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tv   Journal  PBS  January 30, 2013 6:30pm-7:00pm PST

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>> as a people have been killed in egypt over the past several days, and morsi has responded with a state of emergency. >> in berlin, morsi insisted the measures will not be permanent.
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he also said he will not work with the opposition and set up the unity government. >> one of his main aims is to secure financial assistance from one of egypt's most important trading partners, but while reviving a sluggish economy is a high priority, so is proving his democratic credentials to his western partners. he said he would push forward with democratization. >> egypt will be a state that tolerates different and opposing opinions with peaceful transfers of power and a democratic state with everything that entails. >> merkel said she was concerned about the political violence in egypt and said dialogue was key. >> political forces can make a contribution. human rights have to be respected in egypt, and that applies most importantly to the protection of religious freedom. >> two more people died in cairo on wednesday in clashes between
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police and demonstrators. the death toll has now reached 50 in a week of protests. two years after a revolution swept morsi's predecessor from power. berlin has criticized his recent attempts to consolidate power is, and his opponents in the german capital were warning of a new dictatorship and egypt. >> our correspondent has been following the president's visit for us. does morsi get any of the investment and all of that that he has been looking for? >> i think you are right. i think he came to berlin looking for a bit -- investments and development aid, but what he got i fear from his perspective from angela merkel was a cold shoulder. effectively, the chancellor told him to go back home and put his house in order, and also in terms of providing a stable backdrop, a stable framework.
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after all, until not long ago, as many as 1 million german tourists were going to egypt each and every year. another interesting point -- it is a fact that the imf has promised to grant egypt a loan worth $4.8 billion. the loan has been put on hold, but today, i have the feeling reading between the lines that president morsi and angela merkel will put in a good word. perhaps a boost their. >> what other words did angela merkel have for? >> she said the egyptian president had committed itself to a two-state solution for israel and palestinians, which i suppose is good news. she did broach a subject of commons that has emerged that he has made in recent times but israel and the jewish state, very controversial comments. he called on the egyptian
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people to "nurse our children and grandchildren on hatred for jews and scientists." -- hatred for jews and zionists." it was not very clear. the one thing that was clear was he did not retract the statements or withdraw them. >> thanks very much for joining us there. >> the u.s. news agency apa says that israel carried out an air strike in syria close to the border with lebanon. >> the agency said the strike was on a convoy carrying sophisticated weaponry to the islamist militant group hezbollah. they also said the arms included russian missiles, which officials said could have been strategically game changing in the hands of hezbollah. >> staying in this area, international donors have
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pledged more than 1 billion euros for those displaced by the civil war in the country. united nations secretary general said the fund raising goal had been exceeded. >> representatives from nearly 60 countries met in kuwait to examine how to help with the millions of people who have fled the fighting within syria and the 700,000 who are refugees in neighboring countries. the french military advance against islamist fighters in northern mali continues to make rapid progress. emma the troops have taken control of the airport over the weekend. virtually unopposed, the -- two other cities of the weekend. the french are now negotiating with tuareg rebels, who say they have control. >> onto economic news, and financial markets have been on the rise these past few weeks as hopes have grown that the worst
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of the year of crisis has passed. today in spain, there's a reminder that things are very bad still for millions of people. revenue figures show spain sank even deeper into recession in the final quarter of last year with the economy contracting faster than ever. more than one in four spaniards are already out of a job, and new figures suggest that unemployment could get even worse. >> people in spain have been tightening their belts for months now, but it does not seem to be working. the crisis there is more acute than ever as the economy continues to decline. gdp has fallen for the sixth quarter in a row. most recently, by 0.7%. the outlook is bleak. the prime minister is trying to buck the trend. he told parliament he was planning a new stimulus package. he hopes in particular to ease the tax burden on export-driven businesses.
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>> we are going to implement structural reforms with even greater force and adopt new measures to stimulate growth. our priority is to reduce youth unemployment, and we are already cooperating with unions and businesses to achieve this. >> there's mounting frustration on the streets. unemployment in the country has risen to 26%. half of young people are out of work. but the eu has signaled it is willing to relax rules on spain, which could help soften the austerity measures apparently crippling the country. >> germany may be about to drop its objections to bailing out cyprus. despite misgivings about reports of money laundering by the island's thanks. >> a number of politicians in germany have accused separate banks of holding significant illegal deposits with russian money, something they deny. they had threatened to refuse to finalize a bailout unless the
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country clean up -- clint of its act, but berlin is reported to have relented after pressure from other eurozone countries. cyprus needs about 17.5 billion euros to keep afloat. >> onto wednesday's market action now, and european shares dropped later in the session, reaction to weak economic data out of the united states. our correspondents and as the summary from the frankfurt stock exchange. -- our correspondent sent us this summary from the frankfurt stock exchange. >> the people here are convinced that the euro sovereign debt crisis is slowly getting better, that the worst may be over, so the news from spain did not really put a lot of pressure here. one sign that things are relaxing can be seen in the bond market. german bonds were a real safe haven at the worst time in the crisis. now the prices for german bonds are slowly coming back.
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the interest that germany has to pay is slowly rising, a sign that things are getting a little bit back to normal there. pressure came in the afternoon in the european markets when the united states announced that their economy completely suppressing the contracted in the fourth quarter. >> we stay in frankfurt for a closer look at the numbers from the mid-week session. the dax finished the day down by nearly 0.5%. the euro stoxx 50 down by just a little bit more. across the atlantic on wall street at this hour, the dow pretty much trading flat. the euro up against the greenback at a value of $1.3568. >> just days after toyota regained its spot as the world's no. 1 carmaker, it has announced recalls affecting more than 1 million cars around the world. >> one recall limbaugh's career role of -- one recall involves
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carolla models. there are also lexus models with windshield wipers that failed to function in heavy snow. he recalls come after a series of quality problems that have damaged toyota's reputation for quality. amazon shares opened sharply higher on the back of better than expected earnings on the end of your business. >> holiday sales grew 22% to just over $21 billion. it was mainly down to a major boost in the ebook sector. jeff bezos said revenue from kindle sales was up 17% in 2012. >> the euro has formally rejected a bid from ups to take over its dutch giant. >> the eu antitrust authorities said the deal would have stifled
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competition and likely lead to price increases. the merger would have given ups access to networks in asia and latin america. ups says it is extremely disappointed that the deal is not going ahead. a dutch court has ruled that international energy giant shell is not responsible for pipeline leaks that poison farmland in nigeria. >> local farmers and in time of groups have mounted multiple suits against shell. the court did find that the company's nigerian subsidiary was responsible for leaks that damage farm land in one village, but it refused to hold the parent company liable. shell said it was happy with the outcome. one of the plaintiffs plans to appeal. germany has been marking and of hitler's rise to power 80 years ago with events underscoring with chancellor angela merkel has called the country's everlasting responsibility for
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crimes committed by the nazis. >> one new exhibition traces hitler's first months in power. >> on january 30, 1933, hitler became german chancellor to the delight of the nazis. a new exhibition in berlin documents the beginning of their regime of terror. chancellor angela merkel opened the show. it follows out in a matter of months, the nazis laid the groundwork for the holocaust. >> there is no other way to say this -- the rise of the national socialists was made possible because the elite and other groups within german society helped. and most importantly, because most germans at least tolerated their rise. >> for angela merkel, the lesson
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is clear -- human rights have to be continually defended. this is also what would holocaust survivor has made her life's calling. at a ceremony in the german parliament, he described life as a jew in hiller's germany and how jews were slowly rounded up. >> than they were all gone. my family, my friends, the workers from the workshop for the blind, the jewish world war i veterans who still wore their medals on their coats. all gone without a cry, without any trouble at all. we watched as they left, as they obediently began their final journey. every night i saw them before me. i could not stop thinking about them. where were they? what was being done to them?
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>> inga spent the final years of the war in berlin in hiding. each year, the bundestag remembers hitler's rise to power, and stories like hers highlight the feeling germany feels for israel. >> when we return, we will be looking at egypt and what egyptian exiles living here in berlin think about what is going on in the country. >> also how the recent protest are affecting the struggling economy. stick around.
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>> welcome back. as we heard earlier, each of its president has been in berlin today on the defensive as his government faces its biggest test so far. >> opposition groups accuse him of betraying the revolution. they've been out on the streets demanding that he form a new unity government with them taking part. supporters reject that and say
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that he is moving egypt in the right direction. >> both of those views are represented right here in berlin. here's more on a debate that goes far beyond each of its borders. >> living in berlin net for more than a year now studying political science, she keeps herself informed on the politics of egypt through close contact with friends and family in cairo. she is worried. >> it is kind of ironic that two years into the resolute -- revolution, we are at the same place with a state of emergency being imposed and people demanding the same thing they were two years ago. it is very telling and very indicative of what the country is going through now, going backwards to what it used to be before. >> she is an active member of a network of artists and professionals working to support change in egypt. they also want to inform german power about the goals of the egyptian revolution.
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she is not impressed by morsi. >> this is supposedly a government trying to bring egypt together, trying to bring all of the minorities together, but that does not happen if you are constantly stressing that religion is the groundwork for your policies. it does not work. >> the sunset it is too early to judge. this biologist has been living in germany for 16 years already and recently founded a pro-more see -- pro-morsi association with some friends. >> we have to give the government more time. he was elected for four years and has not even been in office a year. people should let him work in peace and support him instead of stabbing him in the back. >> he was elected democratically.
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the majority wanted him. >> we should not argue but instead look at how we can rebuild our country together in these difficult times. >> that is with the women here also want, but they think the government should pay attention to the criticism being voiced. >> they should open up and allow other payments and think about the good of egypt. fish also have faith in others with different viewpoints who also know what is good for the country, not only for them. >> they say they are prepared to talk to supporters in germany of morsi. they are very much in favor of a dialogue and finding a common solution for their homeland. >> the political instability that followed the revolution has severely hurt the egyptian economy. the country urgently needs foreign investment, something that was the original focus of president morsi's visit to
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berlin. >> the greatest violence in egypt is only adding to the uncertainty of egypt's future, and that is causing foreigners to hold back, no matter whether they are potential investors or tourists planning holiday. >> scuba divers. these tourists are not thinking about unrest in egypt. >> it is a political thing. what can we do about it. it is above our heads. >> in the capital cairo and the country's historic sites, however, tourism has collapsed. booking rates are down 40%. tourists are spooked, and that could be a problem as it is one of the country's main sources of foreign exchange. and retail commerce is likewise in trouble. people simply have less money in their pockets. manufacturers are also struggling.
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there are electricity outages every day. production is stalling. machines are antiquated. that is why business owners lose contracts to foreign competition, even though wages in egypt are relatively low. this plastic pipe producer was established recently during a revolution. by then, the country did not have real institutions, so we had big trouble getting authorizations. ministries stopped working. state authorities did not function either. and conditions have barely improved. as a result, each of his experience and capital outflows as investors take their money elsewhere. food and fuel have to be imported, and prices are rising. more than 40% of the egyptian population has to get by on less than $2 a day. for more on the situation in
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egypt and how much it is impacting business, we spoke earlier with a consultant with the german air of chambers of commerce. with the egyptian economy already struggling to regain lost ground, we asked how much of a setback the current violence is. >> of course the current uprising is not really assuring for the people there, in particular, the business community is very reluctant now to embark on any new activities or any investment, but what ways very heavy on the business community is the shortage of foreign currency -- what' weighs very heavy. they cannot finance their import business, and this would drive the overall economy. >> now on to other news. in moscow, the internet video that made the punt rock band -- punk rock band pussy riot
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famous. serving long term prison sentences. the third activist had her prison sentence suspended. >> for the moment, the video is still accessible online, even in russia, but that is about to change. the moscow court ruled that the video contravenes a russian law on extremism intended to stop neo-nazis and terrorists. >> the judge rejected the appeal against a ruling from a lower court in november, thus of holding the -- upholding the ban. that means internet providers have to block the footage or face a fine. one member says the ban is
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simple censorship. >> it is quite clear that the state apparatus wants to make sure that nobody is able to see it. or they want to take revenge on us because we dared to criticize them publicly. >> implementation of the ban may be difficult as the video is available on many web sites -- websites that are not based in russia. >> freedom of the press right here in germany has deteriorated over the last year according to the latest global press freedom index from reporters without borders. >> countries topping the list with the freest press are finland, the netherlands, and norway. germany is in 17th place. the united states ranked just 32nd. press freedom is especially in danger in countries like mexico and eritrea, which ranks last. turning our focus to mexico where press freedom groups are demanding more protection for
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journalists in the central american nation. >> our next report shows the gruesome reality for reporters there since the start of the government's war on drugs in 2006. since then, 67 journalists have been killed, and 14 more have disappeared. >> in july of last year, police recovered the mutilated bodies of three photojournalist from a river in the mexican port city of veracruz. they had taken victims of victims of the drug war currently waging in mexico. the photos sealed their fate. the body of reporter regina martinez was also found in the same state. she was looking into connections between drug cartels and the political world. she was tortured and choked to death. mexican ngo's said 91 journalists have been killed in 12 years. it is impossible to guess how many more reporters have been intimidated or frightened into giving up their profession.
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those journalists rarely go public with their stories. they are afraid, both of the drug cartels and the authorities. this journalist and his family do not want to be recognized by their persecutors. he was arrested and spent three years in a high-security jail after publishing a report about local corruption. >> first, they disappeared may for three days. no one knew where i was. they tortured me and told me to sign a confession saying i was a drug bust. that is how you sign your own death warrant in mexico. >> although he did not sign anything and there was no evidence against him, he was sentenced to 20 years in jail.
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>> i was treated like a hardened criminal and locked up with drug bosses. before that, i spent six months in an isolated cell, naked in a room that was two by 3 meters. his first appeal failed after three of his lawyers were murdered, but the sentence was repealed after reporters without borders got involved. >> it is hard to believe the judiciary did not know he was a journalist, but nobody wanted to investigate the truth. that is why nobody feels compelled to take responsibility today. he has received many death threats since his release. >> i am very scared, but i want to write again, and this desire is stronger than my fear. he does not even know who is threatening him, but they have almost achieve their goal. he is alive but feels dead so long as he cannot work.
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>> that is all we have time for now. stay with us. more news at the top of the hour. captioned by the national captioning institute


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