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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 26, 2011 4:00pm-4:30pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." if the euro fails, then europe fails, that is the warning from the german chancellor. the search for survivors continues in turkey where days after the disaster struck, some are clinging to hope. for generations, the residence of tangier island have fished the chesapeake bay. now, this tight-knit community is under threat. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and also around the globe. it is now or never warned the
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german chancellor as leaders met in brussels to flesh out the details and to the proposals discussed are a bigger write off for greek debt and guarantees for funds is italy and spain need to borrow more. >> 14 times in the past 18 months, europe's leaders have driven this way pledging to fix the eurozone crisis but never has the pressure been bigger than today. >> we have to take decisions to end the uncertainty and the crisis, turn the page and make sure that we take a big step forward for a better future and prosperity for the people of europe. >> much of the focus was whether the french and german leaders would settle their differences. the mood on arrival was for the
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difficult talks ahead. we will have to work very hard but there is a lot of good will, said christine lagarde. after an initial meeting, some progress was announced. europe's banks would be strengthened with fresh capital but without saying by how much. >> we made some good progress tonight. it is very much in our interest that we solve these problems and this process. >> after david cameron left, the leaders of both countries turned their attention to the much more tricky issues like how to reduce greek that and how to increase the firepower of the main bailout fund, an issue that has proved controversial in germany. >> before the summit, the german parliament met. the chancellor told mps that the world was watching germany and europe. >> they're watching whether we
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are ready and able. >> the parliament devoted to boosted the bailout fund, a key factor for the negotiation. these are the remaining bailouts, by encouraging banks to take big losses. some are ready to negotiate in person with world bankers. secondly, to increase the firepower of the main bailout fund. also the center of attention, the italian prime minister. he had been told to come with a letter setting out radical reforms. he brought the document, the question is whether the plan is convincing.
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the eurozone crisis is exacerbating italy's political turmoil. asked what the financial markets will be watching for is not just political statements but detail, hard numbers that indicate that this time a deal is more than sticking plaster. >> for the latest on the meeting still under way in brussels, i spoke to our political editor who was there. what has been agreed so far? >> all that has been about the bank's branch of this was at the meeting of all members of the european union. tonight, dinner in the city really have written on the invitation, you can only come if you are a member of the eurozone. it is those countries that must agree to the details, if they
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can come on how to deal with greece's debt. what kind of hit that the banks should take. how much should be knocked off of the value that those banks gave to greece? how they beef up the eurozone fund in order to underwrite the debt of other countries like italy and spain. >> we keep being told that this is your's last chance. are we closer now? >> we are not going to get the now but they hope that would not be there either. we are here to get the outline of a deal. what will be getting is a deal signed off on a letter date. some cannot even believe it will
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be done next thursday or friday. the hope of the countries here is that there is enough of an outline, a sense of political will that satisfy the markets. there are those who still don't know the answers to many of the questions that need to be answered. >> a long night for you. as we have said repeatedly, the event is sending financial shock waves around the globe. i spoke with the assistant managing editor of time. if they don't reach an agreement, what is likely to be the reaction on the global market. >> we will have volatility. what might have attended the summit is some kind of agreement on recapitalizing the banking sector. there is a wide spread of numbers. what the european authorities say that they need to recapitalize and what independent experts think, there
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is a very widespread. it is unclear how they will solve the problems of bailing out the domino effect in europe. but the markets want to see is angela merkel stand up and say we will do whatever it takes to save italy, spain, portugal. >> there are seven different factions. they have to appease the global markets, they have to appeal to voters. are the european leaders actually up to the job? >> well, there is an old adage that they are doing the right thing. it might be too late to stem the market tide. these are interlinked and they have a real snowball effect. they can come together with a common fiscal policy.
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this could be a huge boon to the global economy. if not, they might sink into recession and take the rest of us with them. >> we have heard the u.s. say that you're past to get their act together. is any thing that the u.s. can do in practical terms at this point? >> no. from the point of view of european leaders, it is a pretty rich to hear tim geithner telling them what to do. the u.s. did act quickly after their own financial crisis. the banking sector is four times the size of the u.s. banking sector. this often crisis is much bigger, the stakes are much higher. this is a much more difficult situation. much more complex. >> thank you. >> in turkey, rescue workers are continuing to search for survivors from the earthquake.
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two people have been pulled from the rubble. one of them is a university student that was found alive 60 hours after the earthquake struck. rescue workers broke into applause as he emerged from the debris. our correspondent sent this report. >> slowly, they are digging down into the heart of the masses of concrete that were once people's homes. they are pulling away the masonry piece by piece. four days on, they have heard no signs of life. news of survivors elsewhere has galvanized the teams of rescue workers here and around this town. this is an agonizing wait for people with family members still buried here. every now and then, a moment of hope. we have just been told to be quiet. they have not heard a sound here and now they think there might be someone alive. they're asking everyone to be
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quiet. >> using the silence, they shout out into the concrete rubble and listen for the slightest sound. no luck this time. the digging reasons. the inhabitants are having to fend as best they can. here, at two families have pitched their tents in a fruit orchard. they only got those yesterday and they are running low on food. this is all that is left. >> we slept outside for three days. we had to wrap the children in blankets and light fires to keep them warm. he's trying to make his temporary home as dirty as possible. no one can yet go back to live in homes that are still standing but have been badly shaken. it will be a long hard winter for these families and they need more help than they are getting
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now. >> turning to other news now, there are reports that one of colonel gaddafi's sons is considering surrender to the international criminal court. he has been on the run since his father's hometown was captured. a spokesman for the court says that they were unable to confirm the report and they would be contacted libya's national transitional council. nine people have died in flash flooding in central and northern italy. floods and mudslides left roads under water and caused widespread destruction. authorities warned the public not to go out and the army has been put on standby. the wife of imprisoned finance sirte bernie madoff said that the couple attempted suicide. she made the comments during interview which is set to broadcast this weekend. her husband is currently serving
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a 150 year prison sentence. as the u.s. prepares to withdraw its troops from afghanistan, there are growing tensions with pakistan over their relationship with the taliban. a bbc investigation has heard allegations that pakistan has been actively supporting the insurgents while behaving as washington's ally in public. the long war in afghanistan is intensifying in 2006 causing casualties among afghans and troops mainly from the u.s. and u.k.. now there is evidence of support for the taliban fighting that war. one says that he was trained by pakistani intelligence.
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>> they would arrive at 8:00 a.m. and leave at 4:00 p.m. and they were wearing military uniforms. they had the uniforms of the isi. they would give us specialized weapons training. >> the u.s. was certain by 2008 that pakistan had controlled the gunman who went on the rampage in mumbai. evidence piled up of a secret double game and afghanistan as well. >> our own intelligence was unequivocal in afghanistan. we saw an insurgency that was not only getting passive support from the pakistani army and a pakistani intelligence service but getting active support. >> it was only when the u.s. stock given pakistan tipoffs of impending drone attacks that the attacks became successful. >> at the beginning of the drone operations, we gave pakistan advanced tipoff of where we were going and every single time, the target was not there anymore. you did not have to be sherlock
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holmes to put the pieces together. >> pakistan has denied the allegations. they are fighting their own campaign against insurgents. they deny they have backed the taliban. >> the evidence, this all speaks contrary to the perception that the isi is in support of these groups, is providing essential areas, is providing material support. >> the recent assault on the u.s. embassy was blamed on pakistan as the u.s. has taken a harder line. this raises further on a couple questions from the u.s. and u.k. government who both have large budgets for pakistan and counted as an ally. >> you are watching "bbc worl >> now to texas where the most powerful nuclear bomb has been
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destroyed. it was designed to puncture bonkers. it was similar to the design that was used on hiroshima. what to duck and cover. >> at the height of the cold war, americans were told to be prepared as threats of an atomic attack sent citizens into a spin. the nine states had strike power of its own, a nuclear bomb so big and powerful that was said to be 600 times more destructive than the one which leveled hiroshima in 1945. the be 53 was the size of a small car. it was first added to the arsenal in 1952. it was carried by the b-52
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aircraft which would drop the 4,000 kilos bomb over its target using four parachutes. the bomb was retired in 1997, some 14 years later, the last remaining was dismantled as part of president obama's nuclear security agenda. >> to see all of the treaties, all the negotiations actually end up right here where we take apart these weapons and injure them forever so that they will never threatened another human being. -- and buried them forever so that they will never threatened another human being. >> another chapter in the cold war is now closed. >> you are watching "bbc world news america," still to come on the program -- getting ready to
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hit the 7 billion mark. we will crunch the numbers of what this means. after declaring a 5 day national holiday, the prime minister of thailand says that bangkok could be flooded for a month. the residents have been told to evacuate. we have a report from the capital. >> in the old quarter of bangkok, a new warning broadcast from the back of a truck -- the water is coming. message received, time to batten down the hatches and moved belongings up and out of the way. we wade through the market heading in the direction of the river. a few traders are trying to keep going here. perhaps one final customer asked
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to leave. the water is rising rapidly. >> we have moved a cabinet out but we cannot take these home because our house is flooded. >> others see no point in hanging on any longer. >> this is the river which runs through bangkok. at the moment, we have the combination of high tides and the runoff water bearing down on the capital from the north. the government says that the people are particularly vulnerable and they should take precautions and consider each actor waiting. >> bangkok's second airport has fallen victim to the floods. this has been used as a temporary shelter. these evacuees are on the move again. a late night statement from the prime minister confirm what many had suspected, the center of bangkok can no longer be guaranteed a protection. any lingering sense of
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complacency has long gone. the steady progress of the water now seems unstoppable. >> in a week, the planet will be home to 7 billion people. the continue our special on whether we will be able to cope. >> we are living in a time of huge population growth. it took until 1804 for there to be 1 billion people on the planet. by 1927, that figure has doubled. in just over 30 years, it hits 3 billion. look how quickly it goes to 4,
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5, 6, and now 7 billion. this is growing by 200,000 people a day. lack of space should not be a problem if everyone lived in one megacity. in theory, the entire population could fit into france with room to spare. will the numbers keep rising? almost certainly, yes. more people are in their reproductive years than ever before. more children survive thanks to better health care and sanitation. people are living longer. the best estimate is that there will be 8 billion people by 2025, 9 billion by 2050, off been 10 billion by the end of the century. -- 10 billion by the end of the century. much of the increase will be
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driven by poor countries in sub- saharan africa, many already with an adequate food and water. in the next 40 years, ethiopia will see their population rise from about 80 million 245 million. contrast that with germany. a similar population to ethiopia now to this could fall to 75 million by 2050. indeed, there is a scenario that seems that the world population is falling. the lower estimate is just over 6 billion people, 1 billion less than there are now. why? global fertility is already falling. in 1950, women on average had five children each. this is now down to two and a half. small variations infertility could have a big effect on the population size of the future.
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in much of the world, including brazil, europe, russia, japan, even china, fertility has fallen so much that top nations are predicted to fall later this century. whatever the long-term projections, for the coming decade we can expect more and more people on the planet way beyond the 7 billion miles down we are now passing. >> a high-tech look at the global picture. join us tomorrow because our focus will be on china. >> while the population is swelling, this is the opposite trend on tangier island. they have been fishing here for generations. now that way of life is under threat due to changes. -- due to tougher restrictions such as fishing restrictions,
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and also russian. -- erosion. ♪ ♪ >> i am the mayor of tangier island. at one time, it was really busy and out here. all of the houses were in operation and now it is only about 50%. the population right now is right around 500 and i remember when it was close to a thousand. there was a time when there was even 1500 or more. we are losing a lot of ground to erosion. the shoreline is receding. this is quite a problem. this protects the harbor. this is eroding away. it is starting to cut through here. the waves are able to roll into the harbor and damage boats and
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two crashed at it. you are your own boss. you come and go when you want. you don't have to answer to anyone. you pretty much call the shots. this is a great way of life. >> i am the principal of the school. a lot of our boys choose to work on tugboats. some will probably be gone forever because there is not much job opportunity here. >> my dad is a waterman and he would like me to help him all i
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can but he figures that there will probably be no future once i graduate. i will miss it. i think this is home. this is where i grew up. i love it here. >> this can be very discouraging. people get discouraged. we are in a heap of trouble with the erosion problem and really our way of life and existence. >> under threat but still beautiful. for all of us here at "bbc world news america" thank you for watching.
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>> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim -- about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go.
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>> union bank has put its global expertise to work for a wide range of companies. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news america" was presented by kcet los angeles. announcer:
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this program was made possible by: >> chuck e. cheese's, proud supporter of pbs kids, who know of all the things a kid can learn, one of the most important is learning to laugh. pbs kids, where a kid can be a kid. rainforest cafe, proud sponsor of curious george, reminding you that anyone can make the world a brighter place by conserving our natural resources. when you're saving one can... both: you're saving toucans! (toucan squawks) ou by contributions to your pbs stationand from: ( lively drum intro ) ♪ you never do know what's around the bend ♪ ♪ big adventure or a brand-new friend ♪ ♪ when you're curious like curious george ♪ ♪ swing! ♪ ♪ well, every day ♪ every day ♪ ♪ is so glorious ♪ glorious ♪ george!
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♪ and everything ♪ everything ♪ ♪ is so wondrous ♪ wondrous ♪ ♪ there's more to explore when you open the door ♪ ♪ and meet friends like this, you just can't miss ♪ ♪ i know you're curious ♪ curious ♪ ♪ and that's marvelous ♪ marvelous ♪ ♪ and that's your reward ♪ you'll never be bored ♪ if you ask yourself, "what is this?" ♪ ♪ like curious... ♪ like curious... curious george. ♪ oh... captioning sponsored by nbc/universal narrator: george was excited. he was about to have a very special overnight guest. (knocking) george, they're here. (excited chattering) (laughing) oh, okay. i'm glad you're excited. hi. look, hundley, it's your buddy george.

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