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tv   Journal  PBS  May 18, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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brian: hello and welcome to the journal coming to you from berlin. i'm brian thompson. peter: i'm peter gray. these are the top stories. he ministers are fired. we will talk to our correspondent about tensions in the region. brian: refugees are taking to these cities to europe and southeast asia. peter: and the world health organization admits it failed in attempts to tackle be a bola health outbreak. the u.n. envoy david navarro talks about lessons learned.
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brian: we begin this program in burundi where turmoil is continuing. the embattled president has sacked his foreign and defense ministers. peter: this new cap -- this news comes five days coup. brian: it is seen as deep divisions in the administration as it tries to come to grips with ongoing violence in the capital. reporter: shots again fired in the capitol on monday as soldiers tried to disperse antigovernment protesters. in recent weeks it was the police clashing with demonstrators. then a sign of ever-increasing tension, the military is on the streets with machine guns and rocket correll -- rocket propelled grenades. >> we will continue with the
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protest. even if they shoot at us, we will stay on the streets. reporter: more than 20 have been killed in burundi's worst crisis in a decade. it began after the president announced he would run for a third term. many believe that is unconstitutional. despite considerable opposition, he seems to be cementing his grip on power. he survived a coup attempt last week and has now sacked three key ministers from his. for more than 100,000 the uncertainty has become too much. they fled the country. each day 2000 arrive in a tanzanian border village. for many, it's an all too familiar experience after the civil war, which ended in 2000 five. >> this is the third time we have been refugees. we will never go back to burgundy. reporter: in the camps the
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plight of the refugees is far from over. many are suffering from cholera. brian: our correspondent is monitoring the situation from king dolly in neighboring money. he joins us on the line. refugees are fleeing to tanzania. how long can we expect this to continue? reporter: as long as these situation will not resolve politically, we will see more and more refugees. that's for sure. the crisis is really getting big at the moment. just in the days since the coup attempts, we have seen 40,000 people fleeing to the small southern town, which we saw. the number of refugees have gone to 200,000. on the beach, there are tens of thousands of people gathered now and the village is surrounded by
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steep mountains that can only be exited by old. it's very difficult. there is no fresh water, no vegetation. international agencies find it very difficult to cope. i expect more and more refugees streaming into this camp. it definitely will remain difficult. brian: what about the situation inside burgundy? can the president put together an alliance to shore up his power? reporter: well, he definitely tried. the question is, will he succeed? the military broke up some intersections, and we did not see the forming of rebel groups. we hear within the army -- [indiscernible] that can become a problem for the president later. he may try to set up a stronger alliance. it is apparently a move to get
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more loyal politicians on his side. the other thing is the security situation. there is not much above the line. he is trying to tighten his grip on the population. the police is not waiting long before opening fire on protesters. they are unlikely to get much support, especially here. the antigovernment set up by the former 22 leader and -- tutsi leader, and one has relocated military personnel to the border with burgundy. brian: ok, still a very volatile situation. thanks so very much. peter: now the european union says it is going to set up a new naval force to tackle people traffickers operating from libya. the idea is to capture the smugglers and destroy their boat, -- their boats. brian: but before this mission
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can begin the eu wants the united nations' authority to operate militarily close to the libyan coast line. peter: people have already lost their lives trying to make their way to europe. reporter: these migrants haven't found hiding in libya's capital of tripoli waiting for smugglers to take them to europe. -- have been found hiding. in brussels, the eu's foreign-policy chief was confident eu member states and the united nations would back the plan. >> this would allow us to continue or start the operational planning with the commander in the headquarters and to prepare for the launch of the operation itself. reporter: the plan includes destroying boats off the coast.
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it will be hard to distinguish smugglers' boats from those of fishermen working out at sea. chef but all you have to do is look at the picture to see the problem. smugglers only own half of the ships. fishermen on the other half. how can you tell the difference? how can you destroy one boat when the boat next to it is filled with peaceful fishermen? reporter: a number of the eu member states have declared support for the military mission. germany's foreign minister says europe has to resolve several political, legal issues first. chef the un security council has to pass a resolution before we can conduct any operation on libya's territorial waters. we do not know that will happen. the eu will also have to get the permission of libyan authorities. reporter: meanwhile as summer
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approaches more migrants are likely to attempt the journey. peter: a boat carrying 300 bangladeshi and burmese migrants has disappeared. brian: human rights groups say thousands of displaced people and southeast asia are facing death at sea right now. many are bohemian people from myanmar. this muslim minority faces persecution, leading many to flee. peter: neighboring countries are refusing to grant them asylum, sending their boats back out to sea. foreign ministers are set to meet to discuss a response to the crisis. brian: meanwhile we will hear the story of one family that managed to reach malaysia. reporter: these corrugated iron huts on the edge of the malaysian capital kuala lumpur our home for now.
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myanmar considers them stateless and persecutes them for their muslim faith. evermore they just want to leave. >> one day, a man came over and said he would take me to my husband in malaysia for free. i took my three children and left. the crossing took three months. one time we had nthing to eat for 10 days. the traffic has beat us. -- the traffickers beat us. one of them beat one of my children on the head because he was hungry and crying. reporter: the main concern of traffickers is to get as many people on their boat as possible. each person on board means more money. the real price of the crossing is only revealed once they reach the open sea. it is often thousands of euros effectively and ran some to be paid by the relatives of migrants.
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>> i gave the traffickers my husband from number. he was already in malaysia. they told him to pay for his family. they threatened me and said if i try to talk to my husband, they would shoot me an throw me overboard. if i had no knowledge this, i never would have left. -- if i had known about this, i never would have left. reporter: it was barely seaworthy. hundreds of people thronged the deck without food, water, or medicine. thai navy helicopters dropped food to the people on board before escorting it back out to international waters. this family is among the lucky ones. her husband was able to find 3000 euros to pay the ransom for his family. thousands of others can still only dream of a new life in malaysia. brian: two are back now where
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shia militia fighters are on their way to the iraqi city of ramadi to recapture that city which fell to islamic extremists last week. peter: at least 500 were killed in the fighting. a video posted online is believed to show forces fleeing ramadi, the capital of iraq for largest province, and bar. they seized vehicles left behind. it is the most serious if he for the u.s.-backed government since last summer. brian: what type of threat is the capital of baghdad facing? for more, we are joined by our correspondent. first off -- shia bract militia from iran close to the muddy. what are the chances they can retake the city with i.s. digging in? reporter: they are not in place until now.
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they are still marching towards ramadi. in the meantime, i.s. has gained more territory than before. of so the pace this morning, they were near falluja, and the suburb is i.s. now. it is them now. so they are still advancing. there is no end in sight. although the shia militias are set to be -- said to be well-trained and there are a lot of hopes that they will recapture ramadi. brian: it's important to note that this is a sunni country that the i.s. are advancing through. we have seen the i.s. struck close to the capital of baghdad before. it's only about 100 kilometers away from ramadi. is the threat to the capital greater this time around? reporter: no, it's not. it's not greater than it was last june. we have this terror militia now
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already one year, so last june they were even nearer to baghdad near abu ghraib, which is kilometers away. it's not bigger. at the threat is not a good than it was a year ago, but it is as vast as it ever was because the capital of the province -- on bar is the biggest province in iraq and a lot of people say this is the revenge of tikrit, because they lost tikrit two months ago and now they took ramadi. it's like a ping-pong game. you lose tikrit, you take ramadi. brian: in this ping-pong game, the rainy and's are playing a key role. how significant is the political support they have in the fight against irs -- i.s.? reporter: it is significant because they were the first ones helping iraqis, sending experts trainers, and even the commander of the national guard, of the republican guard came to iraqi
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and commanded the brigade which is a militia, a shia militia trained in iran. and they are said to be the most professional -- much more professional than the iraqi army's. so iran plays a significant role in this fight. brian: ok, a respondent from baghdad, live as the ukrainian army marches on monday. thanks for that. we're taking a very short break. stay with us. we will be looking at the lessons learned from the ebola crisis. peter: on a very different note, we will be finding out who is representing germany at this weekend's edition of the eurovision song contest. do stay with us.
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peter: welcome back. the world health organization has admitted that it has failed to adequately deal with the ebola crisis that killed thousands in west africa. brian: the director is taken responsibility. she's is in your emergency fund could help. german chancellor angela mark l -- uggla merkel -- angela merkel says a global pandemic response is the only way to beat such diseases. peter: the question is, what lessons have been learned? i put that to david rivera, the u.n.'s special envoy on ebola. david: when we were dealing with this outbreak in august and september, we saw a huge increase in the number of cases,
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but we could not at that time tell how they the outbreak was going to be. nor could we tell which countries it was going to spread too. all we could do was marshal every capacity available including fantastic support from germany and other nations to try to help the nation's contain it as much as they could. i do believe it was possible in this outbreak, when we were dealing with the most extreme situation to coordinate and organize the response in a reasonable way. and the ministers will be saying, ok, next time, how can we do it even better, even more efficiently, even more effectively. they will also be saying, how can we work with local communities so they are better able to take responsibilities for taking this kind of -- for dealing with this kind of
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disease. after all the viruses not spread through the air or the water. this virus is spread as a result of behaviors. so they will be looking very hard at how beter to involve communities in a response to this. that's what really matters. peter: that was the un's special envoy on ebola speaking to us earlier. brian: police are calling in a melee in texas in the night of states. they have arrested 170 people in connection with a shoot out with rival biker gangs. peter: many people were killed, 18 injured in the fight which broke out at a sports bar in waco. if then spread to the parking lot as the groups attacked each other with knives and guns. police were on the scene and fired shots. these spokesman said all those who died were motorcycle gang members.
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prosecutors here in germany say they are investigating a police officer who allegedly abused two refugees while in custody. brian: the officer is said to have half strangled a man from afghanistan and drag him around in hand cups. in another case, it he is said to have forced a man to eat rotten pork off the floor. peter: these are said to have happened a year ago but are only now being investigated by prosecutors. reporter: the alleged assaults happened here at hanover's main railway station. prosecutors are taking the case seriously. >> if it is true that somebody was dragged across the floor by his leg shackles and forest to eat rotten meat, then we will charge him with assault.
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reporter: the officer is said to have taken photos of the abuse and send them via his smartphone to friends and colleagues. human rights organizations and politicians are demanding answers. >> we need this matter cleared up quickly. this is not acceptable in germany. it will not be tolerated by state institutions, including the police force. reporter: it was not the alleged victims who filed suit. many say it is hard for individuals to seek justice when it comes to police violence. >> we need a federal police authority to watch over these agencies. only then will we have a truly independent agency that victims of police of violence can turn to. reporter: lawmakers responsible for integration in germany are calling for change. peter: two business news -- our
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main correspondent, have er -- javier gives is a picture of a mixed day of trading overshadowed by the greek debt crisis. javier: the trading day was marked by ups and downs, at least at the dax. it started off quite well, at least until greece took the center stage again. a leaked memo suggests that greece is unlikely to make the next payment due june 5. this again raised concerns that a greek default might the closer than expected, especially since there are alarming voices from experts and institutions like the bundesbank. on the plus side, the very week euro -- weak euro pushed exports up. the dax saw green numbers that the end the day. peter: from business to sports -- in the small town of english.
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-- in northern bavaria the local football team is having quite an impact. brian: it has only been in existence for 11 years and it clinched a promotion to the bundesliga with a victory over leipzig. reporter: this is what they have been waiting for. for the players and for the coach, it has been a long road to the top. >> not many people thought we could do it. we were not on the top of anybody's list, but that gave us the space we needed to focus. [laughter] [cheering] reporter: it took over a year and a half ago. back then, the team was in last place. this season, they have surprised everyone with high temp borough
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attacking football. the secret to their success has been young, ambitious, players like matthew, one of their top scorers. that and financial support from the carmaker audi. it owns the stadium the team plays in. big changes for next season, but for now, fans and players will be celebrating reaching the highest level of german football. brian: in the world championship final, a classic battle between the giants of the sport, canada versus defending champion russia. peter: the two teams are the most decorated teams in the sport's history here in canada served up ice cold resent against their long-standing rival. reporter: team canada was unstoppable, outpacing and outclassing their opponents. this was one of russia's few
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shots on goal from nhl star alexander ovechkin. in the 19th minute, team canada took a deserved lead. in the second period, the canadians really hit their stride. tyler seguin 2-0. then the olympic champion striking the puck in. no let up for russia as tyler seguin added another. in the end canada bagged 6. russia saved face with the team's only goal. the final score --6-1 rout canada the deserving world champions. brian: onto the stage now in europe is gearing up for what is arguably its main singing
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competition coming this weekend. the eurovision song contest will be getting underway in villa -- vienna, austria. peter: each country since it's pick to get the top prize. here in germany, that is ann sop hie. reporter: she is doing her promotional tour, giving an interview to a radio's nation in berlin. she can deal with as much promotion and she can out. she hopes to win over 120 million tv viewers with her song "black smoke." ann sophie: i am constantly on the move. i'm always switched on. reporter: she grew up in hamburg. she performed in jazz clubs.
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at a concert in february the 24-year-old won a wild-card spot to inter-the german eurovision finals. she finished second but he declined, saying he was not up to the task. instead he handed the title over to ann sophie. >> i just think she is more suitable and qualified for it. ann sophie: mi going to vienna? >> yes, you are going to vienna. reporter: she seemed unsure. ann sophie: that i said to myself you've got it in you to be happy. and i am happy. it has been a huge gift. reporter: but her quickly produced album did not go anywhere in the charts, and according to one she will not place well. >> i do not really read those
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things. i do not think that would help my confidence level. that would not be good. i'm also realistic. i know anything can happen. reporter: her ambition is to make it into the top 10 and ann sophie says she will do all she can to achieve that at the 60th eurovision song contest indiana. brian: good look to -- good luck toann sophie. peter: that's right. bye-bye. [speaks russian] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit]
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♪ damien: hello and a very warm welcome to "focus on europe," bringing you some of the very best personal stories behind the headlines. malta -- a dangerous place for migrating birds. ukraine -- a dangerous place for the country's children -- and round the world in fewer
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than 80 days -- on a wing, a prayer and a bit of sunlight. one of the most spectacular sights in many parts of europe around this time of year is when millions of birds migrate from africa. and for many of them the small
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