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tv   Journal  PBS  August 13, 2012 6:30pm-7:00pm PDT

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>> hello, and welcome to the "journal" on dw. i am sabrina. >> and i am steve chaid. coming up -- >> the massacre committed by anders behring breivik could have been stopped -- that is the conclusion of an official report. >> the personal butler of pope benedict xvi is to go on trial, accused of stealing documents from the pontiff. >> and remembering the building of the berlin wall 51 years ago and the suffering it brought to millions.
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>> norwegian investigators say authorities could have prevented the first of two attacks that killed 77 people in july last year and that all anders behring breivik could have been stopped from killing dozens of people if police had acted more efficiently. >> on the day of the massacre, graphic first set off a car bomb in central oslo. then he made the journey out to utoeya island where he won on a shooting rampage at a summer camp hosted by the governing later -- labor party's youth section. >> this is an account of how police and emergency services responded to the july 22 attacks and to intelligence- monitoring of all anders behring breivik before the attacks. it highlights serious shortfalls in norwegian security. >> the authorities felt in their effort to protect the people on utoeya. a quicker police response was possible. the perpetrator could have been stopped sooner.
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>> the commission believes authorities could have prevented the bomb attack the prime minister's offices in oslo. all anders behring breivik detonated the device three hours before the utoeya massacre. the report criticizes norway's intelligence services for not detecting of anders behring breivik's planes at a time. responsibility was accepted for intelligence and police elias', but he warned against a rush to judgment. the prime minister's is additional security measures have been put in place since july 22. more police have been hired and crisis training improved. they about to adopt the commission's recommendations, but added norway is a free country. we have to balance approving security with maintaining liberties. >> we can now speak to a member of the financial times in oslo. the inquiry's report is quite damning. how is it being received in norway? >> it is being received with a bit of sobriety.
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there was going to be sharp critique at all levels but you have the opposition parties saying they need time to digest this. you have the prime minister and the justice minister saying that this is not the time to take political consideration as to consequences. they are standing their ground right now and there are no heads rolling as a consequence of this report. >> so we cannot accept any consequences just yet, you think? >> in the immediate term, i think it is going to take a while. this is a majority government. it will have political ramifications for the sitting government. there have been concrete requests, for example, from a legal counsel for the victims to have the head of the police department in at the local district that was responsible for the actions that day, that she should step down, and there have been suggestions that the
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minister of government administration who failed to close the main streets around government buildings on that fateful day, that perhaps she should step down as well for not taking action. >> thank you for that report from oslo. >> now on to a scandal that has exposed feuds within the catholic church -- church. pope benedict's former butler is facing up to six years in prison for stealing and leaking sensitive vatican document. >> the 46-year-old said he wanted to rid the church of corruption, and the papers shed light on how contracts are awarded and are thought to highlight allegations of internal power struggles with the vatican's bank. >> it is a case that has rocked the vatican. once a close confidant of pope benedict, paolo gabriele has admitted of stealing documents. they highlighted rivalries at the vatican. charging corruption. paolo gabriele was arrested in
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may and has been charged with aggravated theft. the vatican spokesman says the pope is unlikely to stop the trial going ahead. >> it is always find the pope's power to intervene if he wishes or judges it opportune. but he has not done so thus far. so we presume at this stage that the trial will go ahead. >> computer programmer has been charged with aiding and abetting paolo gabriele. it identifies them as a friend of the butler. the vatican will continue the investigation into the leaks. >> joining us in the studio is our religious affairs correspondent. the case has been going on for months. why has the bad can it decided to take this step now? >> -- why has the vatican decided to take this step now?
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>> well, gabriele confessed to the crimes as soon as he was arrested. but the pope was anxious to find out and make public whether he had accomplices. there is a commission of three senior cardinals to have very wide powers to question that anybody employed by the church or living in the vatican city state. the pope interrupted his summer holiday just two weeks ago because the cardinals had reached their conclusions. we do not know exactly what those conclusions were, but we know they held a meeting to present at that meeting was the pope's new media adviser who previously you will work for large american tv network incidently. and they, obviously, advised the pope that a trial should go ahead. i think the background to that is there has been a lot of speculation in the italian media in particular that the pope would pardon gabriele in order to hush up possible abuses within the church. i think the pope, who is, in my
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view, an extraordinarily compassionate man, that is my sense of him, and probably would pardon gabriele but has been pushed into a corner where he is now unable to do so. >> how damaging would you say as this scandal and for the vatican? >> not so much because of the actual content of the documents but when you look to the closely, and i have looked at most of them that have been printed at least or released, the charges are pretty trivial. things like the pope's secretary preventing people from having access to the pope. but i think there is a more serious problem and that is that the vatican and is dependent as a global organization on information that it receives from its bishops and functionaries around the world. and his bishops feel that the confidential letters that the right to the pope are not really
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confidential and can be published in the italian media two weeks later, then it would be reluctant to write those letters to the pope and that is a very serious problem within the institutional church. >> thank you very much for the report. >> on to egypt now where president mohammed morsi has been defending his dismissal of the country's powerful defense minister as well as the heads of the air force, army, and navy, saying he was acting in the best interests of the country. >> the move drew thousands of is islamist supporters to turn your square in celebration, but secularists have condemned the firing, saying it undermines the rule of law. >> egypt's military seems to have accepted the loss of its longtime leaders. there has so far been no backlash. many in cairo believe it is the beginning of a new era. >> starting today, the country's no longer under the rule of the military.
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military rule is now over and egypt will become a civil state in which everyone will be entitled to their rights. >> thousands rushed to tahrir square sunday night to show support for their president who has now taken over many powers previously claimed by the armed forces. the new head of the military with the head of the military intelligence, so he knows which units are loyal to the president. his predecessor, hussein tantawi, who was also in church of the military council, along with the former chief of staff, will not function only as advisers to morsi. >> the decisions i made were not meant to target certain persons, nor did i intend to embarrass institutions. my aim was not too narrow freedoms. >> a week ago, tantawi
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accompanied morsi to sinai after a terrorist attack left 16 egyptian soldiers dead. the incident prompted morsi to begin a shake-up of the military. >> the free syrian army says it has captured the pilot of a military plane that was downed with anti-aircraft guns earlier today. this would be the first such rebel success against government air forces if confirmed. >> the news comes as army and its continued to advance into rebel-held areas in the strategic city of aleppo. after seizing control of their stronghold in the sulahuddin district, fierce battles have been raging since late drew lie -- late july in metropolis. >> syrian rebels preparing for an attack on government troops in aleppo. their target is a tv station controlled by the regime. they have got mostly light firearms and rely on the fire power of the heavy machine gun mounted on a pickup. it is not possible to verify how successful their attack is.
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but in this amateur footage, insurgents shooting at a syrian fighter plane is definitely did succeed. fighting has also flared up in homs in what rebels claim is an effort to break president assad's hold on the province. the head of the united nations monitoring mission in syria confirmed that violence is intensifying throughout the country and that it is the civilian population who is suffering the most. >> it is clear the violence is increasing in many parts of syria. indiscriminate by the government. and attacks by the opposition in urban centers are inflicting a heavy toll on innocent civilians. >> the syrian regime, meanwhile, claims to have uncovered rebel
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arms hideouts in and around damascus, capturing large amounts of weapons, ammunition, and communication equipment. >> the economy of greece shrank by another 6.2% year-on-year during the second quarter of 2012. that is after the economy contracted 6.5% in the first quarter. >> analysts are blaming rising unemployment, falling incomes, an investment shortfalls for the course record result, and they say they do not expect greek industry to start recovering until 2014 at the earliest. the country needs an upturn to increase tax revenues and end dependence on european assistance. on to the markets now, and european shares started the new week on a negative note. our correspondent sent us this summary from the spring of -- from the free press stock exchange. >> greece continues to be in a very critical said george, no
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question, but the numbers were not quite as bad as people had feared here. so that was a positive for the market. that was also the case for italy. yes, it did have to pay a little bit more interest, a little higher yield for money it picked up in the capital market than the last time, but it picked up that money with the parent ease, and that was a positive for the people here. at the end of the day, it did not count. the dax slipped. that was also the case for the eon share. although the power company here in germany said it had raised the profit in the first of the yearr by over three-fold in comparison to last year, apparently it has digested the exit from nuclear power here in germany quite well. >> thank you for that from frankfurt. we can stay there for a run through the market numbers. let's see how the market day and it there. down by 0.5%, 6,909. the your stocks 50 -- the euro
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stoxx 50 at 2414. the dow down by 0.3%. the euro doing fairly well, trading up against the dollar at the belly of $1.2333. >> sports news now. the 2012 olympics wrapped up on sunday with a dazzling ceremony, but there's more sobering news today. >> yes. nadzeya ostapchuk of belarus has become the first athlete of the london games to be stripped of a medal for doping. she won gold in the shot put competition last week, but the olympic committee says several before and after the performance tested positive for it a banned steroid. she says she will appeal the decision. >> it has been 51 years since work began on building the berlin wall. >> we will have a report on how
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that is being commemorated here in germany. >> and how germany's old- mannered soccer coach jogi low has hit back at the team's critics. that and more after a quick break.
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>> welcome back. it was that the 1 years ago today that workers in then east germany began building the berlin wall, a structure that came to symbolize the cruelty of the communist regime and the division of europe. >> the wall caused untold misery for millions of germans and many lost their lives trying to penetrate what was called the death strip. today, people are remembering those who sacrificed everything to live free. >> the berlin wall once ran through this street. a section of it has been reconstructed as a memorial. the wall not only split the city in two, it also divided thousands of families. a service of remembrance was
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held at the chapel on monday to remember those who died trying to escape. >> here we give names and faces to the victims. we give shape and form to our remembrance. >> he regularly tells individual stories of east berliners who dried -- who died trench was good to the west. many were shot by east german border gods -- guards. today, the memorial is a powerful reminder of the decades of division beginning in 1961 and for the fall of the wall in 1989. germany's siemens rights commissioners as the country's past -- germany's human rights commissioner says the country's best provides valuable lessons. >> we are a free country, so we can speak out on behalf of those who are silence by persecution. in fact, we have a duty to do so. >> the memorial draws visitors from all over the world. 600 -- 600,000 came here last
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year long, including many groups of schoolchildren. >> german artist yadegar asisi has already revived the ancient cities of rome and others, and now he is bringing the ball back to berlin. he specializes in super sized 360-degree panorama paintings. in his latest work of the berlin wall, it has a very personal view. >> having grown up in the former german democratic republic, asisi wanted to focus on the everyday madness. >> yadegar asisi in his studio. his panorama of the berlin wall will be completely different from anything he has done before. it is going to be political. >> i want to create a certain feeling which i hope will give rise to questions that the viewer will be able to answer themselves in some way.
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people stand in front of it today and wonder what it was like and how i can even begin to imagine it. it is difficult to convey to someone who has not lived through it themselves. >> yadegar asisi particularly wants to show some of the details of everyday life behind the wall. the lack of fruit and vegetables available in east berlin shops, for example. details like that are challenging to illustrate, but has spent a long time getting it right. is panoramic pictures are impressive. his work here is a stunning 30- meters high and 106 meters long. it is on a display and has been proved hugely popular. asisi calls himself an architect of illusions. his pictures are created on computer, but he paints them by hand just as if he were painting
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a picture. >> it is not that easy to recreate life from that era, to find accessories from that time that conjures it up again. from current -- from crumbling venting his thoughts to chewing gum that the machines at the time, you have to be very consistent. -- from crumbling buildings. >> to discover the detail hidden in his huge pictures, you need to come equipped with opera glasses at the very least. the pictures are displayed in rotunda's like this former gas storage tank. to house the wall, a special rotunda is being built at checkpoint charlie, berlin'mosts famous border crossing from the days of the berlin wall. asisi remembers the old days well. he grew up in east germany and
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was later deported to west berlin, so he experienced the wall from both sides. >> i lifted from the east and the west. for that reason, i feel i have the right to create this picture the way i have done. >> asisi will never be finished because he constantly has new ideas. even when his new panoramic picture finally goes on display in september, he says he will still continue working on it in his imagination. >> germany's politicians are returning from their summer holidays, including chancellor angela merkel. but the problem is demanding the government's attention have not gone away. merkel and her cabinet have a number of issues to tackle, ranging from the unresolved eurozone crisis to equally contingence -- contentious the medical the alleged domestic disputes. >> tourists are still on vacation, but berlin's most powerful resident is back at
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work. a spokesman said the chancellor is ready to get down to business. >> she is full of energy. you'll notice that in the coming days and weeks. >> the problem is waiting on the chancellor's desk have not gone away, especially the eurozone crisis. britain's economist magazine even thinks merkel could be tempted to abandon the euro. this after her deputy played down the repercussions of greece leaving the eurozone. once again, underscoring this unity in merkel's government. another worry for the chancellor, germany's highest court is set to rule next month whether the eurozone's permanent bailout fund is constitutional. on the domestic front, the high court has demanded income-tax equality for homosexual couples. but so far, the government parties have not been able to agree on how to rewrite the tax code to comply. >> the rulings are pretty clear.
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equal treatment is also demanded when it comes to income tax. >> in other money matters, conservative, csu, wants to extend child care benefits to stay at home mothers, but others in the coalition think it is a bad idea. but chancellor merkel will not have to stay bogged down in domestic politics for long. later this week, she is scheduled to visit canada, perhaps a welcome break from the squabbling at home. >> coming up, germany's national soccer team prepares for action after its euro 2012 disappointment. >> more on that in just a moment. first, some other stories making the news. >> the turkish army has launched an operation to free a member of parliament kidnapped by kurdish militants in the east of the country. the pkk admitted it abducted the member and urged the government
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to abandon any rescue attempt. this is the first time the pkk has conducted lawmaker in its 30-year fight for autonomy. >> wildfires raging in eastern spain and the canary islands have now claimed the lives of two firemen. nearly 5000 people have been evacuated from their homes. with a dry conditions in temperatures topping 40 degrees celsius, spain is seeing some of the worst wildfires in decades. internet giant google has announced plans to lay 4 lay 4,000 employees at its cell phone subsidiary motorola as it aims to make the company more profitable and pursues plans to vote is on sales of its entry devices. >> the cuts will affect 20% of motorola's staff, and the gis is about a third of motorola mobility's global facilities will be shut. >> motorola presented 27 brand new mobile devices this spring.
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a long ago, the company was raking in from its pioneering cell phones. but the success was short-lived. motorola mobility is operated at a loss for four years now. mostly because it missed the train to the emerging market for smart phones. 4,000 jobs are being cut. two-thirds of them outside the united states. motorola is drastically reducing its product line, discontinuing production of simple cell phones. the company will concentrate on more profitable devices. motorola mobility's new owner, google, ordered the restructuring. the internet giant paid $12.5 billion for the cell phone maker in may, largely for a treasure trove of about 17,000 patents. with a civil rights structure, google hopes motorola mobility will help boost its chances against apple. >> germany's national soccer
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team is warming up for the 2014 world cup qualifiers with wednesday evening's friendly again argentina. >> the coach has had a low profile since his teams exit in the semifinals of the euro 2012 in june, but now he has finally broken his silence. >> coach low finally broke his six and a half weeks silence, it going before the media. he is outraged at how the media has portrayed germany's euro 2012 performance. >> much of this criticism as the fully unwarranted, and i am tired of it. i want to make the point clear -- >> we have made enormous progress over the past two years. both with the team and the structures we have put into place with our starting lineup. after all, we put -- we have won almost every match we play. "see also rejected criticism
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that some teammates announcing the national anthem before euro 2012 matches. >> singing the national anthem, sure, it is great to sing the anthem. it is wonderful. but it has nothing to do with how good our team is. not by a long shot. and it is certainly no indication that our players lack the will to fight. >> at least the coach has proven his fighting spirit. germany fans will be anxious to see if the team can match his attitude when they take on argentina. >> and that is all we have at the moment. >> goodbye. captioned by the national captioning institute
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