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tv   Afghanistan  Deutsche Welle  January 31, 2023 2:15am-3:01am CET

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were police officers from a law enforcement compound surrounding the mosque, the pakistani taliban as claimed responsibility. you're up to date here and he w up next is doc film which looks at the challenges returning us military veterans face off to serving in afghanistan coast is much more news and analysis on our website you w dot com. you can also follow us on social media at t w use i'm tired reading really thank you for watching with not just another day. so much is happening all at once. we take time to understand this is the day and in depth look at current news, events analyzed by experts and critical thinkers. and this is the
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week days on d. w. ah ah, a major decision with clear eyes. i will not send another generation america to warn afghanistan. when america withdrew its troops from its longest overseas war in afghanistan, the country was left in chaos. so how this whole area is under taliban control? our administration is fully functional. each and every department is working well. bod. oh, we were completely 100 percent lost when it came to the politics of the fight, who we were actually fighting. and then what the end game was on the war on terra's impact can still be felt in america. ah,
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10 percent of the people arrested for violence. criminal activity at the u. s. capital has either current or former military experience. ah ah ah ah
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ah. i was born on the bomb, has it on many people with right now with on september, the 11th 2001 al qaeda attack the twin towers in new york. in response, george w bush started the operation enduring freedom in afghanistan. the search is underway for those who are behind these evil acts,
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record the full resources of our intelligence and law enforcement communities to find those responsible and to bring them to justice. osama bin laden was hunted and eventually killed in an operation led by the u. s. over time, the us added objectives like nation building to its plans for afghanistan, but the taliban are experts at guerrilla warfare. they continue to operate from the country's south and impeded progress. as with gold in the crossfire was afghanistan civilian population, more than 100000 people were killed either by us bombing campaigns or by taliban revenge. attacks of a kid that off of you. i did that with
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with in 2020, with more than one trillion dollars spent, the u. s. decided to seek a political solution with afghanistan, then president donald trump signed a peace deal with the taliban for a transfer of power. his successor, president joe biden upheld the decision to withdraw us troops are made. the decision was clear, ice after 20 years. a trillion dollars spent training and equipping hundreds of thousands of afghan as security and defense forces. i will not send another generation america to warn afghanistan with no reasonable expectation achieving the different outcome me in july 2021. the center of us military operations in
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graham was swiftly evacuated. afghanistan's national army founded south put to the test. after 2 decades, it would now have to defend the country by itself. and it lacked proper training and how to counter guerrilla warfare without us, as support, emboldened baton, and launched a 75000 strong offensive across the country. the african army quickly faltered. many unit surrendered without a fight. so this whole area is under the taliban control. our administration is fully functional. each and every department is working well. according to summer ponds, a large number of the 600000 american weapons, 75000 vehicles,
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and 200 airplanes fell into taliban. the collapse, deeply shocked american war veterans who had served in afghanistan. keeping with the american traditions, the afghans would give us little scary as we left them 2009. this jason dempsey is a former army major who served in afghanistan for nearly 2 years during his 2009 deployment. he fought the taliban in kuna. voc caused and packed the provinces in eastern afghanistan, the piano span in 2009. we were very good at targeting hunting and killing, but we were completely 100 percent lost when it came to the politics of the fight who we were actually fighting. and then what the end game was, there's a lot of morphing between o is the priority al qaeda or is our new enemy?
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it is our sworn forever enemy. now the taliban, we just paying them all with one broad brush. they were the enemy. those easiest thing to do and then count to success as taking the fight them without ever thinking about, well, why do they keep coming? well, as i ha, during his 2nd talk jason dempsey was an advisor to the afghan military. his job was to train them to fight against the taliban. bought the 6 call of the afghan army, none but fewer than $300000.00 soldiers in total. and they was spread across a vast expanse. they received you as support in the form of an power and intelligence. one of the biggest mistakes we made
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is we said, well, we're going to create an army, looks like us. and what we're doing was we're creating a national army for a nation that simply didn't exist. there are a lot of things that make our army effective, impossible things like effective bureaucracies, the rule of law, black, a sectarian violence literacy, a force, it's able to adapt and learn and use a lot of different technologies. those things don't exist in afghanistan. the fight against the taliban exposed the chronic corruption and mismanagement of then president ashcroft. gandhi's government right more than $300000000.00 per year went to paying salaries of afghan security, full staff members who didn't exist. in fact, according to one investigation. afghan truitt numbers were as low as 50000 when the
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taliban took cobble. currently, afghanistan is one of the 10 most corrupt countries in the world. we blame the afghans for, you know, siphoning off money and acting corrupt. and it's a bit of arrogance. i think that we in the exact same situation, wouldn't say the same thing that you don't just get at p port people everywhere. that's, you know, that was a one time part of our understanding of american exceptionalism. now american exceptionalism is as fantasy that somehow we have a perfect life. we can export that to everybody just by dictate and not actually the hard work, ah low morale, coupled with the abrupt withdrawal of us support like to widespread desertion within the afghan army.
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with the taliban will also quick to use diplomacy. instruct deals with afghan military commanders. those were the hardest things about fighting the taliban is, you know, they were people's brothers cousins, uncles, you know, distant relatives, people who shared the same background and ethnicity and when we turned them into the enemy, right? that not the enemy to negotiate with her a work with or try to bring in the full but the enemy that must be the size and we defeated. you know, we bought ourselves a really long war when we kind of made that our focus as us contract as withdrew the army law for logistical support provided. and the
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american troops laughed. the african air force found itself with no reliable mechanism in place to stay on the bottom. i thought the taliban, on the other hand, had the advantage of experience. their advance across the country was both tactical and measured within days. more than 80 percent of the country's highways were under their control. cutting off the afghan army supply routes built this thing that simply cannot exist without us pouring billions of dollars. and having folks standing behind and supporting them with maintenance and contracting and logistical, and air support and air power. and we feel a complete fantasy of the military for a dentist in the conundrum was so long as we're there long as report and billions
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hours into it directly under cut in many ways the political legitimacy of the central government and the forces outside because they were seen as both puppets and they were seen as wildly corrupt me. exactly 20 years after 911 the taliban, one full control over afghanistan. currently the future of the country is unknown. ah, over in america, the after effects of the war will continue to haunt veterans for years to come on some 7000 u. s. military service members were killed in battle in iraq and afghanistan. these wars may have come to an end, but their human cost continues even with troops back home in the us. those who survived the war and now battling on another front in more than
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30000 war on terror, veterans have taken their own lives around 4 times as many as died in iraq and afghanistan. now it's a suicide pandemic. that is devastated veteran families and communities. ah thomas ben suit is contributing also for the costs of wall project. he studied suicide rights among savvy members and veterans of the post 911 was mm mm. this was a number sir. or 2nd, serv. ranges from 60026400 veterans every year and died by suicide. that's where you get this. and they would say 17 per day. unfortunately, moral injury feelings of burden some nest to society. issues
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like taking on vice behaviors like drinking drug use, dangerous behaviors, all of these things can contribute to rising suicide rates by 2030 veterans suicide will account for more than $221000000000.00 in public costs. 42 percent voting of because a know that we're in war and you come back to that you sacrifice to live near identity to protect these people. they don't know they did that sacrifice at all. they don't honor that sacrifice crates, you know, since isolation, alienation the year to. so please that distance i've been talking about the pandemic and the availability of guns in the u. s. r. father compounding factors, 17 veterans a day dying from suicide. the majority from self inflicted firearm injuries
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ah ah wylie gray, served in the marines as ammunition chief in helmand province for 9 months in 2008 . and the rank of staff sergeant. he survived to deployments in support of america's war on terror and ended with acute post traumatic stress disorder. my own story was one where i felt like i was doing something patriotic until the moment i was in afghanistan. and i realized these people are in a threat to america is a tribal human beings living with basically nothing. why are afghanistan and iran can someone explain it? i've been asking that for years it's, it's iraq. the answer or is
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a rock and it's paid for a i got to the point where i remember, you know, having my grandfather's pistol, is there any special back at the stairs right now? and i just decided i'm going to kill myself. i'm done. i've had this deployment long enough, i've taken enough suffering, and i think i'm done. and man, i remember feeling good after the conclusion, i remember the palpable fence of appointments going to end drop. but while decided to see count, the girl flew to peru to live with a tribe in the amazon there, he received individual therapy in combination with a locally prepared brew made with rain forest plans. this helped him to reset his
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mental defense mechanisms. while he was able to sleep again and gradually come to terms with his trauma, i felt for the 1st time in my life, a sense of being whole. it was absolutely transformational. and when i was in ceremony, one of the last times i saw 2 people that i know other veterans next to me in ceremony. they weren't really there, but that's when i saw my visions and they were laughing and they were smiling and they were happy. and i knew it was because they found something just like i had he turned his trauma into a mission to help us find tools for recovery. wiley founded veterans of war and advocates for using plant medicine to heal trauma.
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but the war on terror has also inflicted deep physical wounds on many veterans an estimated 3500000 veterans have been exposed to toxic substances in post 911 deployment. among them. leroy torres, the term. what do you feel of coming? ah pershing minded leroy was deployed at the u. s. air base ballade in iraq when his symptoms started to show air or their help in ballade had the largest burn pit and theater in iraq. there was approximately 10 acres in diameter and everything that was still in the trash was, was burned down with j. p a fuel and burned from plastic bottles
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styrofoam. from the ballade hospital they would burn medical waste body parts of the equipment, the name it. everything was being burned so that they really took it all. leroy torres returned to texas in 2010. at 1st he was diagnosed with constructive bronchitis, a chronic lung disease. then in 2018, he was diagnosed with toxic brain injury. my disability, my state medical ratoma was denied never in right. while his james or i thought that i, we going through this hardship where i was worried about in shot or maybe lose. lamar urges id, but never that across my that would have to deal with something that i would be
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facing. an invisible enemy is part of the war, the follow me home. this is the actual picture, my lungs. and you can see either the inflammation here and all this right here. i said this is a reversible is a condition you have to to deal with the receive. jesus is a 44 year old dollar resume in barry. there are 85000 veterans who have sought treatment, but illness is possibly tied to burn pitts. this is a fraction of the 3500000 service members believe to have been exposed to toxic substances. around 75 percent of veterans bound, paid planes have been rejected to date. leroy and his wife started the non profit group, burn pits, 360 to help other veterans suffering from internal war injuries.
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they built the warrior support santa in texas, which offer services to veterans in the area. if we don't have time for the day and time is the one thing is tight, so we'll wait pass. it's linear, more of the one that should have been address it's, it's sort of criminal to the v a u v that continue stalling the way they have to continue using the science against us. i mean, i think the recent action that's happened is only because we've had people like charlie, comedian and activists. john stewart joined them to voice his support for legislation to camp for veterans who have suffered toxic exposure.
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afghanistan war veteran tom puerto is helping them in washington d. c. to illustrate how, how diverse these exposures are, for example, um and cobbled quote save over a 1000000 people but without a modern sewer system. so you've got airborne feces blows around there and you're breathing. that's where i breathed every day. and then you've got the diesel generators of power. all of our operations are, they're probably half the size of this room. and they're belching black smoke and service members or breathing that every day in may 2021. the burn pants team went to washington d. c. they demanded the inclusion of 23 respiratory illnesses on the list of conditions, the qualified veterans for v a benefits. and how can we need
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a presumption of the various cancers and a respiratory illnesses. and i'm, you know, division of disorders and lymphomas that are occurring in the veterans population for all these talk exposures. defense contractors can view the u. s. congress as willie walkers chocolate factory. while veterans are back, they're like oliver, with a bowl rule. asking please, sir, may i have some more? the pact act bill was passed by the u. s. senate on august the 2nd 2022, and signed into law by president biden on august the 10th. ah ah, it's
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a small ray of hope for leroy who's been waiting for nearly a decade to get his injury claims approved and some veterans are getting disillusioned. they feel the u. s. government is giving more attention to bringing african refugees into the country. with america's war on terror in afghanistan and iraq came to a close up to 20 long years. it's major goal was to ensure that americas external enemies lose the ability to plot plan and execute another $911.00. but what about america's domestic security situation? some experts say spikes and domestic white supremacist activism have regularly followed the closure of major military hostilities or after the withdrawal from
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vietnam and the 1st gulf war in the late ninety's white power groups trying to recruit active duty soldiers, reservists, and veterans to form militias or ah, these extremist white groups found political legitimacy with the arrival of donald trump and an election campaign that deeply polarized the country. how do you come up with that decision? donald trump, they say donald trump has off his dividing malaysian. well, because of all this, he got me by didn't the, he's revealing what's already there. does the vision has already been and been there for years in 2020 american society was more politically divided than ever. when donald trump
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went up against joe fighting in the presidential election, i should add this crucial on the radio. yeah, you can identify yourself. it. chris hel, served as a marine from 1994 to 1998 in hawaii. he has strong views about immigration and fears. immigrants will take over the united states and by the end of the century, by 2099 will have 500000000 people. and the increase of about 200000000 will probably be from illegal immigration. and descendants of illegal immigration stepping off 1st, 2nd squad,
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got sick with nothing. you know, donald trump stood for america 1st make america great. again, america. first, annuity is process. lot of processes, but very good. people should have more money. so that to me is that's my, one of the rally cries that i have in addition to the unsurmountable dead. but i'm worried about what country am it is being, am overwhelmed and flooded with welfare and illegal immigration and to the tune of over 20 train dollars and dead and you, it was just going to collapse centers on, on wait. some estimates such asked veterans like chris hill now make up at least 25 percent of militia rosters in the united states.
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yes. so back in 2009, when i wrote the i now the tories department homeland security, right. we extreme as a report. i did have a little section in there that talked about returning veterans and how they could potentially be recruited by these, you know, right, we extremist groups to boost the biling capabilities of these groups and help them train and, and, you know, perfect their skills. so one of the ways that the recruit online is through websites, twitter accounts, they even have online communities that are private, ready, read, read a move and boom, i am why i am prior military, i am christian, i am a 2nd amendment. there's yes. and now supposedly on the chair is that i want to risk
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go to jail and getting charged with a bunch of crap and ruining my life. but i'm a mad enough mad as hale, i can't take it anymore. and i'm going to exercise madame raj everywhere. let's go to that. i go, i'm a shoot across you. moving in 2021. a video was published online in which chris hel, re to write it this message. the website has since been taken down. in the video hill discussed why it was important to overthrow the united states government by violence if necessary. his video was published a few weeks after the january. the 6th, tara attack, and white rioters descended on capitol hill. a joint session of congress had gathered that day to certify the victory of joe biden. in the 2020 u. s. elections, but the trump supporters had other plans. they de update the stopped the steel movement. their aim was to forcibly reinstate donald trump as president of the
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united states of america. the movement started on facebook and other groups. in fact, it started before it hit those platforms, but shortly after election day, shortly after president trump. falsely and prematurely claimed that he had won the election, the beliefs that the election was stolen, that democrats reg, the election, install it for president joe biden stole it from former president. donald trump with widespread voter fraud. we surprised them. we took them by surprise in this year, they rigged election. they rigged them like they've never rigged it election before . the stump, the steel movement spread like wildfire on the internet. more and more protest as arrived. as weren't spread, that the vote count was underway. writers over part of washington, d. c. police. the officers calls for thank up went on hand. and while
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capitol hill, police struggled alone. the writers supported by serving and former military men broke in to capitol hill. at least 8 points were breached. the vast now number capitol hill, security officials managed to escort members of congress down to the bunker. as night fell back up arrived. and capitol hill was re claimed 10 percent of the people arrested for violence criminal activity at the u. s, capital had either current or former military experience. and so what has the military done very little? it was fine for military members to belong to a militia group, you know, military members that belong to militia groups. such as the 3 per centers that have committed violent acts against a you know, people,
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police officers plotted bombings and shootings. despite the arrests, chris hill and the 3 per centers in georgia continue their movement. ah, also because of their beliefs about muslims. the attacks on the twin tar by muslim extremists radically changed the discourse around islam in the u. s. according to the research institute that new america foundation 2 in 5 americans believe islam is incompatible with you as values. the distrust and hostility towards muslims has caused a rise in his lam, a phobic attacks across the country. just one percent of americans are muslims, but 14.5 percent of all hate crimes committed in 2018, but motivated by anti islamic sentiment. according to a u. s. government survey. one reason for this hatred against american muslims is
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the impact the war on terra has had on army veterans. there's been multiple studies about the rise of islam of phobia. coinciding with returning veterans coming back from the middle east. you know, when veterans come home they, they come back from these wars zones where they've been taught and trained and conditioned to believe that people wearing turbans having long beards. and having these funny sounding names with brown skin are the threat as part of the costs of war project, thomas ben, suit research, the role christianity played in the u. s. military post 911. the melchor uses christian symbols and sort of ways of talking about um, military service as it would align specifically with the sort of christian narrative. the chaplains in the military are overwhelmingly
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white cliffs. over 74 percent. they're overwhelmingly even jell colds over 63 percent. and they're of wrongly men at like 95 percent only fat. and so it ends up being this religious culture that is specifically bright leaning. some veterans perceived both iraq and afghanistan war as a clash of civilizations. a war between christianity and islam. richard mckinney was inspired by the rambo films and joined the marine corps to be involved in the action. he returned from iraq with a hatred from muslims. i developed a deep hatred for his long over over course of several years. i've been in the military and having to deal with these people in
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a harsher climate areas for this way to put a harsher existence. i saw it is my position in life to rid the world of as many muslims as i possibly could. and i attend to that was overseas and after i was medically retired because i was in an accident in iraq, back in the us, richard mckinney decided to make up on his plan was to plant this bomb in the islamic center of muncie. and then to watch the show as he put it from the parking lot. but the day he wanted to execute this plan, a conversation with his daughter changed the course of his life. for my daughter came home, she asked, i snapped and i saw the look on my daughter's face. this is somebody who i've had so much love and admiration for in the course of her
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life. i can't even begin to describe it. as she looked at me like i was absolutely crazy person she'd ever seen, and it was kind of like, she was questioning her love for that. me are so i figured the best way to do is make sure that was okay. was go meet the richard mckinney decided to visit the very same islamic center of muncie. the emma gave him the koran to read and they would explain it how i could understand it. and i was like, oh oh, i makes sense. you know, so long story short after a week's i went from getting ready to bo, this building up to coming back, saying, i want to take your heart. i want to take my declaration of faith. does not matter . he on no soul do with the law was
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a burden greater than it can bear in the us more than 700 anti muslim incidence had taken place from 2012 to 2018. we had a number of arson that have happened to mosque here. the united states, many of them unsolved. we've had militia groups protesting against what they perceive as impending sri, a law that's coming into their communities. that there's the muslim invasion. but there are also veterans fighting against the rise of anti muslim hate crimes in america have been on, i mean, man, so sharp is known as the muslim marine. he's part of any 4000 and was lim, american who served in the us army making up just 0.3 percent of the military. hello, who am i to duty?
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so i was in the middle of my marine corps career that time and when 911 happened, just like most people who lived that day, i remember what was going on and and unfortunately, like when i pay me a lot that you know, days later will be found out that these hijackers happen to be so called for and i think given the firms and others perhaps as well, a very bad reputation. and unfortunately, when the $911.00 attacks happened, essentially $900.00 hijackers hijacked the entire phase of $1800000000.00 plus an attack on me and talk of my, my family when i'd be by my family, my american family, you know, man. so i was born in pakistan and he's
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a practicing muslim. he has made choices. some have disagreed with me. they're part of the muslim community that they can they, they are shot. this isn't a guy who serves the us are forces. i mean, i do get messages from time to time, you know, you know, your muslim killer and you call yourself on the some of the topics actually requires muslims to be loyal to their country of residence. so that means there was never a conflict of interest when it came to a country to what is out there between my faith and me becoming a united states marine, although he was never deployed overseas man. so i still found to conversation was needed inside america. i started mostly marine dot org to counter i hate bigotry and his lamb, a phobia through education,
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conversation and dialog. so being a muslim or being an american my 1st right. and what, according to the ground, that even if the constitution it to be loyal to the country and living it to be contributing to society in a positive way. so when i do that or that we stand on a position of saying, hey, look, i'm contributing in a positive manner, you share a voice that has impact. you're not just coming from the side, you're coming from within in a positive manner, we're part of them. so when they see you, when you create these dialogues and you sit and you eat together and you talk about these things openly and you create understanding, new people will be inclined towards goodness, i think as our faith teachers, there are more good people in this world and i believe that 20 years after 911, the united states is beginning to pick up the pieces from the was an afghan. it's
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dawn and iran at mann or charlotte believes there are important lessons for america to learn. and i think america has made some really, really, really bad decisions, you know, when it comes to, when it comes to us war and the way it sells it to the american public. you know, we look at iraq. i mean, over a 1000000, innocent, largely innocent iraqis killed what i mean. they were living, breathing human being just like you were, we need to really reexamine ourselves and we need to apologize way to make up for our mistakes. ah ah ah
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oh in ah ah, a pulse with the beginning of a story that moves us and takes us along for the ride. it's only about the perspective culture
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information this is dw and d w. made for mines with russia at all, support or resignation. the war machine has a firm grip on the country, but not everyone supports the president's war. this report takes a look at what ordinary russians actually think close up with 90 minutes on d. w. o. a getting ahead. using tech. as our documentary series of founders valley foliage africa
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to meet the founders empowering their continent through digital innovation, a transformer, working with health and living conditions in their country. and inspiring the world with their ideas. founded valley africa started february 13 on the w. ah, this is d w news and these are our top stories. a bombing at a mosque in northwest and pakistan has killed more than 60 people and injured many more. the bomb exploded as worship is gathered for morning praise. many of the victims were police officers from a law enforcement compound surrounding the pasha, a mosque, the pakistan.


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