hello there, welcome to "newsline." is it monday july 8th. i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. investigators are trying to determine what caused the deadly crash of the asiana airline jet. two people were killed and 180 were injured after flight 214 flying from seoul crash landed at san francisco international airport. officials at the u.s. national
transportation safety board say that the crew called for the landing to be aborted 1.5 seconds before the crash. the asiana airlines boeing 777 crashed and burst into flames as it landed on saturday. about 300 people were on board. the u.s. ntsb has been examining the data from flight recorders recovered from the burned-out jet. >> the target speed for the approach was 137 knots. the approach proceeds normally as they descend. there is no discussion of any aircraft anomalies or concerns with the approach. >> hersman says that the voice recorder says that the speed on approach was far slower than the target speed. the pilots called for an increase in speed seven seconds
before the crash. they will interview the pilots, crew and passengers in the coming day and examine the flight recorders. one of the survivors says what she saw inside the aircraft was horrible. she said she managed to escape through a hole that opened up in the rear of the plane. >> plane tail touch the ground directly. >> did people scream? >> everybody screamed. >> asiana airlines officials say 307 people were on board when the jet crashed on to the runway. the passengers included 141 chinese, 77 south koreans and 61 american citizens. two chinese teenagers died in the accident. 49 people were seriously injured. five are in critical conditions. chinese media say the victims were high school students from the eastern performance. they were on their way to a
language training program in the united states. one of the victims posted on her chinese social networking site on friday the word "go" apparently just before takeoff. asiana airlines president apologized at a news conference on sunday. >> translator: i sincerely apologize to the passengers on board the plane and their families. >> asiana airlines says no problems had been detected in the aircraft or its engines. the company says the two pilots each had about 10,000 hours of flying experience. the south korean transportation ministry has sent people to san francisco. a japanese aviation expert akira ishibashi spoke about this crash landing. he is a former all-nippon airways pilot. >> translator: this is a particularly unusual crash. the tail of the plane hit the sea wall at the beginning of the
runway, hundreds of meters short of the normal landing zone. the path taken by the jet was too low. it is almost unthinkable for a pilot to come in at this height. >> he says it's noteworthy that passenger testimony indicates that the plane suffered a considerable impact shortly after the landing announcement. he suspects that the pilots were unable to correct for a sudden drop in the plane's height. he pointed out as possible causes a rapid change in the weather or mechanical troubles which the pilot could not foresee. we'll have more on that story as the details come in. we head to egypt where the tension is rising as supporters and opponents of outed president morsi are staging demonstrations. supporters of morsi held a
gathering near the presidential palace. they have been protesting since the military announced morsi's removal last week. at least 40 people have died in clashes with security. a senior muslim brotherhood official rejects the transition being led by the military. >> translator: what they did is put an went to egypt's first democratic experiment after one year and return power back to the military. >> he said that the freedom and justice party will not accept dialogue until morsi has his presidential authority restored. meanwhile opponents of morsi who demanded his resignation are holding a massive rally. the military has deployed armored vehicles as precaution for clashes between the two sides. the election is facing a challenge as the husband lick
brotherhood steps up protests. in tennis, andy murray has survived the trials to win and become the first british man to win the tournament in 77 years. he beat novak djokovic in the final. no other british man had won the wimbledon title since fred perry accomplished the feat in 1936. murray said he can't believe that he managed to win the challenging game. he thanked the cheering of local fans for helping him make history. more nuclear power plants in japan are a step closer to being given the go ahead to restore their operations. japanese regulators put new nuclear regulatory requirements into effect on monday. among the 50 nuclear reactors in japan, only two are currently operating.
the new requirements by nuclear regulation authority oblige plant operators to implement tougher measures, operators must take measures to prevent severe accidents. power companies are seeking to restart ten reactors at five power plants. they are located across japan, including hokkaido. and the sendai plant in southern prefectture. the operators will submit their applications to the nra on monday morning. regulators will screen them according to the new safety requirements. they will determine whether the utilities have taken all the necessary measures to prevent a severe accident. nra officials say it will take about six months to process each application. a youth orchestra in taiwan has performed a charity concert to support people affected by the 2011 disaster in northeastern japan. their performance was infused with a theme of hope to encourage the survivors. ♪
taiwanese elementary students were joined in the performance by university singers and japanese musicians. a total of 160 musicians and singers performed a medley including beethoven's owed to joy and a song from the musical "les miserables." ♪ the children also performed the charity song "flowers will bloom" which they had practiced about four months. ♪ >> translator: i think our performance was great. all i wishes to leave it to the people in northeast japan.
>> video footage of the concert will be screened for those living in temporary housing. newspaper reporters around the world face an uncertain future in the digital age. one smalltown journalist in northeastern japan is bucking the trend. he has covered stories big and small in his hometown for more than half a century. now 88, he shows no sign of slowing down. >> reporter: he is the only reporter at the newspaper. he has been filling its pages for 64 years. [ speaking foreign language ]. >> reporter: he has gotten a call from a group of residents. they have a story for him about a local cleanup project. he's on the case. he is pleased to see so many people are taking part.
[ speaking foreign language ]. >> translator: a clear up is obviously news worthy, isn't it? don't you think so? >> reporter: joining him is his son. he arrives with a camera. he takes photos of the locals who want to make a good impression for all the visitors who arrive by train. >> translator: i want to inform people in town what local groups are doing. every story counts, yes. that's it. that's what keeps my newspaper going. >> reporter: the newspaper covers the peninsula region that was devastated by the 2011 tsunami. it took he and his family six months to get the paper ban on its feet.
these days, he runs the operation out of a small pre-fab house. he started the newspaper with a friend in 1949. at the time, there were almost a dozen competitors. what makes the newspaper unique is that it's produced entirely by one family. his wife edits the copy for mistakes and typos. his daughter-in-law types up the articles that he writes. he and his wife are in charge of layout. it's time for one last check. as the boss takes a breather.
the story about the cleanup gets a good run. his grandson handles the deliveries. he's still in high school. a subscription costs about $4 a month for four issues. the paper has 2,000 subscribers. >> translator: it's a real local paper. that's why i subscribe. >> reporter: he writes in great detail. we all depend on it. the paper reports a how the area has been changing. >> reporter: after they put out an issue, the family gathers for a meal. they get together every thursday to toast the latest edition.
>> translator: so good. >> translator: for my readers' sake i'll carry on doing this as long as my old bones allow. it's been 64 years. and this is what we write about. local things. it's like a calling. >> reporter: he heads off to find the news again. because every story counts. renowned japanese mountaineer and skier made it to
the world's highest summit at the age of 80. gene otani asked him how he managed the feat and what comes next. >> reporter: standing at an altitude of 8,848 meters is -- he braved vertical cliffs, ice falls and a shortage of oxygen to become the world's oldest person to reach the summit of mount everest. >> translator: i made it to the top of the world. >> reporter: he made it into the guinness book of world records twice, at the age of 70 and 75. his mission is to try things no one else has attempted before. he's skied down the slope of
mount fuji. >> the world is my playground. >> reporter: i visited him at his office after his leareturn tokyo. how did it feel to make it to the summit of mount everest? >> translator: the weather was fantastic. there were clouds up to around 6,000 meters. but when you are looking around at peaks of 7 or 8,000 meters you feel like you are in the land of the gods. >> where do you get that drive to do that? >> translator: i thought it would be an interesting thing to do. it's my curiosity. i do what adventurers and exploersers couldn't imagine, what they thought was impossible. >> reporter: at 8,000 meters the amount of oxygen is one-third of what it is at sea level. this altitude is referred to as
the death zone. he trains in this small space which simulates oxygen conditions at high altitudes. day in and day out he prepares his body to absorb oxygen more efficiently. >> how often do you train? every day? >> almost every day. >> reporter: he pays a lot of attention to food to help his body recover. every time he climbs a mountain he prepares his own special pancake. he uses 35 highly nutritious ingredients such as almonds and pumpkin seeds. >> a lot of nutrients. okay. >> a lot of energy. >> okay. that's pretty good. i like. what was the most difficult part about this time's climb?
>> translator: clearly, it was the descent. it was a lot more tiring than i imagined and i was entirely focused on making it back alive. 80% of mishaps and accidents happen on the way down. the reason is that you use a lot of strength during the climb. and you're simply dealing with your own weight plus the gear. on the way down that weight feels heavier. all it takes is a single slip and you fall. >> reporter: he has climbed mount everest at the age of 07, 75, and 80. i asked about his plans five years from now. >> translator: i want to climb the world's sixth tallest mountain in the himalayas. the plan is to ski down all the way from the summit. >> reporter: and so he continues seeking adventure.
his eyes always focused on the next peak. gene otani, nhk world, tokyo. the japan international cooperation agency planned to expand its involvement be in power generation in africa and other developing economies. they will help power officials in these companies to compile their own energy strategies. they also hope to create more business opportunities for japanese firms. demand for electricity in developing nations is expected to increase substantially as their economies grow. once it's mate suggests investment in power industries in these countries will reach about $10 trillion over the next 20 years. >> translator: developing countries can introduce more reliable systems at lower cost by coming up with energy plans that are based on japanese technology and experience.
>> jica staff are helping a power company to develop business in myanmar. they will offer similar projects in rwanda. deserts in china are spreading. certificates say they take up about a fifth of the country. but tomorrow farmers have come up with a way to reclaim land and earn a sweet reward from it. >> reporter: the gobi desert spreads into mongolia. it's the fourth largest desert in the world. the annual rainfall in this region is below 200 millimeters. the surface is covered with pure stand. but in the midst of all this baron land a patch of green lies among some dunes. it's a vineyard 1400 heck tars
in size. poplar trees stop the sand from blowing in. the farm cultivates cabernet, merlot grapes cross bred with local varieties to grow well in sand. the company that owns the vineyard tried several cultivation methods. they even went to israel for irrigation technology. alfalfa grows among the vines. the leaves shield seedlings from sand storms. the men who came up with the method is -- the ceo of the vineyard. his technique is the result of ten years of trial and error. >> translator: i am proud of developing a technology that
lets me cultivate grapes in the desert. i want to expand the vineyard to help make the area green and improve the lives of local farmers. >> reporter: han's company taught this man how to grow grapes. he used to grow corn and wheat but he had trouble selling his harvest but it's now he has a buyer for his grapes, the winery. >> translator: learning to grow grapes has allowed me to earn a stable income and live without worries. >> reporter: cultivating grapes in the desert is a channel but it also has its rewards. the harsh environment is free of disease. that means farmers can grow vines organically and the big change in temperature from day to night sweetens the grapes and
enhances the flavor. chinese wine drinkers have been drawn to these characteristics. the wine is eighth best selling in the country. chinese people have increased their wine consumption by 35% in five years. an expert from france was invited to improve the top-end product. the winery's owner hopes to sell it overseas. >> translator: i want wine aficionados all over the world to taste the quality of this organic wine. i want people to know it's possible to produce excellent wine in the desert. >> translator: planting trees has been a way to stop desertification but that doesn't alone bring money to communities, producing cash
crops such as wines brings income. >> reporter: the desert vineyard, an oasis and a promising business. time now for a check on the weather with -- people in portugal are dealing with extremely hot weather. >> is it the season. it's summer and should be hot during this time. but it's very hot, in fact, some countries are reaching the record high temperatures and that includes portugal in the iberian peninsula. let me show you a video coming out from there. blazing heat hit portugal on the weekend. saturday was the hottest day on the year so far with a high of 42 degrees celsius.
people flocked to the beaches and pools to escape the heat. heat warnings remain in effect. so some people are likely to enjoy the beach again into the midweek. take a look at this. 37 degrees on tuesday. that's ten degrees above your average. madrid will be saying with the same digits all the way into wednesday. even bordeaux in france is in the 30s. reduce your outdoor activities and stay out of the sun. in the scandinavian peninsula we have a front line bringing wet and gusty conditions especially into norway but that is moving away. as it does so another system moves in with similar areas with gusty conditions in the midweek. we have unstable conditions to a couple of troughs as well as after the daytime heating.
sudden bursts of showers are likely to remain across the area. rome at 29 degrees. and even in london, 26 degrees with plenty of sunshine there. lisbon looking at 36. but moscow, kiev on the cooler side in the 20s with rain. now across the eastern continental asia we have a tropical depression that formed near the mariana islands bringing stormy conditions and it's going to intensify over the hot sea surface temperature and it will likely become a tropical storm status. it will be a named storm into the next 24 hours. it's already bringing swells and rip currents across this area. watch out for that. a pacific high dominates much of japan. we saw a sudden burst of showers yesterday and that will continue to happen across the country. now the rainy season already has
ended. it has been declared on saturday in tokyo. and this is when the heatstroke is going to be in the very high risk. we do need to take really well precautions for the heatstroke across the country. the northeastern area of china and down into says wan is gusty conditions. this is the area where we will find 100 millimeters on top of the 90 millimeters we have been seeing. now here across north america we have tropical storm eric. we have tropical storm warnings here in the tip of it. watch out for heavy rain there. across the northern areas we will be seeing thunderstorms and likely continue to see thunderstorms in the northeastern regions. new york hitting 31 with sunny