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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  July 26, 2011 4:00pm-4:30pm PDT

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>> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is a bbc world news america. reporting from washington. naming the victims in norway, the identity of those from friday's deadly attacks. a clearer picture emerges of the killer. with just one week to go, and u.s. politicians are taking aim at each other as wall street starts to worry. and paying a hefty price. now in possession of the world's most expensive bottle of white wine. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and elsewhere around the globe. in norway, the lawyer being asked to defend anders behring
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breivik says he is likely in sane. they are releasing the names of those killed. we have more on the aftermath of the attack and what is known about the man who carried it out. >> the official naming of the norway dad is underway, a shocking reminder that most victims were children or very young adults. among them, a 20-year-old model and talented dansville, and the young this is believed to be just 14. among those future stars, a 21- year-old described by the norway prime minister as one of the country's most promising youth politicians. among those missing after trying to swim away, another talented speaker who addressed a labor party conference in april, and a 45-year-old who has been going
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to the summer camp there for years. this is their self confessed killer. anders behring breivik. today, his lawyer described him as insane. >> he is in a war with the world. he says the rest of the western world do not understand his point of view but that in 60 years' time, we will all understand it. >> he was asked if he showed any remorse. >> he says that he is sorry that he had to do this but that it was necessary to start a revolution in the western world. >> an exchange of text messages between a teenaged girl who was hiding behind a rock on the island and her mother has been released by the family. "the police are here," she says, but her mother warns, "the person said to be shooting may
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be in police uniform. be careful." "can you talk now? " "no, he is still shooting," says the girl. she did survive the massacre. this is just part of the norway response to all of that, just part, a spreading of flowers outside the oslo cathedral. they are looking to approve the killer wrong in every way, wrong for what he did, of course, but wrong if he really believes that the massacre would destroy in norway or start some sort of resolution -- revolution. ? brivik says he has associates -- breivik said that. >> we have no evidence of that in norway or in britain. >> but for now, the focus in norway is on the dead and those
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missing. the police will release more names as the terrible process of identifying all have been lost goes on. james robbins, bbc news, oslo. >> and as norway continues to mourn, the country's justice minister has praised the security services for their response to friday's attack, but four days on, there are questions about whether the police were quick enough to get to the rampage. local residents were the first to organize the rescue. gavin hewitt has been talking to some of those involved. >> across from the island, where so many died, there are still people waiting, with young people still missing. what is emerging here is the story of those rescued and questions about the police response. the heart of this rescue is a camp site. the two launched their boat to help people swimming from the
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island, where a man dressed as a policeman was hunting their friends down. >> the first thing was, they do not trust us. "i cannot trust you." we have to make some comfort to them to say, "yes, you can trust me." >> the road to the island for more than one hour. many of the young people were using their mobiles to call for help. >> they said they do not believe us. >> the injured were driven to a nearby town. that is where the police work, waiting for assault units to arrive from oslo. they terrified those rescued. >> there was someone with a black suit and gun, and all of a sudden, the people in the car were screaming and shouting. "do not stop, do not stop. drive, drive." because that is how the gunman
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was dressed. >> they used a local police boat, but that was too small for them, quickly took on water, and went down. they had to use private boats in order to make it across to the island where the gunman was. this was the boat eventually used by the swat teams. they capture the gunman after just two minutes. it was a press helicopter that took this photograph of breivik on the island. but today, the police have defended the speed of their response. >> i do not think this could have happened faster. i do not see how that could have been possible with this distance and under these conditions, so we will always try to be better. i do not see how we could have done this past year. >> the local community is reluctant to criticize the police response, but it is the people of a small camp site that
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were the rescuers of shivering and injured young people. >> i have seen things that nobody should have to see. >> the overriding problem was that the gunman had calculated that by setting off an explosion in oslo, he would draw the police there, while he had time to massacre young people at a summer camp. gavin hewitt, bbc news, norway. >> in libya, the efforts to find a deal to end the civil war which has stretched on for months now intensified today as a u.n. envoy arrived in tripoli for talks. countries, including britain and france, appear to be shifting their stance on whether muammar gaddafi has to leave the country. from tripoli, our correspondent reports. >> he is still the biggest man in libya. nato has bombed colonel gaddafi for months, but the leader and
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his supporters just will not go away. william has now followed rebels in suggesting that if he gives up power, he may be able to stay inside his own country, but the government says no. >> with due respect, he cannot decide on behalf of the libyan people. what is important to us is what is important to us, not what william decides. >> and these pictures give us an idea of the defiance of colonel gaddafi. there was the man convicted of the lockerbie bombing, still alive, almost two years after he was sent home from scotland with terminal cancer. al-megrahi. we found more of this supporters on the front line with the rebels. nato has not been able to get
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them to surrender. it has been bombing since march. nato aircraft have made more than 16,000 sorties. they have carried out more than 6000 air strikes. still, the colonel remains. four rebels in eastern libya, moammar gaddafi's fate is cause for argument. some insist he has no future inside his country. >> we understand the libyan people want him to leave the country and power, so this is our stand as of today. >> others suggest that the colonel does not have to go into exile. word that britain and france are prepared to let colonel gaddafi stay inside libya is seen by the supporters of the commonwealth as an admission that nato and
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the rebels cannot get rid of the libyan leader -- seen by the supporters of colonel gaddafi as an admission. giving up, long before the leader ever does. james reynolds, bbc news, in tripoli. >> you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on the program, 25 years after the chernobyl accident, they go to see how nature has coped with the world's worst nuclear disaster. "good night, my angel. sleep tight." those were the words of the father of amy winehouse at her funeral today in north london. it was led by a rabbi and included prayers in english and hebrew. there was a music producer, mark ronson and kelly osborne.
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>> it was a family funeral, quiet, in london. and hug and a kiss from her brother alex, her mother janice. the mass rnaks -- ranks of photographers lining the wall of the crematorium remind them but this was the funeral of amy winehouse. her singing and songwriting and her troubled life. her friend, kelly osborne, knew her at her lowest. they were remembering a daughter, a friend. the producer said he had lost his soul mate, someone who was like a sister to him. as he and other mourners left the service, there was talk about how his father had mentioned how happy his daughter had become and how in recent months she had conquered her drug addiction but not her
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drinking. he ended with the words, "good night, my angel. sleep tight. mummy and daddy love you so much." >> a rail safety campaign has been started. the incident of the crash has caused outrage, and there has been an apology about the collision of the two strains. it was said the campaign would spoke as on the growing high speed network. because of the crash is not yet known. now, the clock is ticking, and in just one week from now, the u.s. will hit the deadline to either raise the country's debt limit or go into default. the pressure is building from international financial leaders and the market to strike a deal, but the political controversy in washington is a concern to wall street, and it is from there
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that our bbc editor reports. >> this time next week, the bell might toll for all of us if america goes broke. wall street is a living part of world capitalism, where millions are traded in an instant. a politician and ability to close the deal seems inexplicable here. >> we are very upset that elected officials are acting like children, that they are standing and drawing lines in the sand and repeatedly jumping over them, "we are going to do it now, we are going to do it now? " the philippines told the united states that we should take care of our dollar. i do not what is more after that. there is a sense of optimism that a deal can be done. they do not believe it would be quite so stupid do not reach an agreement next week, but in washington, they seem further apart than ever.
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the republicans that are controlling the house, for obama, are risking all. >> this is no way to run the most -- this country. >> john boehner, he says it is the president who is in transition. >> the president would not take yes for the answer, even when we thought we would be close. the president's demands unchanged. >> they had been close to a deal, but talks broke down. there is a crisis, because the u.s. government will not be able to pay its bills unless it raises the limit. republicans do not want to raise a unless there is a serious plan to do with the national debt. the latest plan reluctantly accept huge cuts but no tax increases. they are demanding the deal for six months only, assuring business services in election year. in new york, a tourist attraction.
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the only people feeling bullish now are the tea party, the reason john boehner will not compromise. >> he is taking a message, and he is getting out there and doing what he needs to do to get control of finance is so we can save the republic. >> but saving the republic could have a long-term debt. bankers simply do not know what america cannot pay its debt. >> you are really playing with fire if you do not raise the debt ceiling. it has never happened before. presumably, it is very bad. this is for the long-term fiscal health of the country. >> politicians here will not be likely forgiven if they push the global economy over the edge. bbc news, new york. >> for more on whether there is any hope for compromise, i am joined from capitol hill by a congressman of california and a
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republican representative from arizona. thank you for joining us, gentleman. let me start with you. how far are you and your party prepared to push this? when you put the country into default next week if you cannot get what you want? >> none of us wanted defaults, and i am not one who believes we can go on indefinitely and simply we prioritize our debt. we should do it soon, but we have got to do it with a credible plan to deal with our debt and deficit. we need to worry not just about the fog but a downgrading -- worry not just about the fault but a downgrading of our debt. there is a credible plan to deal with our debt that we do not have yet, and that is what we are looking for. >> if i can put the same sort of question to you then, the president is looking to reject the latest republican plan. why cannot your party to go that
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extra mile and do the same to avoid default? >> we have endorsed some very severe cuts. they are included in the harry reid proposal, and we need a balanced approach that deals with revenues, entitlements, and discretionary spending. i voted to raise this with a clean vote because republicans have two other opportunities this year for spending. first, in april, we were about to shut down the government until an agreement was reached, and now we are only spending money that the majority of his party voted for. in october, the spending bills expire, and the republicans will have another chance to determine the level of spending they are willing to go along with. this is the artificial crisis in between april and october. we did not need it, and we do need an tomtom reform. we do need tax reform, but we do not need to play with this kind of fire. >> do you think a compromise can
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be reached, particularly within the tea party rank and file of your own party? >> yes, i think it can. we are certainly willing to compromise. it has been difficult though. the president has not been able to put a plan on the table that you are able to score to compare against are planned. the compromise typically is taking one plan and comparing it against another, but so far, we have not seen a plan that we can score from the president, so it has made it very difficult to compromise. >> the majority of americans blame your party for its intransigence. does that not worry you? >> i am not sure i accept the premise of that, but we are all going to be blamed if we do not reach agreement here, so i do not think we should cast blame on one another. we should get together with an agreement, but it is very difficult when you have put forward a plan, and the president complained about it,
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but you would not put forward a plan where you can actually compromise between, and that is the difficulty. >> what do you think the rest of the world is making of this? we have heard some angry comments from wall street earlier. because this is not just about the u.s. economy, this is the world economy. you have the head of the imf telling us to make a deal. >> i think the world is wondering whether or not the united states is ready for self- government, and they may be hearing that on the other side of the ponds. the fact is, i voted for the clean increase. i was the first democrat to endorse the republican senator'' proposal to say that we would raise the debt limit only of democrats in paris themselves on four different occasions in an election year. i am ready to do that, too. i would like us to move towards a balanced approach, but for compromise, i would like to see as generate another $2 trillion
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in revenue. the republican side is 0, and when you go to compromise, they are at 0.0. it is very hard to see how we're going to -- randy choate in the next week, and we are already harding economy of the world and of the united states. the very fact that this show is going on now means that a lot of this is around the world, and businesses are asking, "can i invest, or is this going to hell in a handbasket?" >> what do you say? >> the president issued a veto threat on the john boehner plan, which has more than we are planning to do otherwise. if you cannot get agreement to shape just a small amount, $1.20 trillion over 10 years, then it is tough to reach a compromise there, it really is. >> well, gentlemen, thank you very much for joining me.
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i am going to let you get back to work. >> thank you. >> thank you. >> it has been months since an earthquake and tsunami spilled the question about nuclear power. in the ukraine, an exclusion zone has been in place around one reactor for 25 years, and they are doing a study with down nature has coped with the worst nuclear disaster in history. our reporter joined a team of researchers on a five-day mission to chernobyl. >> these researchers have spent the last decade investigating the wildlife of chernobyl. they'd return each year to catch and examine birds and other animals in the exclusion zone so they can find out how they have been affected by the radiation. in the post apocalyptic landscape, it feels like nature has one, but appearances can be deceptive. parts of the exclusion zone are actually quite beautiful.
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there is a wilderness here. and that is perhaps where this myth that wildlife is flourishing in the zone has come from, but the biologists who actually study your see exactly what it is, a myth. a reading to thousand times what it should be. this small patch of forest is one of the most contaminated areas. >> of course, when you go to the eternal bulls, there is a very special feeling because there are contaminated areas where you do not see the contamination. >> other scientists say that the absence of man has actually brought more wildlife into the zone, but this team claims to be uncovering just how damaging here really is. the landscape here might take hundreds of years to fully recover, and the lessons of
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chernobyl are only beginning to be learned. they could alter the entire nuclear debate. victoria gillick, bbc news, chernobyl. >> now, to a bottle of wine with a price tag that would make most people gas. perhaps we of all paid too much for a fine vintage, but how about 75,000 pounds or more than $120,000? well, that is how much a private collector has forked over for a bottle of wine, making it the most expensive ever. they are seen what they got for their money. >> at the tool hundred years old, this is the bottle now featured in the record books, and this is its new owner, a french businessman. he paid 75,000 pounds for the rare vintage from bordeaux region, making it the most expensive bottle of white wine in the world. it will be put on display in a
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bulletproof cabinet in a restaurant. >> a little crazy, something you buy. you buy it for you. >> here is a bottle of wine that i picked up for 7 pounds 50. the difference between a bottle of this and won 10,000 times more expensive. my wife is on the right, a bottle from the same chateaux with the record-breaking wine is on the left. >> a big difference in appearance. also, if we just swirl the wind around in the glass, we can seem that the chateaux du camp clings. this is more gooseberries. it is generally lighter. >> you can tell that is more expensive? >> it is all about concentration. >> but would you buy such an
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expensive bottle? >> no. no, certainly not. >> not to drink. no way. >> the thank you very much, indeed. >> the new owner says he broke open a bottle to celebrate the anniversary. at around 10,000 pounds per glass, let's hope it does not disappoint. bbc news in central london. >> i am hoping it is still cocktail hour. maybe it is happy hour. in any event, it brings us to the end of today's broadcast, but remember, you can always get constant updates on our website, and check out our facebook page at for all of us, thank you for watching. we will see you back here tomorrow.
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