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tv   DW News  Deutsche Welle  April 12, 2022 10:00am-10:31am CEST

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[000:00:00;00] news this is the w news live from berlin, ukraine's president warner. russia could use chemical weapons against the besieged city of mario paul. shelley has already devastated the city, possibly killing thousands of civilians. since the start of the also coming up, do you officials are looking at more ways to punish russia for the war. it has started in ukraine. meeting for ministers ends without agreement on
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a 6 round of sanctions and embargo on russian oil and gas. still, the major and russia's war could trigger a global food shortage says that you top diplomat. ukraine is a major weed exported to world markets, but bombed fields and blocked sports or throwing global supplies into camps and lockdown, takes its toll on shanghai. after 3 weeks of heavy restrictions, supplies are running low. it's the biggest test for china, strict 0 corporate strategy. ah, i'm gabel, says welcome to the program. united kingdom says it is trying to confirm where the chemical weapons were used in mario pope,
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following unconfirmed reports of people suffering from breathing problems. russia, this has been pounding the southeast and port city for weeks, possibly killing thousands of civilians. a separatist from a group supported by moscow told russian state tv that chemical weapons could be a way to finally take the city and his nightly address. ukrainian president vladimir zalinski said the world should be alarmed by that threat. or there was rudely one of the russian occupiers spokesmen who said that they might use chemical weapons against the defenders of north pole or the advance treat this with the utmost seriousness, which i would like to remind world leaders that the possible use of chemical weapons by the russian military has already been discussed, and already at that time, it meant that it was necessary to react to the russian aggression much harsher and faster source kitchen issue which. earlier i spoke to the w correspondent, young phillips schultz, and asked him about the unconfirmed reports of chemical weapons being used by
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russia against mario pal. first reports about the possible use of chemical weapons and merged last nights a ukrainian fight. us says that russian troops dropped a poisonous substance on the besieged city of maria pal using a drone. the u. s. and the u. k. have already started investigations. as you know, we have seen the use of chemical weapons or by the russians and previous wars. however, at the origin of the current allegation seem to come from the so called as of regiment. it's a paramilitary group of fighting in and mario poll fighting to defense the city. but they have also been allegations in the past that among those fighters are radical right wing extremists and even some neo nazis. so at the moment or
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president zalinski, as we heard it said that the use of chemical weapons is a possibility. but he hasn't confirmed it yet. incident. what do you know about the situation in maria or right now? the situation is disastrous, so the city is almost completely destroy. it's a very heavy urban warfare going on. the is the russians seem to have been and had to have made some advances. recently, the humanitarian situation is the disaster of our hundreds of, of dead bodies on the streets. the mayor said that there could be up to $20000.00 people debts. and so we are here more and more about many alleged cases of rape. so the situation in the city is disastrous. some new
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evacuation corey does have been established in recent days, but there are still at least 800000 people or more a trapped in the city. if you're in odessa, that's another port city. how's the situation there? your in odessa, at the moment, the situation is relatively calm. people are worried about a possible major attack by the russians, but they are not panicking between maria pole and odessa is still the port city of nikolai. and the russians would have to take over this city 1st, before they can start a major attack on odessa, odessa, of course, it's a city of extremely high significance when it comes to the economy of the country when it comes to a military military. and also a culturally it's, it's,
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it's highly significant and it's probably very, very high on, on, put in the new list of priorities. but like i said, the people are not panicking here. i talked to a high ranking officer of the ukrainian military yesterday. and they say they feel very well prepared for a possible major attack by the russians. t w's young should have short stab reporting from odessa. the big question right now is, how can the claims of the use of chemical weapons in ukraine by russia, be verified? and i asked ross, trop, a chemist toxicologist, and arms control specialist the, the key issue is going to be access. the question is, can you actually get inspectors or investigators into the manual and inspect the situation there? take samples, talk to victims, make medic medical examinations and things like that. so at the moment that may be very difficult to do, the technicalities are not the issue. the issue really is how do you get
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a safe and quick access of competent people investigators to the site? and if not, how close can you get get? and can you actually then provide access to people who are involved there who they are victims of the attack, or can you get access to samples that have been taken in the area so that, that, that can be analyzed afterwards. could anyone take these samples, or do you have to be a train toxicologist, chemical experts, to do that? um, preferably the latter, and also preferably with procedures that will afterwards demonstrate the authenticity of the sample and the chain of custody. that is one of the challenges you have in a situation like you have it now in of also and where of course, many of the procedures that look very nice on paper will be challenged in the field when you have to deal with the real situation. now what do we know in terms of the kind of capacity that russia has to carry out a chemical weapons attack? and you what does he know russia, its member of the chemical weapons convention and of the opposite
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w. so in principle, russia should not have any chemical weapons, it has declared at stock pilot stock that has been verified and destroyed. so when we're talking about chemicals here, we are either speculating about the possibility that certain parts of the stock, but had not been declared and were still hanging on sunday in russia. i think rather in small quantities, that is a possibility. we've seen the use of toxic chemicals against the skip us in britain and against narconi, but i do not really expect that we're talking about large sun let's. there are other options here that includes the use of toxic industrial chemicals and improvised weapons. or in fact, the attack with conventional weapons on facilities that contain chemicals in the target area. now, how can people, if you can't protect themselves against a chemical weapons attack, what should they do if they think chemical weapons have been used? that's a difficult one to answer our civilians, a protection of civilians. it is a real challenge,
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not just in the situation as we have it in multiple. but in principle, i mean, what you can do is you can try and protect your face against the intake of results of gases, but against chemical weapons. this is really not the use for also, you know, from syria that people tend under in a bombardment to take shelter in a low lang structure than cells and bunker and things. and this is precisely the area where gases such as chlorine can move in and then infect a kill or force people out of these the structures. now the pentagon says it has concerns that russia may use riot control. agents like tear gas mixed with chemical weapons in ukraine. why would they do that? and what sort of damage would that do? was us of all, i should say that the use of us rock control agents as a means of water is also prohibited under the chemical weapons convention. why would they do that? they would do it to force people out of shed as out of
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a protective structures into the open. and then they become targets of other types of weapons, either other chemicals or, or to conventional attack. most of the, an arms control specialist. let's have a look now. some of the other headlines on the war in ukraine, nearly 2 thirds of ukrainian children have been forced to leave their home since russia invaded 6 weeks ago that according to the united nations, they also expressed concerns over human trafficking and the sexual abuse of minus 142 children are confirmed to have been killed since the start of the war. and for the $230.00 inches kremlin spokesman dmitri pess golf has won sweden and finland against joining nato. is that expanding the military alliance would quote, not bring additional security to the appeal continence the nordic countries are widely expected to apply for nato membership in the coming months. spurred by the growing threat from russia,
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u. s. president joe biden told indian prime minister and a rent remedy that seeking more russian oil imports was not in the country's interest during a video conference. mowdy also revealed that he has spoken to both the russian and the ukranian president, appealing for peace and direct talks. fancy health security and tracking european union. foreign ministers have been meeting and luxembourg to discuss ways to expand their support for ukraine. they approved traditional weapons for keith, but the block still remains divided on the sanctions that would hurt moscow. the most a boycott of russian oil and gas. time is of the essence. that was the mood at the e foreign minister summit rushes thought to be planning a military offensive in ukraine's east. the eas response. a pledge of more arms deliveries worth an additional $500000000.00 euros. he okay enough ukraine needs more military supplies,
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especially heavy weapons. now is not the time for excuses kind of now is the time for creative solutions. c a t v t. that includes german weapons, after initial doubt about sending arms to ukraine, talks are under way about how to possibly provide keep with equipment such as lay apart tanks. berlin has already sent patriot missiles to slovakia, which was agreed and turned to provide some of its surface to air missiles and other hardware to ukraine. there was also e wide agreement that the block was support efforts to investigate possible war crimes. how to make russia accountable for the gross gross violations of international law. we will provide assistance, assistance to the tune of 1000000 euros from germany alone, amid so much agreement. the foreign ministers, however, failed to agree on a blanket embargo on buying a washing oil. for all this, when our joint by dw is a chief, political correspondent,
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melinda crane. a melinda was germany still so reluctant to support an immediate oil and, or gas embargo in a word jobs, germany's industrial economy is hungry for energy, and much of it comes from russian fossil fuels, a ban on oil and gas could take several percentage points off of germany's g d p enforce closure firms that have never shut down before. and of course, that could have implications for social stability here in germany, but also in other european countries because this country's economy is a, is a driver of european growth. but that said berlin is showing more flexibility on a possible oil embargo than on gas. germany's the con, economy minister has been working a round the clock to we in germany, off of russian fossil fuels. and he thinks that will be largely accomplished in the case of coal and oil by the end of this year. it's also easier to find other suppliers for oil. so i think there, when the u foreign policy chief says that everything is on the table,
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and that includes oil and gas, he certainly speaking for germany as well. so amended what would need to happen for a germany to except a serious hit to the economy unchanged? this dance about her russian gus where we have seen germany change its position on the nord stream to gas pipeline from russia and on weapons deliveries in response to rising pressure. for example, on the weapons deliveries are those images coming out of butcher showing what look like war crimes to have been committed? so i think certainly germany is under pressure and we are seeing the potential for some momentum going there's also been talk about a split of the cabinet over hippy a heavy weapons deliveries for ukraine. oh, what are the different viewpoints they're well, as i mentioned,
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schultz and his government has been criticized for not being significantly more pro active. 3 days after the war began, he declared that jeremy had entered a new era and broke with a long standing taboo to send to festive weapons to ukraine. but in recent weeks, we seen stalling and equivocation. when it comes to keith's repeated calls for heavier weapons, the chancellor repeatedly dodging questions on the topic, even as recently as this weekend. and that despite the fact that there are dozens of tanks, for example, sitting around unused, needing maintenance on the side of the rhine natal company, which would, in fact like to send them to ukraine. that's the kind of creative solution that the foreign minister means when she depend demand. so creativity and thinking out of the box as she did yesterday in the statement we heard earlier, we've heard similar messaging from her economics ministry calling robert how back. so clearly, the chancellor's junior coalition partner is growing restive and so many german
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citizens nearly half say the government is doing too little melinda credit. thank you very much. now the wheat has been sown, but what will happen to the coming harvest from the fields of ukraine? the fertile black soil there is particularly suited for growing grain. and normally the country supplies about 10 percent of the world's wheat exports. the biggest bias of that wheat are egypt, indonesia, pakistan on bungler dish. but many parts of ukraine are under attack, and large numbers of people are displaced. the un fulton agricultural organization is warning of a wheat supply shortage. that could trigger famine, especially in africa. the winter wheat was sewn last year and it promises a good yield under of a tank o, an agricultural entrepreneur from them agro shows us how the soil is worked and the weeds removed. but andre isn't quite sure how things will go this year. his seed
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company is changing its production from peace to war. time. the main issue was what ukraine itself needs to survive. 3rd marshal war in a be just as the fighters are doing their job at the front front, we are doing ours with weed cultivation. we realised that the war affects everything where we are growing more summer we t me, i'm speaking on behalf of my agricultural company here in the theory and we are planting less mays amstel. and more we'd see where that's how we are strengthening our food security. hits the door show that was prejudiced, natural, a puddle, which will sparkle, crops such as mays, sunflowers, or rapes, seed are cultivated less. the focus now is on serials. that's what the government wants. that's what the president wants. the military, on the other hand, doesn't want us to show where under his farm is, because there's an army based nearby. that's why we can only show the pigs outside
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. inside we see the snails that andre exports to spain or france and the sacks of seeds. it's all labor intensive, little bit i'm. we have the breath. we have $22.00 full time employees and about $150.00 seasonal workers for the 2 or 3 months during the production period. i was on the bus and then i need someone to for cross reading the plants. that's a special job, la jolla, i for that. will i have to hire someone else young cable to desired say from this position she or what the key thought about me. martha darien, they might, they ins off, cross the center of the community. we meet only vault sky, the mayor, he carries a hand gun, and on his phone, he has pictures of himself training with a kalashnikov rifle. the war feels close inside. he shows us the remains of a russian missile that hit a few days ago. he fears that neighboring bella rues could enter the war, but 1st he has to win the battle. for the next harvest, we will marble, actually,
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kewpie sl, most of the men volunteered to fight locally in many were drafted to it as well. one of the men over 60 stayed behind was busy, so we're now looking to them to drive tractors and operate other machinery for low qc if such that we have a serious labor shortage. chena that that means another doctor, us not combine the last, no problemo of scrambled us was along with russia. ukraine is the bread basket of the world. ukrainian farmers used to export more than $4000000.00 tons of their grain every month. but now it's just a few $100000.00 according to the government. that's mainly because of the occupied ports in the south, which means wheat maze and cooking oil can no longer be exported. agricultural production itself could soon decline as well. the shock waves are already being felt around the world. food prices are rising, the u. n is warning of famine, especially in poor countries. tatyana heckman assesses the future, ah,
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except it with those shows the spots. if the situation remains as it is now. well, then we will have no problem with food production in ukraine. right next to wallace . if ukraine produces $100000000.00 tons of grain and half of it goes for export up to walla, the harvest could be bad twice as i've muslim and still we would not go hungry level. but conversely, this means if he were exports to the world where many countries rely on ukraine surpluses. ukraine will manage to find ways to deliver their products overland via the you. but the question is, how much the country will be able to export to the rest of the world? no, this is. for more on this, i'm now joined by martin frick. he's the germany director of the u. n's world food program out of the world's bread basket. that's what you cry and has been called is dragged into a war. so is
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a new wave of hunger coming then i think we already seen, and it's important to know that the ukraine war is just an additional stress on what has been extremely difficult when prices are skyrocketing beyond all time for food prices and the war in grain as we have just heard, as basically directly a factor, 12 percent of the globally traded calories this sense another way and who are countries and course families of it. so when and when will it hit 1st? but it already did it because the prices went up immediately and we have so many food insecure countries that are depending on ukraine and also russia, particularly in the middle east, the north africa region, but also in sub saharan africa and in southern africa. mon,
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the countries that are most dependent on, for example, never know, or egypt or livia, but also our operations as the world food program. i have the, the effect that with the saw it was a bit more detail. how are these countries that you just mentioned? how are they being affected already? well, look, if you are going to countries like mauritania, seneca kinney, sierra leone gun, on nigeria. they depend sometimes to 7080 percent of foreign. now these countries as a, anyone else in the world are coming out of 2 years of and then the world has been staggering. $26.00 trillion dollars on them, which means that countries are even more in there than they everywhere. additional exchange rates are melting away. and in this situation,
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you have globally soaring prices for staple foods and a very strong dollar in simple terms. they just cannot afford anymore to buy the most basic foods and that is affecting the countries that cannot afford. and it's affecting the poorest family that often spend already 70 percent of the family income for martha for from the u. n's, a wealth food program. thank you very much for your time. thank you. 2 years after the outbreak of cove 19 china is battling with its highest ever case numbers. the country's largest city, shanghai is the worst hit 26000000 people. there are on the strict locked down. but as china pursues its strict 0 cove, it policy cracks in people's patients are beginning to show fabia catch mom as more
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for weeks, the streets of shanghai have been empty. supermarkets are shut, delivery workers that would normally be leaving their way through the city. and nowhere to be seen. social media is full of cries for help and complaints about a lack of food. some videos, show unrest, neighborhoods where people are desperate to find food. and in one unverified video, people even seem looting a supermarket authorities scrambling to deliver supplies. but they are huge probably know for me for delivering vegetables. some are getting their food early. some are getting late. it has a big impact on people's lives. 10 years later, tomato pharma who works on the outskirts of the city. he's doing his part to try and help. he's moved out of his home and into a dorm at the industrial greenhouses. whereas company growth tomatoes. this is a video he shot on his phone of the room. he's saying in asian, if you were understaffed at the moment and need to ensure we keep up production. so
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he start work early and work over time for about 2 hours a day. but reports say the biggest hurdle and the delivery of goods is at the last mile. many delivery workers and other supply personnel remain under lockdown themselves. the challenge is in getting food from markets and warehouses to people's home. the local government is now trying to mobilize delivery workers to get back to work. as long as there aren't any positive cases within their residential compound. the bottlenecks could pose a serious problem to the government. frank psi is c o and found of china crossroads and a risk specialist. he's a resident of shanghai and has been under locked on himself for over a week. when you induce food insecurity to a country whose purpose is to modernize and make people live better, i think it has a certain twist that, that, you know, people here are the leadership here are not, are not so comfortable with for the past 2 years. china is touted,
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it's approach towards containing the virus and pointed towards its ramp and spread in the west as a mock of its superiority. this could break the narrative that china system is better at doing this, especially if it really explode the next few weeks. so we could be at quite an inflection point and how could a balls and how the world comes to see tries performance on co it, but how its own people see it is what met us the most. and authorities will need to get a handle on the situation quickly to prevent people's frustration from spiraling any further. you watching dw news, his remind up of all the top story. the mayor of mario pope has said the civilian death toll in his city could surpass 20000. germany's foreign minister has called for more heavy weapons for your brain, and it's fight to repel russia's invasion. and that's it
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from me and the news team for this. so i don't go away though, up next is in good shape on to keep your lungs healthy and keep really easy. so don't miss that. and remember, you can always get all the latest news, business arts and sports news, as well as comment in analysis on our website, d, w dot com and do follow us on social media. we're on twitter and instagram, dw, i've got an office in berlin, wolfy soon at the top of the thanks with
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with you. take a deep breath and exhale very slowly. that's how easy it is to do something good for your health. the breath and the lungs
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supply us with oxygen and the whole respiratory system can do more than you think. in good shape. next, on d, w. it's been to best during beneath the surface. the ports of the netherlands operate as a mass of drug distribution centers. the police spend every day tracking done, ruthless mafia behind. the schemes are good, but the criminals keep casting their nuts even wider. a state and the power of the jugs mafia, tucson in 45 minutes on d. w. o. people in trucks injured when trying to flee the city center and more refugees are being turned away at the board. families playing bomb attacks in syria and these
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critical evidence against them is trade people fleeing extreme around a raft. getting 200 people has sunk in the gmc around the world, more than 300000000 people are seeking refuge. we ask why? because no one should have to flee. to make up your own mind. d. w. for mine's a on today's show, 10 year old morrow and tells us about his acute long information for those the i sneezed and coughed. it is, it is stuck. mila shows us proper breathing. make it a social for me. it's about how you handle yourselves. come on in and you can learn that with breath work. jasmine that you can enjoy life more because you can switch off lots of unnecessary stress, such bundle,
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osha and all that bo twins to finally quit smoking. the coalition sucrose,


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