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tv   Global 3000  Deutsche Welle  August 22, 2022 7:03am-7:31am CEST

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and in germany, people consume an average of $7060.00, those of meat each year are increasing production of me just taking a big toll on the climate. there are ways to make it more sustainable, but not all of them are ethically so straightforward. their knowledge, they're mostly hand that the pride and joy of their breeders with squeezing as much as we can out of our animals. the world is getting ever hungry. f, a meat and milk, but by pushing animals to their limits, we're doing the same to our planet. but if we can turn our animals into food production machines, couldn't we also breed them to be more environmentally friendly? this is hardly an ecological nash. where can i sit fuel generics? i can't come up with a solution. scientists are working on designing more sustainable animals spies, selective breeding, or even by artificially changing their genetic code. revolutionary ways to make food production more sustainable or
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a dangerous manipulation of nature. for more than 10000 years, we humans have optimized corn and rice harvests and engineered zucchini to be non toxic, sheep stronger, and wolves, more obedient. we've been doing this very successfully. this is professor john, do pray. he's an expert on the ethical aspects of animal breeding. bob, i mean, you know, if you, if you could pay the growth rate to the sizes of animals. yes, over the last 2 decades. i mean, it's been enormous increases in productivity. the hunger for more and cheaper meter milk has led to chickens that seemed fully grown at 20 days. double muscled cattle and pigs born with ho extra ribs. in 1961, a single cow in the u. s. produced 9 liters of milk per day to days. cows produce an average of 28 liters. that means that 3 breeding the carbon footprint of one glass of milk is a 3rd of what it was. the decades ago. cow still burp,
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and fought greenhouse gases. but they also produce much more milk. however, a far higher milk consumption worldwide negates these savings in emissions. and as a brutal flipside to such food production to animals that live in horrific conditions or grow far faster or heavier than their bodies can cope with. and one factor is driving this to ever greater extremes. me consumption is booming around the world, while the global population has roughly tripled in the past 60 years, meat production has increased 5 fold, with richer countries devouring most of it. livestock farming requires enormous quantities of water and agricultural land for animal feed and contributes more than 14 percent of all man made greenhouse gas emissions. and regardless as to how productive our livestock is, the way we produce al food is disastrous for the planet. that's why some research
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is trying to improve livestock sustainability, either by selective breeding or by artificially changing the company. aqua bounty from us is that they're genetically modified. fish is more sustainable than traditionally produced salmon. they introduce to genes from other wild fish to create what they call aqua advantage salmon. these super salmon is supposed to grow twice as fast as usual, salmon, and require up to 25 percent less feed. this is not about an sustainability that is not about producing better animals. this is the outward in seeing a genetically engineered product for the profit of the company. this is donna pulse from the n g o friends of the us who advocates against this practice. enrique here steve is allotted, think of it is confidential business information. we asked the company for a statement and access to their to fix data,
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but hadn't received an answer. by the time we made this video, the us food and drug administration approved the fish unsafe to eat in 2015, but the decisions saw heavy backlash from civil society and environmental groups. they took the company to court. there's good evidence highlighting this to be genetically engineered salmon bleed with wild salmon that will in a couple generations bio examine. and not only are ecosystems at risk, the potential benefits of artificial genetic engineering can come at a price, undesirable mutations and side effects. in 2020 a u. s. court ruled that the f d. a had failed to sufficiently investigate. the environmental consequences of approving genetically engineered salmon. but what about less invasive selective breeding? that's when animals with the desired features are crossbred with each other to boost or disable certain traits. their genes are not directly modified,
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or this shape has won an award, or rather its creators were honored for their contribution to mitigating climate change. and where else could the sheep have been bred than in new zealand, where she pout number humans, 6 to one greatest sustainability in its meat and wool industries is key for the country's own net 0 target. we place a clue, discovered that we can, we can breathe full unless we think this is dr. suzanne ro, for years she has looked at how she could burp out, fewer climate damaging gases. we can change the, the bugs that are in the stomach that break down the fleet. and we can change the amount of methane that's emitted every generation of sheep bread here emits slightly less methane than the previous one. an effect that accumulates over time. dr. roe says that apart from burping and floating less methane, the sheep are as healthy, unproductive as their high emitting companions, and even meet the criteria for organic farming. selectively breed the lo me saying
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sheep. the scientists 1st had to find the ness, gassy ones. so they put the sheep into a special high tech chamber and let them get windy. the sheep here are only used for research purposes when not sold. the institute is traveling the country, measuring the methane levels of sheep regardless of breed. this means farms can select the more sustainable animals themselves, the so called font chamber could potentially also be used for other graces too. currently, the only genetically engineered animals approved for consumption are found in the us and canada. the u is still far from making such a step, but environmentalists and consumer rights advocates fear that could one day change . meanwhile, the u. k. government has already proposed legislation allowing for the commercial development of gene edited livestock. it seems to me likely that this, these could be on some of up late in the next few years. ah,
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let say within the next 5 years. genetic intervention raises questions about potential risks to the environment as well as undesirable side effects. selective breeding could be a safer and more viable alternative, but would demand more effort and time. what's also clear is that the problems that come with milken meat production won't be solved by simply altering car animals. ah, the bright world of plants is losing color. 2 out of 5 species are at risk of extinction. according to an annual study by botanists is largely humans who are responsible for the dramatic biodiversity losses with our increasing use of land for agriculture, destruction of forests for wert and ever expanding cities. but there are also other reasons for species loss such as disease or increasingly plant poaching. as our next report from south africa reveals no macro land is
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a semi desert, a north western south africa with extreme heat and barely any rain. any thing that grows here needs to be hardy, like these unusual looking, succulents, known as living stones. their limit had water source comes from you that forms between the quartz stones and mist from the air. they grow slowly, some living for hundreds of years. alice, in the goblin the eucharistic are by this is a plant that can really withstand a great deal lively in file. it can survive with very little water in with almost no rain. she quakers this one is under stress, which you can see by the markings and colors. this is, is the good. it's all about survival when it's dry environment, either the ranges and canals flat, a nature reserve are responsible for an area, the size of berlin. they're trying to protect and preserve this unique ecosystem
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because of the $190.00 species that grow only here around 80 percent are at risk of extinction. by poachers they common ever greater numbers ob, routing, thousands of plans to sell to an international market that is constantly growing. it's something that people want. they want that they want to see that plant that grows naturally and suffers so to speak with in the environment. and especially that it's a story that can be told with regards to that plant. so it's something that's increase over the last 3 years. i would say drastically. their ability to survive and the most adverse conditions is what makes them so attractive. few people live in this barren stretch of land. the farms here are spaced very far apart. kobus vista is a sheep farmer. if you want to farm here, he tells us you need to keep your eyes on the ground. see what's growing. make sure there aren't too many sheep too close together,
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pulling plans out of the ground rather than just eating them this of farms sustainably. and he knows the importance of these succulents to the ecosystem. if they disappear, the whole system could collapse. the soil will a road, the land will turn to desert the poach as a putting everything at risk i, das mesa. but see there are people who say that the poaching of rhinos or abalone is, is nothing compared to what's happening here. bear lemon as obeyed. it's so bad that it will change the way that people live here, not as b as a whole. mudy maze of my closest neighbor lives your teen kilometers away. an alarm for the poachers are threatening my safety. bierman, we're usually out here all alone on our land or from when i want to your file. i go more had that on. on poachers are becoming more common, says vsa police are also armed to protect the plants and the farmers. but the
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aren't enough of them to cover such a vast area. here in spring, balkan police are planning a road block this evening. we head into the house of the semi desert. the poachers used to come from abroad, but since the cove travel restrictions more locals have taken over. they know the area better and how the police work. things are not going well this evening. folk harrowed you twice in his team. the trap didn't detect a single vehicle after a few hours, they call the operation, but they're still determined. obviously, the members are positive and they're due to a 3rd to stop poaching. it's is really men mas sir, like to night, the great 9 people who a year and a member from my unit. they are really bosses, as you can see, the effort they put in its scale good overnight success. but they are really willing me to commit the commit bocce a few kilometers farther south. his colleagues have had better success. they've
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made 2 arrests by 9 30 am seizing bags containing thousands of plans. a poacher is waiting to be questioned. i want to put them outside the captain is already on the phone about the next case. and corel due to our husband, summoned to trial as a witness where the perpetrators could face prison. also with doorbell real dis, the flight grievance circumstances to see what maximum body entrance will get to. we opened the good imprisonment, died in comparison to just give a measures alter the paperless you really, it's not worth the poaching. it's mostly local poachers who are caught and convicted. those behind the scenes in europe and asia usually get away. scott free, succulent smuggling has become a business worth 1000000000. most of them are unlike endangered african animals. plants don't have a strong lobby behind them. the damage to the regions, biodiversity and ecosystem is irreparable. an issue that still attracts fall to
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little attention. new plans that grow under water also need protecting, like sea grass meadows anchored to the sea floor. this valuable ecosystem also absorbs carbon dioxide for our series global ideas. we dived into the fascinating underwater walls of the mold eaves island at holes of the maldives, unknown world wide for the crystal clear waters and coral reefs. there also home to another incredibly by a diverse and important ecosystem. c cross meadows. ha ha. seem is amal devion, ocean conservationist working to bring this overlooked ecosystem to light?
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looks like there's a big, a huge patch of sea grass actually. so i'm going to dumping have a look 1st and then we're going to do a rapid assessment of the meadow. this is to understand what kind of species there are, the species composition and whether the patches healthy to do a more in depth. so is very little scientific work has been done on the country, see grass meadows and these sites are still being explored. secret meadows plan important role for the climate. as carbon reservoirs, there are 8 different species of sea grass found throughout the mile deeps. the root system of these plans closely related to orchids and lilies helps bind the sand together and prevent erosion. a major challenge for an island country like the more deeps. a number of results in the maldives actively remove sea
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grass meadows. but in lamar at all, shall ha, ha, shame has helped bring about a change in strategy. the resort has stopped removing c grass and begun educating his guest. 3 talks and guided snorkeling to his with marine biologists to showcase the environments natural biodiversity. a see grasses are incredibly efficient at storing carbon. some studies show that they capture carbon $35.00 times faster than tropical rain forests. the more deeds underwater initiative is currently involved in a global study looking at exactly how much carbon the maldives meadows could sequester. once we split our sediment core into the different that profiles or we
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will weigh it dry it and then weigh it again. and we will send it off to a lab for analysis. and they will be looking at the organic carbon content inside each of the depth samples. this is really important because it will help us understand how much carbon these marine ecosystems are storing, which would help mitigate against climate change. c, gras meadows also act as a nursery full small fish, including economically targeted species such as snappers and groupies by educating local communities about c grasses. she ha, ha, seem hopes that both nature and the community is relying on these ecosystems will benefit in the long term. now really know how important it figures because it's more efficient. are they live in this? he autographs and they will get some food. and we have to keep the fish until they get the big. so then no fisherman can catch the big fish and eat it. and it's very
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important for the re fisherman's or so he grass. so of you have to protect the figures. the government now plans to put c grass matters under protection, and many of the countries resorts have also pledged to protect over 1000000 square meters of sea grass across the mall deeps. this could mean less drastic interventions in the future. it is thought that up to 30 percent of sea grass habitats have been lost over the last century. but it also seems that these ecosystems are resilient, the multi it's underwater initiative, has track the meadows at the resort and identified that they've increased in size by over 20 percent. in the last 3 years alone. the aggressive are absolutely essential for the future of the more vivian islands. to get there with coral reefs and mangrove, the aggressive play
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a really important role in protecting the island from outside forces. eroding forces thanks to increase to wellness of the importance of secrecy for the survival of the motifs and times of climate change. the researchers hope action will be taken to better protect these beautiful marine meadows. the amazon rain forest is crucial for biodiversity and the ex climate system but its being torn down at an ever faster pace. environmentalists fear the destruction of this vital rain forest could reach a new high and 2020 t. but there are some small initiatives providing high
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in the middle of the lush forest of the amazon delta lies bell. m. a special kind of soccer club has recently begun playing in the jungle metropolis. it was founded by vaulted lima at is called the amazonia independent ship. the club is dedicated to the environmental protection of the amazonian rain forest. the teams jerseys are made from recycled plastic bottles. the mora, kita, an ancient frog symbol from the myths of the indigenous amazon inhabitants is emblazoned on them. the club is financed by grants from the regional government and ethical sponsors, jessica, functioning the well being the brit. i've said no to sponsors who didn't made my ethical standard. it's elva lawyer, but they were shady, for example, there was a timber explorer who i didn't want as a sponsor to add on my bid in my videos, amazonia. independent ya is a successful professional team that has aspirations to move up to the top league in
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the amazon region. voucher. lima is environmental concern stem from seeing 1st hand how quickly brazil's nature is being destroyed. voice music you got in the doorstep . i used to be a gold mine and myself, then i caught malaria and stuff located. we'll see. since then, i've seen how much environmental destruction is increasing. yours them with the fuel. tens of thousands, perhaps hundreds of thousands of gold miners scoured the amazonian soils for deposits. deforestation is rampant, fires are eating deep into the ecosystem. nevertheless, in many places, the amazon still looks enchanting, like birth or upstream, and the tranquil provincial capital of santa ram it's from here that voter lima will embark on his own personal mission. to do this, he 1st has to buy lots of soccer balls, gifts for an indigenous village,
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rival 15 boys them. and i've almost be a jackie. i planned to go upstream on the amazon tributary ira opinions like this. i want to donate soccer materials to an indigenous community that, that establish a base for my soccer club on amazonia in the bed. and she wasn't the financial although lima doesn't have much money, he still wants to help. when he's not playing or working as club president, he would like to distribute personal donations and those of sponsors to river communities. his family accompanies him on the trip. on the wooden steamers, you could not a up the river that several kilometers wine. they're taking with them not only soccer balls and jerseys, but also a message of environmental protection. those soften wish this so much more close. amazonia, independent chair is supposed to be more than just a soccer club. for me, it's about triggering
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a new awareness and people about the preservation of this incredible treasure. our wonderful nature, you do not believe little bill since his time as a gold miner, walter has been worried about the destruction of the amazon. that's why he's visiting the indigenous village of logwood, a prior donations, only usually arrive here in the run up to elections when politicians are buying for boats or no, they need new food food. i can assure you that i have no political agenda whatsoever. the fuel filter, as the donations we have with us only come from me, my wife and friends of the family law, law french full to meal them from you. the people who live by the river are suspicious. they're worried about corporations that want to exploit their land. and my lady do it domain. so men and loggers are invading in here and making mining company is also went to my box site on our territory. we're fighting against did,
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did of already submitted our protests in writing to the public prosecutor's office . that who all the the villagers have gathered to hear vault, lima explained the purpose of his journey. you know the most good now that i'm not here for anything other than to make friends with you as i did, you will see i went to establish a connection between a as a laconic, slowing benoit as well, shortly after he distributes the donations soccer balls, clothes and food a dan, john pollock, yellow, so i think about good. he wants to set up a soccer club here as it fun for our kid ball and we'll make them stronger. noise ain't bought purchased it. both of them as a thank you. the locals perform a dance. this means the ice is broken. daddy, ha, ha, ha, ha ha. and daughter lima project can begin at in which it will say they look because i want your children and grandchildren to
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experience and unspoiled amazon rainforest. healy, i bought a monkey for life and not just in old photos. amazon web was mm votter. lima wants to start holding regular training camps. here. he hopes that more sponsors will jump on board and that he'll discover new talent from the amazon and board. the amazon that's all from us here at global 3000. thanks for joining us. we're always open to hearing your thoughts on the program, whatever they may be. so do you get some touch? just send an email to global 3000 at d, w dot com or check out our facebook page d w global ideas. see you next time ah
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ah ah ah, know how to vacuum in 0 gravity. my ts melva does. he was part of the crew on the international space station for almost 6 months. what does it actually like to live in space? back on earth, he tells us about the everyday life of an astronaut tomorrow with d. w. oh,
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not just another day. so much is happening all at once. we take time to understand this is the day in depth look at current news, events analyzed by experts and critical thinkers. not just another new show. this is the day. week days on d, w. a migrant habitat ended listening place of long mediterranean sea. it's waters connect people of many cultures seen of almost rock and jaffar. abdul karim drift along with exploring modern lifestyles and mediterranean
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where has history left? its traces, meeting people hearing their dreams due to me during this week on d. w. everything on our planet, fullest downwards towards the center. we experienced this gravitational pull all the time. without gravity, the earth wouldn't have any atmosphere. that means no oxygen to breathe without gravity, we wouldn't have any other planet stars or moons in our solar system. without gravity would float aimlessly like astronaut on the international space station. but we're not designed for weightlessness. ah, welcome to to morrow to day. the science program on detail.


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