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tv   CBS News Sunday Morning  CBS  October 13, 2013 6:00am-7:31am PDT

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>> two games, two runs. yesterday's major league baseball play-offs in the american league. five detroit pitchers combined at fenway park to strike out 17 red sox has the tigers beat boston 1-0. earlier in the national league game, the st. louis cardinals nipped them by the same >> now today's weather, plus temperatures in the northern
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third of the nation with a chance of rain in the pacific northwest, and possible showers in the atlantic region as well. cloudy in the south, and sunny in the sunny southwest. >>,,,,
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>> charles: early versions of these navigational instruments helped explorers find their way during the age of discovery. christopher columbus is the one we remember, but others set sail into uncharted waters back then, many from a small sea faring country. >> that speck is american surfer garrett mcnamara, unbelievable, astonishing, pick your adjective for it is monster wave he rode in january off the portuguese coast near the town of nazareth. the lighthouse sits at the top of a 200 foot cliff. everybody wants to come
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>> exactly. because nobody knew that this was here in nazareth. >> reporter: in 2005, a physical education teacher sent mcnamara this photograph to lure him to the small fishing village with its large waves. >> it's so big that for us to see the height of it, we have to look -- >> you say explosion, does it feel like a real explosion? >> exactly. everything. and this is all white water. >> reporter: the portuguese explorer vasco pagamo came here too, to play, before he set out in 1497, and again after a successful return from his voyage to fine a sea route to india with its rich spice trade. he did what christopher columbus tried to do, but failed.
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>> i think because we are a country -- our tied to the land, and we are always looking. we have that kind of people to see what is after them. >> reporter: even if it's frightening? >> yeah. >> portugal is a country where the sea is and always has been regarded as a living being to, be stared down and confronted. the song laments the price paid. portugal's greatest heroes are its explorers and their patrons during the age of discovery.
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in lisbon, portugal's capital, there's a 51 ument to them. pagama, magellan, prince henry the mavigator, all the names you memorized in grade school and immediately porgot. >> their daring -- portugal, smaller than indinthe first global sea power, and very rich. how it happen side a story about ino vague which will begin in sagresch, the cragy and southwest corner of europe. >> romans, greeks and other civilizations believe this is the point where the world
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finished. >> this is the end of the world? >> that's the idea. >> they give you a picture -- very interesting. they believed that it was inside the sea, and -- >> reporter: but the port geedportuguese thought otherwis. >> prince henry surrounded himself in map makers, astronomers, and navigator, and amassing knowledge. the 15th century of r & d, like a venture capitalist. he financed expeditions intended to push the boundaries of the known world, for profit, and to spread christianity. >> the idea was to take to other cultures, to take to other people and other lands
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the christian. >> reporter: so christianity and exploration were always tied together? >> always. >> prince henry died in 1460, but by then the portuguese explorers have inched along the coast of africa. in 1488, bartholomew dion made it around cape hope, and 16 years later reached india. two years after that in 1500, pedro alvarez cabral discovered brazil, and on it went, each explorer armed with knowledge provided by the last. >> these represent ruecht that is portuguese took on their early explorations. >> reporter: lt. gonzalez heads the research department at the maritime department in lisbon.
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>> at its peak when fort err portuga portugal was at its peak, how much? >> brazil to japan. >> reporter: with brazil to japan, technology was key and this is wa it looked like. a ship with triangular sails. what is this boat call ?d >> caravel. >> reporter: the caravel revolutionized the ocean. >> what was the advantage of this rigging? >> you could sail close to the wind, and you could go where and when you wanted to. >> in a caravel you weren't restricted to winds that just pushed you from behind as square riggers were. and the portuguese had the best and most up to
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dateinarigation tools, which helped to plot locations by measuring the altitude of the sun and stars. >> this is the first representation of brazilian territory in topography. it was drawn in 1502. portugal had the equivalent of today's software, accurate maps. >> others prohibited maps showing portugal navigation outside of portugal. >> it was top secret. >> reporter: so maps were portugal's secret? >> maps were power, because knowledge is power. >> reporter: portugal monopolized world commerce, but only as long as it manageed to keep knowledge out of the hands of competitors. ferdinand magellan commanded the exhibition that made it around the world.
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he was portuguese, sailing for the spanish. foretelling the inevitable end of portugal's golden age. but it was awfully good while it lasted. manuel, who outlawed the sale of maps began in 1502 building this. it's an extravagant shrine to portugal's discovery, and to its hero. taskama, embodied the century of takings on the sea is buried here. this summer, the portuguese navy honored that spirit by giving the award to mcnamara who holds the record for riding this 78 foot wave in
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november, 2011 just off nazarai where such exploits have always been understood. >> charles: up next, a really big show.
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>> charles: now a page from
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the "sunday morning" almanac 39 years ago today. the final kurtdain for a tv show. ed sullivan died of cancer that day at theig of 73. some were broadway columnists, and cbs in 1948 to host a new sunday night variety show. >> ladie >> charles: the sullivan show grew to become a huge success. must see tv for millions of viewers across america. who tuneed in sunday after sunday to see a mixture of acts. presiding over it all was ed
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sullivan, as stiff and unlikely a stage presence as ever hosted a hit tv show. >> ed? >> yes, ed. >> edward r. murrow asked him about his on air persona. >> where did you get this reputation as a stone face? >> i don't think as a youngster i had, but when i went on to television, and the camera came barreling in on me, rigomortis set in. >> charles: he enjoyed a following. and in 1963 -- the movie. the popular culture. but over time, sullivan's old style show began to fade, and in 1971, it went off the air. three years later, sullivan
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himself was gone. but even today, tv with hundreds of channels. a certain generation fondly remembers long ago sunday night. america virtually salt down as one in living rooms to watch ed sullivan. coming up, the world series fell apart. why kaeptd we maximize
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>> these hand woven baskets are an example of what you can find in a world of art that gathers each year in new mexico. steve cowen paid a visit and brought back pictures. >> reporter: the boundless landscape. god's paint brush at work as the saying goes. beneath the clouds, another artistic world awaits. a world of both color and culture. there is art here that dazzles the eye, and is soft to the touch, and pleaseant to view. >> far away and often fancyful places. everything you see here is for sale. >> this is great. it's like going around the world without the airfare.
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>> reporter: but before you think it's just a fun place to shop, think again. it's called the sante fe folk art mart. it's like few places in the world, because it's a world gathered all in one place. the opening is akin to the olympics. 200 after theists from 60 countries proudly marched their way into sante fe, and arrive to a hero's welcome. >> hey, guys. great to see you. >> that's judy wo co-founded this market 10 years ago, and every year, she says, it has gotten biger and better. >> it's like the world series. every year there's new players, and every year it's more exciting because >> reporter: she's collected her fair share of folk art herself. her sante fe home is teaming
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with teeming >> how many pieces? >> hundreds. >> reporter: folk art is more than just her guilty pleasure. for her, it's a much needed economic life line for artist who is use earnings to help transform their struggling communities back home. >> the forgotten treasure in this market is the self-reliance and self-respect, and understanding that they are part of a world culture that these artists go home with. >> reporter: part of global saigglobalization. >> it's a part of globalization. >> janet has seen that positive side. she grew up weaving baskets with her sister in a refugee camp in uganda. her country was torn apart in
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a civil war. when janet returned she found a country full of widows with little more than their native craft of basket weaving. >> they've never been to school, the only thing they had was a weaving technique from their other mothers. >> reporter: she started a co-op to use their skills to support their family. >> i'm telling you, a woman who makes baskets right now and sells here. they cover their health insurance for their families for the whole year. >> reporter: where the money goes? it brings people all the way here >> you see something beautiful and it's benefitting not just one person, but a whole community. >> reporter: making their way over to a booth, an artist. his steel artwork made from
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discarded oil drums are a favorite in the market. >> you've got hundreds of them. that's a lot of work. from his village north of port-au-prince, they use hammers and chisels to sculpt scenes of haitian life. >> this is my life. >> reporter: he's come to the market nine years in a row, and over that time, he and two other oil drum art i felts have made more than $200,000. the average wage in haiti is under $2 a day. it's that kind of success that has artists clamoring to hang their wares in this market. but the rules are strict. only about a third of the artists who apply are accepted. and don't just come here for the money. >> we are going to address costing and pricing. >> teach artists the business side of art, managing materials, shipping. >> thank you.
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and even teach marketing and tips on how on to export products. >> it's halfway there. >> i need price tags. >> reporter: spending much of her life growing up in the u.s. arch her family fled kandahar, afghanistan during the rug invasion. >> the political situation of the country for the last three and a half decades, and the environment -- but in the midst of that violence, women are creating beauty. >> reporter: their gift to the world was fine needle embroidery composed of geometric and floral design. >> my mother and grandmanager always wore pieces that had the kandahar on there, the trademark of kandahar. >> reporter: ultimately, it was a problem bringing that art to market. even before the taliban, women were treated as second class
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citizens. but the needle work could be done in the privacy of homes. it was a save way to gain economic independence without crossing cultural boundaries. >> people need the opportunity to earn an income to develop their own life with their own hands. some look at it as a giant open air non-profit. it's a place of beauty, talent, and tradition. the fact is, it's a little of both. weaving together the globe in a way that seems artful and -- >> did anyone accuse of being a pot hog? >> no. >> playing it cool. and is there a robot in your >> playing it cool. and is there a robot in your future.,
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>> charles: bobby orr enjoyed a relatively short career in big league hockey, but looms large in the history of the game. skated up to him for questions and answers.
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>> reporter: one of the great moments in sports history. >> bobby orr! and scores! bobby orr! >> reporter: bobby orr celebrating the overtime goal that in 1970 brought the stanley cup to boston for the first time in 29 years. >> and bobby orr, make >> reporter: this photo captured his body flying through the air like a superman. but it's his face that says it all. pure joy. >> growing up in canada, kids play ho%e and dream about playing in the nhl, and also hope one day to be on a stanley cup team, and that was the day. >> it was a big goal. >> reporter: number 4, bobby orr is 65 now and long retired. and the famous superstar decided the time has come to tell his story. in reading your book, the word that comes up over and over again when you talk about
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hockey and your life in general is passion. >> the love is passion i had for the game, i never had that taken out of me by my parents or coach. >> reporter: he fell in love with the game when he was a boy playing bond hockey in ontario in his native canada. >> playing with my buddies whether it was on the bay or the river or the school rink. we'd skate, and parents would say be home by dark. >> his parents kept him grounded. >> people would come up to my father and say your kid is going to be a pro. the advice he gave me was, have fun and see waps. >> reporter: it was a simpler time. when orr was 14 he was signed to play on the boston bruins farm team. his signing bonus. a whopping $1,000, plus -- >> they stuccoed my mother's house. my father could get a car.
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that was in '62, the car couldn't be newer than a '56. so he had a '56 chevrolet, and i got a suit. i forgot about the suit. >> reporter: at 18, bobby orr brought his fearless freewheeling style to the nhl. >> score! what a play by bobby orr. >> reporter: nobody in boston or anywhere else had seen anything like it before. the defense man who was a former offensive threat. he seemed unstoppable. capable of rushing the length of the ice with the puck on his stick. >> going in. goal! >> reporter: you wouldn't give up the puck. now, did anyone ever accuse of of being a puck hog? >> no. no. i would eventually give it up.
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come on. calling me a puck hog. i'm out of here. i'll walk out. >> reporter: came on ice, and no one was more agile or faster than bobby orr. and probably no one more modest. >> reporter: how cool was it that the boston globe columnist called you muriel >> i'm an awful dancer. >> scores! >> reporter: poong his many achievement, it was a defense man who twice led the league in scoring. >> there were few records that orr didn't break. >> >> announcer: and they're standing for bobby orr. >> reporter: an understatement is an understatement about
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that famous championship winning goal, for example. you write in your took that on may 10, 1970, i scored a goal there. >> it was it was an exciting goal. >> reporter: it took convincing to get him to revisit that moment cast in bronze in boston. you celebrate goals in a silly way. >> i guess i did there. it was for the championship. i couldn't help t it. >> reporter: but bobby orr would play only eight full seasons in the nhl. >> i'm disappointed. >> reporter: bad knees forced him to hang up the skates in 1968, he was just 30 years old. >> i'm no longer able to play. it's a very difficult time. i played hockey from the time
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i was knee high to a grasshopper. i never looked at at another job. now i have to go to work. work. >> reporter: and to make matters worse, in spite of signing the first million dollar hockey contract, he was nearly broke. his agent, alan eagleson embezzled most of his fortune. eagleson brought to court by other former clients later went to jail for his crimes. >> i just wanted to get away from the man, the person. >> reporter: and you said, i justed to get away from the man, and then you corrected yourself and said person. >> correct. he's not a man. >> reporter: these days bobby orr runs a successful hockey management company, what he really doesn't like talking about. >> despite best efforts, more and more people are finding out about the innumerable acts
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of charity you performed really from the beginning of your career. you do not like talking about them? >> people follow sports because it makes someone smile. it's something that i -- it's my responsibility. i should do that. i do it quite a bit. >> reporter: you're doing very well. look at you. orr is a charitable man. i needed all the compassion he could offer when we got on the ice together. >> you're a puck hog. you were talking about me being a puck hog. he won't give it up. >> on the ice, nobody is happier than bobby orr, showing kids how to have fun which is what hockey has always been about.
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>> you're being paid to play a game. >> we know these pictures. the story of the man who took them just ahead.
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>> charles: in the 15 years -- 50 years that passed since the assassination of john f. kennedy only one shows the shooting from start to finish. and look at it frame by frame. fair warning, the film has lost none of its power to shot. >> with his bell and howell 8 millimetre camera, abraham loves taking pictures of his
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family. >> and the home movies we have are like everybody else's home movies. >> reporter: except one. the film that is pruder shot on november 22nd, 1963 of president kennedy in dallas. only 26 seconds long, there's a pruder film of kennedy's assassination is the most famous movie in history. >> how due feel about that film? >> i think he hated the film. he wished he had never taken it. it was really devastating for him. >> alexandra pruder. >> this is my grandfather. he was a great guy. he was funny. he was incredibly bright. he came to this country at the age of 15 and liveed in grinding poverty and
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anti-semitism. mr. pruder settleed in dallas and started a clothing business. >> this is your grandfather's company? >> yes. >> their office wass coo the street from the texas depository at daly plas a.d >> our family, they were real kennedy people. my grandfather loved kennedy. >> pruder first thought about filming the motorcade from the office window, but instead, went down to theviated to and stood here. that's him on the hat. he took test shots of friends and then started his cam raera. >> my i have your name? >> abraham. >> he was just another eye witness when a distracted anchor on wfaa interviewed him later on that day before the film had been developed.
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>> and the feelings of the world. >> there had been other cameras in daly plaza, but no one got it from begining to end. >> dick stally in dallas for life magazine learned that a businessman had caught the assassination on film. >> and i said god almighty, what's his name. >> they said zapruder. >> found him in the dallas phonebook. >> we were in a small room with a crickety old 8 millimeter projector, and the frame was only about that big.
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>> reporter: they saw the president waving as they drive along the street. >> the only time he loses it is when the motorcade goes behind that big highway sign. >> that's when the first bullet hits the president. he has his hands under his throat when he emerges. when the film reached frame 313, the moment the bullet strikes the president's head, they all gasp. >> he was looking back. the single most dramatic moment of my career. >> reporter: what does the secret service do. >> they thanked pruder and left. >> lee harvey oswald had already been arrested. the film's importance wasn't known yet. zapruder wanted to be rid >> he said it was a nightmare. there was a guy at times square banging, hey, folks come on and see the president killed on the big screen. and zapruder said "i woke up
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and i shuddered." . >> life magazine would buy all rights to the film for $150,000. in the next issue, life published selected frames, and in a new book, the day kennedy died prints all 486. but life never allowed the film to be broadcast. in 1975, the magazine sold it back to the zapruders for $1. >> did your grandfather keep taking home movies after that? >> no. >> after that tragedy, somehow i lost -- i know what you call it. appetite or desire. to take pictures. >> abraham zapruder died of cancer in 1970. his camera now on display at the museum in washington is the property of the national archives, as is his film.
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the government bought it from the family in 1999 for $16 million, half a century later, those 26 seconds of celluloid have not lost any of their power. >> how many times have you watched that film? >> oh, god. a hundred. and every time it gets to frame 313 -- ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
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except for the man, found >> just outside tyler, texas, there's a single story house with a story and a half. >> 48-year-old thomas graham is building this house pretty much by himself, and although
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that alone is not remarkable, just imagine trying to put up a three bedroom, two bedroom ranch without any blueprints, and doing it in total darkness. >> looks good. >> thomas started dreaming of this shortly after he went blind at the age of 18. he had some friends help them with the roof and the wiring. >> this is my braille yardstick. >> all of this in five months and still 10 fingers. an accomplishment so unbelievable, a lot of his neighbors don't believe. >> people doubt that you're blind? >> they do. i tell them, let me drive your car then. >> oh, i believe you, buddy. >> keep feeling. for the record, he is totally blind. he hammers ohm the point. >> before the wall was up, i almost fell off the front of the house. it's hard to make it look like
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you meant to do that. >> thomas has a great sense of humor. >> i bounce right back up. >> there's also a dark corn tore this house. the building is a rech ca of the house he grew up in and his wife suspects there's a reason for that. yvonne thinks part of it is thomas reclaiming his childhood. >> that's a lot >> there's healing going on there. >> and it helps. >> reporter: a >> as a teenager i made bad choices. >> the worst choice was agreing to go with his dad on a burglary attempt. >> his dad shot ask killed a cop, and then got killed himself, and thomas got a face full of shotgun pellets. he lost his freedom. and after serving six years in prison, thomas decided one day
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he would build his childhood home. for his part, thomas doesn't care about the reasons behind the project. all he cares about is getting it done before winter. if he can inspire others along the way, all the better. >> i truly hope there are people who think that they can't, and then say they k k. c. >> coming up. >> listen to the dribbling, since i was a farmer. >> charles: ian mckellen and patrick stewart. ,,,,,,,,,,,,
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can >> the war is coming, and i intend to fight it. i will always be there old
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friend. >> announcer: it's "sunday morning" on cbs, and here again is charles osgood. >> charles: sir ian mckellen and patrick stewart, fierce rivals in the film, x men. now the two are rehearsing for a double header of a theatrical run on broadway while making time to talk with lesley stahl of 60 minutes. >> reporter: it's rare, if not unprecedented that two of the world's freightest stage actors -- >> around the world. >> quite well. >> reporter: star together on broadway in not one, but two classic plays. >> waiting for gudle, >> and no man's land. >> i have to say -- >> reporter: they're known as the sirs. ian mckellen, going strong at
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74. >> never quite sure of the place >> reporter: the same for patrick stewart at 73. >> this is outrageous! who are you? >> and you? >> i was in the military intelligence. >> reporter: this is a rehearsal for no man's land by harold pinter. >> this is a very famous -- >> and what do i say? >> are you afraid of losing one of your precious x men? >> oh, friend. >> reporter: who knew that these two enemys in the x men movies, professor x, and magnito are in real life such close friends. and professor x asked magnito
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to marry him. >> i didn't marry him as a partner, i was the minister. >> you officiated? >> yes. he married ian mckellen and his 35-year-old -- >> it was my wife, the dear. >> how long have you been married? >> three weeks. >> i'm on your honeymoon, for goodness sakes. >> indeed. >> the two sirs, both knighted by queen elizabeth met in the 1970s in the royal shakespeare company where mckellen was already playing the great parts. stewart who worshipped him found him to be intimidating. >> in glimpses of him, a certain aloofness or austerity about him, i know you see the
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charming smiling man now is unbelievable. >> he's softer and mellowed. >> i think i've become more modest as the years go on. >> oh, god. >> i think you made him guilty. >> i need a strong drink. >> that's overacting. they do that in yorkshire. >> reporter: normally people in yorkshire, like stewart, , and and lancashire aren't supposeed to get along, but they bonded on the set of x men. >> i came to bring jean home. >> just like old times? >> with that kind of movie you tend to spend more time in the trailer than actually on the set. and we had very comfortable trailers, and we hung out. >> you schmoozed? >> it was great fun.
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patrick and i have had very similar careers, really. >> they worked their way on stage in england from sthaik near to checkoff. >> i had an imagination, joy. >> reporter: and then later on life on television and movies where they both gained worldwide recognition. >> what we leave behind is not as important as how we've lived. we're only mortal. >> stewart in his late 40s when he played captain picard for seven seasons in "star trek", the next generation. mckellen was in his '60s when he took on the roll of the wizard gandofl. >> both men used acting to escape personal troubles.
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>> mckellen his the being gay am a secret for years coming out inadvertently on a radio show. once he did, he said he grew as an actor. >> it was only when i came out that i cried on stage. it was a secret that i had been keeping. suddenly, everything flowed. i was a real person. >> reporter: as a young boy, stewart tried to keep his abusive father from beating up his mother. he too turned to acting as an escape. listen to his answer when i asked him why he wanted to play upon captain picard? >> i was simply channeling my father who was a professional soldier. >> reporter: you had conflict with your father. you've been open about this? >> yes. >> reporter: he was abusing hur mother? >> yes, and i hated him for
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that. but i also wanted to adore him too. i know that a lot of what i did early in my career, and still possibly what i do now is somehow, in some way to please him. >> false face hides a false heart. >> reporter: he may have made career choices to please his father, but stewart felt no obligation to please sir ian when to came to choosing. >> i was one of i don't know how many who advised to not do "star trek". >> we bumped into each other in los angeles, and he said this opportunity was his, and know whag his career had been so far, i thought it was a very dangerous corn tore turn. corner to turn. but here we are. >> the most important thing is -- >> reporter: and where they
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are is rehearsing for two plays. no man's land, and samuel becketts, waiting f godo which they starred in in 1999. sir ian loveed it so much he pushed to do it on broadway. >> he said after he did it with you, he wept, and it was over. >> i recall vividly, it's on film, and i had no idea, but the curtain came down, and he went into the wings and sat on some stone steps. >> i think a lot had seen it before. what they knew was the last time.
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>> the final performance was captured in a documentary called theatre rant. >> i think you hear my crying because i go into another room. >> the saying that my recollection sitting on the steps with your head in your hand is not accurate. >> that's the nature of your memory and mine. i don't know. >> it could be a moment out of either one of our -- >> both gado and no man's land explore aging and friendship which apply to the two plays and the two sirps >> we're the same actors, and have had the same career too. >> you feel that way too? >> yes. >> we're peers. we're equals, not rivals.
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>> charles: ahead, portrait of times past.
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and feel better about doing it. better it with benefiber. >> charles: the 100th anniversary of vanity fair. published in late 1913.
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it became simply vanity fair the next year. >> photography from the beginning was an essential element of what vanity fair was. >> charles: david carter, the current editor of vanity fair has a new book. >> a lot of the portraits are the iconic artist or businessman or writer. >> charles: among the early images from the decades, actress greta >> she shows up, and she's complaining about the terrible hair she has that day, and pushes it back. he says hold it and takes the picture. and that's the iconic picture of greta garbo. >> charles: vanity fair flourished during the jazz age of the 20s, but lost relevance during the repression. and then vogue in 1936, and after nearly 50 years as a
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footnote, the magazine was reborn in 1983. >> it was a perfect time. the beginning of what i call the age of money. people with the money were more showing with the money, which sent great for society, but great for journalists. it gives them something to write about. >> and to take pictures of. >> it was wonderful. >> a new generation of photographers created poerlt rats of power locations, power brokers, movie stars and celebrities of all sorts >> clothing optional. that's an important part of getting pag seens off the shelf and into your living room. and beautiful people, and pleasing on the coffee table over a 30 day period than not so beautiful people. >> charles: and not that it's all glamour and gloss. carter takes pride in vanity fair's revelation -- and water gate, and deep throat, and the
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coverage of 9/11, the war in afghanistan, and the financial meltdown. >> i expect to be around a hundred years in a slightly different foefrm. maybe electronic. but tell be around. as long as people like stories, story telling magazines like vanity fair will be around. >> charles: next. role model.
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>> charles: say hello to millenia, the interactive robot. >> good morning, charles. >> charles: good morning, millenia. a series coming up on pbs, making stuff faster, wilder, colder, safer. showing how robot designs are
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second nature. >> high technology just keeps getting higher and higher. >> and the robot semblance has to get fancier and fancier. >> this bosch factory in germany makes a fuel injector for diesel engines, the designer of this manufacturing center shows me how it's done with robots. how big can the object grinded in there. >> wait a minute. this big machine for that tiny part. >> the same quality. >> and can't get humans to do that job? >> it's not possible with a human. you need this automatic machine. >> reporter: i couldn't help noticing that all of these robots are inside glass cages.
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>> it's protection of the workers. it's very fast. if this robot hit you, it would hurt. >> a german law, and by the laws of common sense, these robots have to be kept away from people. at bosch, all the humans work in another wing of the plant. trying to build robot that is are a little more sensitive to their human co-workers. ifrmentd we solve the problem. what you see is the black cover. and all around the robot. and if this field is disturbed, for example, by a human being coming too close to t the robot can detect it and stop. >> so this -- >> i just did it. it just stopped because i was too close? >> yes, because if it touched you, it would be uncomfortable. >> for me, anyway. a lot of people think of robots as futuristic and
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frightening with minds of their own that can turn on us. >> in the end, they're just machines, stupid programmable tools. >> hey. >> reporter: in search of a better robot solution, he met me of at all place, , the zoo. >> this is a paradise. >> reporter: he works for one of the world's largest robotic companies, and parts of your smart phone and car were built by festos industrial robots. >> sir, i'm nlts hungry. >> hello, there. >> would you >> that's hot air. >> this is stella, a 46-year-old elephant at the zoo in stuttgart. >> that's wild. >> an elephant's trunk
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contains 40,000 muscles and no bones. it's an incredible multitool. >> it's a weapon and -- a vacuum cleaner. can you do my rug, it's dusty. what is it about the elephant trunk that would be useful as a machine? >> as you can see, it's so flexible and transmits a lot of force and makes it much more easy to handle things. >> reporter: festos stole the trunk idea to make a soft robot made of plastic and air. >> the idea that this is a safer robot. >> this robot is not dangerous and will support people during the working process. >> reporter: ideas from nature is called biomimickry, and festos has a long history of it. from fish, they modeled this after a fish's tail.
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>> this is like a -- you can use it, and you see what happens. >> i would say if you push this way, it would go that way. instead it goes into your finger. >> exactly. >> why does that make it a good gripper. >> like apples, vegetables, we can handle these, and the package lines without damaging the surface, because the shape is always changing. >> pitted the gripper against a robot gripper. >> same pressure. everything is equal. >> reporter: so you have robot 0, fish tail one. you have stolen from nature and did a great job. >> you put it all together, and you get this soft robot. this is the ultimate with elephant trunk technology and the fish tail technology. >> exactly.
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>> biomimickry nowadays is part of the design process. everybody is using this. cross thinking inspired by nature, and to transform these ideas into industrial applications. >> may i? thank you. we're only just starting to tap biomimickry's potential. for example, the shape of the yellow box fish provides -- like this mercedes concept car, and clearly, that's just the beginning. >> the nice thing about taking ideas from nature is you never have to pay royalties. >> right. >>
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>> charles: here's a look at
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the week ahead on our "sunday morning" calendar. monday, the winner of this year's nobel prize on economics is announceed in swede sweden. tuesday, the feast of the sacrifice, the day muslims brought the account of abraham to sacrifice his son. wednesday in geneva, talks continue on iran's nuclear program. thursday is d day, according to the treasury department. the government will run out of cash to meetd obfaigzs unless the debt zealing is raised. on friday, windton mar sales celebrates his 52nd birthday. and saturday, the violin belonging to the band leader of the titanic goes on the auction block in ecland found straped to hartley's body two weeks after the sinking. >> this weekend sees the movie of a fictional accident at
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see. critic david edelstein says the film takes a swim of a performance. >> robert redford in his late 70s. i kaeblts believe it either. he's held your gaze like in the movie all is lost. >> virginia jean. >> now, it's true, you've got nobody else to look at. he plays an unnamed man on a damaged boat in the indian ocean, and he's the only actor in the film. >> did you ever think that two hours with just redford could be this intense. it has been years since redford's actor was surprising. it started in the '60s. >> what's the scelt to your success? >> >> he was beautiful, cool, self-aware. those appraising eyes, and slight hesitation in his
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speech suggested thought, and it's not easy to think on screen. but more and more, it looked like he was thinking how to get off screen to the ski slopes or to testify in front of a good environmental cause. he rarely had chemistry with others. paul newman, sure. he never looked at anyone with that much affection. and in 1973, in the way we were. >> steak and bake potatoes. >> and the jewish nature of barbara streisand mounted a full blown assault on his waspy reserve. >> you can't go yet. >> but if the title character of the great gatsby, redford was a non-starteder.
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he was complete and comfortable by himself. which is exactly where we find him in all is lost. >> a man wo needs no one. he's whole with his yacht. the director is brilliant in creating a procedural disaster picture. it's process oriented. each step on the way to -- the title says it. there's a double meaning to all is lost. >> boy himself, he's not enough. and you see redford, something he hasn't done before on screen. stop thinking. and give the performance of his life. >> charles: a review by david edelstein. now to bob schieffer in washington for a look at
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what's ahead on "face the nation". >> bob: two key players, but so far no break. the government is still sut down. >> charles: thank you. and next week here on sunday morning. >> a man in a hurry. >> charles: drew carey.
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>> "sunday morning" moementd mo nature. >> charles: we leave you this sunday in estes park, colorado where the season is for male elk.
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this is kpix5 news. the bigger issues involving health care wages, health and safety, still some big issues out there. >> we don't want service interrupted. >> right now no deals on the bart contract talks. both sides head back to the bargaining table this morning as the bay area braces for a possible strike tomorrow. plus -- >> if you say get real, you might insult somebody so you have to be very careful, very clever, very political and very sensitive, eagles become almost a component of the ultimate settlement. >> and a closer look at the politics behind the talks. do deadlines help or hurt? our political insider weighs in. and we've got rogers


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