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tv   CBS Evening News With Scott Pelley  CBS  December 6, 2013 5:30pm-6:01pm PST

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i got that same symbol on my jeep. [ laughter ] >> i'm going to watch at 6:00. captions by: caption colorado south africans pay tribute to the father of their country as the government announces plans for his services. a delegation of u.s. presidents will attend. reports from debora patta, mark phillips, and michelle miller. anthony mason on the best jobs report since the great recession. but what kind of jobs is the economy creating? an ice storm causes havoc t middle of the country. manuel bojorquez is there. and allen pizzey on the years that made the man. >> for 18 of the 27 years he spent in prison, nelson mandela walked down this corridor everyday and at the end of that walk there was no freedom, there was this. >> reporter: with bob simon on the moment he was free. >> after 27 years, his head was high and his fist was clenched.
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captioning sponsored by cbs this is the "cbs evening news" with scott pelley. >> pelley: good evening, the south african government announced plans today for a week of memorial services for nelson mandela, culminating with his funeral a week from sunday. president obama will lead a u.s. delegation, expected to include a number of former presidents, though it is not known which of the services he will attend. mourners continued to gather today at mandela's home in johannesburg where he died last night and at his former home in soweto. perhaps no one image summed up his legacy better than this. >> blacks and whites signed by side honoring the father of a multiracial south africa, a man who became a worldwide symbol for racial equality. >> debra patta is there. dance today. from the sprawling township of
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soweto to the plush upmarket suburb of hall on the, it was precisely the kind of sendoff nelson mandela would have loved. since his death was announced, south africans from all over the country have been making a pilgrimage to mandela's home in johannesburg. they came bearing flowers, gifts, and messages of support. and if they had nothing to give, they shared their talents instead. for some, it was overwhelming. >> if we can do a little bit of what he did everyday, we'll live a very different world. the first time i voted was '94 so it's a great day. >> reporter: but mostly there were tears of joy. an impromptu celebration with people of every color honoring the legacy of a leader like no other. >> look at it here.
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if there ever was a center of the universe it would be right here right now at the death of nelson mandela. >> i am not mourning. i am celebrating what his life sacrifices and i've come to thank god for his life to say thank you. because he has united us. >> reporter: if his life's mission was to unite a racially divided country, it was his death that revealed how successful he'd been. >> pelley: debora patta joins us now front of mandela's home in johannesburg. deborah, what are the plans going forward? >> reporter: an unprecedented period of mourning, scott, ten days in all. part of which includes nelson mandela's body lying in state for official public viewing. there will be a massive memorial service at a soccer stadium in soweto, and culminating in a private family funeral and burial and that's on the 15th of december. >> pelley: deborah patta in south africa. debora, thank you very much. well, nelson mandela belonged to the world and today the world
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remembered. the flag atop the white house flew at half-staff. the new york stock exchange fell silent before the opening bell. and in india school children lit candles and said prayers. mark phillips has more on why mandela is so revered throughout the world. >> thank you! >> reporter: as much as the years could diminish nelson mandela's body and perhaps in the latter stages of his life his mind, they couldn't diminish the man. >> for us to continue talking peace and nonviolence. >> reporter: there aren't many politicians-- especially ones engaged in battles as bitter and complex as the ones he fought-- who left such a clean battlefield. >> africa! >> reporter: mohammed valli moosa was one of mandela's trusted lieutenants. >> what's so remarkable is that nelson mandela is now everybody's hero. everybody loves him, blacks and whites. everybody loves him.
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>> reporter: nelson mandela's story was south africa's story. >> i greet you all in the name of peace. >> reporter: but his special talent was to do the apparently impossible-- to offer the hope of democracy to oppressed black majority while at the same time managing the fear of change in the until-then all-powerful white minority. it was a balancing act that columnists like pinky khoabane say only mandela could manage. >> people see him completely above the politics of the day. >> reporter: of his day and the current day. >> of his day and the current day. i mean, they see no fault. >> reporter: the promise of the new south africa has not always been fulfilled. democracy has not brought prosperity-- far from it. nelson mandela is revered for more than simply being the father of the new south africa, he represents a simpler time when the distinctions between the rights and the wrongs were more clearly defined. after two decades of democracy
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here, things are a lot murkier now. south africa's current leadership under president jacob zuma is wallowing in a storm of allegations of corruption and mismanagement. >> we've been very saddened by the deaths of all these stalwarts. >> reporter: of his generation? >> yes, of his generation. and every time they go we have this deep sense of sadness and loss because they are in a different mold. we don't see this crass materialism that we see today. >> reporter: south africa will be burying more than a man, it will be burying some of its dreams. mark phillips, cbs news, johannesburg. >> pelley: perhaps the most dramatic moment in the life of nelson mandela was his emergence from prison in 1990 after more than a quarter of a century out of public view. bob simon was there that day and this is how he reported it. >> reporter: after 27 years, his
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head was high and his fist was clenched. nelson mandela walked out of the prison today like a chief of state, flanked by his first lady and by the men who'd been hired to protect him. there they were, the south african state police, providing security for the man who'd once been the most wanted man in africa. >> reporter: i was a young correspondent at cbs and i remember admiring that piece enormously. bob simon is joining us tonight. bob, what do you remember about that first moment when you saw a free nelson mandela? >> the remarkable thing was, nobody had seen or heard a word from him in 27 years so we didn't know if we were seeing a dotterring old man broken by the apartheid regime. we didn't know even though he'd negotiated with the regime whether he'd go free and say to his a.n.c. buddies "okay, let's get them" and create rivers of blood. or whether he was there to lead the nation.
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and we didn't know for 24 hours. that night he gave a long, rambling boring speech and we were worried the next morning he gave a news conference and he called on reporters from the pro-apartheid papers, he treated them like friends and he was eloquent and funny and gracious and i thought "maybe he can do it." >> pelley: was there any single experience that you had in all the experiences you had in south africa that gave you a real measure of the man? >> yes, and it had nothing to do with him. i went to the island, robben island, several times and once i just went and stood on this barren rock and you could see cape town. you could see cape town from there. and i recommend to anyone who wants to get a measure of the man to just stand on that rock for a couple of hours and then try to imagine what it would be like being there for 27 years. and then try to imagine what it would be like getting out of there after 27 years and not wanting to murder the people who sent you there. that's the measure of nelson mandela. >> pelley: bob simon, "60 minutes" correspondent. you'll have a piece on mandela on "60 minutes" this sunday. bob, thanks for joining us tonight. and there's another important
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story tonight. we got the best jobs report in five years. the unemployment rate fell three tenths of a point last month to 7%. the economy created 203,000 jobs. that news helped wall street snap a five-session losing streak. the dow finished the day with a gain of nearly 200 points. here's anthony mason. >> reporter: in a warehouse in louisville, kentucky, this week, bob marino addressed his employees, many of them new seasonal hires. >> look at the jobs we've created, look at the faces we have here. >> reporter: marino is c.e.o. of cafe press, a company that makes custom goods like mugs, t-shirts and clocks. with business growing, he's needed to increasd"his seasonal work force by as much as 20%. >> this year we're gonna be hiring 700 to 800 folks and that augment it is crew of about 450
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that we have here year round. >> reporter: for three of the last four months now, employers across the country have hired at least 200,000 workers. at the meeting, marie know asked his holiday work force if they wanted job. >> i mean, not just a seasonal job, a full-time job. yeah, i thought so, it's like that every year. >> reporter: 29-year-old matthew daugherty was one of those who put up his hand. laid off from his welding job, he's printing t-shirts over the holidays. >> as a welder i get laid off quite often. here they stay pretty busy i'm looking to get hired on. >> reporter: if hiring continues at its current pace nationally, employment could finally climb back to its pre-recession levels by next summer. but marino says the effects of the recession still linger. >> i think everybody's waiting to get it in the rear-view mirror and march forward and
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turn the american economy back to what it should be. >> reporter: you mentioned that wall street rally, scott. investors are hoping the economy is now strong enough to withstand a scaling back of the federal reserve stimulus which is expected within the next few months. >> pelley: it's been such a long time. >> reporter: sure has. >> pelley: anthony, thank you very much. tonight one of the worst ice storms in years stretches from texas to pennsylvania. it's blamed for at least three deaths. more than 300,000 homes and businesses have lost power in dallas alone. manuel bojorquez is there. >> reporter: it was an uphill battle all day. onramps became as slippery as bobsled runs. and parking lots became ice rinks. 30 cars became stranded on this overpass in austin. even first responders needed to be rescued. many more were stuck at the airport with 1,000 flights canceled in and out of dallas. utility crews in texas and arkansas tried to knock heavy ice off power lines before they
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snapped from the weight. the ice is also weighing down trees. this oak fell on christina goodman's home in the middle of the night. >> we literally sleep right there so if had been a few feet over we maybe would all be at the emergency room right now. >> reporter: this storm is blamed for at least one death in oklahoma and parts of arkansas could see temperatures drop to zero. that's balmy compared to the snow-swept northern plains. the arctic mass sitting over the midwest made it feel like 20 below in duluth, minnesota. the air so cold steam lifted from lake superior. the icy mix that caused so much trouble here has moved into tennessee. scott, the storm is expected to bring freezing rain and snow in a band stretching from the ohio river valley to new england. >> pelley: amazing pictures from the lake. manuel, thanks very much. a train wreck has led to an emergency safety order.
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we have an update on the whales that got stranded in the everglades. and nelson mandela might have spent his entire life in prison if not for american protesters. those stories when the "cbs evening news" continues. anything we purchase for the paper cottage goes on our ink card. so you can manage your business expenses and access them online instantly with the game changing app from ink. we didn't get into business to spend time managing receipts, that's why we have ink. we like being in business because we like being creative, we like interacting with people. so you have time to focus on the things you love. ink from chase. so you can.
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i took my son fishing every year. we had a great spot, not easy to find, but worth it. but with copd making it hard to breathe,
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we had a great spot, not easy to find, but worth it. >> >> pelley: nelson mandela was famous, but it wasn't always that way. and therein lies a story told tonight by michelle miller.
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>> reporter: in 1984, most americans had never heard of nelson mandela. >> the south african government has not responded to our demands favorably. >> reporter: political activist randall robinson was on a mission to change that. >> the strategy was to find ways to dramatize the relationship between the west and the south african apartheid system. we were the legs on which it was standing. >> reporter: robinson staged a sit-in with congressman walter fauntroy and civil rights leader mary frances berry at the south african embassy in washington, d.c they told the ambassador that they would not leave until their demands were met. >> first was the immediate release of nelson mandela from prison. the second demand was that all of the black political prisoners be released. and thirdly that they begin immediately the dismantlement of the apartheid system. >> reporter: all three were jailed. that one act of civil
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disobedience led to a year of daily protests at the embassy where celebrities, members of congress, and citizens were also arrested. >> we put 5,000 people in jail at the embassy and that drove the headlines. >> free south africa! >> reporter: the movement pressured politicians to act. >> on this vote -- >> reporter: and in 1986 congress overroad president reagan's veto and imposed trade sanctions against south africa. u.s. businesses were forced to divest, costing the regime over $350 million that year alone. four years later, mandela was free. >> nelson mandela taking his first steps into a new south africa. >> reporter: rib inson says mandela's public persona was the same as his private one. he saw that firsthand when a hotel housekeeper accidentally walked into a meeting. >> the moment that she walked into the room he stood up.
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because a gentleman stands when a lady comes into the room. his sense of courtesy, it was genuine, it was a private moment never to be seen or remarked publicly. it told me something about the man. >> reporter: a man whose respect for each individual taught us so much about dignity and justice for all. michelle miller, cbs news, boston. >> pelley: back with more news in a moment. a mouth breather! how do you sleep like that? you dry up, your cold feels even worse. well, put on a breathe right strip and shut your mouth. cold medicines open your nose over time, but add a breathe right strip, and pow! it instantly opens your nose up to 38% more so you can breathe and do the one thing you want to do. sleep. add breathe right to your cold medicine. shut your mouth and sleep right. breathe right.
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>> pelley: today federal regulators ordered new york's metro north commuter railroad to change its signal system so that trains can't speed and to put two operators on routes that have dangerous curves. last sunday, a metro north train flew off the tracks in the bronx when it hit a 30 miles an hour curve at 82 miles an hour. four passengers were killed. the engineer told investigators he'd been in a daze before the derailment. tonight police in mexico are guarding a hospital where six people are being treated for radiation exposure. a government official says they are suspects in the theft this week of a truck that was carrying radioactive material used in medical equipment. the truck and the material were recovered on wednesday. the police said the thieves probably had no idea they were putting their lives in danger. some of the whales that were stranded in shallow water in florida are on the move but maybe not to safety. more than 20 of the pilot whales escaped to deeper water but today some were spotted moving
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back toward shore. this week, nearly four dozen pilot whales were spotted in everglades national park. at least 11 have died. nelson mandela spent 18 years in this prison. but prison didn't change him. in the end, he changed the prison. that story is next. i earn every month" card.t h it's not the "i only earn decent rewards at the gas station" card. it's the no-games, no-signing up, everyday-rewarding, kung-fu-fighting, silver-lightning-in-a-bottle, bringing-home-the-bacon cash back card. this is the quicksilver card from capital one. unlimited 1.5% cash back on every purchase, everywhere, every single day. so ask yourself, what's in your wallet?
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weekend's 49ers matchup agat seattle. next at six. weather talent appears at wx center with generic pinpoint filling monitor then we take special sponsored 7-day gra then we wipe to end tag (we dont see talent at the end oc cam at >> pelley: earlier in the broadcast, bob simon told us about mandela's release after 27 years as a political prisoner. he spent most of those years on robben island, northwest of cape town. the conditions there would have broken most men, but in many ways they made nelson mandela. here's allen pizzey. >> reporter: when the apartheid >> reporter: when the apartheid regime shipped nelson mandela to this bleak wind-swept island they thought he and his fellow black resistance leaders would quickly be forgotten. eddie daniels arrived here alone, chained, and terrified to serve 15 years for sabotage. >> initially it was very bad. it was 24 hour silence and all
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we had in our cells was a mat, one mat, we had three blankets, very thin, and dirty. and it was cold, cold, cold. we slept with all our clothes on. >> reporter: on eddie daniels' third day he had an encounter that changed his life. >> i saw this big man standing in front of me and i looked up and saw it was nelson mandela i said "good afternoon, mr. mandela." he said "the name is nelson. welcome." so we became friends. >> reporter: for 18 of the 27 years he s:e mandela walked down this corridor everyday and at the end of this walk there was no freedom, there was this. an eight foot square cell with a mattress on the floor for his bed and a bucket for a toilet. mandela was allowed one visitor a year for half an hour. mandela and daniels were among 30 political prisoners isolated
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in what was simply called "b" block. >> we sat on the brick. >> reporter: mandela and his fellow inmates worked long days in the yard sitting on bricks ordered only to look straight ahead they smashed slate into gravel with hammers. black inmates wore short pants in all weather. the apartheid regime's way of reminding them that all black men were considered boys no matter what their age. the yard is now just another stop on the robben island tourist route. but no visitor can imagine what it meant to eddie daniels when his jailors allowed the "b" block prisoners in the yard one night after six years being locked in by sun set. >> i looked up and there were the stars. big and beautiful. i felt i could touch them. it was tremendous. tremendous. >> reporter: in 1990, after 27 brutal years of incarceration, nelson mandela walked out of jail and called for reconciliation not revenge and when on to transform the aoeu
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apartheid regime into what came to be called the rainbow nation. as for the place that will forever be linked with nelson mandela -- >> and the symbolic meaning of the island changed. no longer fear or pain but a place symbolizing freedom, symbolizing respect for your fellow human beings. today robben island is that symbol. >> reporter: allen pizzey, cbs news, robben island. and that's the cbs evening news for tonight. there will be more about nelson mandela on cbs news special, nelson mandela, father of a nation, for many of you, it will be on tomorrow night at 6:00. i will see you then. and i will see you sunday on 60 minutes, we are going to leave you now with the empire state building bathed tonight in the colors of the south african flag. for all of us at cbs news all around the world, good night. captioning sponsored by cbs captioned by media access group at wgbh
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game pla ackle any trouble at candlestick this weekend. good eve these two teams don't like each other. >> hoping to avoid scenes, bay area police come up with their game plan to tackle trouble at candlestick this week. good evening, i'm ken bastida. >> i'm juliette goodrich. the 9ers-seahawks game at candlestick on sunday is big and security will be tight. hidden among the fans undercover cops. they will make sure taunting stays friendly. linda yee reports. >> reporter: juliette, you know, football is about tough hitting and tackles. cops want to make sure the action stays on the playing field and not in the stands where sometimes fans can get rowdy. there will be a lot of ruse sunday and zero tolerance for fights.
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>> we are going to whip their butts. >> reporter: the rivalry intense. and sunday's game between the 9ers and the seahawks promises to be one for the books. >> this is depending nfc champion and the top seed in the nfc west and they don't like each other. >> reporter: just in case sunday's showdown gets rowdy, more cops will be at candlestick in uniform and undercover as decoys. >> we always have police officers dressed in rivalry team jerseys, hats, whatever. they will be out in numbers this time. >> reporter: ever since this brawl at a 9ers-raiders game two years ago, police have been more vigilant. >> we have a few people that are telling to us watch our backs. but we're not too scared. >> reporter: what's with the hard hat? >> it's protects me in case of -- in case it gets crazy out at the game. >> reporter: all in good fun. still, the cops are ng