local economy. david cats are of our lives in the outskirts of the city, with his wife and their 3 children. the family are among those whose livelihoods depend on tourism. david and his wife, sophia, catch a pulitzer organized extreme kayaking in canoe tours. before becoming an activist, he was a popular actor in t v presenter in georgia. what is now known for being in the political spotlight? his border patrols have changed the lives of every one in his family. a
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level of the items as his activity survey. great of that is so regardless of what happens, well i'll stand by him as best i can. her go chair with edward before go. it was him a note, call me what, that's what it for is all because what i'm doing now is my mission in life. i finally found my purpose horrible. she raised herself and know what i was born to do. all that over to them all in all was my so pickle, though, so was a lot of david caps or other prepares to head back to the demarcation line. the 3 men recently detained, have now been released surprisingly quickly. today's patrol will take his team close to a russian military base with a team of e. u observers was sent to the region to monitor the ceasefire negotiated between russia, southsea and georgia in 2008. they patrol the demarcation line on
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a daily basis. their mission is to bring stability to the region and build up trust between the conflicting parties. when we go to the areas that we are patrolling, it is necessary to be very visible. so part of our mandate to be on the ground visible so that they can really see our prism, the e u team document everything they observe in the field. the resulting internal reports are sent to brussels and analysts and the various u member states. this is sophia gessner, from france. she and her colleagues are tasked to with recording any violations of international law along the border. although that's not all they do is not jeff from belgium explains but we also have a human effect of the monitoring. so how does security activities and developments influence if people are living here in this area and we
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we monitored in human rights aspects. the e u mission has one major flaw. however, according to media spokeswoman gessner. oh, so almond it is valid. we've in the internationally weaker than i thought those of georgia bertha, we are denied, i've says to up high zions of with this. yeah. the e u mission is therefore unable to say much about living conditions in the regions that broke away from georgia. communication across the border is minimal. in 2011 a hotline was set up to enable the 2 sides to report problems, and even conduct negotiations with the aim of the escalating tensions. around 300 individuals from all over the e. u, as well as from georgia, work for the mission. it's budget for the current 2 year period is approximately $45000000.00 euros.
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russia has already set up 42 military bases across the region. moscow recognized the sovereignty of south a seizure after the 2008 war. but the break away state remains heavily reliant on russia in economic terms. and the kremlin also exerts considerable influence on the south, the c, sion government, the anti occupational activists dispatch a drone to try and spy on any new plans to push the border further into georgia territory. colonel quarter, to turn was road was buzzers. we're now watching movements at the base to see what they're up to the arms of the ben. this is the morning shift team. so brought us. oh, so they're preparing to go out on patrol for promoting pun. what's your group number russia is our enemy. and more information improves our ability to fight them vulgar,
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that astorga some global to settle. i see there a truckload's in this stranger. they don't let him in. the men's activities are not without risk. their drone has already come under fire once, but they accept these risks and remain determined to resist as they see it. neither the georgia government nor the u mission has an effective plan for dealing with the encroaching russian occupation cuts or rather, and as men always decide spontaneously when and where they will, petrol to monitor the russian occupiers and their illegal encroachments. the men have to use the element of surprise. they often end up in precarious situations, ah, photo, but when you get the camera and start recording, are they both currently or more of
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them? at least 3. they're driving off now had it picking us up gilbert. they thought we were locals, men, and that they might be able to rest us. i give his gary that they've split her guard room. david cats are of, i says his patrol group has prevented the erection of around 10 kilometers of border fence. at least putting a small dent in the creeping annexation of his country. old silver gulped withdrawals of storage through little dis, it's own day. we definitely will kick the russians out. allen, i don't know when my le tour, but it will happen my and saw lowest oh ah,
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a can europe do without russian gas fears over gas and oil supplies of soaring as prices. hey, to record ties. how can europe and it's dependent on russia. can the continent suddenly turn off the type of business special in 30 minutes on d w. oh ah
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ah ah ah, this is dw news lie from berlin. ukraine begins evacuating civilians after russia, greece to set up humanitarian port, or ukraine. government says it is moving people out of sunni, which has suffered under an intense russian bombardment. but skepticism remains after russia kept attacking during previous siblings. we need the women helping ukraine's war effort. many have fled their homes and left loved ones behind other doing all they can to support soldiers on the front line and the message of solidarity.


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