tv BBC World News PBS November 10, 2010 2:30pm-3:00pm PST
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>> anger over austerity measures breeches britain. violence in the capital as thousands of students protest a hike in tuition fees. >> it is not happy -- it is not fair that we should pay for foreign kids who never paid for theirs. >> protests in china. a father is killed for speaking out about the tainted baby milk that poisoned his child. a minority under fire. panic among iraq christians targeted again by the violence. welcome to "bbc world news," broadcast around the globe. coming up later for you -- set to shine. e look at seoul's transformation to a modern metropolis as it hosts the g-20 summit. >> what is it. >> we are at the sign of the
deathly hallows, of course. >> as if by magic, harry potter heads toward the end. the stars reflect on 10 years apat hogwarts. anger over the austerity measures started across europe and has now reached the streets of london. violent protests by students today outside the offices of the governing conservative party. windows smashed, and several police officers hurt. students were angry about increases over university course fees, which could triple the amount they have to pay. tom simons was there. >> at the doorstep of the conservative party headquarters, just one week after the government announced its plans for the future of university.
the milbank building was on the route of today's march, and it was besieged. a small, seemingly uncoordinated group of protesters was determined to fight the police. behind them, a crowd of thousands refused to move. it looks as though there are people inside the milbank building before me. fire extinguishers are being fired from higher levels. it was not long before they were on the roof, inside the lobby, smashing down doors, and hunting for other entrances. >> some of the windows got taken down by people. we are really trying to make our point. we are not going to put up with our universities being treated like this. >> the lunch time march itself had been peaceful. when it turned violent, this was the response of the student
union presidents. >> 50,000 students have come to protest peacefully, and they have made a serious point, but they are in jeopardy of being undermined by the outrageous filed actions of a minority. >> most of those watching did not condone what was going on, but did regard it as an understandable reaction to government proposals. >> people are very agree about this. >> i am not one of these people, but i think it is exciting to know that some of the students are willing to stand up and make their voices heard. >> you have the budget cuts and now you have the riots. >> this was not expected to be a violent protests. scotland yard said relatively small numbers of officers, around 225. >> we did as we always do plan for the event proportionately with the indications from the organizer and all the information available to us. we were planning for a peaceful
demonstration, and we remain very disappointed that some people have chosen not to protest peacefully. >> tonight, 10 people have been injured, three of them police officers. but the police are regaining control of the area. bbc news, west minster. >> while those angry students were protesting in london, the british prime minister was addressing university students in china. david carroll and set up the case for economic and political freedom, telling students in beijing that free media and rule of law where the best guarantors of prosperity. >> the rise of the economic freedom in china in recent years has been hugely beneficial to turn into the world. i hope that in time this will lead to a political level. i am convinced that the best guarantor of prosperity is for economic and political progress to go in stuck together. in some respects, it already has. ordinary chinese people today
have more freedom over where they live, what job they do, where the trouble, than ever before. people blog and text more to. it is right to recognize this progress, but it is also right that britain should be open with china on issues where no doubt because of our different history and culture we continue to take a different view. >> a father started a support group for parents whose children had been poisoned by tainted milk powder. he has been given a 2.5 year sentence in prison in china. he was charged with inciting social disorder, despite the fact that several dairy bosses were prosecuted and three were sent to death. we report. >> his family to emerge from court devastated at the sentence. to them, he was simply fighting for justice. >> it is too unfair.
they have sentenced him to two years and six months. the penalty is too heavy. they have already extended the sentence and he has already been detained for a year. what else do they want? there is no one to take care of our children. >> "daddy, return home," the child said on his sign. he was arrested a year ago, accused of inciting social disorder. >> even though they maintain that he is guilty, why must a hand in such a heavy penalty? in a case like this, they get eight to six months, and the longest sentence is not more than a year. >> from tainted milk. he had to have kidney stones removed. milk had been booked up with no mean -- bulked up with melamine
to fool the inspectors. there was publicity provoked by the scandal. >> a bomb found on a cargo plane last month was timed to detonate over the east coast of the united states. forensic examination indicates if the device were activated it would have been mid-plight. however, the bomb was discovered just hours before. the parcel containing a printer cartridge was sent from yemen. the number of people killed by the cholera epidemic in haiti has risen to more than 640, with aid agencies desperately trying to slow the spread of the disease in the capital, port-au- prince. doctors say they are alarmed by the speed by which cases are emerging in the city. a senior commander in iran's revolutionary guard says his country is developing its own version of an advanced russian air defense missile system and
will test it soon. the official news agency quoted the general as saying the home- developed a version of the missile system was now undergoing a few modifications, and other long-range systems were also being designed. a series of attacks on christian neighbors -- neighborhoods in baghdad killed at least three people. the militant group has warned it considers all christians in the country to be legitimate targets. five separate areas with a christian populations were hit. 10 days ago, more than 50 people died after there were taken hostage at a catholic cathedral. the bbc reports. >> just one of a dozen attacks in different parts of baghdad, where bombs went off early in the morning, all targeting christian neighborhoods or homes. one man was killed here, and four others wounded. the target was this house, where there was a christian family who has now fled.
their muslim and neighbors are as angry as the christians are frightened. >> i blame the government if bill security. they are responsible. at least under some, there was security. that is what we want. >> the message is that the militants are up there and can carry out strings of attacks against targets of their own choosing. it is a message not only to christians but to the iraqi government, and the man trying to keep his job as prime minister, nor real maliki -- nouriel maliki. he visited the cathedral where christians were killed after being taken hostage 10 years ago. he told the christian thing should not flee the country, but many christians have left and more would like to go. but the christians we talked to after the latest bombing all said they planned to stay.
>> it is not just the christians who are being hit. we are all being targeted, everybody, everywhere. when they it is a church. another, it is a mosque. >> i am not thinking about leaving. why would i go? i am born here, and this is my home. but lots of people have left. >> by baghdad standards, these were not massive bombs. it was more a demonstration that the militants can carry out coordinated attacks all over town, whenever the government says or does. the christians are caught in the middle as others have been before. with political tensions rising, the rockies are asking what is next. -- iraqis are asking what is next. >> still to come, rare earths, the crucial ingredient in high- tech goods. what japan wants to be less dependent on china. the scottish parliament has rejected a proposal by the scottish nationalist party
government to set a minimum price per unit for alcohol. the idea has the support of many doctors and health professionals, but the measure failed to pass after members of the scottish parliament rejected it. here is our scotland political editor, brian taylor, with the very latest. >> what is in scotland shopping trolly alongside the booze we buy? hospital admissions are up 20%. three-quarters of young offenders are drunk at the time. mps accept the diagnosis but do not agree on the cure. minimum pricing could push up the cost of drinks. critics may have opposed that to fort the prime minister. >> is only has one fatal flaw, and that is that it is proposed by the smp. >> we oppose a minimum price and
not on political grounds, as some would have a degree, but because we do not believe it works. it is untested. it is possibly illegal. it will put 140 million pounds per year into the pockets of supermarkets. >> came the boat. >> yes 49, no 76. >> what has survived? the bill bans quantity discount offers such as three bottles for the price of two. that will take place next spring. there are new powers to limit the number of price breaks granted. there will be tougher proof of age laws in areas where a couple chooses social problems. drink retailers may face a local levee to cover costs. that is yet to be finalized. curbs there will be, but well short of the original plan.
>> this is the "bbc world news." violence erupts in central london during protests by students and teaching staff against the increase in university tuition fees. irak's 2000 year-old christian community is under threat as a militant target. world leaders are arriving for the g-20 summit in south korea, a country transformed from the post for westland of 60 years ago. it is a prosperous international powerhouse for industry and innovation these days. it found ways to avoid the worst impact of the global recession. michelle hossein reports now from seoul. >> it is the morning rush hour, and soul is on the move. in this megacity, everyone has some work to get to. the g-20 marks the coming of age for south korea, building on its economic credentials as an asian
giant. but many here can still remember a time when prosperity was barely a dream. >> this is seoul, capital of korea. today, it is a shell. >> at the end of the korean war, the people were struggling to survive. archive footage shows major thoroughfares reduced to rubble. >> and this is the very same street nearly 60 years later. it has been a remarkable transformation. from being an international battlefield, south korea literally rose from the ashes, transforming itself from one of the world's poorest countries to one of the richest. and the transforming is still going on. seoul is a city of continuous construction, spending the
money that flows in from the caribbean plans -- the korean brands that have gone global. it is the change of a generation. >> in the 60's and '50's, we have development aid from other countries. we want to give back in terms of community development. >> are there lessons from the developing world in what you meant to exit -- managed to achieve in the last 20 years? >> if i may find one element relevant to other stories -- to other countries, it is that the best investment is in people. >> people like this -- students at one of seoul's most prestigious universities. from an early age, they have been expected to achieve. tell me what it is like when you are trying to get into university? this 23-year-old told me of his experience.
>> education is very important in korea. most korean students are preparing for a university exam. a lot of pressure. >> for him, it meant taking a notoriously difficult entrance exam three times until he had the right grade. in a system that places a premium on education, for him it has been worth it. the pressure on south koreans does not end with their education. this is a wealthy society, enjoying everything modern life has to offer, but it is also a society with the highest suicide rate in the developed world. the evidence is that as this country got richer, the suicide rate went up. here at the main cathedral, they are trying to help. >> we tell people like is precious. >> the catholic church runs workshops for young people, trying to combat chilling statistics that show a suicide takes place in south korea every 34 minutes.
the help line takes calls from those who feel they have no one to turn to. >> when we were a poor country, we all were very happy. we lived all the time with our family members, and we could share all the things with them. but after industrialization, everything was changing. so everyone goes to their own office and no one cares for any other. >> it is the high pressure, fast-moving society, but try telling that to those stuck in traffic, facing a grueling commute at the end of the long workday. this is a country proud of its achievements, proud to host the g-20, but also aware that the pace of change has come at a price for his -- for its people. bbc news, seoul. >> you can find out more on our website, bbc.com/news. the editor of the russian
newspaper who was brutally beaten 20 years ago has been convicted of slander. the judge said he knowingly spread false information while he was covering controversial plans to build a rose to a forest outside of moscow. in the past week, two other journalists reporting on forest roads have also been banned. boeing halting test flights on the 787 dream winner after a fire forced a plane to land in texas on tuesday. it was the most serious accident since they began tests last year. the dreamliner is already three years behind schedule. san francisco has passed a law banning fast food restaurants from giving away toys with childrens' meals that do not meet nutritional guidelines. the law will also put a cap on saturated fats and trans fats, and requires for its or vegetables to accompany every meal. so-called or rare earths are
vital elements in the manufacture of many high-tech goods such as self foods -- so phones and electric cars. china has a near monopoly. japan is a major customer. the shipment of rare earth stopped last month after a row between the countries over a chinese trawler captain arrested by the japanese in the east china sea. china denies any embargo is being enforced. we report from tokyo. >> they are the elements that make the modern world possible -- rare earth used in the technology that surrounds us all. televisions, mobile phones, and hybrid cars. >> this is original rare-earth or. >> china has a near monopoly, and traders in japan have seen shipments to dry up after a territorial dispute between the countries began. >> already, more than one month,
nearly two months, have passed. that is it. not any. even 1 kilo. >> that is bad news for japan's factories. the country sees its future in making gadgets to help the world to go green. technology needs lots of rare earth. so japan is looking for its own supplies. once people sent computers to recycling to be environmentally friendly. now, the rare earths inside are needed so badly they call this urban mining. this place works on the principle that yesterday's must- have is today's obsolete junk, but look at this? it is a cigarette mega drive, not long ago -- it is a sega mega drive, not long ago on christmas wish lists. these are computers. these are old pcs.
who wants an electric typewriter these days? inside all these old machines is valuable raw materials that could be used to fuel japan's industry again. computers are the first to be pried apart. it is the hard drives that are after. the magnets inside contain rare earth, and it can be used again. >> i think we can recycle what we have in japan already. we do have plenty of rare earth in so-called urban mines here. if we are able to recycle that, we will not have to rely on imports. demand is growing every year. in this laboratory, they are searching for ways to make industry more efficient, using lasers to get down to the level
of the atom, exposing the structure of metal. >> what are we looking at? what is this machine? the goal -- to develop ways of making things like hybrid cars using less rare earth. >> we started this about seven years. people did not pay so much attention to our work. people did not think this program would be so serious, like we are facing today. >> what do people think about your work now? are they very keen that you finish as quickly as possible? >> yes. now they are very keen, yes. >> japan needs answers to its rare earth supply problem soon. stockpiles will not last forever. much of the country's industry could grind to a halt. bbc news, tokyo. >> the harry potter series of
blockbuster's about wizards have been in our cinema's for almost a decade, but it is coming to a close. the seventh installment, "harry potter and the deathly hallows, part one," has its premiere in london on thursday. >> they are coming. they are coming. >> this is the start of the final story in the saga, divided into two films. part one released this month. part two, next year. so, not quite the end, but the beginning of the end for the movie's young stars, who finally finished filming earlier this year, and who all carry fond memories of 10 years spent making the series. >> it has been immensely happy, you know, for most of it. i have really enjoyed working with everyone. i was given this mind blowing opportunity at the age of 11 not
just to work with these young actors but to have a chance to learn on the job. >> or the emotions when they finally called cut on that last day? >> it was overwhelming. it just felt like the end of the world of mine. >> since we finished filming a few months ago, it has been weird. it has been kind of hard to adjust, really. because it has been such a huge part of my life. >> what we wondered is -- what is it? >> it is the sign of the death hellos, of course. >> the what? >> the deathly helos. >> most of the previous films have been set at the was sitting school -- at the wizarding school, but hogwarts doesn't appear in this film,
giving it a different feel. >> it does have a totally different field, not being in those familiar corridors. >> a look back on the last decade as a positive and life- changing experience. >> the end of an era. to not have that anymore is kind of weird. i am kind of ready to move on. it is kind of a good time. >> i am excited to go, to move on, you know? it has been 10 years. it will be interesting to see what the world has in store for me next. >> it is something that i am immensely proud to be a part of, but, you know, 10 years is a long time. and now, you know, i am ready to walk away. >> and no doubt millions of fans will find the final end of the potter films as emotional and moving as daniel, emma, and rupert have.
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