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tv   Journal  PBS  September 21, 2012 6:30pm-7:00pm PDT

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>> live from berlin, this is the "journal" on dw. violence sweeps pakistan in protests against insults to the prophet mohammed. >> could the gender mix in board rooms cbe said for a shake up? >> no longer just for the military. drones are quickly becoming available technology for consumers. should you be alarmed? pakistan has become home to some
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of the bloodiest demonstrations against insults to the muslim prophet mohammed. >> 15 people died including a policeman in mass demonstrations against the pakistani government. >> however, in much of the world, protests remained peaceful. our coverage begins with protests at friday prayers in pakistan. >> pakistan's government called for a day of love for the prophet mohammed. crowds gathered across the country showed plenty of that, but many were also keen to demonstrate their hatred of the united states. protesters burned american flags and vented their anger at western nations. saddam is, banks, and cars were torched -- cinemas, banks, and cars were torched. the day of love turned to a day of rage. police used shipping containers to block the entrance to the
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u.s. embassy, but demonstrators still try to force their way in. they engaged officers in street battles and were met with batons and tear gas. pakistan's prime minister pleaded for calm earlier in the day but also expressed his understanding of the motives of the demonstrators. >> [inaudible] on the whole belief of 1.5 billion muslims. therefore, this is something that is unacceptable. >> ashraf called it the duty of a muslim to protest, but critics say he did not do enough to counter the violent message of islamist groups. yes to protest, no to violence -- if that was the message, it did not resonate. angry young men fought with police in islamabad's diplomatic district, where a number of
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western embassies are located. it took hours for the police to restore order. >> let's go live now to pakistan. the u.s. is running television spots in pakistan with secretary of state hillary clinton saying that the government had nothing to do with the film about mohammed. why is that not working to defuse the rage? >> i think the american connection and the statement by hillary clinton and president obama came a little bit too late. after a perception had been given here in pakistan that the u.s. did not intervene to take the objectionable film off of youtube and other social media. what compounded the situation was the government's announcement to observe friday as a day of love to the prophet
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mohammed, and this way, the government basically walk into a trap that the individual political parties had set for the government. of course, the loss of the 25 people in one day from the north to the south basically underscored that such protests can hardly be controlled, and that the criminal element will also take advantage of such occasion. >> it is very hard for people outside of pakistan to believe that the government was not aware of the risk of violence when it sponsored this day of mass demonstrations. what is the government thinking? >> basically, i think this reflects the inability of the government, and extremely ill- preparedness, poor preparation, to meet with such eventualities. we also know that back in 1989,
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in one people, seven people died on the streets of islamabad, so this was very much riding on the wall, for which neither the government nor the police was prepared at all -- this was very much writing on the wall for which neither the government nor the police was prepared. >> thank you very much. >> satirical cartoons of muhammed in a french magazine this week further stoked anger. france banned all protests on the issue and closed many of its schools and embassies in muslim countries. >> germany did the same today. the government in berlin is considering whether to ban a public screening of that anti- islam film, which unleashed massive violence last week. we asked german muslims in berlin to tell us what they think. >> mahomet is a gem and tunisian and imam -- german-
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tunisian and imam. he says he would not watch the controversial video. p>> it is painful for me. i would like them to say they are banning it because it demeans and a tax part of our -- demeans and attacks part of our society. >> this by supporting a ban, he does not want local muslims letting their pleasure turned to anger -- despite supporting a ban. some are refusing to be swept up in the controversy. >> for me, muhammed is so great that i can ignore the forest. we are keeping our heads held high. these things do not normally interest us. >> should the film be banned in
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germany? >> it makes no difference to me. >> what is the mood on the streets of berlin? some of the muslims we talked to were upset about the denigration of their profit -- of their prophet. >> i think it should be banned because it is our prophet. we do not make something that turns jesus into a joke. it is disrespectful toward muslims. >> if i insult a public servant in germany, that is a crime and it should also be forbidden to insult us or our prophet. >> mahomet is telling people to stay calm. he advises muslims to keep their anger under control and simply ignore the video. >> french president francois hollande has paid tribute to the more than 70,000 jews deported from france during nazi
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occupation. >> he held a ceremony near paris for the opening of a new holocaust memorial. today is the 70th anniversary of the first deportations from france. hollande said teaching young people about the past is the only way to stop it being repeated. >> a turkish court has sentenced two former generals and an admiral to 20 years in prison. they were found guilty of masterminding a plot to overthrow the prime minister. that happened more than a decade ago. crowds outside the courtroom celebrated the judgment of over 300 military officers found guilty of involvement in the plot. authorities say the military planned to bomb historic mosques and trigger conflict with grease to open the way of a takeover of the government. >> more women on the board of corporations here in germany. the government is one step further to imposing quotas. >> parliament approved a bill on
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friday that would require 40% of boards of publicly traded companies to be women. >> the legislation, which is not without opponents, still has to be approved by the lower house of parliament. >> having broken through the glass ceiling, she is the first woman to be in charge of berlin's public transportation system. the mother of four is still very much an exception. she wants to see more women in top jobs. >> look how many young women complete high school and go on to universities. compare that with how many end up in top management or on boards. it is not just about ability. >> chancellor merkel's government is deeply divided on the issue, but germany's upper house of parliament has approved a law forcing companies to put more women in top positions -.
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>> i have said this for some time -- these non-binding agreements we have a present do not work. that is why i think we need to legislate on this. then the financial crisis might have taken a different course with prudent women in charge -- >> the financial crisis might have taken a different course with putting women in charge. >> if the quota does become law, there will be a lot more women running german companies. >> let's bring in our correspondent. the numbers are surprising. at the moment, on the average, only 3% of the boards of germany's biggest companies are women. is that likely to change? >> i think that it probably will not pass the lower house of parliament, simply because it is a measure that has been proposed by the opposition, passing in the upper house with cross-party support, including some from
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chancellor merkel's conservative party. but even her own labor minister says mandatory quotas should now be enforced, but the fact is the junior coalition partner, the free democrats, they are much more free-market oriented, and their members quite adamantly oppose mandatory quotas. they are at most in favor of voluntary measures, such as now are already in place. some companies have adopted some voluntary measures, but it is absolutely symbolic, and it is a minority. interestingly enough -- if german legislators do not move, the eu could soon. >> german women are significantly under represented in leading positions in business when you compare germany with other norman -- northern european countries. why is that? >> indeed, and there is also a major pay gap. it is also related to structural measures. child care still quite lacking, particularly for young children.
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states are supposed to be putting more child care in place, but that has not been happening very quickly. many schools get out before noon, sending their children home for lunch, so that definitely makes it much harder for women to enter the workforce. >> our chief political correspondent wrapping up the story, ending a long day for you. thank you very much. >> germany's second chamber parliament has blocked a controversial draft law, which would have allowed the german authorities to sell private, personal data. >> the way it stands, authorities could sell information gathered when someone registers where they live unless the person directly prohibits that. lawmakers say authorities should only be able to share the data if express agreement has been obtained before hand. more than 20 people have died in the czech republic after drinking liquor laced with
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methanol. exports of hard alcohol have been halted. >> prague has deployed additional border control officers in an effort to keep the bad liquor from leaving the country. czech distillers hope it will not last long and say the tainted booze came from black market dealers. selling cars is not as easy as it used to be. just ask german auto maker daimler. >> the company ceo says demand in europe is poor and competition in china is rising. >> it is putting the brakes on spending with plans to save 1 billion euros by cutting jobs. >> mercedes' new a class is hoping for a comeback as a small family car. daimler things offering more space at affordable prices will pay off.
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but larger luxury cars are the big earners. mercedes is having a tough time. sales in europe are weak and in the more promising chinese market, competition is fierce. after earlier losses, by 2010, mercedes was back in the black and made around 5 billion euros in 2011, but this year's profit is forecast to be much lower. a german newspaper says that daimler's ceo wants to save 1 billion euros in the consumer cars dimension. daimler has not commented on the report, but experts say the consumer sections are likely to be the worst affected. >> let's have a quick peek at how the market numbers are doing. the dax closed almost 1% up. euro stoxx 50 so ended the day almost 1% up. the bureau is trading for $ 1.2987.
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>> stay with us. we will be back in one minute. >> that's right. stick around.
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>> welcome back, everybody. belarus holds national elections on sunday. most bets outside the country are not on a free and fair pole. >> the european union has been critical of president lukashenko for his crackdown on reporters. >> our reporter visited the country and talk to people who stand to win and stand to lose if he stays in power. >> this group of activists is trying to make a point. they want to say that in belarus, no one is free. lukashenko's police often put these activists behind real bars. one went to jail for eight months, but he continues to
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protest, even though he has been thrown out of university and few other people show up for the protests. >> people are scared. when you speak out against the regime, you lose your job, have to leave university, get beaten up, or end up in jail. that is why there are not any big demonstrations here anymore. but a lot of people are disappointed that division in the opposition. >> in minsk, there is resignation, not to send -- not dissent, unlike after the presidential election years ago. tennessee police are keeping tabs on them, like all of lukashenko's opponents. the activists named their group "change." they say lukashenko has stolen their freedom, so they are prepared to take risks. >> i will not find a real job
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here anyway, not anymore. i have been convicted twice of political crimes. you are on the blacklist after the first conviction. only really good friends would give me a job now. >> no one knows just how many bella russians have had enough of alexander lukashenko's authoritarian rule -- how many belarussians have had enough of alexander lukashenko's authoritarian rule. this engineer says kids growing up in minsk are safer than they would be in any other capital on earth and credits lukashenko for that. >> everyone in belarus has a similar standard of living, even if it is generally a pretty low standard, but that is still much better than the huge differences between rich and poor that you find in ukraine or russia. our president has it right. >> but without russian loans,
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belarus would have been bankrupt a long time ago. lukashenko wants to use some of that money to raise the average wage from 300 to 400 euros per month. some worry about foreign meddling in belarussian politics. then take libya, for example. people used to be able to school for free. they were looked after. but then gaddafi had to pay the price for his independent policies. now people there have democracy and chaos. >> this anti-government activist has joined another party. he is a writer, and he lost to lukashenko before. >> we have to do our best to take part, even though the election campaign is unfair. after all, it is preparation for the presidential election in
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2013. >> but his supporter wants him to boycott the elections. despite the pressure he is under every day, he will not quit. he wants to keep fighting for democracy here. he hopes that one day more of his compatriots will join him. then the man you just saw in that report has been put back in jail -- >> the man you just saw in that report has been put back in jail. >> just after our report, he and other activists were arrested at an anti-government protests, all sentenced to seven to 12 days in jail. >> in germany, an elderly couple went on trial on friday in frankfurt, charged with carrying out a series of politically motivated bombings, conspiring to kidnap opec's oil ministers more than 30 years ago. >> prosecutors say both were members of the revolutionary
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group back in the 1970's. their case has stirred memories of a decade when left-wing terrorists kidnapped and killed dozens of political and business leaders. >> the hearing in a frankfurt court studded with witnessed her money from members of a leftist group. the trial promises to be a trip back in time. the defendants -- a 79-year-old woman and a 71-year-old man, who are allegedly members of the revolutionary group. the group said the purchase divided in the 1975 kidnapping of opec oil ministers in vienna. three people died in that incident. the woman is not accused of being there, but she has been charged with supplying guns and explosives. prosecutors had demanded a 15- year prison sentence for her and
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one year for the man. testimony largely relies on one witness, a former terrorist who is already convicted of his involvement in the opec kidnapping. the defense has asked to have the defendant's release. >> the evidence is so thin, it is impossible to build a case on this. >> proceedings have been limited to 90 minutes a day because of the defendants' advanced age. >> still to come -- a cool toy for adults or a dream for nosy neighbors? you could have your own drone, on sale for 300 yours. >> first, a quick look at these stories. a german court has confirmed the death of a nazi war criminal, the austrian physician who carry out medical experiments on prisoners in nazi concentration camps. judges ruled there was no doubt that a man who died in cairo in
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1992 was also known as dr. death. >> germany's first deepwater port has also opened and has enough room to accommodate the new generation of large container ships. it is hoped the port will be able to compete with places like rotterdam. >> a unreports as development aid for poor countries dropped off last year -- a un reports that aid for poor countries dropped off last year. vivendi's , universal music group won approval for its purchase. >> in a move that has baffled many people, universal now says it will sell some of bmi's most
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prized assets. >> the move significantly reduced the attractiveness of the deal. >> coldplay for our one of the highest grossing bands in the world and one of the cornerstones of emi's label. but selling the label and a few other assets is the price universal music group will have to pay to take over emi. universal has struck a 1.5 billion euro deal to take over its smaller rival, but because it was already the world's largest music owner, there were ordered to sell off parts. as of last year, universal led the music sector with a 28% share of the market. second was sony music group with 22%. war followed, and emi was the
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smallest of the majors with just 10% -- warner followed, and emi was the smallest of the majors. >> drones were pioneered by the u.s. army initially as a reconnaissance tool and then a way to strike at suspected terrorists without risking the lives of soldiers. a much more low-tech version is available to regular consumers, but the fact that it can carry a camera has profound implications, and it is proving controversial. >> this radio-controlled drown has two hd cameras and a range of 50 meters. it comes with a price tag of around 350 euros and is already flying off the shelves of electronics stores. as manufacturer expects around 800 million euros worth of sales by 2020 -- its manufacturer expects. does that mean we will also be
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able to spy on each other? >> we cannot stop technological progress, but you can regulate it. we have to be fine as a society how far we can go and how far we want to go -- we have to define as a society how far we can go and how far we want to go. >> many people are not happy about their homes being filmed from the air. barbra streisand tried to stop aerial photos of her home being published, but that just give them more publicity. some people want those kind of photographs banned. >> i should be able to be at home in a private environment without anyone secretly taking pictures of me, no matter whether it is with a telephoto lens from a helicopter or with a drone. >> for now, it is still more of a toy that a professional tool, but some experts think that within a few years, the drones will be a part of everyday life.
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>> all right, now to the space shuttle endeavour. it is basking in celebrity status. it is on its way to los angeles. this was a victory round. it and its carrier jet flew at low altitudes so spectators could get a great view. i have seen great pictures on facebook in the last hour appear the shuttle will retire to the california science museum where it is expected to remain earthbound for the rest of eternity. never got to ride on it. >> no, we never did. >> next time. thanks for watching. we will see you again at the top of the hour. >> you can see more on our website, captioned by the national captioning institute
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