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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 24, 2011 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. shell. and union bank. >> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america."
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>> this is "bbc world news america." a frantic search for survivors after an earthquake in eastern turkey killed at least 260 people. >> the temperatures are going to fall below freezing again. the great concern that people may not survive another night. >> the united states pulls its ambassador out of syria, accusing the authorities of inciting attacks against against him.
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>> welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe. rescue teams in turkey have pulled more survivors from the rubble after the strong mark would that hit the east of the country on sunday. at least 260 people have been killed. it is feared the death toll will rise. more than 1000 have been injured in the earthquake, which measured 7.2. it struck near the city -- it struck near the border of iran. >> pulling frantically at the ruins of reinforced concrete. the ordinary people desperately helping the official rescue team to look for the hundreds were missing. at the center of this effort is a 29-year-old man who is trapped below at the rubble, pinned between a car and a wall. he has been there for over 24
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hours. his brothers have formed a human chain. slowly making space for them -- for him to be brought out. with exhaustion setting him, his mother waited patiently nearby. >> we have all been years since yesterday. we slept in the car overnight. >> this six-year-old girl is also some are under the collapsed flat. her uncle told me that she had been out playing at the time of the earthquake and no one has heard from her sons. >> we just cut back here. hopefully, the kid will come out. >> overnight, in the regional
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capital, at a small boy had been found alive. his rescuers pleading with them to be patient while they worked to get him out. this tall there was successfully pulled out alive by emergency workers -- as toddler was successfully pulled out alive by emergency workers. this shows the moment the earthquake struck. the shaking stops this couple in their tracks. if full-scale aid operation is under way. with the rescues going on into a second night, many people are choosing to sleep out to be close to their relatives trapped under the rubble. >> for the latest on the situation, i spoke to daniel in short time ago. >> [no audio]
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some extraordinary rescue scenes. >> [no audio] it is very possible to find further survivors. just a few hours ago, we saw someone taken out of here alive. his family weeping as he was taken away. i think it is quite possible that there are more survivors. as time goes on these chances all become less because people are badly injured on to the rubble and they need treatment. people may be in situations where they have no access to water or food. they may become too weak to survive. but i think there will be more people coming out. >> it is dark and extremely cold where you are right now. how is this affecting the rescue operations, but also the
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survivors? >> i think there are two critical factors. there is a chance that the people surviving under the rubble dropped dramatically when the temperature goes below zero. that is a big factor. some people will not survive tonight because of the cold. secondly, people do not have homes, but many people are sleeping in tents. many people just built fires and are sleeping out in the streets. it is only going to get worse because they are talking about snow later this week. it is very important that people are indoors and the best possible accommodations. otherwise, people will start suffering from the cold. >> thank you very much for joining us. some amazing stories of survival
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there. we will keep you updated on any further development. staying in the region, the united states has pulled its ambassador out of syria because of concern for his safety. the state department is blaming the syrian authorities for a campaign of incitement against robert ford. last month, he was pelted with tomatoes and eggs by pro- government supporters. syria has now withdrawn its ambassador to washington. for more on the growing diplomatic tensions, i am joined by a former u.s. ambassador to syria. thank you so much for joining me. the state department is saying that it has been braque -- brought back for consultations. how serious is this? >> it is not as serious as a formal recall court certainly even a break in relations. either of those events had
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happened. it is not unprecedented to be recalling ambassadors for consultation. in this case, it was more serious because they said there was incitement and threats against the ambassador. he already has experienced several incidents in which his car was attacked. >> why would the syrian authorities bother with this campaign of incitement when they could just presumably kick him out? >> that is a great question. many of us have been asking ourselves just that. apparently, and it is only a parent, the syrians believe there is some value to be able to show that there is still an american embassy, a british embassy. this regime is isolated in the past. they live to fight another day. they want to give a sense that things are going to return to normal in a reasonable period of
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time. this is just a passing storm. >> do you think they seriously believe that when they look over to events in libya, there must be a sense that time is running out for them. >> and not necessarily. these regimes have a way of being self delusional. moreover, in fairness, there are big differences between libya and syria. syria has a professional army, an army that is loyal to the regime. the same thing for the intelligence services. unlike in libya, where they did not have a competent army, you have not seen any senior defections from the inner core of the regime. in libya, you saw that occur in the on. >> the think that ambassador ford is likely to return any time soon? >> i think the state department will try to return him. >> what about the fact that the
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syrians call their ambassador out of washington? >> the syrians tend to like their reciprocity, although i would note that in february of 2005, we polled our ambassador albert -- our ambassador out. the syrians kept their ambassador in washington but they always do not -- they did not always play by the same roles. >> i am sure that we will have plenty more to come. in libya, reports are emerging that more than 50 pro-gaddafi fighters may have been massacred in sirte. many people were forced from their homes during the fighting in this city are now returning in the hopes they can rebuild their lives. >> there was heavy fighting and destruction throughout this libyan conflict, but nothing on the skill of what is happened in sirte.
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gaddafi's home town is for the traditional government forces took their revenge. we followed this family back to the house they had to abandon two weeks ago. they were hoping to move back in. hopes dashed when they saw the damage caused by the onslaught on sirte. therefore-year-old granddaughter is also missing -- their four- year-old granddaughter is also missing. they hope she is alive somewhere with her father. >> i do not have to feel. i have been building and living in this house for 30 years. we have nowhere to go. >> many homes have been destroyed and looted. some fell to see the bright future that others are talking about. -- fail to see the bright future that others are talking about.
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>> look at back. take a picture. >> it certainly feels too early to talk of reconciliation. this town on which colonel gaddafi spent billions will not enjoy such favoritism and privilege in the near libya. some say that sirte should not be rebuilt at all. it should remain as a memorial to gaddafi's victims. this is the town that sheltered gaddafi until the end. it may well be the last place in libya to be rebuilt. >> we turn to neighboring tunisia where the first ballot of the arab spring have been cast. international observers praised the election sunday, describing it as a shining example. the country's authorities say
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90% of registered voters turned out to cast their ballots for a new constituent assembly. official results are expected tomorrow. the iranian americans suspected of an alleged assassination attempt pleaded not guilty today in a new york courtroom. manssor arbabsiar is charged with trying to blow up the saudi ambassador at a restaurant in washington. manssor arbabsiar was arrested last month and faces life in prison if convicted. floodwaters in thailand are creeping further into the capital of bangkok frightening the city center. residents of six districts on the outskirts were evacuated on sunday as water consumed roads near a local airport. the floods are some of the worst the country has seen in five decades. the whistleblowing group wikileaks say it is suspending its publishing operation because of the financial crisis. it will launch an aggressive fund-raising operation. the move follows the financial
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blockade by a u.s.-based companies after it published hundreds of thousands of secret american government files and diplomatic cables on the internet. in just one week from now, the world's population will officially hit a staggering 7 billion people. that is the estimate from the united nations. rapid population growth is a growing threat to many poorer countries. our correspondent reports from zambia. >> welcome to the world. like each and every one of us, these newborns help make up the 7 billion people on our planet. catherine has just given birth to -- for the fourth time, to a daughter. she does not have a name yet.
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despite living in poverty, the parents want more children. they are ambitious for their future. >> i want my daughter and my sons to become important people, she says. then they can help us. i do not know if there will be enough money for them all to go through school. >> a big families are the norm. six children is the average. it is causing a huge increase in numbers. zambia's population is projected to triple by 2015 and keep rising. >> that is despite an array of modern contraceptive methods. including injections, and plants, the pill, and condoms. >> people will have to travel.
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they would rather use the money to buy food to feed the family. >> this is a useful country, half the population is aged 16 or under. more and more families are leaving the countryside to live in the capital in search of work. population growth can be good for the economy, with a young work force and relatively few elderly. but the increase here is so rapid, the fear is a could perpetuate poverty. zambia is barely able to feed 13 million people now. how would cope with 100 million or more by the end of the century? how did you encourage the young to have fewer children than their parents? aid agencies say kid starts with more rights for women. >> -- aid agencies say it starts with more rights for women.
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>> we need to empower women so they can make decisions about their lives. >> what can the new government for you? >> that begins in the classroom, where attitudes are changing. these teenagers want careers first and motherhood second. >> i want to have two kids, a boy and girl. >> i want to have two kids. >> zambia is a big country, three times the size of britain. there is plenty of room. the expanding population will need more schools, jobs, hospitals, and homes. >> that was our first special report on the fascinating subject that has important ramifications for people all over the world.
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do stay with us all week as our special coverage surrounding the population mark continues. and of course, you can find much more on our website. it is all there at bbc.com. you are watching "bbc world news america." after years of practice, an american is breaking barriers to grace one of moscow's greatest stages. she has won the presidential election and argentina. she became president in 2007 winner has been stepped aside to let her run for office. she won with 54% of the vote. that is 36 percent -- 36 percentage point ahead of her
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nearest rival. she told supporters that she wants to ensure argentina bros. -- grows. >> she is the first woman to be reelected as president in latin america and thousands celebrated her victory in the streets of the capital. her social and economic policies have boosted her popularity. it is a bittersweet moment. her husband, the former president, died last october. she paid tribute to him in her speech, which was watched by supporters on the big screen. >> i am a woman you has been active since a young age. i've achieved things i never thought i would prefer not only did i have the honor of being first woman elected president, but i.s.o. had the honor of being the first woman reelected president. i want nothing more. my partner was also president. what else can i ask for? >> she has not always been this
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popular, but your ability to keep the country's finances stable, and impressed many. this supporter says argentine to celebrating the triumph of a model government policy that started in 2003 and change the country. another daughter says this victory means that -- another broker says this victory means that the people are behind her. according to exit polls, it appears that she won by a landslide. that's a family tragedy reads like a hollywood script. in russia, an investigation is underway after babies were mixed up any maternity hospital 12 years ago.
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the scars may run much deeper. we have the story. >> family photos, but the past has turned into a nightmare. she is discovered that her 12- year-old daughter, the gross said that she had given birth to, is not to a child. -- is not her child. >> the results were a total surprise. >> police believe that 12 years ago, there was a terrible mixup at the local maternity hospital. two babies had been given the wrong name tags and the wrong parents. >> at first, i thought it was a
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joke. the whole world had turned upside down. >> if she had been given the wrong baby, were was a real daughter? she was desperate to find out. she went to the police and they began to search for biological child. within weeks, they found there. fitting just a few miles away, in this house. she had been brought up as a devout moslem. -- muslim. when the police told him about the mistake, he did not want to believe that. >> the detectives showed me a photograph of the other girl. the one they said was my real doctor. when i saw her face, it was like seeing myself. >> the two families are getting to know each other, but after a lifetime apart, it is not easy.
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oure're trying to show mother love, but she does not accept it. it is so painful. >> the girls said they do not want to swap parents. they are just happy to have found each other. >> we were a bit shy at first. we are now the best of friends. >> they were born 15 minutes apart. >> that is an extraordinary story. we will stay with russia, but changing pace dramatically. to one of its most prized possessions. the bolshoi ballet achieved worldwide acclaim with dancers like baryshnikov. it is a south dakota native who
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was poised to make history when he takes the bolshoi top slot. he starts his season in moscow next week. before he left, he gave us this first-person account of what it is like to be chosen for such a high-profile role and the training into to get there. >> -- the training it took to get there. >> i am the first foreign dancer with the company. i feel quite ready. there is always some nerves. i started ballet when i was 13, which is quite late. boy is usually start around age 8. i had a very good teacher and you realize that i was starting ballet late, but he also realized my natural talent for classical ballet. he said, ok, we're going to work very hard. are you up for it? i just knew that i loved it. you do not question.
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what i wanted to do -- not having that kind of normal childhood. i did not come up for air. six days a week from 4:00 in the afternoon until 10:00 at night. it was the hardest for years -- four years of my dancing career. ♪ i am the cliche artists. i love all forms of art, visual, architecture. it is nice to have that balance, i think. to be in the dance world, but to step outside and see what is going on. what else can inspire you. it is not just all high art.
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lady gaga is someone that inspires me. what attracts me to dance, what attracts me to ballet is the hard work, the sweat, the fact that it is never enough. >> the amazingly talented david on becoming the first foreign dancer to be named premier of the bolshoi ballet. he brings today's show to a close with a flourish. you can get constant updates on our website. to find out what we're working on, visit our facebook page. thank you for watching. see you back here tomorrow.
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>> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim - about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go.
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>> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news america" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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