hello there, welcome to "newsline." it's tuesday, july 9th. i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. supporters of the ousted egyptian president are keeping up with their fight. they want to bring mohamed morsi back to power. but the generals who overthrew him last week say there's a limit to their patience. their troops opened fire on protesters in cairo. at least 51 people were killed.
the supporters had gathered for morning prayers outside the army barracks where morsi's believed to be held pep they say soldiers moved in and started shooting. government and military officials showed video of the violence. they say armed demonstrators burst into the building, then security troops opened fire. they say they'll deal with anyone who breaks the law. members of morsi's group, the muslin brotherhood, invited reporters to speak to the boonded in the hospital. they say that troops fired on peaceful demonstrations. leaders called on sympathizers to keep up with their resistance zblp. u.s. and european leaders have long provided support to egypt. they're calling on all sides to exercise restraint. >> we also call on all political parties and movements to remain engaged in dialogue and to commit to participating in a political process to hasten the return of full authority to a democratically elected government.
>> carney said it's not in the interests of the united states to make a hasty decision on whether to change its aid program to egypt. the european union's foreign policy chief called for an immediate end to the violence. catherine ashton urged all parties toward reconciliation. investigators are piecing together what happened in the moments before a plane crash-landed in san francisco. two high school girls from china died when the asiana airliner went down on saturday. more than 180 people were injured. the head of the national transportation safety board says the plane was well below its target speed. >> about three seconds prior to impact, the flight data recorder recorded its lowest speed of 103 knots. at this time, the engines were at about 50% power. >> hersman said the plane was coming in too slow as it approached the runway. she said it picked up speed in
the last three seconds. the pilots were trying to adjust their speed to make automatic attempt at a landing. hersman said investigators are still speaking with the four pilots who were on board. spokespersons for asiana airlines say a trainee was at the controls. they say a veteran pilot was giving him instructions. but they say the veteran only qualified to be an instructor three weeks ago. south korean media say they was overseeing a co-pilot for the first time. emergency crews in canada are searching for more than 40 people believed to be missing after a runaway freight train exploded in the heart of a small town. the accident in the province of quebec killed at least 13 people. the 72-car train was carrying crude oil. it somehow managed to roll away from a station in the early hours of saturday and went barreling downhill, then it derailed and observation ploeded in the center of lac-megantic,
leveling buildings. a locomotive engineer had stopped the train and tied it down about ten kilometers from the accident site. they say he then went to a nearby hotel. police have questioned the engineer. reuters report some local residents have said there are about 50 people at a nearby cafe bar when the accident happened. fugitive whistleblower edward snowden has accused european leaders of working closely with the u.s. national security agency. he said they shared the results of controversial surveillance. "der spiegel" printed the interview from may with the former nsa man snowden. before he blew the bhisle on activities. german agents worked together with the u.s. nsa personnel helped germany analyze data passing through the country. snowden said u.s. and german agents discussed how to protect politicians in case surveillance programs were revealed.
european leaders previously claimed they were not informed of the extent of u.s. surveillance. japanese prime minister shinzo abe has spent his first six months in office working to revitalize the economy. voters will soon have a chance to judge him on t results. they cast ballots in an upper house election later this month. opposition parties hold the majority of seats in the chamber. abe and his liberal democratic party aim to wrestle back control. in the days leading up to when japan decides, we'll be looking at some of the key campaign issues and hearing from voters about what matters to them. candidates from these nine parties are running in the upper house election. these groups qualify for political party status. they include long established parties and others that were recently founded. several groups that failed to meet the standards are still fielding candidates. in all, 433 candidates,
including independents, are running in this election. more than 100 million people are eligible to vote. our latest nhk poll paints a picture of what they'll be thinking about when they cast their ballots. nhk world has details. >> reporter: the nhk poll suggests that prime minister abe remains popular with voters. we spoke to 3,088 people over the weekend. 57% said they support his administration. in the 2010 upper house election, then-prime minister naoto kan's approval rating was 48%. respondents to our poll are clearly in favor of abe's party, the liberal democrats. 43% say they back the ldp. compare that to the 8% for the opposition democratic party. abe's economic policies have
helped win him their support. he's focused on fixing japan's fiscal woes since taking office at the end of december. his three-pronged approach promotes monetary easing, stimulus spending and a growth strategy to spark private investment. our poll suggests 65% of respondents agree with his plans, and 80% say they consider economic policies one of the major issues in this election. voters give post disaster reconstruction slightly more weight. many people want the government to speed up the pace of the work in the northeast. the third most important issue with voters is social security policies. pension, health care and nursing care for the elderly. it's interesting to note how respondents view one of prime minister's abe's main priorities, changing the constitution. he wants japan to have a military and the power to defend
its allies if they come under attack. on a list of eight issues, though, revising the constitution comes last. abe argues his party needs to win this election to ensure a stable future for japan. the libberal democrats and thei partner new komeito control the lower house, but the opposition controls the upper house. with the diet divided, it takes more time for abe to pass legislation and the divide diet makes it tough for him to change the constitution. he needs two-thirds support in both chambers. voters may not be interested in abe's longstanding goal, but their support for how he's handled the economy may help give him the power he needs. we'll find out the result of their decision on july 21st. japanese voters, especially young people, notice a change in this election on how candidates
are delivering their pledges. in previous elections, the law strictly prohibited campaigns online, but lawmakers finally dropped the restrictions this april. nhk world explains. >> reporter: he's trying to get young people interested in something a fair number of them consider boring. the 27-year-old runs a nonprofit group that calls on youth to parch pate in politics. last month he organized a me meeting at the university in tokyo to talk about the upper house election and the changes that allow political parties to campaign online. >> translator: i want to ask candidates online what they think about the policies young people are concerned about. >> reporter: she argues young people read fewer newspapers and don't watch a lot of tv, making it harder for political parties to reach them. he says less information has led
to less interest in politics. it may seem hard to believe that in this age of smartphones, tablet computers and lap tops politicians in japan are only now tapping the potential of the internet during this election campaign. low voter turnout among young people prompted the change. 36% of people in their 20s cast ballots in the last upper house election. participation among those in their 60s was more than double that. the previous law only permitted old style campaigning, telephone calls to homes, speeches and handshakes on street corners. politicians in the u.s., britain, france and germany started online campaigning in the 1990s.
south korea lifted a ban on social networking during elections last january. japanese lawmakers decided to get with the times and changed the law in april. they say the amendment will allow parties to use websites, social media and e-mail. they hope they'll be able to encourage more people to head to the polls. the change affects voters, too. there will no longer be prohibited from using social media and blogs to send out election information during the official campaign. this law expert says the interactive nature of online campaigning could make young people less indifferent to voting. >> translator: young voters will see their voices actually delivered to lawmakers and at times changing policy. that will make them think more
about politics. online campaigning can make our democracy even more sophisticated. >> reporter: professor endo suggests the effect won't be seen right away, though. some candidates say the 17-day campaign period is too short for them to attract new voters. so they're reluctant to get online. but japanese youth are optimistic this change is for the better. they'll be watching to see how the political parties sell their messages online and whether they pay better attention to the issues young people care about. tomoko kanata, nhk world, tokyo. we'll be looking at a number of stories and issues ahead of the upper house election. our coverage continues on tuesday. we'll show you how the government's plan to join the transpacific partnership trade talks has divided people in
japan. prime minister shinzo abe has worked to reshape japan's economy and get back to growth. now he's setting his sights on amending the constitution, but his party must make a strong showing in this month's upper house election so it can push its policy forward. less than a year after putting abe in power, japanese voters have a chance to judge him on his record. don't miss our special coverage leading up to the july 21st election right here on "newsline." the attorney general of new zealand has harpooned japan over its whaling activity. he said japan is misinterpreting an international convention. australian leaders submitted their suit three years ago against japan's whaling in the antarctic ocean. japanese representatives say they capture the ma'am always for scientific purposes, but the australians argue that's a front for commercial whaling. legal experts from both sides began presenting their cases
last month at the international court of justice in the hague. the new zealand attorney general appeared in court on monday. he said japanese research teams are killing more whales than necessary, but the japanese lawyers have made their position clear. they say the whaling is conducted in line with the international convention. the lawyers will finish up their arguments in the coming weeks. judges will hand down the ruling as early as the end of the year. indonesian farmers are feeling the heat from their government's new anti-pollution program. they're banned from setting fires to clear land after smoke clouded skies last month in singapore and malaysia. nhk world looks at the effects on indonesian farmers. and they're not the only ones fanning the flames. >> translator: we apologize to the people of singapore and
malaysia and ask for their understanding. >> reporter: a rare apology from the president in june affected the scale of air pollution that has affected the neighbors. smoke caused by forest fires on the island of sumatra is carried by seasonal winds across the malacca strait. one of the biggest fires was witnessed in this province. indonesian farmers fire in the dry season to kill pest and renew the soil. they are punished but some farmers refuse to end the practice. the indonesian government is ordering farmers to hold all field burning to try and clear the skies. >> translator: i'm announcing to all residents here, do not burn fields or garbage.
if you see someone do that, report it to the police. >> reporter: but some farmers remain defiant. can you manage without burning fields? >> translator: no. i have no other option. i do light fires, but only here or there, to prevent them from spreading. >> reporter: the presence of tropical peete is complications the situation. thick layer of peat lies over the area of sumatra a. it is hard to extinguish. >> translator: once a fire is alight on peat, putting it out is hard without a certain amount of rain. human effort alone isn't enough. >> reporter: but the farmers alone are not to blame. developers are burning to make
space for palm plantations. experts say indonesia needs to look for more fire measures that addresses the action of land developers if it wants to keep clear the air for years to come. reporting for nhk world, indonesia. we head to the united states where there are currently more than 2 million people in prison. the annual price tag, some $74 billion. but an increasing number of states are having difficulties covering the cost, so they're coming up with ways to make prisoners pay their own way. nhk world reports. >> just want to make sure my information is correct. >> reporter: at first glance, this appears to be a typical call center, but outside the window is a barbed wire fence. everyone is wearing orange work clothes. this is a state-run prison in
arizona and all of the workers are inmates. many companies have been shifting their call centers overseas where costs are low, but there are no foreign accents here as the operators are all american. >> they come to work every day focused on the work. the work is actually fun. we can take this group of people and turn it into a sales and marketing machine. >> reporter: the state of colorado is developing its prison business. this fish farm in a prison grows 700,000 fish a year. the fish are cut into pieces and bagged at a plant on the premises. inmates attach stickers indicating that the fish were prepared at the prison. the fish are then shipped to buyers which include restaurants. prisoners also make original motor bikes, taking used motorcycles and designing them to the customer's order.
>> never thought we'd be doing that in here, but it's been real good. >> reporter: flower arrangements for wedding parties, computer repairs and cattle breeding, the colorado prison system is involved in a total of about 60 businesses. let's look at how the businesses work. private sector companies set up offices and factories inside the prison. they are staffed by inmates serving in good manners and those who are expected to be granted parole. the companies pay the prison facilities the minimum wage set by each state. the prisons give some of the money received to inmates as wanl wages and the remainder is used to cover operating costs. these types of businesses are now being carried out in 38 states, creating an annual revenue of $2 billion.
states are supporting such businesses. in colorado, all office goods for state use must be purchased from firms that use prison workers. >> we try to build our business and pay for ourselves as we go. no tax support. >> reporter: one of the benefits these businesses have is a reduction in reoffending rates. in colorado, 32% of the people who do not work while in jail commit another crime after being released. on the other hand, among those who work for at least one year before release, the rate is 14%. that's less than half. >> that benefit is typically wage, but here the benefit is opportunity to have a greater chance of success once we get out so that there is no resid da viz um coming back. >> reporter: but some critics say cheap prison labor is negatively impacting private sector. this fish farm says that once
the prison began raising the same type of fish that he sells, prices have fallen by two-thirds and the sales have dropped just a tenth of the previous figures. >> what they're doing is they're teaching prisoners how to grow fish, but when they get out there won't be no place for them to work because we're out of business. >> reporter: prison businesses have become a shadow labor force across america. what started as an answer to the problem of prison overcrowding and spiraling cost is now raising questions of its own. reporting for nhk world. now, let's take a look at the market figures.
all right. let's check on the weather now with mai shoji. mai, good morning. commuters in tokyo are feeling the summer heat this morning. it's hot out there. how's it looking elsewhere? >> good morning, catherine. the sweltering heat remains across much of japan. in the daytime heating helps produce the very unstable conditions. let me show you a video coming up from tochigi prefecture yesterday. temperatures soared to 35 degrees in parts of central japan. it caused sudden burst of showers and thunderstorms in the afternoon and evening hours. one man was killed when lightning struck him in the
suburb of tokyo. we are expecting this sizzling heat across the country especially in the western half of the country. take a look at this heat advisory still remains in place in much of these regions. tokyo heating up to 35 degrees yet again today and nagoya up to about 37 degrees. this exhausting heat could really tire you and not only that concerning yesterday, more than a thousand people have been carried to the hospital due to heat stroke. so please take extra precautions for this and do stay hydrated and also try to concentrate your outdoor activities in your morn pg and evening hours. tokyo we're looking at some pop-up thunderstorms to remain across much of central japan including western japan, but to the northern areas we have a stationary boundary that's still in place. this is creating very unstable conditions as well. that includes heavy rain. in yamagata prefecture we had
130 millimeters that fell over the past 24 hours. we have in the forecast yet again triple digits of rainfall to fall in similar areas and that includes yamagata prefecture where we have heavy rain warning in place of which 50 millimeters could fall just in the span of an hour. over towards the bigger picture, let me talk about this system. this is over water right now moving towards possibly in between taiwan and the southwestern islands of japan. but over the very warm water. looks like it will intensify to typhoon status. by the time it approaches these islands, it looks like it will become a very strong typhoon status which is the second strongest of the typhoon season it. looks like it will be moving away from the islands steadily, but they'll start to feel the stormy weather starting tomorrow. and high waves as much as 6 meters. also we're still taking a very close eye on this heavy rain
band which is steching from sichuan to northern china. sichuan has already found 230 millimeters of rain in the last 24 mourps looks like similar amounts to fall in and around the area. chongqing at 36 degrees, shanghai you have a heat advisory at 37 degrees. now to north america, a couple of storms to talk about. let me start with this one. this is moving towards the leeward islands. chantal has a tropical storm warning posted in puerto rico and tropical storm watch in the virgin islands. looks like it could make a few landfalls on its way as it maintains its intensity as a tropical storm status. this is just west of baja peninsula. eric will be decreasing its intensity. good news. it will become a remnant low, but still do watch out for the very heavy rain to move here. severe weather will be moving into the great lakes region today. chicago at 31 degrees with chances of thunderstorms.
we wrap up this program with a look at how some hotel managers are helping their guests survive a heat wave. staff at a hotel in urayasu near tokyo strung about 300 wind chimes along the corridor. they say the tinkling sound has a cooling effect. some of the chimes are made from bamboo from the southern prefecture of kagoshima. others are crafted from kutani porcelain in the central prefecture offishy cam ma. >> there are all kinds of chimes. they're beautiful. that wraps up this edition of "newsline." i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. thanks for joining us.