tv BBC World News America PBS October 27, 2011 4:00pm-4:30pm PDT
>> this is "bbc world news america." even as your leader strike a deal for the future, president sarkozy said what many actually feel. greece should never have been allowed into the club. fleeing bangkok after thailand's worst sort -- worst flood in decades. residents in the capital seek safer ground. the former president of pakistan gives his frank assessment of where things stand up with the u.s. >> there is a lack of confidence between the u.s. and pakistan. >> get ready, broadway. "chinglish" is coming to town with a new take on language barriers that leaves audiences laughing.
welcome to our viewers on pbs and around the globe. the french president calls it a deal that has saved the world from catastrophe. markets around the globe surged after european leaders agreed on a plan to contain the debt crisis. within hours, harmony was broken when mr. sarkozy told french television that greece should never have been allowed to join the eurozone at all. in a moment, the reaction from the greek foreign minister, worst air report from our foreign editor. >> financial markets rose following news europe's leaders have agreed on a plan to fix the eurozone crisis. they did not get all the detail they were looking for, but what they heard exceeded expectations and has fought iraq time to deliver on commitments made. -- and has bought europe time to
deliver on commitments made. >> i am very aware of the world is watching closely. i think we europeans proved that we came to the right decision. >> i think the results will be welcomed by the entire world, which were expecting strong decisions from the eurozone. these decisions have been taken. >> away from the summit, others were cautious, spying protest, but seeing the outcome as a first step. >> we are in a better position today than yesterday. it is important to keep up the momentum, to people confident. -- to keep people confident. this is something the british government has worked to encourage. we hope it works. >> was in the big deal? banks will take losses of up to 50%, reducing agree that. this will mean europe's banks
will need to raise more capital, around 108 billion euros. the main bailout fund will be boasted to around one trillion euros to protect companies -- countries like italy. the greek prime minister returned home and said the deal would help turn a page for his country. >> this is a fight we have to win. it is clear our colleagues in the european union recognize our effort and what our success. they want to support us. >> president sarkozy of france also went on tv tonight, but said it had been an error to admit greece to the eurozone in the first place. "let us say how it is. it was a mistake. greece was not ready to join the euro when it did because of its economy." president sarkozy also said he was confident the country could emerge from its debt crisis. not everyone is persuaded by last night's deal. a lot of detail is missing.
some of the key elements in increasing the firepower of the main bailout will not even be negotiated until november. >> they have stopped the euro from collapsing today, or perhaps tomorrow, but they definitely have not saved it. we are still in trouble, not out of the woods. we are not going to be for a number of years to come. >> last night's most sensitive decisions were taken by just eurozone leaders -- and britain, not being in the euro, was not represented. it raises questions about whether there will now be a two-tier europe of insiders and outsiders. >> in reaction to the deal in brussels, the greek prime minister said it allows his country to close its accounts with the past and start a new era of development. but as you heard, the french president was looking to the
past, saying it was an error to let grease into the eurozone. earlier, i sat down with the greek foreign minister. the president of france announced after the deal was struck that it was a mistake to allow greece into the euro. >> that is not the first statement, and not just for greece. a number of leaders from different european countries have raised similar issues. greece got into the eu with the same procedures as anyone else. the important thing for europe is we decided yesterday to stop pointing fingers and began holding hands. this was the success of yesterday's decision. >> but sarkozy said you should not be in the euro. >> if you take different european countries, you will hear other frustrated leaders saying similar things. "we've decided was to move forward from this. we have a monetary union that lacked economic governance.
that did not allow necessary supervision of what we did. by changing this, we are taking away any potential discussions like this. i think this is one of the big successes of yesterday. >> but how can gris cut as much as you need to on these deals and have the growth necessary to pay off your debt? >> the growth is important to mention, because it goes hand in hand, if you are going to have long-term sustainability. this is something that can only be applied if structural changes we put in place have time to bring results. the decision yesterday gave that time. >> you do not just need breathing room. it seems to need to change the greek people. you have to intergovernment. you are committed to austerity and revenue. but the greek people -- you are talking about changing the culture of a country that sees paying taxes as a lifestyle issue. >> that is not, with respect, a
fair way to describe it. but i think if you look at the sacrifices the greek people have made, the pain may have suffered, the main reason we managed to have this resolved yesterday -- it was recognized that greece is not taking its responsibility to put its house in order likely. this is not only the government, but the people. >> you have people on the streets. you have the unions saying the country will explode if you carry on with austerity measures. that does not sound like people saying they need to pay taxes and the government that cannot be as big as it is. >> , there have been a substantial wage and pension decreases. these are not measures a democracy can take and expect people to celebrate. we are a democracy. >> you are here in washington for a moment. angela merkle says your country has brought greece to the brink
of crisis. it is not an easy pr job you have. >> it is not. but i do not feel i am doing that for greece. i feel i am discussing with everyone the importance we have as europeans to stick together. europe's power is the euro and the solidarity, in addition to responsibilities to each other. greece may be in the center of the storm today, but this is not a great problem. other countries have already recognized with portugal, italy, spain, and ireland. this is a european issue. scapegoating greece is not the solution. greece making changes is crucial to help bring europe closer to what it should always be -- the union that together is more powerful than almost anyone. a union that divided can be weak. what happened yesterday is the you prove that not only it can, but has the political will, to
move to protecting the euro, greece, and itself. >> thank you for coming in. in other news around the world, a prisoner exchange between egypt and israel has concluded successfully. the american-israeli ilan grapel has arrived in tel aviv. he was arrested in june and accused of spying by egyptian authorities. earlier, 25 egyptian detainees held by israel have been returned home. most were accused of border smuggling. the u.n. security council has ended the no-fly zone over libya and the mandate authorizing military operations will and on monday. this passed unanimously, despite a request by the libyan transitional government for the mandate to be extended. a 25-year-old and has been pulled alive from a collapsed building in the turkish city of ercis, more than 100 hours after the region was hit by
earthquakes. the odds of finding survivors is rapidly decreasing. the number of people confirmed dead has risen to 523. in thailand, people are fleeing bangkok because of severe flooding. 9 million people live in bangkok, but many have already left homes in the northern suburbs in the daily. more than 360 people have died so far in the worst flooding in decades. >> street by street, the water is winning the battle for control of bangkok's northern suburbs. it is creeping further every day. a middle-class neighborhood is rapidly being submerged. this woman has just watched her street disappear under the delusion. >> water is at the waist up side. inside, it is my chest.
>> most brought with them only what they can carry -- valuable possessions and treasured pets. there is a definite sense of urgency, tinge with disbelief. the government originally said bangkok would be does -- would be protected. there are no such assurances anymore. this is the latest desperate told to evacuate. with each day, more areas of the capital are on alert. now, the government says there is no part of bangkok they can guarantee will be safe. "we are trying our best," unemotional prime minister tells reporters. two months into the job, she struggles to solve the crisis. in the center of the city, things are normal, apart from sandbag defenses and new warnings from foreign governments, including britain. avoid bangkok if you can.
>> if things improve, we will adjust our assessment accordingly. but if things get worse, obviously we want to take that into account. >> the signs are not encouraging. market traders in the old quarter of bangkok kept going as long as they could. few customers are prepared to wade for their food. there is little point in hanging on to watch the waters rise. those who can are getting out of town. confidence has ebbed away. complacency has drowned in the face of the flood. bbc news, bangkok. >> amazing scenes. pakistan should do more to punish militants involved in the 2008 mumbai attacks, according to u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton, speaking to a congressional panel today.
she stopped short of making it a condition of ties with pakistan, but said the relationship is difficult. >> i will be the first to admit that working with afghan and pakistani partners is not always easy, but these relationships are advancing america's national security interest. walking away from them would undermine those interests. >> what you pakistani is -- what do pakistanis make of this? we are told that the relationship has never been worse. >> we are at the robust arab. -- lowest ebb. it is unfortunate there is a total breakdown of confidence between the u.s. and pakistan. it is surprising. there is work between the intelligence agencies. >> something seems to have happened in the past few months, a sudden deterioration.
the language about the haqqani network being a veritable arm of pakistan, hillary clinton demanding the dismantling of paula bun safe havens. -- how the bond -- tell them safe havens. -- taliban safe havens. >> it sounds like a talking about the highest command of the isi, and that is a big accusation. >> to cooperated with the united states. a number of al qaeda figures were captured during your tenure. but the haqqani network emerged and started conducting attacks using pakistani soil. why were you unable to do anything? cook's first of all, i think the haqqani network was unknown in my time, reasonably unknown. >> january 2008, they were
allegedly responsible for the attack on a hotel and an embassy. >> we held an election that was the final end of my tenure, 2008. it was not pinpointed as it is now. there was uncertainty. there were forces in north and south was arrested and. -- waziristan. there was a special operations taskforce. >> they were not very successful. >> they were successful. >> you said in a speech that you are 500% sure you do not know the whereabouts of osama bin laden. a new bbc documentary has the afghan head of intelligence up until 2010 saying he presented evidence in 2006, together with
tommy karzai, to you about osama bin laden's place and of hiding, that he was in a town a few kilometers away. what do you say? >> he is the enemy of pakistan. he is a person who is a product of the kgb. he is totally pro-india. no. an incident took place in 2006. i know that. it was the cia. they were photographed in a vehicle, a jeep, and they thought one of the people was osama bin laden. we caught the people and it was not osama bin laden. the cia was wrong. >> the former president of pakistan speaking to my colleague. as you heard, he denied the
allegation made in a bbc documentary which we aired a portion of last night. also weighing in was a general attar abbas from the pakistan army. he rejected the idea that some parts of the isi train terrorists. >> officers have been killed by terrorist attacks by al qaeda. putting the blame on isi without verification or non sources is incredible. i think the report speaks for itself. >> you are denying any trading of al qaeda. >> absolutely. there is no question. >> the general is a spokesman for the pakistani army. still to come on tonight's program, bracing for 7 billion. as the planet gets ready to mark the milestone, we look at how
china is prepared to cope. gunmen in northeastern kenya have killed the four people during an attack closed the border with somalia, the third incident this week being linked to the militant group from somalia, al shahbab. >> there is a queasy dread on the streets of nairobi, a city braced for trouble. already this week, two grenade attacks. kenyan authorities struggle to reassure the public and foreign tourists. >> we have enough men. we have enough capacity to secure kenya. >> here is why kenya may be in danger. its army has just stormed across the border into somalia, chasing a group linked to al qaeda and blamed for a string of
kidnappings inside kenya. no one is sure how far the kenyans will go. their offensive could also make the somalian famine even worse. as for al shahbab, they have lost territory recently, but vowed to retaliate inside kenya. they are still capable of devastating terrorist attacks and ambushes. >> you seem to be lured into a trap. >> i do not think so. as of now, i believe we are moving positively and capturing those hideouts. >> they are trying to keep somalia at arm's length, but that changed abruptly. by invading its neighbor, kenya has taken a big, risky gamble. for now, kenya's army is pushing deeper into the chaos of
somalia, no exit strategy in sight. bbc news, nairobi. >> earth will soon be home to 7 billion people. tonight, we go to china. the economic power house already has 1.3 billion people, but what does the one child policy mean for future expansion? that is something i spoke about with the fellow of the senior counsel for foreign relations. would you think china's population would be without the one child policy? >> it would be 1.8 billion people. >> would already be a planet with 7 billion? >> beyond that. >> how tightly is the policy in force today? >> the countryside, generally, if the first child is a girl, you have an opportunity to have
a second in the hope it is a boy -- a boy. it often is, because the chinese use sex-selective abortions, even though it is illegal. the use it anyway. in the countryside, most children have a brother and sister. in the cities, it is tightly cracked down upon. in the transient population, 200 million, those people move back and forth and often can have one child here and one child there and break the rules. >> when people look at china from the outside, they say it is an economic powerhouse because it is so big. it has the largest population in the world. it is going to wait -- to make more and sell more than anybody else. is that the full picture? >> one of the keys to their economic explosion has been this demographic sweet spot. they have most of the people of working age. because of the one child policy, they are also the most rapidly
aging country in the world. they are getting old before they get rich. they will be the first country in the world that gets old before it gets rich. japan is an aging society, but quite rich. we are aging, but quite rich. china compared with the united states is aging faster than we are. in 15 years, there will have a higher percentage of their population above 60 than the americans do. >> one look at population in terms of the world hitting 7 billion -- is a challenge or an opportunity? you are suggesting is nothing numbers that matter. it is the demographics. >> especially when it comes to china. right now, they are in a sweet spot. the huge percentage of their population is working age. but they are aging rapidly. in a couple of years, they will have 100 million people over the age of 80 in a country without a
social security system. that is gone to be a huge drain on resources. >> thanks very much for coming in. there is no doubt that the chinese influence is being felt around the globe. now, that extends to broadway. alongside "phantom of the opera ," you cannot find "chinglish," which uses a communication gap to have a lot of laughs. >> musicals, from "porgy and bess" to "mama mia," have been a staple. "chinglish" a comedy in english and mandarin. for the first time ever, chinese has arrived on broadway.
>> cleveland is not a farm, although i suppose it was at one time. >> "chinglish" tells the story of a struggling american businessmen are trying to win a contract to make signs for a public building in china. along the way, he falls in love with a chinese official. >> it is about attempts to communicate across cultures and the barriers that separate us. the most superficial is language. sometimes, even if we understand the words literally, you may as well be speaking a different language because the underlying cultural assumptions are different. >> "chinglish" exists in china in the form of absurdly translated signs in garbled english, but cultural differences run deeper than words. to make the play as authentic as possible, the producers turned to cultural advisers.
>> you are now finding american and british businessmen in the middle of nowhere in china and india. how do they navigate the next how do they find their hotel rooms, be able to stay there, get whatever support they need on the ground to get the deal? >> while "chinglish" is played for laughs, there is no doubt it taps into a deeper cultural anxiety between the west and china. bbc news, new york. >> the great humor in lost in translation. that brings today's show to a close. you can get constant updates on our website and reach most of the bbc team on a quitter. from all of us here, thanks for watching. see you back here tomorrow.
>> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. union bank. and shell. >> this is kim - about to feel one of his favorite sensations. at shell, we're developing more efficient fuels in countries like malaysia that can help us get the most from our energy resources. let's use energy more efficiently. let's go.
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