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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 5, 2011 4:00pm-4:30pm PDT

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in new york, demonstrators are taking out their frustrations by marching in mass. fighting for libya's future. after driving out colonel gaddafi, the country's political fate is up for grabs. >> there is no credible sense of solidarity here. people want this revolution to work and are prepared to build a new democracy. >> how this turns in to this. we will bring you the story of an old rail line that has become one of new york's best loved parks. welcome to our viewers on pbs and america and also around the globe. hold on, there might be more economic pain to come. that was the warning from the imf today as they caution that the recession in europe could still be in effect in 2012.
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this follows a downgrading of italy's credit rating and more unrest on the streets of crease as trade unions staged a strike against the latest austerity measures. in a moment, we will look at the end tier in the u.s. first, we go to europe. >> violent protests back on the streets of athens. austerity measures it is harder and harder. the eu and imf have yet to decide whether greece gets its next installment of loans but it probably will. many greeks wonder whether any of it is worth their while. >> there is an employment. -- there is increasing unemployment. wealthy people, people who evaded taxes, people who gained money through corruption are not paying what they should be paying. >> the renewed wave of strikes comes as italy digest another
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downgrade of its credit rating. they fear that they will be drawn further into dangerous territory. the imf has warned europe's recession next year with the debt crisis and its consequences. to add to the confusion, the senior official suggested that the fund could intervene on the bond markets to support countries like italy and spain only to retract his remarks later. what about the woman on whom so much of this hinges? in brussels, the talk with the european parliament and commission. the german chancellor has a big decisions to make. everyone is waiting for the decision on the inspectors. they will determine whether greece needs more help and whether banks will be asked to take heavy losses. >> we have to look at the current greek figures and see whether they fit or need to be
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adjusted. we are waiting for the report. >> greece must main part of the eurozone and greece must be given the opportunity to get back on their feet. >> the banking system is under severe strain and everyone knows it. chancellor merkel made it clear that germany is prepared to move quickly towards recapitalizing banks. she is still speaks of a step- by-step approach. some people will not like that. the solution of this crisis, if there is one, still rests with germany. >> just as they are venting their anger in europe, in new york, protesters are making their voices heard in the continuing occupied wall street movement. for more on what is driving the
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discontent and what can be done, i am joined by an assistant professor. thank you for joining us. did you get a sense of what sparked a these protests? why now? in 2008, you can understand it. why are they protesting now? >> this started three weeks ago with a small group of protesters camping out in liberty park. two things happened that made this protest explode. the first was video that one around of police officers pepper spray and a protester. i think that that really sparked this to become much bigger and much bigger much faster. >> do you think that we will see more types of protests, the
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grass roots protests? people that are cut off from the democratic process. >> absolutely. there is unemployment, joblessness, foreclosure. all of these things have been dealing for the past two years, they have a vehicle to express them. the political system has not been very responsive. the protests are an indication of people say look, we need to do something to let our leaders know. with all the organizations that are joining this protest movement, this will continue through the election cycle. >> is this just a vehicle for them to frustration or is this the beginning of a political goal? -- is this just a vehicle for v enting frustration? >> there theme is that "we are
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the 99%." this means that these are the people that have lost out on the economy to the top 1%. that feeling has been there a long time but people feel energized they can do something about that. >> of course, the tea party started out in a similar situation. can you make a comparison? >> this is hard to make a comparison because that was a protest movement against the government in some way, i guess what they thought of as big government. this is more like the protest in the 1930's during the great depression where unemployed people and a range of other da people took to the streets and protesting and that became a broad movement that became channeled into the democratic party of the 1930's resulting in the new deal.
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that is the comparison we should be thinking about verses the tea party which is a much more angry and much older and much whiter movement than this movement is. >> thank you for joining us. u.s. researchers are closer to creating what they call personalized stem cells. this involves taking a human egg and combining it with a cell from another person, potentially someone who needs treatment. we have a more on the potential impact. >> stem cells and close-up, strange shapes with huge potential, in theory able to repair almost any part of the body. this laboratory has announced a new technique, a version of cloning using human eggs.
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census work, they would not let as film. this is their video. -- sensitive work. this could lead to tailor-made stem cells. they took skin cells from someone else and inserted them into the egg. they were then triggered into multiplying. the results, stem cells for the potential to develop in different ways. "we now know that human eggs do have the ability to turn a specialized cells int other cells. >> the goal in laboratories is personalize treatment. stem cells with your own dna to tackle anything. the science is extremely difficult. progress is uncertain. there is the risk.
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this new development is welcome but with a caution. >> technically, the work seems to be done fine. however, it always depends on just peer review. if other scientists can do it, then i will wait. >> this is a controversial field with very high stakes. a few years ago, this carian researcher was exposed for faking results. finding a reliable way to bring them is closer. no one can tell when this will help the patients. this is seen as a significant step towards them. >> two months of heavy rain and flash floods in thailand are now not to have claimed 200 lives. large tracts of farmland are
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inundated and popular tourist destinations have been badly hit with water lapping up the walls of historically important temples. more rain has been forecast. india has launched what it says is the world's cheapest tablet computer with a price of just $60. they hope that the aakash touch screen tablet will bridge the divide. a civilian court has ordered the retrial of up to 20 medical staff sentenced to up to 15 years in prison. they were found guilty last week on charges that included in fighting and provoking sectarian hatred. >> in libya, it has been more than a month since gaddafi was driven from power.
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is there a threat that the revolution could become bogged down in political infighting? >> they have carried the flag of libya's revolution from the start. mountain peoples, proud horsemen and warrior celebrating their newfound freedom. this was one of the first places to rise up against muammar gaddafi and they sacrificed much to oust him. this town has lost 250 of its men and people continue to die in battles across the country. now they would like a slice of power in the new libya. they say two minister should come from their town. >> liberation of the country.
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hundreds of miles away, they believe that this should be rewarded. the political battles are now beginning. and this man helped lead the revolution in the city. many believe they should have a greater say in libya's future in towns that did not suffer as much. one and a half thousand of misrata's people died fighting. misrata is putting forward their own candidate for prime minister. as the arguments began, they are not giving up their weapons just yet. it is too early. no one wants to give up their weapons until there is a united government and one national army.
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>> in tripoli, there is no national government. this will not be formed until sirte false.n of sur this is where the leaders used to meet. the factions are not about to descend into infighting. after 42 years of dictatorship, there is an incredible sense of solidarity here. people want this revolution to work. they are determined to build a new democracy. the problem is that they have chased away good coffee and left behind a libya where no one knows how to share power even when they are hungry for it. >> the authorities say that they uncovered a plot to kill the country's president, hamid karzai. six people have been arrested including one of the president's bodyguard. this comes 10 years after the
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nato led invasion of afghanistan and major challenges clearly remain. today that you research center came out with a poll about the opinions of americans who served on active duty in the post 9/11 era. only 50% say that the war was worth fighting. earlier i was joined by the executive vice president. what about the 50% who said that the war was not worth fighting? what reasons did they give? >> we did not export it that deeply. we looked at their experience. this is a conflict where we're marking the 10th anniversary of the start of this war, the longest war in our history, fought by the smallest share of our history. we have asked these veterans a
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lot of questions about what it has been like to fight this war and what it is like to return home. they are very proud of this service. they were experiencing a lot of difficulties in their home, a lot of posttraumatic stress. the wounds of for some carry, some carry psychological wounds. we find mixed feelings. only have say the war in afghanistan was worth it. only 44% say the war in iraq was worth it. this was a higher level of support than the general population. >> is there a disconnect between house civilians think about it and how the military? >> this has been going on for 10 years. we have been tracking public support for a decade and this has been on a long steady decline. americans like success. they feel that we're in a bit of a quagmire and they don't see a clear victory.
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quite frankly, they are fit to eat. only 25% said that they are following the war is closely. -- quite frankly, they are tired. >> does this give us any snapshot of how americans view their place in the world? >> at the moment, americans, including these pose 9/11 veterans, they have said, come home, america. this tension between internationalism and isolationism has been with us throughout our history. there is a very heavy instinct to focus on the problems at home. >> thank you for coming. you are watching "bbc world news america," still to come. transforming parts of new york, an old railway line is home to a city park like no other.
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the people of hungary have been marking the first anniversary of the red sludge disaster. 10 people died and 150 were injured when an industrial waste reservoir burst its banks. we returned to some of the worst hit areas and we got this report. >> one year after the red sludge disaster. a village grateful for the attention and assistance it continues to receive. government ministers and rescue workers joined local people to pay their respects and remember the hardest days of their lives. >> it nothing can bring our memories back. the red flood took it all away. to clean up this region and have kept their word.
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freshwater runs in the streams again. a key new housing estates have been built, fully furnished with landscaped gardens. charges have been launched against the aluminum company. >> in the end, the court will decide about this matter. no doubt, the company will not able to pay that amount. before the find was issued, the owners offered their ownership. >> in the countryside, the color green is replaced with detail tell red stain. -- replaced the telltale red stain. this was one of the most polluted fields. now it is an energy force. beyond arguments of responsibility for the accident, beyond the heroism, these trees bear witness to the amazing recuperative powers of nature.
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>> in seattle, amanda knox is enjoying her first full day since being released from an italian prison. when she arrived, she said she was overwhelmed by the outpouring of support after spending four years in jail. >> acquitted of murder and now back home. quite a week for amanda knox it is i wonder that she is struggling to take it all land. -- little wonder that she is struggling to take it all in. >> i am really overwhelmed right now. i was looking down from the airplane and it seemed like everything was not real. what is in port for me to say is to say thank you to everyone who believe in me, who defended me, who supported my family.
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-- what is important for me to say right now is to say thank you for everyone who believed in me. my family is the most important thing with me right now and i just want to go and be with them. so, thank you for being there for me. [applause] >> relief on the part of her family that she is back home. as for meredith kurcher's, amanda knox's family said to remember meredith in their prayers. given the convoy of journalists pursuing amanda knox, it seems that the appetite for her story remains. >> we are doing all we can to rebuild her life and let her do the things she has not had an
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opportunity to do. some of the simplest things that we take for granted by just walking on the grass in bare feet or something like that. she has not had a chance to do that for quite some time. >> the italian prosecutors are appealing the verdict and could call for a man tanox to return. -- could call for amanda knox to return. is that clouding the family celebration, i wondered. >> i would like to say no but the prosecution feels that there is a different circumstance that what the judge and jury of this appeals court felt like. i will tell you that i think the italian justice system worked the way it was designed to work. >> amanda knox's family asked people to play down the homecoming nature of her release. they feel that she was the victim of a massive miscarriage
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of justice. >> sarah palin has decided she will not run for president in 2012. she was john mccain's running mate. her decision had been greatly anticipated. >> now to new york where one of the runaway hit is not found on broadway. instead, it is an unusual part attracting visitors in droves. -- it is an unusual park. they are visiting the high line, a former railway track which has taken people to a whole new place. ♪ ♪ >> i think that the high line is one of the best things that could happen to manhattan and a long time. i love the picture window where you to sit and look at the traffic. >> i think it is very wonderful
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shangri-la in the middle of the city. ♪ ♪ >> the story of the high line is a highly improbable one. this is the story of two young new yorkers with no experience in planning, architecture, or the rough-and-tumble of city politics turning an elevated railway line into a unique park. >> i am a dreamer but i never dreamed that it would be this successful. in some ways, i did not believe it until we opened. i knew there was some the different pieces that could fall apart -- legal, planning, community issues. >> lot robert hammond and his co-founder have devoted more than a decade of their lives to the project.
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they were inspired by a rusty structure on the verge of being torn down. >> we one of the design to be as interesting and unique and as unusual as the structure itself. i loved what was like before we build anything. i fell in love. >> photographs taken at the time captured this wild skate that the architects made it part of their design. -- photograph taken at the time captured this wildscape and they made it part of their design. this is a design which has been planners are around the world. >> i think that the high line, the best new public space we have had in new york in a long time. this kind it merges the idea of the street which is really the quintessential york public space which is the street itself.
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-- the quintessential new york public space which is the street itself. it merges the idea of the street with the idea of the park. what were the reasons people are excited is because it is a new kind of public space. >> the high line has become a venue for all manner of events. 3 million people are expected to visit. >> it slows people down. that is the one of the secrets of its success. ♪ >> that is it for tonight. for all us, thank you for watching and see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu.
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newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim - about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go. >> "bbc world news america" was presented by kcet los angeles. isisisis announcer:
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