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tv   The Day  Deutsche Welle  October 4, 2022 12:02am-12:31am CEST

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dotcom ah, russia blames ukraine advance is liberating territory that its enemy has illegally claimed as its own ukrainian forces. keep the pressure up along 2 fronts, forcing russian troops to fall back moscow's misinformation machine is blaming its misfortunes on poor decision making ukraine's apparent battlefield successes, especially in the south, are slow and costly, and russia still poses a formidable threat, as it has more men to turn into ukrainian cannon fodder from berlin. i'm langley croft. this is the day ah, he is losing. and the battle field reality he faces is i think, irreversible,
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but ukrainians continue to make progress and they continue to present problems to the russian. and that's just going to continue, he's going to continue to lose on the battlefield. but instead of recognizing that he made a big boot is coupling down goodness, brandish the nuclear card. he's doing it again. the nuclear metric is it's dangerous, it's, it's reckless. are not going to be intimidated by reckless words and trys mr. prudent. don't misunderstand what i'm saying. also, on the day market turbulence and political upheaval, force and about turn for the british government on their controversial proposal to cut taxes. but i can be frank. i know the plan put forward only 10 days ago, has cooled, a little turbulence. i get it. i get it. we are listening and have this report
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suggest that ukraine forces have recapture territory in the south of the country. it's their biggest breakthrough there since the start of the war. russian installed officials have acknowledged ukraine's advances in the headstone region, one of 4 that russia illegally annexed last week. photos shared on social media appear to show soldiers raising the ukrainian flag and several villages. on verified reports suggest ukrainian troops have advanced as much as 40 kilometers in a single day. let's get more now from bradley bowman, his senior director of the center on military and political power. the foundation for the defense of democracies. good to have you on the day. let's start with these reports out of ukraine. what do they tell you about the course of the war? thanks for the opportunity to join you and thanks for the question. they tell me that vladimir hooton's unprovoked invasion is failing. it's too soon declared,
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declare victory. and i have a little bit more of a cautious approach on this, but the evidence is undeniable. the momentum is with ukraine in the east and in the south. and vladimir putin has made these illicit annexation announcements. but he did that for, for territories. that his forces didn't even completely control and from which they were retreating, at least in part. and so, you know, this is an attempt for him to show something tangible to try to motivate the russians to, to fight their more. and the response we've had after the partial mobilization announcement is we've had more russians faleen russia than the invasion, the size of the entire invasion force on february 24th. so i think if you no matter what metrics you look at, this is not going well for bladder and ukraine has a momentum for the moment. and bradley, as you say, far from anywhere near a sort of victory. there are anecdotal reports that this fighting has come at
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a heavy cost for ukraine in terms of men material. what do you know about the casualties and how that might impact ukraine's ability to sustain this kind of momentum? you know, i want to better understand the costs on both sides. this is as someone who analyzes these issues from a military perspective. but i, you know, it's me, honestly, i'm not sure i trust most of the numbers i'm seen. i mean, we know that russia has lost more in 6 or 7 months, and they did an a decade in afghanistan. we know this is been really quite extraordinary. and devastating in terms of rush and losses. and we know you crazy. paid a huge cost both in terms of refugees, internally displaced persons, and also death and injury on the battlefield. but when, while there's been significant losses on both sides, what's remarkable to me is a difference in morale. it's just in some ways we're seeing what a char mcmaster, former national security adviser and the trump administration. and chair of our center is called a moral collapse of the russian forces. and yes,
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they're sending some reinforcements. but in many cases the res reinforcements are have little to no training. so imagine being sent to the front lines of a war where so many of already died with no training. and so i combine that with the agility bravery effectiveness, the ukrainians, and their, and their western weapons. that's not going to go well for those new russian recruits. so that situation you're paying for us dovetails, and all these threats, both implicit and explicit, we're hearing from bruton and many of his allies. but the use of nuclear weapons, whether those be strategic or tactical. now we've heard just yesterday, david betray us, a former american general in c. i a chief, have some pretty explicit thoughts about what a nuclear exchange might look like. let's have a quick listen to what he had to say in just to give you a hypothetical. we would respond by leading a nato, a collective effort that would take out every rational can richard conventional
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force that we can see and identify on the battlefield, ukraine, and also in crimea and every ship on the, in the black sea. so now that is an explicit and dramatic state, and i mean, that's nato going up directly against russia. what do you make of that kind of statement? you know, from the beginning, frankly, from before the february 24th invasion. my advice to anyone who would listen would be that we should do everything we've in washington and our allies in europe should do everything in our power to help you crane defeat vladimir putin invasion of ukraine while avoiding direct conflict with russia for obvious reasons. and so that's why, for example, i have closed the establishment of a no fly zone, which would require direct combat between us russian forces to enforce that no fly zone while supporting sending every reasonable weapon we can to ukraine. but you know, this, this recommendation by general traders who i worked underneath in afghanistan in
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2010 and who is very knowledgeable in these issues that, that's very specific. and that's very aggressive and would obviously put the u. s. indirect warfare with russia. so i think what, he's the genuine sense behind what he's saying is we need to put in vladimir putin's mind at the cost of doing so would outweigh any game, right? that's the essence of deterrence that either can accomplish your objective or that they will come at too high of a cost. and so we need to convey to him that the use of nuclear weapons, whether they be tactical or strategic would be unwise because he would not accomplish objectives. the cost would be to great $0.09 general trace of trying to do that. but, you know, directly attacking russian forces would take things to a whole nother level that frankly, moscow and washington were able to avoid for, for decades during the cold war. indeed, i think any one of our viewers has seen the day after that movie from the 1980s knows how these tit for tat kind of threats could very, very seriously. escalade into a scary situation. bradley,
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u. s. and western partners viewing battle developments from afar. what does that mean for their support? they're continued support for ukraine. you know, i see no sign that opinion is going to back down is not exactly known for backing down. and so i think the burden of proof is on anyone that this is going to in quickly we see wonderful mental or around car, even in the don boss and in around here, song. but they're still crimea right. and there's other issues in song retreats lead to routes and some retreats lead to the consolidation of defensive lines. and so, and you know, you're starting to see some reluctance to continue to provide ukraine. the weapons are asking for like the army, a tactical missile system, which will allow them to strike deeper than the weapons we're currently providing. i do worry that we're going to be so celebratory and celebrating a welcome success ukrainians that we're going to allow our support for them to slacken. and i'd say now is not the time to slacken that support. let's give them
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the means to defend their homes. and defeat this invasion, well, be very clear that we should not see attacks into russia proper. and when i say russia proper, i'm not talking about these for a list of the annex territories, right? because that's what vladimir putin wants. he wants us to be it to stop supporting your cranny, want you credit is not to attack into hans goodness care san and zapper easier for fear of a new killer response. but if we do that, we've set a horrible president in europe. and by the way, beijing is watching and they're wondering whether they could attack taiwan for example, and then threaten new killer response and make america back down. and so i think the presidents, we do, or don't set here in terms of whether we're going to be cowed by nuclear saber rattling will have consequences on the european continent for years and years to come and also in the pacific. now we've seen a report the near times that us forces in europe want to overhaul how they train and equip ukrainian troops. what does this tell us about the cooperation between
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the united states and nato partners? you know, i was critical, the, by the ministration for being slow before the february 24th invasion, provide ukraine the means that needs to defend against innovation. but afterwards, they move of impressive agility, in terms of bolstering nato's eastern flank, helping ukraine, and also helping with training. right. there was a big discussion in, in the marsh timeframe we only to provide ukraine, russian. and so we origin weapons, we didn't want to provide them american other western weapons because they've never used them before. well, that turned out not to be so difficult. we train them in a few weeks and now they're using american weapons. there are 2 great effect, and i would note that the british have a very impressive training program for ukrainians has been underway for a while now where they're trained a basic recruits. and so if you, by what i'm saying that this may not end any time soon, then we're going to need to have plans both for the short, medium and long term. and that's not just about the provision of weapons. they have to know how to use those weapons, how to sustain them, how to maintain them,
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and how to operate in a combined arms way on the battlefield. something ukrainian to do impressively already. but we can help them do it even better. very complicated and long process that you lay out for us. bradley bowman from the center of military and political power, the foundation for the defense of democracies. thanks for those use. thank you. your grand forces, as we've been discussing, are also pushing on with their counter offensive in the northeast. yet his russian force to withdraw from the region evidence is emerging of a brutal occupation. there even is not coming back months after he disappeared. his mother is still trying to figure out what happened if lou, this is about the what he, he went to the forest with his friend to pick up pine cone light the some of the to make sure us doubling the judge. and i never saw him again. that melissa, she believes even was tortured in the basement of this house. neighbors identified
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his body by the jacket he wore from the local grain factory where he worked he had a photo with him over when he was a boy. oh boy. the town of easy him was among the 1st taken by russian forces after the war started and it became a command center for them. they set up at least 10 torture sykes ah, andre caught sal was captured shortly after joining the ukraine, an army. once his captors let him go, he sought shelter at a nearby monastery on an immovable. they beat me only where my kidneys and liver are rather than directly in my face. and they beat the hell out of my
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back. when you are, they tried not to leave any scars, all. most of is young has been destroyed. the city is without electricity, gas, or water. many families rely upon humanitarian 8 to get by one, your preparedness. we're here to get close for our children and food. that's what we need. but despite the difficulties after months of terror under occupation, life seems to be slowly returning to the city. the, the british government has reversed controversial plans to scrap the top income tax rate of 45 percent on earnings over $150000.00 pounds a year. the proposed tax scott was unfunded, which means the government would have needed to take on new debt to finance it. and that sparked market turmoil and huge criticism at home and abroad,
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including from the likes of the international monetary fund. after spending 10 days defending the cuts, prime minister list trust is now given into the pressure. here's u. k. chancellor of the exchequer, quasi quiet tank, the minister responsible for the countries finances. we just talked to people, we listen to people, i get that we not only talk to people, we saw people, people's reactions. we were talking to constituents, we were talking to a whole range of stakeholders. and we felt that the $45.00 p issue, the $45.00, the rate was drowning out a strong package of intervention on energy. a strong package of intervention on tax cuts. people generally. and we decided not to proceed with, with getting rid of 45, the rates us breakdown. that statement with tim bailey is a professor of politics at queen mary university in london. very good to have you with us professor bale. just how much of an embarrassment is this, you turn on tax policy?
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well, it says you really ation, but it is the lesser of 2 evils. the problem to the government was that they were facing a defeat, i think, in the house of commons at the hands of many of the piece who really objected to this, 45 p touch cup. primarily because reinforced the impression more interested in giving away public money to rich people than it did in helping people from the current economic crisis. so really discretion was the best part about it. in this case, they gave me simply because otherwise the relation would have been even worse down the line. i think one of the consequences for the government is specifically for less trust who is new in her role as prime minister. well, this trust is under awful lot of pressure. i've never seen a prime minister coming to office and leave support not only of the public, but also n p. so quickly. it is entirely possible that some of the may still try to unseat
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in the next few weeks. so enormous to plunge in the opinion polls. the concept of quality is taken since she took over. we've had several opinion polls now with at least a 20 percent lead on one case 33 percent in the opinion polls. i think many to us looking at this from saying there's no way back from it with less trust later. so amazing is it may say, even though she's going to close to 3 weeks now thinking about how to get rid of that is an aggressive turn of affairs. now this tax credit cut proposal is out. what else is on the table to show up the u. k economy and help people there with inflation and high energy prices. well, the other parts of the package all still that the, the lifting of the capital bank bonuses is still pretty controversial, but the other tax cuts, i think a welcome there, withdrawing
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a rise in national insurance payments, which i think most people would welcome there. also giving people more generally one penny of income tax in the new year from april. so i think that is intended to try and so i think very difficult economic period there you can economy. many people, full cost is going to recession. and then of course, there is big energy package, capping the price of energy, so that the average household will only pay $2500.00 pounds instead of what would have been $6000.00 pounds for the gas and tricity. so there is some help and from this economic and political turmoil that we've seen in the u. k as a result of the tax cut plan. it's rock the country, but try to help me understand why should anyone outside of the country care about the instability in the u. k? well, i think 2 reasons. one is even though the u. k has left the european union,
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it is still a very big economy in europe and still does a fair amount of trade with other european countries. so what happens in the u. k, i think, does matter. there's also this question, i think of contagion. some people worried that if the economy of the u. k, runs into trouble, then we could find that that actually causes a ripple effect and other economist. and then i suppose the reason the reason which is well teach is on the government that you simply cannot. now go into a situation where you make tax cuts, which are completely on funding. it may be written off all the docs, economics by closing costs and trust. but markets expect you to balance the books and if you do anything, i think 2 of the dogs, then you run into trouble cutting that bill. what position you mentioned, that of course, that you came to you, they have some bad blood between each other. now, what position does the british government find itself in as it looks to restart
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negotiations this week, over the northern ireland trade protocol, which is of course, a major sticking point and a legacy of breasts. it will interesting. there also room is that there has been progress under the surface between the british government on this. i think it really is in both sides interest to try and settle this question. and they really don't want to run into some kind of trade will particularly difficult economic circumstances for both sides. so i think we might see progress. and the problem from these trust is that she has an awful lot of entries on her back benches. who are, if you like, breaks and won't see any continuation of the use involvement a know that on that particular role for the european court of justice. so it's still a bit of a sticking point, but there are some rooms. there's been some progress, but we've yet to see that in the open. we're gonna have to wait and see what unfolds this week. and in the weeks to come, tim bale, professor of fall 6,
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a queen mary university in london. thanks very much for all of your analysis. ah, today, monday is german unity day 32 years ago on the 3rd of october 1990 communist east germany dissolved and joined the federal republic of germany, which until then was west germany. the re unification created a single german state for the 1st time since the end of the 2nd world war in 945. now the union of west and east has brought power and prosperity to the german republic. but many divisions and disappointments remain. the line on the 3rd of october 1990. when to germany's became one. again, it was soviet lead a girl, but shelves, policies of glass in austin, perestroika that proved about jim and re unification. the whole of the war marked
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the beginning of a new chapter for germany and the beginning of a new era of appeasement, between east and west, russia and europe. wasteful. but 32 years later, putin's boy, ukraine has fundamentally changed that relationship. germany has imposed far reaching sanctions on russia and is now sending heavy weapons to fight russian soldiers on ukrainian soil. and ordinary germans attitudes towards russia have changed huts full in my men's hasn't changed considerably because i hadn't quite expected russia to act with as much brutality as it has actually done now to meet us and says that he's machine is a, have anc isn't good to have a good image really that, but the current russian politics are of course not. okay. and i have a personal fee as well. so the, so what was really positive for our unification then now has to be seen in a totally different line on the scene. while many germans support the government's
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current policies towards russia, there are significant differences in opinion in the east and west of the country. a recent study shows the satisfaction with the german government's reaction to the invasion of ukraine is lower in the east than in the west. when it comes to specific policies like the delivery of heavy weapons, the cap becomes even clearer. while 54 percent of germans living in the west are in favor of germany delivering heavy weapons to ukraine. only 32 percent of germans living in the east supported. there is of course a reason for this imbalance to nixa mac. it. first of all, there is a different historic relationship to the soviet union slash russia, which isn't the soviet union any more, of course, on this, and are there a stronger ties to central and eastern europe. but if we did an actin, it wouldn't just the ukraine that would probably fall, but also poland, the baltic states, and so on. a default on that one had been germany's interests can not in the interest of each germans sought funds on only to in my,
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one of their selections are getting more east than germans on board with the government's russia. policy will be a hard task more than 30 years after germany was reunited to visions remain between the former east and west. here c, w is chief international, have a richer walker on the divisions that still exist between east and west. pretty start reminder at the brandenburg hate here in central berlin to day of the divisions did exist in german society right now is a protest going on by groups opposed to corona virus vaccinations are taking place here at the symbol of german unity and some of those divisions are particularly marked between east and west germany. take, for instance, the willingness to vote for more extreme political parties either at the far left or the far right. both the left party, one of the inheritance of the east german communist party and the a f d at the far right. much stronger in east, in germany than they are in western germany. and what is causing
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a lot of concern in germany at the moment is you figures suggesting that belief in democracy itself in east, in germany is slipping down to just 39 percent of respondents in a recent government survey saying that they are confident it democracy compared to 59 percent in western germany. so very big difference there between east and west about their very confidence in the system. and this raising concerns about where things go from here in chem and politics. but it's not all negative for east germany. for instance, in the world of business have been very high profile internationally investments flowing into eastern germany. in recent times, just a few months ago intel, the american chipped giant announcing that is going to build a chip factory, not far from berlin, and also tesla, a pioneer of electric cars, a building a factory, also quite near berlin in the eastern state of brandenburg and that i think is
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particularly symbolic because germany's west german dominated car industries often been accused of being kind of asleep at the wheel slow. they had to take up electric car technology with this move by tesla. moving into eastern germany, you get a sense of it that east germany is turning the tables in today's national holiday. and germany is also the last day of one of its most popular parties in one of germany's most famous states. that of course, is october fest the festival in the bavarian capital, munich is what is more than 200 years old. and last, a bit more than 2 weeks is the 1st time back for october 1st, following a 2 year absence. due of course, to the pandemic, despite the anticipation, poor weather contributed to low visitor numbers and gave vendors permission to sell bald wine to help he party goers warm. i'm close it from us at d w. that's the day for today. monday, october 3rd, there's always more at d,
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w dot com and on twitter at the w news from everyone here, i'm william bluecross, extra spending some of your day with the day with back to the new not to 50 years. humans are ready to fly to be offensive. i forget what the goal with this mission, john, an astronaut. i'm the exam back guest. explain the new race and to face the expect
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cations of research. and the impulse in the new the mission for the exploration of mars. to morrow to day next on d. w. chronicle of scan, ah documentary and anti semitism with the 15th world art exhibition and cause it wanted to promote understanding. but it was overshadowed by a bitter dispute over anti semitic imagery and art corpse. the documentary scandal close up. in 60 minutes on d. w. o. deal, i might. and the pillar of sticks and society taxes
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the right to living taxes and the obligation to pay them both inherent in the sovereignty of the nation states and their citizens. but what happens when the power of taxation is undermined? can't pay, won't pay. taxation and politics starts october 21st on d, w. hydro electricity bill generates it without any hum to fish or the environment between vision andreotti all the amazing properties of cit, the conductive materials, seated for everyday use.


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