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tv   Newsline  PBS  July 28, 2013 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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hello, welcome to "newsline." it's monday, july 29th. i'm catherine kobayashi in tokyo. israeli and palestinian leaders have spent three years refusing to speak. u.s. secretary of state john kerry has been pushing for months to bring them back to the negotiating table. now he's persuaded those senior aides to come together in washington. kerry spoke over the telephone with israeli prime minister
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benjamin netanyahu and palestinian authority president mahmoud abbas. they agreed to send negotiators to washington to prepare for peace talks. the envoys are scheduled to meet on monday and tuesday. kerry has visited the middle east over and over in an effort to coax the two sides back into negotiations. finally on sunday, the israeli cabinet approved the release of more than 100 palestinian prisoners. the palestinians had held out for them to be freed before they would agree to resume talks. egyptians who hold different political beliefs are hardening their resolve. security forces have fought for the last three days with supporters of ousted president mohamed morsi. more than 80 were killed in the dead wliest fighting since military leaders overthrew him earlier this month. morsi supporters are demanding he be reinstated. they ran into security forces on friday, then again on saturday and sunday. still, they're standing their ground. >> translator: i won't forgive the security forces for causing all this bloodshed.
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morsi is the legitimate president. >> translator: we'll stay here. we're not afraid of being killed. >> the security forces have moved in repeatedly to disperse the protesters. they say the demonstrators are occupying the streets illegally. leaders of morsi's political base in the muslim brotherhood blame the soldiers for shooting unarmed protesters. the interim foreign minister says morsi supporters are responsible. >> we're not taking a information against the muslim brotherhood, it is however gaunce those using violence. the best way to defuse the situation and get into a rational discussion is to stop incitement for violence and stop the use of force. >> he said the interim government will restore security in accordance with the law. he says deepening divisions will only lead to more tragedies. u.s. secretary of state john kerry expressed deep concern over the violent clashes in egypt. kerry urged the country's
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security authorities to respect the right to peaceful protests. kerry released a statement after talking by telephone with egypt's interim vice president mohamed elbaradei. kerry said meaningful political debate requires the participation of all political groups in the country. he called for the release of political leaders, including morsi. u.n. secretary-general ban ki-moon urged the interim government to ensure the protection of all citizens. he said security forces should respect human rights. ban also said the detained leaders should be freed and he called for dialogue and reconciliation. in kuwait, opposition groups led by the muslim brotherhood have boycotted a parliamentary election, raising concern about deepening political confrontation. the vote took place on saturday after the constitutional court invalidated the last election in december. citing procedural flaws. the december lax was held after the government introduced a new system that allowed one vote per person. the previous system permitted
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four votes per person. the opposition camp says the government unilaterally changed the electoral system in favor of itself. the opposition had also boycotted the december election. the governing bloc is expected to win most of the parliamentary seats. but the opposition says it will not accept the results. the opposition also criticizes the government for announcing $4 billion in aid to egypt after the military removed president morsi who was backed by the muslim brotherhood. thousands of people hoff also taken to the streets in tunisia. they called for the overthrow of the islamist-led government. on the day of the funeral of an assassinated opposition politician. supporters of tunisia's secular opposition groups held massive demonstrations. they accused the government of failing to curb the activities of extremists. security forces used teargas to disperse the protesters. the anti-government protests are fueled by the gunning down on thursday of a senior member of a secular opposition party.
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52 opposition members of parliament resigned in protest. they say they will continue to fight to oust the government. the current administration was formed through elections after the country's long-running government was toppled by pro-democracy protests in 2011. cambodia's governing party has declared victory in sunday's general election. but opposition parties allege the ballot was fraudulent. with vote counting still under way the election committee has not yet announced the outcome but an executive of the ruling cambodian people's party led by prime minister heng sen has claimed victory. he says that based on the party's own count, they're expected to win 68 of the 123 seats in the lower house. the cambodian national rescue party is the largest among the opposition. it's expected to make remarkable gains, but they've accused the ruling party of committing
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irregularities during the campaign. the capital phnom penh is on high alert for protests by supporters of the opposition parties. military and police have blocked streets near the prime minister's residence. the national election committee says it could take weeks to compile the official results. south korea's unification minister says his country will make a final offer to talk with north korea about reopening a jointly run industrial zone. he said in a statement sunday the south will make an official proposal to the north on monday. north korea criticized the recent joint military exercises between u.s. and south korean troops. in april, the north withdrew 53,000 workers from the kaeson industrial complex. it's been closed ever since. he urged the north to offer measures that would help solve the problem. he added south korea will have to make a grave decision if pyongyang fails to respond to the south's proposal. representatives from both sides
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have held talks six times but failed to reach an agreement. he said the south will continue giving humanitarian aid to the north regardless of the political stalemate. he said the government will approve on monday projects undertaken by civic organizations to provide nutritious food for infants. he said to also continue supporting unicef's efforts to help malnourished children in the north. u.s. president barack obama has sent out a message of support to america's allies in the asia-pacific. he says his forces are committed to preserving peace throughout the region. obama spoke at a ceremony in washington to mark the 60th anniversary of the korean war armistice. he honored more than 36,000 u.s. soldiers who died during the conflict. and said a new generation would continue to stand by america's friends in the region.
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>> our allies across the asia-pacific know, as we have prove anyone korea for 60 straight years, that the united states will remain a force for peace and security and prosperity. >> obama said the result of the war some not be considered a tie but a victory for the south. he said the democratic nation has become a major economy while the north remains mired in poverty. japan's vice foreign minister is preparing to visit his counterpart in china. the meeting could pave the way for high-level talks that authorities in tokyo hope will ease tensions with their biggest neighbor. asiki will visit china's vice foreign minister as early as this week. prime minister shinzo abe says the country's foreign ministers and senior officials should hold talks. he said the meeting should go ahead without any conditions and at the earliest possible time. relations between japan and china have become strained over the senkaku islands in the east china sea.
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japan controls the islands but china claims them. officials in the tokyo hope that the meeting between the vice foreign ministers will help to mend ties. however, a senior foreign ministry official says it's unlikely the higher-level talks will take place before august 15th. the date marks the anniversary of the end of world war ii for japan. in the himalayan nation of bhutan, the king has installed a new prime minister and his cabinet members. the official ceremony took place in the capital timpu. the kimking handed scarves to t new prime minister and his cabinet members. the neckwear is symbolic of office. now the people's democratic party led by topge won 32 seats out of 47 in the lower house election held on july 13th. the party had only two seats before the vote. people in bhutan blame the government for a rise in youth unemployment. they're also dissatisfied with the widening welt gap between
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cities and rural areas. the new leader has promised to give jobs to all unemployed young people. he's also pledged free electricity to farming villages within the first 100 days in office. bhutan pursues a policy of what it calls gross national happiness but it must deal with several challenges to achieve its aim. britain's economy has begun to enjoy positive effects from the birth of the royal baby. prince william's wife catherine gave birth to a boy last week. the couple's first child and third in line to the british throne. he was named george alexander louis. prince william was seen holding the child seat carrying his son when the couple left the hospital. a major baby goods store is enjoying brisk sales of the type
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of child seat used for the royal baby. the store says its sales have tripled. >> clearly parents looking at what's the latest product, who's the latest celebrity, and i think on the back of that, the seat becomes as operational. >> heavy orders have also been placed for the white wool covering put around prince george. it's the same type that was used for his father and grandfather. makers are unable to catch up with the demand. a british research institute estimates that the royal baby's birth will have an economic impact worth about $370 million for july and august. trade officials in the european union say they've resolved a major dispute with chinese competitors. they've got them to agree to lift the prices of their solar panel exports. the officials accused the chinese firms of dumping their products in eu markets at below-cost prices. they said this enabled them to undercut local manufacturers. eu countries imposed an
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anti-dumping tariff of about 12% on the chinese imports. they plan to raise the tariff in august to about 47%. but they say china who is now agreed to lift the minimum price for its solar panel exports and the europeans have agreed to remove the tariff. the dispute had put a large amount of trade between the two markets at risk. china exported more than $27 billion worth of the solar products to eu countries in 2011. the head of tokyo electric power company's independent expert panel has criticized the utility for its lack of risk communication regarding contaminated water at fukushima daiichi. dale kline is a former chairman of the u.s. nuclear regulatory commission. he became chairman of the reform committee for tepco last october. he spoke to nhk world on saturday about the company's late admission of leakages at the plant. >> in fact, the first time i heard about it, some of the initial reports was via the press.
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and so that's one of the reasons that i was rather unhappy is that the reform committee has encouraged tepco to do a much better job on their communication. our reform committee had encouraged tepco earlier to develop a much better risk communication program. we thought that was under way. we had hopes of it being successful. and then when this latest issue of groundwater contamination had occurred, i think all of the committee members were very frustrated with tepco. >> it took more than a month for tepco to admit that the high levels of radiation in the monitoring well could indicate that contaminated groundwater was seeping into the ocean. klein said the executives explained it took time to verify the evidence. >> they really have to change their attitude. they have to hire people that are good at communicating. and they have to get out of this mold of having to know
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everything before they will indicate what some potential problems might be. some women have developed skin problems after using whitening products made by the japanese cosmetics firm kanebo. they sold the skin-whitening projects in japan and ten other countries and asian territories. cosmetics which make the skin whiter are popular in asia. some complained of white blotches on their skin after using the products. a 70-year-old woman said she noticed blotches on her hands, wrists and nelk last september. but she kept using the product. >> translator: women want to keep their beauty at any age. even if this means they have to spend money. i will have to wait till the blotches are gone. >> some women have developed other symptoms. this woman says the itching often kept her awake at night.
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the blemishes all over her face have not disappeared. >> translator: i used kanebo products because i wanted to keep my skin white like a baby. >> a dermatologist in tokyo says he has treated 16 patients who used kanebo products. he says most of them have been seeing him for more than a year. four came after kanebo disclosed the problems on july 4th. >> translator: some patients told me they are depressed. they put on a lot of makeup and don't feel like going out. we have to support them psychologically. and help them recover from their skin problems. >> kanebo has recalled 54 types of products. the company's being urged to look into the causes and the extent of the damage. many people who live in areas of japan hit by disaster
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find they're losing hope. they're not happy with the pace of reconstruction after the earthquake and tsunami two years ago. and some feel life will never be the same. some have turned to alcohol to ease their pain. nhk world shimizu has their story. >> reporter: this man in his 60s lives alone in a temporary housing unit in miyagi prefecture. he lost his wife in a tsunami two years ago. for a long time afterward, he suffered insomnia. he dampens his loneliness by drinking. he ended up drinking from morning to night. at times he'd finish off four liters, about a gallon of hard liquor, in one day. >> translator: i drank and drank because i wanted to die. i felt guilty for letting my
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wife go first. i felt sorry. and there was nothing i could do, so i drank. >> reporter: this is a clinical psychotherapist. he's part of a counseling group for people with drinking problems. over time, shibuya helped the man in temporary housing take control of his drinking. on shibuya's recommendation he joined meetings with others who share the same problem. through talking with them, he decided he couldn't keep living as he was. whenever he felt like having a drink, he called shibuya's group for support. >> translator: i called him every day for a year. i talked about things like how i drank again. and basically complained about everything.
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they never failed to listen to me. >> reporter: for now, he has stopped drinking. he says he was able to do so because the group was there for him until he was able to quit. >> translator: the most important thing is the individual's determination. we try to encourage him or her by listening to whatever they need to say. >> reporter: in 2010, the year before the earthquake, doctors at this hospital diagnosed an average of around 24 people each month as alcoholics. in 2012, the number jumped to nearly 29. doctors fear the number of people with drinking problems in the disaster-hit areas will rise. >> translator: they have nothing to live for. they've lost everything they've worked all their lives for. and they're feeling a great sense of emptiness.
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>> reporter: reconstruction in the region has been slow. and the number of alcoholics is growing. therapists such as shibuya are trying to keep pace with the growing social threat. thousands of residents are still waiting to go home. vast tracts of land are still waiting to be restored. and more than half of fishing ports on the pacific coast must be rebuilt. people in northeastern japan still face challenges following the 2011 disaster. but step by step, they're moving forward. see their stories every wednesday on "the road ahead" right here on "newsline." the sweltering summer heat continues in japan.
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but people in the northern prefecture of hokkaido had a rare opportunity to cool down on sunday. a mountain stream makes a path beneath the snow that has piled up during the winter. the daytime high was nearly 30 degrees celsius but the temperature at the entrance is only 10 degrees, thanks to the cool air from the tunnel. the area's normally kept off-limits for safety reasons. people are only allowed to visit on the last sunday of july. >> translator: i'vbeen coming here for three years in a row but i'm surprised to see more snow than usual. it makes me feel i have truly experienced hokkaido. we're seeing a different
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scene coming out of western japan. meteorologist sayaka mori joins us now. what's the latest? >> yesterday, unprecedented amounts of heavy rain fell in western japan. i want to start off by showing you this footage. the warning level was the highest for heavy rain in yamaguchi, 381 millimeters of rain fell. yamaguchi, 351, which is 20% more than the average in july. one woman was found dead and several are missing. some 500 residents are stranded. this was the highest rain level in 50 years. now, the peak of heavy rain is over across western japan. but instead central japan is targeted by quite heavy rain. we're expecting about 150 millimeters of rain to fall in the next 24 hours. so flash flood is going to be a very big concern.
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and as we go into tonight the system is expected to sag toward the south so that will affect the northern parts of western japan once again. so more disastrous conditions are likely to happen, unfortunately. the same frontal system is affecting the southern parts of south korea as well as east-central china. lots of rain there as well. and a rainstorm can be found across northern vietnam, producing widespread rain here. southern china is also targeted by heavy rain as well. and a tropical depression can be found over central parts of the philippines. the system will likely maintain its intensity while making its way toward the northwest. temperatures are quite seasonal in shanghai once again. 39 for you with abundance of sunshine. tokyo the upper 20s, relief from the heat. beachgoers and surfers in hawaii could be surprised at the higher surf. a tropical storm is approaching the hawaii islands and it could hit the islands by monday local
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time. so high surf, stronger gusts and quite heavy rain are likely to pound this area. tropical storm could hit the islands which is quite rare but not unheard of in 1992 a hurricane hit the island. now so quite severe weather is likely to happen across this area. so watch out for that. now further out towards the east we have a rainstorm across the eastern parts of the u.s. and up towards southeastern canada. lots of rain has caused flash floods as well as lots of thundershowers. monday things will be clearing up. windy conditions in the great lakes region will be clearing by the first day of the work week. but severe weather is expected tonight over oklahoma and the southern half of kansas on your monday. monsoonal rain could lead to flash flood across the desert southwest. temperatures are going to be quite mild in l.a. 25 for you soaring to 34 in houston. and nice and mild across the great lakes region.
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24 in chicago. 21 in toronto, about 5 degrees cooler than where it should be this time of year. finally, in europe then, we have very hot air across the east. and relatively cool air across the west. and in between that severe weather is happening from central europe down towards western europe. lots of hail and thunderstorms have been reported. as the system moves towards the east, temperatures will go down across eastern europe. but by your monday, on monday going up to 40 degrees in belgrade, quite hot. over ten degrees higher than seasonal. that could go down to 30 on tuesday. meanwhile, across the west, quite cool for this time of year. 23 in london. 24 in harris with rainy weather. liz done at 26 degrees. here's your extended forecast around the globe.
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a reminder of our lead stories this hour. u.s. secretary of state john kerry has been pushing for months to bring israeli and palestinian leaders back to the negotiating table. now he's persuaded their senior aides to come together in washington. kerry spoke over the telephone with israeli prime minister benjamin netanyahu and palestinian authority president mahmoud abbas. they agreed to send negotiators to washington to prepare for peace talks. the envoys are scheduled to meet on monday and tuesda kerry has visited the middle east over and over in an effort to coax the two sides back into negotiations. finally, on sunday, the israeli cabinet approved the release of more than 100 palestinian prisoners. the palestinians had held out for them to be freed before they would agree to resume talks.
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egyptiansho hold diffent litical belie are hardening eir lve.tyorces have for the last three days with supporters ofd president mohamed rsi. more than 80 pple were killed in the deadliest fighting since military leaders overthrew him earlier this month. morsi supporters are demanding that he be reinstated. they ran into security forces on friday, then again on saturday and sunday. still, they're standing their ground. >> translator: i won't forgive the security forces for causing all this bloodshed. morsi is the legitimate president. >> translator: we'll stay here. we're not afrai of being killed. >> the security forces have moved in repeatedly to disperse the protesters. they say the demonstrators are occupying the streets illegally. leaders of morsi's political base in the muslim brotherhood blame the soldiers for shooting unarmed protesters. and that is all for this edition of "newsline." i'm catherine kobayashi in to o tokyo. thanks for joining us.
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- coming up, geography's effect on international affairs. - these things matter. they can't be wished away by philosophers who say, "don't pay attention to deterministic forces." - "atlantic" correspondent robert kaplan discusses the geographic backdrop of the arab spring, american prosperity, and china's dilemma. it's just ahead on "global ethics forum." - our speaker is robert kaplan, who is no stranger to the carnegie council, as he has spoken here several times before. today, he will be discussing his latest book entitled, "revenge of geography: "what the map tells us about coming conflicts and the battle against fate." this work brings together his reflections as a foreign correspondent and everything he has seen and thought about over three decades of reporting.

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