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tv   BBC World News  PBS  July 26, 2010 1:30pm-2:00pm PST

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t.and union bank. >> union bank offers unique insight and expertise in a range of industries. what can we do for you?
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>> pakistan insists that they do not support the taliban. rejecting the accusations made in u.s. military documents. >> this is being called intelligence, but it is not. >> we understand that the chief of bp is settling down in october with a pension of $900,000 each year. a war crimes court finds the khmer rouge chief guilty of crimes against humanity. broadcast viewers on pbs in america and around the globe, coming up later, the sanction squeeze, europe adopts a tough on iran to curb its uranium enrichment program. a spanish man who has undergone the world's first full face
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phrase -- faced transplant faces the camera as four months after surgery. it is the biggest leak in american military history and it might fuel growing doubts about current strategy in afghanistan. more than 90,000 documents detailing the actions of western forces disclosed on the internet. suggesting far more afghan civilian deaths denn have been officially acknowledged, suggesting that pakistani intelligence has been corresponding with the taliban. >> on authorized, unprecedented, embarrassing, it has been called the biggest ever leak of classified military documents
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since the vietnam war. well placed by an anonymous source, washington has not denied them. just how damaging are these leaks? new details of civilian casualties show them to be higher than previously reported. most were killed by the taliban, but here is a report from october of 2007 reading that one local child was killed in action, one adult female, exactly the kinds of civilian deaths that have caused so many afghans to resent nato. as of june 2007 there is a report on task force 373, a secretive u.s. unit try to capture or kill top insurgents. one is marked that the following information must be kept protected.
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the founder is now talking of possible war crimes. >> it is up to a court to decide, clearly, whether something is a crime in the end. that said, it does appear on its face to be evidence of war crimes. >> the problem is separating and distinguishing insurgents from civilians. flares are fired to ward off an afghan. britain is accused in the report of causing civilian casualties. today the afghan government tried to sound positive. >> we have made progress in trying to minimize civilian casualties in what we hope is information that the international community and the afghan government, for everyone, that we learn from it. >> these revelations about taliban capabilities most worry the troops on the ground. we are told that insurgents have
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access to affordable he's seeking anti-aircraft missiles. frank gardner, bbc news. >> the bbc understands that the chief executive of bp, savagely criticized over the gulf of mexico oil spill is to leave his post. he is leaving with a pension worth more than $900,000 each year. he is not being sacked. an announcement from bp tomorrow expects to say that he is leaving by mutual agreement tomorrow, contractually entitled to those terms. we understand that he has been offered a part-time position in a russian venture. outside of the ec headquarters in london, the line seems to be that he is not being sacked and that there are no grounds for firing him, but that this will look like a reward for failure. >> yes, what we understand is that tony word is leaving with
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mutual consent. there was a board meeting here of the dp headquarters in london that appears to now be over as the chairman, tony a word, and the man said to take over for him have been announced in the last couple of hours. what we understand is that from the moment that tony a word set down, he will be able to start drawing on his pension, which is worth around $900,000 each year. that is because he is contractually entitled under the company pension scheme. he will be able to draw this money because he is leading by mutual consent. this comes on top of what we believe to be a payoff of $1.5 million. >> given the way that feelings have been running about the gulf
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oil spill this is likely to be hugely controversial, is it not? >> absolutely. people are already affected by the oil spill, described as america's worst environmental disaster. they have reacted a furious speculation over what he could receive when the news came through that he was expected to step down. people are absolutely furious because they believe that he mishandled the entire crisis. a series of gaffes by tony award. many u.s. politicians are likely to be angered that he will be able to walk away with a huge payout and considerable attention as well. >> hopefully the company thinks it can move on. thank you. more on the clean-up operation
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in the gulf of mexico just a little later. a double car bombing has killed 20 shiite pilgrims traveling to a religious festival in southern iraq. aimed at people going to the festival, the city is one of the main religious festivals often targeted by bombers. in pakistan a suicide attacker has gone to the house of an anti-taliban minister. at least eight people are known to be dead. the minister was unharmed. the army in iovanna says that the african prime minister has no choice but to go on the offensive against islamic insurgents. in response to the bombings this month from an islamist group. a 21-year-old german woman injured during a stampede at a festival over the weekend has died in hospital, bringing the
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death toll to 20. police say that the number of injured stands at 511. 42 people are still in hospital, said to be critically ill. there is a sense of justice done, but it has taken time. three decades since the atrocities committed in the killing fields of cambodia, a war crimes court has found a man imprisoned guilty of crimes against humanity, sentenced to 30 years in prison, he has already served 11. the first senior figure to face trial. >> bearing witness to a moment of history, they gathered together outside of the courtroom to hear a verdict long overdue. the old will always remember, the young are urged not to forget. , red door each -- thousands
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were tortured and executed in the cambodian killing fields by him. the verdict, guilty of crimes against humanity. >> a single sentence of 35 years of imprisonment. >> with time already served, it is reduced to 19 years. a disappointment to many here. >> you have a man who has been responsible for at least 13,000 lives being killed serving only 19 years. that comes down to 11 hours for life, which is not comprehensible or acceptable. >> the khmer rouge ruled cambodia for years under pol pot. his extreme communist vision was to abolish schools, religion, and monday. some were murdered, others died of starvation. the khmer rouge was overthrown
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by vietnam in 1979. those that they considered enemies of the state ended up here. now a museum. tiny cells, left as they were found, testimony to the terror inflicted within these walls. >> rose after rose, room after room, the khmer rouge documented every prisoner. thousands of people were brought here and only a handful survived. >> still alive today. >> >> this picture shows when i arrived at the prison i was one of 36. the others are all dead. i cannot forget or forgive. >> forced by comrade deutsche to
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paint a portrait of pol pot, his recent work chronicles an experience of hearing detailed. the victim of one of the worst atrocities in the 20th-century. criticized for being too slow, too costly. today at last some small measure of justice has been served. >> good to have you with us under "bbc world news." stay with us, if you can. a spanish man has undergone the world's first full face transplant, going before the cameras for the first time. nicolas sarkozy is describing as barbaric the murder of a french national was captured by al qaeda three months ago. from paris, kristin frazier has the report. >> a 78-year-old retired
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engineer who had gone to north africa to help children, about it while working on a school project in april. last week forces supported by the french army raided a terrorist camps in neighboring mali. six gunmen were killed but mr. genco was not found. the press was told over the weekend that he could have been dead for several weeks, although today mr. sarkozy spoke only of cold-blooded murder. >> our compatriot taken by al qaeda, and held hostage. i condemn this barbarous act against innocent victim. >> the president has since held meetings with top security
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officials and urged his countrymen not to travel in the region where lawless border area exists. he had this morning for the terrorists. >> my dear countrymen, the crime committed will not remain unpunished. >> there has been an increasing of kidnappings of foreigners, bandits and smugglers who have long operated in the region are developing closer links with al qaeda. still holding two spanish hostages even now, concerns for their safety will undoubtedly grow. >> the latest headlines for you, pakistan as denying accusations that it leaked papers that its intelligence agency actively supported militants in afghanistan.
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bbc understands that the chief of bp is to step down on the first of october with an annual pension of $900,000 and a payoff of 1.5 million. while bp considers the succession at its top levels, more goes on at the service of the sea, efforts to plug the leak by drilling a relief well seem to be on track, but there are worries of oil droplets getting into the food chain, they have been using small submarines to assess the risk. >> in the troubled gulf of mexico, an exhibition to research the potential impact of oil in the deep. this is how will be done. a miniature submarine whose strange shape is designed to travel to the seabed. given the chance to join the mission, only four people can squeeze inside. the technology is tried and
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tested, so they tell me. >> i am grateful. >> lifted off the deck, lowered towards the water. >> let me know. >> this is the moment. a bit of a tilt forward across the stern as the ship descends into the waters of the gulf of mexico. the first splashes here over the extraordinary canopy. now we are inside. we begin to sending down to the seabed. being in the dome means that we can look in all directions. we are guided slowly across a coral reef. there is plenty of light here for the moment. although we are 200 miles from the well and water currents
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could bring oil here. the pilot uses banks of switches to maneuver and gather sound. a mechanical arm reaches out to analyze the signs of damage. the most serious effects might take longer to be felt. >> on the seabed you can see clouds of microscopic particles drifting at the bottom of the food chain. what the scientists are really worried about are the potential invisible fax of oil and chemical dispersants, that might give in to these microscopic organisms, affecting the entire web of life on the ocean floor. >> recovery is the most dangerous part. >> after two hours it is time to return. here we are breaking the surface. a diver of roaches with a tow line. the exhibition goes on.
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what legacy will the oil spill leave? >> the european union has formally adopted tougher sanctions against iran to try to curb its nuclear program. foreign ministers agree on measures, including a halt to this sector with a closer watch on the iranian banks and a stricter watch on cargo flights. all this week on bbc world news and on radio we are examining whether these smart sanctions are actually smart. caroline, likely affect our they have? >> the revolutionary guard is the latest target of these sanctions, holding a tight grip on not only the politics, but
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they have economic interests as well. flex their volume is so vast, if any sector of the iranian economy is hit hard it will affect the guard. we have to question whether the sanctions are hurting the guards or the people in general. if you look at the guards, they have their resources. >> the people have fewer resources, of course, having to cope with higher food and fuel prices. we could not film freely in iran. one man did not want to be identified. >> it only makes pressure on me, ordinary people like me. i am completely against these sanctions. >> the people do not have enough money. the extent of the pressure is not clear.
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>> after the takeover in 1979 is when the u.s. first imposed sanctions and they have been strengthened many times since. the latest sanctions are the fourth round since 2006, prompted by continuing concern over the iranian nuclear program. the european union also has sanctions. president ahmadinejad dismissed sanctions as testifies. no doubt there will add to the pressure of an already faltering economy. will the sanctions have the desired political fact? whites and has an impact on harming people, businesses, even the government's, but it will fail to deliver the real aim,
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which is enriching uranium. >> iran is under its street this spring -- strictest sanctions ever. >> more news for you briefly, the recently elected filipino president has ushered in an area of clean government. he admitted that the glory of oil way be investigated and prosecuted. much of moscow has been covered in smog because of unusually hot weather. the toxic particles are said to be seven times normal levels. back to revelations over the war in afghanistan. within those documents there are allegations that pakistan has
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helped elements of the taliban, referring to an alleged meeting between the intelligence chief and the insurgents. we spoke to the general about the document. >> what is the source on which the department of defense and jim jones also committed the this is wrong? >> civilian contractors for intelligence, we did not have a word. indian intelligence and foreign intelligence, they have their own axe to grind. this is fiction being sold as intelligence. it is not intelligence. >> they should come out with those sources. these sources are either taking them for a ride with a much american money being squandered by very amateur people with no national interest in mind, or
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the cia and intelligence community is deliberately taking the obama administration for a long ride. >> this is not the first time this has happened and not the first time that your name, specifically, has been linked with these reports. the first one was involved with aging -- aiding the insurgency. why does your name keep coming out? >> i do not know. i think because i talk loudly about it. no one else talked loudly about it. i talk to them. i know where the cavities are inside of the cia system and they are afraid that i am exposing those cabin -- cavities. i am exposing the deficiencies in their intelligence. i had nothing to do with taliban. >> this time around there are
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specific allegations being detailed that you went to meet militants and helped to smuggle mines across the border to attack nato forces. there are names involved, a number of places involved in these documents. can they all be wrong? >> yes, it is all wrong. precisely as their intelligence regarding saddam hussein keeping weapons of mass destruction in his closet was wrong, this is also wrong. it is all based on falsehood. whenever they are trying to sell is incorrect to the world committee -- community and the american people themselves, as well as their allies. >> a 31-year-old man from spain has had the world's first complete face transplant, appearing before the cameras for the first time since his
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surgery four months ago. he accidently shot himself in the face four years ago. >> his new face is still swollen and he has yet to regain new muscle control, but the man known only as oscar has gone through a dramatic improvement. five years ago the farmer accidently shot himself in the face, unable to breathe or swallow. now he is beginning to learn how to talk again. >> i would like to thank the medical team, the family of the donor, and above all my relatives for supporting me until the end. >> the operation in march lasted for 24 hours. doctors removed the entire face, muscle, cheekbones, teeth, and
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eyelids, along with a network of nerves and blood vessels. it was the most extensive face transplant ever carried out. doctors say that oscar will lead more than one year of physical therapy and should regain 90% of his facial functions. his sister said that he just wanted to be normal. >> a life like the one he had before. going down the street without people looking at him in a strange way. we have a family meal and all be together. >> this frenchwoman receive a partial transplant five years ago and since then 10 more patients have received new faces with the ambition of returning to normal life. >> you will find a much more any time that you wanted online at our web site, get in touch with me and most of
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the team on twitter and facebook. thank you for being with us. >> hello and welcome. >> see the news unfold. get the top stories from around the globe and click to play video reports. go to to experience the in-depth, expert reporting of "bbc world news" online. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation. and union bank.
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>> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> there is one stage that is the met and carnegie hall. >> o, that this too, too solid flesh -- >> it is the kennedy center. >> check, one, two. >> and a club in austin. [woman vocalizing] >> it is closer than any seat in the house, no matter where you call home. >> the top of the world, and i'm there, i'm home. >> pbs -- the great american stage that fits in every living room. your support of pbs brings the arts home. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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