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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 18, 2011 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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>> this is bbc world news america. funding for this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news
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america." >> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington, i'm jane o'brien. scotland yard is under fire. a second top boss goes as the u.k.'s phone hacking scandals spread. >> those of us who take on the most difficult jobs clearly have to stand up and be counted when things go wrong. >> meanwhile, a former news of the world reporter and sources of a number of phone hacking allegations have been found dead. >> outgunned and not outwitted. we find out how the rebels in libya get creative in their fight against the forces of colonel qaddafi. and training for the london olympics. how one hurdler from trinidad is overcoming obstacles to make his country proud.
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>> welcome to our viewers on pbs and america and also around the globe. each day brings a new twist in the phone hacking scandal, which has engulfed britain. and today was certainly no exception. first came the news of the second high-profile resignation in scotland yard in 24 hours when assistant commissioner john yates announced he was stepping down. then a former world news reporter who said high-spread hacking of the paper under then editor andy clausen was found dead. more on that in a moment. first the bbc's political editor nick robinson, has more on the many departures. >> he is yates of the yard no longer, resigning just a day after his boss. the commissioner of the metropolitan piece sir paul stephenson. both paying the price for failing to get to grips with the hacking scandal, so said the mayor of london. >> i regret to say i have just
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come off the phone to a.c. john yates, who tendered his resignation. i believe both decisions are regrettable but i'm afraid in both cases, the right call has been made. >> boris johnson insisted both men had jumped and were not pushed but made it abundantly clear he had done everything to encourage them. >> i think it became clear to john yates that the cackny of questions and circumstances will make it very difficult for them to do their jobs in the way that they wanted. >> john yates began the day determined not to resign, telling colleagues he wouldn't submit to trial by media. he ended it, explaining why he was going. >> those of us who take on the most difficult jobs clearly have to stand up and be counted when things go wrong. however, when we get things
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wrong, we say so, and we try to put them right. as i said very recently, it was a matter of great personal regret that those potentially affected by phone hacking were not dealt with appropriately. sadly, there continues to be a huge a inaccurate, ill informed and on occasions downright malicious information being published about me personally. this has the potential to be a significant distraction in my current role as the national leader for counterterrorism. >> and this the man who unwittingly caused the crisis at the met, neil wallace. he was the deputy editor at "news of the world" at the time phone hacking was widespread. scotland yard had admit they hired the man they arrested to help them improve their public relations. it's rather too late for that. last week sir paul stephenson
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went to down downing street to talk about restoring the met's image. he made no mention of the relationship. when the prime minister found out, as we furious. so what divided david cameron is the met from the men is oddly what connects them -- bother "news of the world" men to improve their image. the paper's editor, who resigned after hacking was exposed of insisting he knew nothing about it, and the deputy neil wallace also insisted he knew nothing about it and he was hired by john yates and sir paul stevenson. >> welcome. >> thank you very much. >> the prime minister is on an awkwardly timed trip to south africa. he is cutting it short to return home to make another statement on hacking, postponing m.p. holidays by a day. the labor leader said he's incapable of giving the leadership required. >> sir paul stephenson has taken responsibility and resigned over the hiring of mr. clausen's
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deputy. when the prime minister hasn't even apologized for the hiring ifself. we need leadership to get to the truth of what happened but the prime minister is hamstrung by the decisions he made and his refusal to face up to them. >> speaking before the news of john yates' resignation, david cameron insists there was no comparison between his behavior and that of the metropolitan police. >> i don't believe the two situations are the same in any shape or form. in terms of andy clausen new york city one argued that the work he did in government in any way was inappropriate or bad. he worked well in government. he then left government. there is a contrast i would say at the situation with the metropolitan police where clearly at the metropolitan police the issues have been around whether or not the
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investigation is being pursued properly. and that is why i think sir paul reached a different conclusion. >> tomorrow the murdoches, both depearge and son, face cross questioning in the commons. the hacking headlines just keep on coming. nick robinson, bbc news, westminster. >> well, as we mentioned on top of all of these developments the, whacele blower who reported for "news of the world" and alleged widespread hacking has been found dead on his home in england. for more on that part of the story, we can go on the bbc's katherine downs in london. katherine, what was shawn hall's role in all of this. >> he was the first journalist where he could publicly speak out about "news of the world" hacking and that andy knew all about the practice. shawn hall had known him about 13 or 14 years. he said they had a good relationship and he said in fact he moved in order to fwork andy
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as when he took over as "news of the world" editor, a position he described as disciplined and ruthless. he first said andy coulson knew people were hacking on people's phones. in an interview he had with "the new york times" and last year in an interview with radio four, he spoke about the culture of dark arts, he claimed, that andy coulson had created at "news of the world," a culture where getting the story became the the most important thing. >> do we know any more about the circumstances of his death? >> well, what we know so far is that the police describing this as an unexplained death. they are saying they're not treating it as suspicious but a colleague working here at the bbc in london did speak to shawn hall about ten days ago within we know he was fairly badly seriously ill at that time. but the police this evening saying it's an uncomplained death not being treated as suspicious but their investigations continue tonight.
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>> well, all of this comes on the eve of rupert and james murdoch's highly anticipated appearance before british lawmakers tomorrow. for more about the fallout this is having on the media empire itself, i'm joined by "vanity fair" contributing editorer -- editor sarah, who offered "war at the wall street journal," an account of that newspaper's takeover. thank you for ginning us. -- joining us. how damaging are the latest resignations for the police and british government and given the tangled relationships in all of this, is anybody going to escape from the scandal unscathed? >> i think what you see now is that people really don't think anyone is safe at this point. not ruperred, not james, rebecca brooks arrested, hinson resigned. this is no longer a u.k. problem or u.s. problem. it's a global problem for news corporation and people are
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beginning to question whether rupert murdoch can stay on his job. >> all eyes are on the hearings tomorrow when rupert murdoch and his son james are due to give evidence. what can we expect and what's at stake for their business. >> i was just speaking to someone coaching them for these appearances tomorrow and you think they're coached to appear contrite. they're certainly going to apologize and stick to the facts as much as they can. i think this is going to be partly political theater. i think people really want to be able to hold rupert and james up and take their punches, ask them the questions they haven't been able to ask them. i think what we could see are some flashes of defensiveness and anger on their part. i think because as much as they -- the center of this they feel
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agrowthed, they feel like they're the victims. this is always been a part of the newscorp culture, murdoch culture where they feel like everything is a battle and they're the ones who at the receiving end of the unfair treatment. >> you have reported on this scandal for many years. how widespread is phone hacking? and why was it ignored for so long? >> i think the answer to the first question is the answer to the second question, which is that it's very widespread. and so when the guardian started to report this in 2009, very few people wanted to stand up and talk about this practice and the dark horse in general. generally that's because a lot of people outside news corporation were doing it and partly because a lot of people didn't want to take a swing at the murdoch empire. sco it was something, it's astonishing when you go back and look at the stories being written in 2009 and 2010 at the guardian. very many all pan out exactly the way the guardian had promised and yet no one was
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following those stories, no one was doing any additional reporting. they were very lonely on this reporting for a long time. >> sarah allison in new york, thank you very much for joining us. now in other news, seven afghan policemen have been killed in southern afghanistan. attack happened in lashkar, an area due to be handed over to afghan control later this week. it also coincided with the departure of america's top commander, general petraeus, who is leaving to become head of the cia. u.s. marine corps general john allen will take over command of the nato-led forces in afghanistan. the crew of the space shuttle "atlantis" has said a final farewell to colleagues on board the international space station. "atlantis" will undock early on tuesday and is aiming to land back on earth on thursday. its four career members floated through the lock ready for the last trip of the shuttle program. in libya, the struggle continues between pro and taken qaddafi forces with rebels claiming they've retain control of the key oil town of brager.
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according to a rebel spokesman, the bulk of qaddafi's troops retreated westward. at the same time, rebels in the western city say they're preparing for fresh offensive. outgunned by qaddafi's better equipped forces, they're being forced to find creative ways to arm themselves. gabriel gates has the report. >> uncertainly, they say, is the mother of invention. people here don't like the phrase. they say it appears colonel qaddafi's green book of home-spoken wisdom. in this city cut off from the roft of the world, fighting a waur does require certain ingenuity. translator: he had a problem. this helicopter missile launcher was no good for an army of
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untrained foot soldiers. >> so we took out the tubes and make it like this. this this ribbon can be used by one man. >> i notice you brought rudimentary buttons here. where did you find those from? >> this is from the shop. we have them. >> the men in this workship are busy modifying and adapting any kind of westernry -- weapons they can get their hands on. sense the revolution started they had to learn on the job and learn pretty quickly. out on the front line, some fighters have already taken delivery of their weapons. it's quiet here at the moment but these men have had plenty of opportunity to try them out for real.
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"they're light and more accurate than conventional weapons," since this happy customer. but colonel qaddafi has tanks and heavy artillery. so if the rebels are going to make a serious advance towards tripoli, they'll need more than just courage and ingenuity. gabriel gatehouse, bbc news, his rata. now to the world's markets which are taking quite a beating over concerns about debt. today senate majority leader reid said the chamber would meet every day including weekends until congress comes to an agreement to avoid default. but that hasn't stopped stock prices from falling and problems are made worse by the woes in europe's banks. the more on the downyard slide, i'm joinford new york on the bbc's business correspondent airline ine hackar. starting in the u.s., what effect is the stale -- is the stalemate in congress having on the market. >> well, at the moment the
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market, both bond market and stock market are beginning to feel the strain but it's still very awe reaction because at the moment reading tea leaves, investors throughout believe a deal will be done. certainly in the bond market. stock market is down 1% today on a number of concerns. but it looks as if most people believe a deal will be done between democrats and republicans and that a default on american debt will be avoided. of course, if that does not happen, the markets can turn extremely quickly and we could be seeing the type of credit crisis we saw in 2008 after lehman brothers collapsed. so it could be extraordinarily serious. but right now we're still holding our breath. >> do the details of the deal matter at this stage or is it just a question of getting something on the table? >> well, yes, the details do matter in short.
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we have seen president obama wants a large $2.4 trillion deal. he wants to be able to have enough money in the coffers to see how his term and beyond the 2012 election cycle. but also we have seen the racing agencies weighed in on this. standard & poors for example is leaving enough room to downgrade american debt and credit rating here no matter what happens because fundamentally they say that they are word yoied -- worried about how politicians are dealing with this whole issue of dealing with raising the debt ceiling and also trying to bring a government spending and taxation into balance. >> caroline heckar in new york. you're watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's program -- helping the people of haiti aft earthquake. an even greater challenge. we speak to dr. paul farmar, who for decades championed the cause of one of the world's poorest nations.
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now to a new study which suggests painkillers, rather than antipsychotic drugs, could be a better way to treat some symptoms of da menchia. some of the more distressing symptoms like agitation an gressive were actually caused by pain and therefore could be treated with over-the-counter medicines. our health correspond james hughes has the story on how this research could impact the overall care of patients. >> da minka -- demenchia is a terrible condition which makes patient as gressive. traditionally they've been treated with anti-sigh cot ig drugs but they could have serious side effects including heavy sedation and increased risk of stroke or death. now it seems painkillers may be least as effective and far less harmful. research has looked at 352 patients with moderate to advanced dementia. paff were given regular
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painkillers. the others weren't. those taken pain leaf had a 17% reduction in adge taken symptoms. -- agitation. >> the size was significant. in fact, bigger than the benefits reported with trials of antipsychotic drugs. so this isn't just a small effect. this is actually a substantial effect on agitation and aggression. >> that's exactly what joe and her husband david found. he has alzheimer's and suffers a lot of pain. getting his pain treated properly has made a big difference to both of them. >> his mood would change so quickly. never knew how he was going to be from -- not from day to day, but hour to hour. >> at this home they worked very hard to try to find alternatives to treating patients with antipsychotic drugs. today's story is prompting experts for doctors everywhere to speak much more carefully about whether so-called painkillers can be a better solution instead. jane hughes, bbc news.
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>> now in haiti it's been a year and a half since a devastating earth quake droyed the capital. 70,000 still live in camps and many face a daily struggle for survival. dr. paul farm are tells the story in his book "tatey after the earthquake." for decades he's worked to help the people from the island nation and recently discussed me to discuss their plight. doctor, thank you very much for joining us. you have been a champion for haiti for many years, long before the earthquake happened. and you described in your latest book the resilience and the suffering of the people there. what's the situation now and what should be happen something >> the situation right now in haiti is remains difficult. we're still in the midst maybe in the earl zwrages of the collar ra he -- caleria
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epidemic, which is the meager infrastructure that existed before. and there are a lot of people probably between 600,000 and 700,000 still living in tents and a lot of the infrastructure destroyed in the quake. most of it has not been rebuilt. i think it's true most rubble has not been removed yet. >> giving voice to the voiceless i know has been one of your names. what are people in haiti saying there their own future wrfment do they see the future going? >> we talked to people in all departments, maybe all of the geographical areas of haiti. mostly we talked to people living in poverty, women, fishermen, peasant farmers, street vendors. we talked to them, they all seemed to want a haiti with sovereignty and dignity and chances to send their children to school and do a little bit
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more than get by. the ability to imagine a haiti that's flourishing still exists very much in haiti, which i took to be reassuring. >> given the very unique social and natural challenges that face haiti, is there another country, rwanda, for instance, that could serve as a model for reconstruction in haiti? >> i think looking to the example of rwanda is very instructive. have i been lucky enough to work there as a physician the last several years because have i been going between haiti and rwanda. to know only 17 years ago that country lay in ruins and in some ways, even thote infrastructure of rwanda was not damaged in the way that haiti's was, socially, it was even more damaged, of course, with a huge number of people killed in the genocide but also a large number of people guilty of crimes. and so rebuilding those social institutions i think that if people predicted just 17 years ago that the -- the country
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would have bounced back, i'm not sure the experts would have agreed it was possible but it has announced back. and i'm -- we're hoping, a number of us, that haiti will also look to rwanda as it seems to rebuild. >> doctor, thank you very much for joining us. >> it's a pleasure, jane. thank you. >> in south africa today, the celebrations within four swings of the 93rd birthday of nelson mandela. ♪ happy birthday to you happy birthday to you happy birthday ♪ >> children across the country simultaneously sang a special version of "hani birthday" -- happy birthday" in his honor. mr. mandela is receiving around-the-clock care for a respiratory infection. these latest pictures show him spending the day surrounded by his family in his rural hometown. now, in 375 days from now, the party will officially be under way in london as the 2012 olympic games kick off. all over the world, athletes are
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training for their chance to make the team and hopefully top the podium. as part of our olympic dream series, the bbc's matthew pinsen has the story of one 19-year-old from trinidad has w.h.o. has overcome crying and poverty to for see his ambitions. >> every morning and every evening from now until 2012, you will find jay doing this -- jay-hu is a 400-meter hurdler, one of the best young athletes trinidad and tobago has produced. and he only has one thing on his mind -- >> just thinking about the olympics alone, it's amazing what comes to my hefment i'm not happy with just making it final. i want to get them out. >> the people who knew gordon best say he was born special. that's in keeping with a lot of sports people refer themselves and put a lot of success down this their genes.
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but if jahu wins in london 2012, it will have a lot more to do with his own hard work. in recent years trinidadian society faced the twin specters of poverty and crime. scenes like this, a short walk from his training ground, are not uncommon. many of his school friends have been caught up in the violence. >> some died already. in crime, in crime. in shootouts, some in jail, some children who are even younger than me. so it really is a sad sight to see. >> jahu believes his sport and strong faith in god offer him and his friends an alternative to a life of crime. it's a lead those around him they hope others will follow.
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>> if i want something, i have to work hard for it. i can't just get it and it falls in my lap. so to take it seriously, they go to practices but it also concentrates on economics. and that's what he has done to some extent. >> you don't have to limit yourself because of the situation you're in. if you grew up in the ghetto, that don't mean you have to be doing things like you're from the ghetto. most people who are into sports are actually some that motivated and some of the best people in the society. >> this young man knows trinidad can do with new heroes and dedicating every minute to making his family and his country proud. matthew pinsen, bbc news, trinidad. >> brings us to the end of today's program. i'm jane o'brien. thank you for watching.
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>> make sense of international news at >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> union bank has put its global financial strength to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news america" was
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