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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 14, 2011 4:00pm-4:30pm PDT

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america." >> this isqçóe1lr "bbc world n america," reporting from washington, i'm catty kaye. streets of the libyan capital.e1 revolutionary forces opened qualified.hti]xdu -- gaddafi. go nonviolently and peacefully. >> and his dream of racial equality forever changed america. now martin luther king's legacy is given açó permanent memorand oral -- memorial in washington. welcome to our viewers on pbs
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inrós'á and around the globe. it( fresh fighting in thefá libyan capitalxd today suggesting the fighting is not quite over after all.xdjf gunxd battles broke outxd betwe thexdñ forces of -- loyal to th transitionale1 government and those who support colonel gaddafilp. this report from tripoli. >> fighters from the n.t.c. were back in battlefáe1 today, hunting down forcesi] still loy to muammar gaddafi. this area is a stronghold ofq support for the former leader. found with a rocket-pro peled grenade. it was one of several arrests made. smoke could be seen across the city as the fighting range --
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raged, sparked by<  dozensok o his green flag on the streets. this is where significant fighting has been in the capital since the rebels took tripoli.r itñib. comes as the capital ha been returning to normal. they do have the upper hand.oke1 gaddafi's supporters are vastly outnumbered and outgunned. but as we left the area, clashes were reported spreading to other parts of the s8uv by7oo nightfall,t( new check po --e1 checkpoints had sprung up and this military commander was back in hislp military fatigues. >> anyway ite1fá gives you a -- a good idea about how gaddafiow supporters are very weak now.
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>> fugitive leader has reportedly called frome1 hiding for his supporters to rise up. the hope is that this is a last gasp, not the start of something new. >> stillñi hhjetsq of resistanc there. now to syria where thexd u.n. says more thanfá 3,000 people have decide. it they are calling on the u.n. to act before it turns into full-fledged civil war. what can or will be doneñ santo -hok to stop the bloodshed?ko i spoke to robert danon, currently a senior fellowym at the counsel sivel foreign relations the 3,000 dead and it's been going on for seven months now. ì(lc@&c+ protests? >> well, i think we're seeing a steady state in which there is
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continued protest primarily on fridays, but throughout the week, and we're seeing continued repression in efforts to pk4÷ them out and as long as th.i:v is lefte1 unattended thi what we call the new norm at. >>÷d you were working at the state departmente1 before and w saw what america did? -- in leading thexd
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is a lot t international community can do. >> and you have suggested thatx one of the keys is isolating assad within his own country. he is of coursexdnb part of aó minority government. why hasn't that happened? more businessmen, more members of thexdzv security forces as saw nap tunisia, turn againsd the leadership? >> well, what the international community is doing now is putting very strongxd sangss on the country,ok trying to squeez assad.fá as we saw in iraq in thet( 1990's, regimese1 like thisok c withstand pressure for a long period of time and the wrong people get hurt. real, targeted sanctions that
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and the- base and offer amnesty for those military officials who arefá still loyal to him bu may be looking for a way out. i think the kind of protest we're seeingfá now, to kind of squeeze syria as a whole, it may work over the long term but the short timeçó -- term while wait for this to nap >> thank you. in other news, the united states is to help in the battle againstfát( uganda's notorious rebelfá group, thexdçó lord's resistance army. the president is sending 100 assist. the l.r.a.ñiçóxd is accused of murder and kidnapping.t(lp >> simply put, this is a kill or capture mission. the leader of 9xdm.áñk l.r.a., corny, who hast(i]t( --xd josep
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who has been accused of human rightsq abuses by the international military court.w3 she -- they assure this is an advisory, assistance+ role onl but they are bringing sophisticated ways of tracking that leader. very densely forestedqt( region it's going to be difficult thei >> this conflict has been going on for years and millions of ="a]!e%uz they suddenly decidin over the last few years there have beent( significant and powerful campaigns in the united states, grass-roots campaigns that have really touched people's hearts and legislation has been passed effectively providing humanitarian support forñixd th affected. under the pressure from the
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human cairnxd -- humanitarianñi groups and they say this could be the end game if thexdçó smal contingent and u.n. troopsc cooperate properly >> andok today india, bras --i] brazil and china all suggestedj the international community should pay more to help bail eu the u.s. rejected the idea but it is añr reminder of just how much europe's problems are fromc paris, michael cassidyon# starts our coverage.lp plan to talk about. arrivingúg)0 ministersq from outside europe say the currency zone must contain its crisis. a big new i.m.f.a5 fundñi bankrolled by the likes of china and brazil is one option now under djcumm%=99ñ europe has just 10 days untilçó
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the summit where it'sq promised to bring all theseq ideas together. is should provide the resouruqá$(l+ international stability f'n)h&argeñi enough? u8own money into banksñiñiñi or extent markets are prepared to if there is a debt event, for example, in greece.ok >> one said the ministers realize the cost ofçó give up o their waywardqñi peripuy isñi n just too great. >> you have to supor the euro. if itt( collapses we'd have dramatic final, economic, and as long as the crisis can be considered as a greek crisis, you can behave as if it's not your problem.xd >> the emergency debt rescue idea has changed the game. one of france's biggest worries
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is that it could lose its --. but all this fussp, seems to b persuading some states that itc maybe worth itxd to underride ñ ok heláó fromçñ1 the i.m.f. the÷ future health of theçóxd w economy depends on it working the >> as the heads be of finance york hundreds ofxdçó protesters celebrating theñi decision to where they have been protesting for the past month.i]xd lizzie, thanks very much for cominukñi let's start out with this idea of what's happening in europe affecting other countries it does seem you've got these other countries sayinglp listen this is havingi] a spill-on
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effect in our country.okr >> i thinkñr it haze potential have a very large spill-on effect in other countries. that's one of the reasons you have started tot( see more publ ielp geithner and from other finance ministers. i think we're starting to wear -- hear the most, maybe, honest assessment that there is a real -- everybody likes to use the word contagion, but that this could movefá veryt( quickly bey greefments certainly everyone third largest economy in europe. that could move very qu))hly if we seee1 a default and a credit event, they call it. if you are a businessman in brazil whoñr exports china tea potts, how does this affecti] you? >> because the banks are so i] greek sovereign deb be a write-down beyond what
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they agreed to this summer. you could see your holdings cut by ha4fe and that'se1 huge, an that starts ripple effects andx makes banks potentially need a lot of money from the european community, this special bailout fund andx$$u$at's the sortçó )& thing that hasñi people legitimatery.ñi >> watching what happened after 2008, and i remember the g20fá meeting then in weekend --ñi th of coming together, everyone z we have to do innings coordination. but inxd paris this weekend the seems to be no coordination. >>w3 everyone's got different agendas, and also everybody's place. if you areww/s germany you are lookin'ñá at this with a very, very different lens than if you spain. that's one of the thingse1 that thinki] is the most noticeable. then on thee1 emerging economy front there is also thise1
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u.s.-china tension that's been underlining some of these criticisms andqi] at the same t also leaders saying all rightl your banks need to be stronger but that still hasn't hppede1 - places. >> youáubb5a mentioned secret geithner has beenp,ñi morejf f when itlp comes toi] what the europeans should do. how much leverage doñi they hav to get thomeñi act? >> they have some. but they also don't want to say our banks are incredibly exposed because the moment youñ say, well, gee, u.s. banks hold a lot offá differentt( -- sover dlru ofçó different countries, just saying thatçó undermines demfed the u.s. bankinge1 syste so they're pushing and saying now do this, but theyñr don't wantc to sayñrok it could be a catastrophe here. >> thanks very much for coming in to explain thisxdt( to us äbícause it's complicated.r still to come, shining a
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spotlight on gertitude stein.t( the careers ofxd some of 9 world's greatest artists the in thailand,q frantic efforts continue to try to flood waters inxd decades. he is /w+ie tides now arrive --fái] estuary tides now arrive from the sea. j from bangkok. >> twoe1 kiggers man -- maroone in ant( ocean of muddy water. t( spreading for more thani] two and factories, turning roads into rivers. are all the houses here are awash. these he will effoonts are now strand on the only piece of high ground left,c in what wasç their sanctuary.
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culture, people are doing whatever they can to help them. this is one of thexd embankment that's builtlp up to try to hol the water barkse1 but it's already seeping through the bottom it's about a meter and i and a half, five foot high.xd and just on the other side ;$(l+ water has top.ady risenñi already to the - river has already burst its banks. it runs from here right through thet(>#!pital and on to the sear sosa --t( closer to thet( city, desperate efforts are underway )jt bangkok e1 which surround the city. that's causing some resentment. this man is deliberately dismantling an official floodt( barrier. next to him a woman called -- calls out to me.
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"we're short of food," she says. "we haven't had any help. century and it isn't over yet. foreveru etched in the america cogsnessñi!u -- consciousness now immortalized in stone. be dedicated. >> i've be.n to the promised land. i may not get therew3 with you, but i wantçó youjf to know been -- tonight that we as a people will get to the promised land. now martin luther king becomes 3 take his place among the
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hallowed memorials of the washington mall. >> for the first time in our country's history this great land we call the mall is now country, that we have alp perso of colorjf gration the mall sitting between the lincoln and jeffersonñi memorial.xd it gets no better than that. >> preaching nop violent dvñá" baptist minister gave irresistible form to the civil been surprisingly evers -- controversial. some people feel it looks toqe1 severe, even totalitarian.nbi] others think this type of memorial shouldp, befáw3 reser former presidents. what makeskáñ debate aught the more emotional is that the+ history5a is raw in the memory in august=ñ 1963 king delivered his cele'h ted "i have a dream" speech from the step%gñ ofñiok lincoln memorial.
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the assassination sparked days of riots. in washington, troops were deployed to ua5háu)eet, a black through the violence, one of the few businesses3çólp that remained open was ben'sxd chili bout. king himself snacked here as have a who's who of black nernts four decades since. so, how far does the owner sq;rr'k america hasçó come ine1 realizing king'st( dream?r >> i think we've come a long way. the kind of equality he dreamed yet. we still have a poor schowlt systemxd and that affects all people. i think dr. king would say there is a lot more work -- work to do. >> u street today is smaller, richer, whiter. again theryification hasxd push e1 even as anq african-americant( president preparesxd to salute
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the standard-bearer at a ceremony on sunday, the dream of an equal,ist racial america is a work in progress theu steve kingston, bbc news, washington.i] >> well, among those who fought alongside dr. king fore1 racial% equality was john lewis.c himself, today he is the sole king delivered the "i have a dream"xai speech. time ago from capitol hill cleml about theçó significance this memorial. >> if someone had told me 48 years ago when i stood on the steps of the lincoln memorial that there would be a memorial to martin luther king jr. i oh, you're dreaming, it is unreal. it is unbelievable that a
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memorial to martinlp luther kin jr., this man of peashsfpksm -- this man of love, this man oflp nonviolence, he was never elected to any public office, appointed to any public office. it is reallyxdt( historicc.cj6 3 but it says something about the distance we've comee1 and the progress we've made in america as a people. >> remind us just how difficult it was back then. youxd yourselfq of cou"çt were easted, what, some 40jf times? you withok beaten, you suffered so many of you did. it now hmm seems kind of defact to -- de factoé@ thatxdxd welp through the civil rights movemettx and made suchnb pog it was such a tough time. >> we must never forget it was not easy. it was axd struggle. a stuggle just for white peo(l4+ and bhack people in i% to come together, to be able to
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jt)q) seated ate hunch counter together. to sit down together and net -- neat axd restaurant. to be seated together on a but, on a train, to go to school together. to be able toe1 register toçó v >> now of could, congressman, yout(ok is not only the man to vote, you have a bhack man in the white house. america's first bhack president. as did we just heard in our still. this is so much inequality in the can i still.t( >> in spite of all the changes and thet( pog thatxd we've made still ist( problems. people ask me over and over again whetherçó the election of barack obama as president is the fulfillment of dr. martin luther kinge1q jr.'si] dream. i say no, it is a downfáxd paymr only a down payment. we still have milests7ç to trav before we createxd whatq dr. ki america where we can forget i tqt as people and laylp down
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the burden of hate. congressman johnu lewis, thank joining us from capitol hill on the mall. >> well, thank you very much. >> a down payment indeed. impression. avantym garde, self-styled genius, all words to describec+ gertrude stein. stein has opened at the national portrait gallery here in washington the my colleague has gone to take a look. >> many people today know moviexd "midnight paris." 'm glad you areçó here. right and which is wrong the s >> kathy batesxdxd portrays ste
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when she held herp famous >> look how you'veww/s done her1 dripping with sexual innuendoxd and -- >> the suddenoki] popularity of stein is ñ coincidence with the áájt)u it exexplores her later life as an established writer and her continuinge1 influence on artis today. >> her represent uteationuq -- willingness to rethink how you literature and to some degrees to those in art the >> artists b>ut her to sit for them in thet( hope that the association would boost their own popula2qr.çó stein portraits became almost anñr art form in themselves and )p& the+ gertrude
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stein said it was more de important that paintings of her should capture her essence why we get this port flate 1916 showing a tea cup,t( representi the tea time gathers -- gatherings she held for artists.ñr it was this radical new approach thate1 she encouraged that has helpedxd shape the way we look at modern artt( today. finding new ways to interpretl the often obscure literarye1 wo of a woman dead for 65 years might seem challenging.jf but this sculpture cowboyst( recordings of stein'st(e1 writi% with telephone writers and technology to her work. sts -- it's just onejf ofe1 the contemporary piecesi] ate separate exhibit on stein. >> the amount of books that +%
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were published and areá being publishedxd on her arep, people are stilllp looking at h work. they stilv want to interpret it, to keepxd it alive. >> there are many reasons for but her ability to mix disciplines,i]ñiñr pushu bound and break new ground clearly appeal to the current generation of artists equally unfettered bya5u rules. jane o'brian, bbc news, washington.5a >> i'm going to confess i finally sawok the film this weekend and kathy b!>m does a greatg stein the that brings us to the end've our broadcast. to get in touch with me and most of the team, do use the twitter. great weekend.qts7çlpçói]t(t( éñ
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>> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim -fá about to feel one of@rns favorite sensations.qi]g at shell, were developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources.5a'c lets use energy moree1fá efficiently.
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>> union bank has put itsñr global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> bbc world news america was presented by kcet los angeles. announcer:
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