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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 6, 2013 4:00pm-4:31pm PDT

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>> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news america." mount over chemical weapons use in syria. the question is not if they were used, but by which side. make a gun just by pressing start. with 3-d printing, anyone can build a weapon. is that a good idea?
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and it is the sound of survival. a musician who stayed alive in cambodia by playing for the khmer rouge tells us of bringing his art to america. welcome to our viewers on public television in america, and also around the globe. there is confusion today over who may have used chemical weapons in syria -- the government or the rebels. the white house said it is skeptical of assertions made by a un investigator over the weekend that opposition groups have used serif gas. spokesman spokesman jay carney says the obama administration still believes it is highly likely president assad's regime is behind any chemical weapons use. starts ourdall coverage. >> there are an increasingly disparate array of rubble groups in syria.
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firefights like this one, in aleppo, are part of everyday life. now, a senior un official says testimony gathered from vic ends by her human rights team suggests that some rebel groups may also have got hold of and used sarah and nerve gas. thatwas a bit stupefied the best indication we got about the use of nerve gas by the opposition. haser investigating team not been allowed inside syria. their evidence is gathered ,econdhand from victims doctors, and crowded refugee camps across the border, where so many have fled. this afternoon, the un stressed the latest findings are not conclusive. there is no proof yet that chemical weapons have been used by either side. but pictures of victims clearly in distress suggests there may
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have been instances were chemical agents have been used. one attack, it is alleged, took part in a section of aleppo inhabited by syrian kurds. the leader of the main opposition party was in london today. they are holding their own investigation into the attack. >> we are still investigating. we do not know who used it. we are not sure yet. but we are sure a chemical weapon was used. usef the rebels did chemical weapons, why would they? >> to blame the government. to show that the regime used them. >> tonight, the white house insisted it was much more likely president assad's government was responsible. >> we are highly skeptical of suggestions the opposition could have or did use chemical weapons. we find it highly likely that any chemical weapon used that has taken place in syria was
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done by the assad regime. that remains our position. >> meanwhile, the conflict continues to escalate. this is the destruction wrought by the second israeli strike in 48 hours, a massive attack which it seems hit three separate military installations. the syrian government has called it an act of war. pretty kendall, bbc news. aaron more, i spoke with david miller, mideast analyst at the woodrow wilson center. i want to get to those israeli strikes in a second. do you think that, given the confusion surrounding chemical weapons usage in syria, it was a mistake for president obama to say it was a red line, if he is not prepared to take action? >> the reality is -- i am not going to fault the president for what he said. the reality is, if you are going to create a red line, your
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credibility is at stake if you do not enforce it. that does not mean you need to proceed recklessly into a conflict. but it is really elemental that we get this right. in view of the iraq experience, where the international community came to doubt intelligence assessments, which were wrong, about weapons of mass distraction in iraq, if we are going to use chemical weapons as the pretext, justification, or reason to use military force in syria, we better make sure who used them. that suggests a certain amount of caution and investigation. >> that is the investigation taking place at the moment. but there is so little appetite in this city, in this country, for american military force in syria. would a side using chemical weapons change that, do you think? >> it depends what you are looking for. , itpresident is willfully seems to me correctly, much
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more risk-a verse on syria than risk-ready, in large part because he does not, and i will join him, see exact correlation between the american military power and the and state. .hat is of concern to everyone how will arming this rebel group or that fundamentally change the character of the conflict? how will the creation of no-fly -ones along the jordanian syrian, or turkish-syrian border fundamentally change matters? i think in the end, barack obama does not want to use american colonialism. to get stuckant with the check for the reconstruction of syria, or even the lead role in appropriating an international force in order to, at some what will be a comprehensive cease-fire.
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>> let me move on to israel. you think the israeli strikes against arms shipments in syria have complicated the equation this weekend? >> complicated. it is another moving part. i think if the israeli strikes elicited a serious reaction, a reaction from has below on iran 's express orders, i suspect it will be a complication. the reality is, the prime minister went to china yesterday. i do not believe the israelis then they are on the cusp of armageddon. i think ac/dc remains as fundamentally distracted and not wanting a major escalation. neither iran nor has below right now wants to get into this with israel, because they both want to keep their powder whichr the bigger event, is what to do about the issue of iran's genitive nuclear capacity. >> many moving parts, as you say. think you for joining me.
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in bangladesh, protesters clashed with police for the second straight day. authorities have decided to ban all rallies for the rest of the day, after 20 people were reportedly killed, hundreds injured. the demonstration was led by an islamic group, amending the government and act a new anti- blasphemy law. at least 15 people have been killed, more injured, at an election rally. the rally was organized by a right wing party. there have been several attacks on political targets in the run- up to national elections on saturday. a 93-year-old man suspected of being a guard at auschwitz has been arrested in germany, and is on a list of the most wanted nazis. he faces charges of complicity in the mass murder of prisoners. just as that arrest was taking place, a high-profile trial began in munich of a woman accused of being part of a neo-
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nazi group, which allegedly killed 10 people over six years. almost all of the victims were of turkish origin. she faces life in prison if convicted, but denies the murder charges. from munich, stephen evans has the story. the woman accused of being the one survivor of a neo-nazi cell which killed 10 people. the court, protesters accuse the police of failing to stop a series of killings of people of turkish origin. killers had sent a bizarre video to the police, with pictures of the murder victims intercut with the pink panther movie. how did the surviving alleged 'iller seemed to her victims court today? >> very self-confident, to the degree of being arrogant.
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joking with her lawyers. enjoyed being the center of attention. >> across germany, there have been memorials like this one, led by a father morning the murder of his son. police said it was the turkish mafia. family members were interrogated as suspects. there is not a parliamentary inquiry. >> the obvious failure of our , based onorces underestimating the threats of neo-nazis in germany, standard this investigation. certainly, a lot of miscommunication between different security institutions. >> there is intense media , aboutt in this trial the charges, but a wider allegation that authorities were blind, that the police failed to
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see crimes committed by the extreme right. the shepherd is the face of a bigger issue. much did authorities know about the operation of a neo- nazi cell? the trial has been put on hold, adjourned for a week. families of the inns argued argued the judge has indicated bias. there is more delay. >> uncomfortable questions for the german authorities. in russia, some 20,000 protesters gathered in moscow to march the larger and more violent antigovernment protests of a year ago. today's rally demonstrators urged the government to free the two dozen people arrested for their part in earlier protests. for more on what the rally was up to, the demonstrators, and what they hope to achieve, i spoke with daniel sanford in moscow. protestsat these
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today. what was the mood like? did they feel a chance of getting antigovernment protesters out of prison? do they feel they could get political change? was it dispirited? were they optimistic? what the optimism of last year has ever operated somewhat. it was a sense among protesters last year that they might be putting enough pressure on the kremlin to achieve change. it has been a tough year since then. a number of people are still in prison now who were arrested in the weeks after the may 6 protest last year. none of them face and the prospect of trial. they have a clampdown on opposition leaders, and that has taken a toll. plus, we are in the holiday season in russia. many people are away. i think a common nation of people feeling nervous and dispirited, and simply being on holiday, meant the mood was quieter today.
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nonetheless, very determined. people say to us they are still absolutely sure they will get the change they want. but they realize it is going to take a long time. >> how many people would it take to be out consistently demonstrating against president clinton for things to loosen up politically in russia? putin for things to loosen up politically in russia? >> he felt under pressure one 100,000 people were coming out regularly. early on, the kremlin did feel heat and was offering compromise. many of those have been taken away since then. if you look at the history of russia and the soviet union, it really takes a million people or more on the streets to bring about change. that is what happened in the late 1980 have an early 19 95th. -- 1990's. change. bring about until the protesters can get
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that number on the street, it will be hard to apply real pressure on the kremlin. >> the 3-d printer is the stuff of amazement. it is also the subject of controversy after being used to make a gun. the group that built the printed weapon now plans to post the design on the internet. it is a move that gun control advocates are opposing. our science reporter went to texas to see the gun being tested. >> many thought this could not be done. a moment to celebrate for its maker. but could this plastic firearm have grave implications for gun control around the world? all of the major parts of this weapon have been created with this $8,000 3-d printer. computer designs fed him, and the machine builds each component from layer upon layer of plastic. untraceable, and potentially undetectable.
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and now cody wilson plans to make its blueprints freely available online. >> there are states all over the world outside the united states that say, you cannot own a firearm. i see a world where technology says that you will pretty much be able to have whatever you want. >> are you worried about the kinds of people who will be using this technology? >> i recognize that a tool may be used to harm other people. that is what it is. that is a gun. i do not think that is a reason to not do it. >> with this successful test and the aim to make this gun as easy to replicate as possible, 3-d printing is already on the radar of law enforcement agencies around the world. this gun is legal in the u.s., but at the european police office headquarters, analysts are closely tracking developments. >> criminals are still going to be able to access weapons and guns more is fully off-line. but some of these risks will emerge. , forcould include
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instance, sectors of society that have not traditionally been able to get hold of weapons, like younger people. >> 3-d printing has been hailed as the future of manufacturing. with all technology, along with benefits come potential dangers. bbc news, austin, texas. >> a lot of questions about new technology. still to come, back in business. a major seaport in somalia is thriving once again. could corruption derail the road to recovery? a warning to all of you who are watching this during dinner. you may want to put down your fork. could bugs soon replace meat as a source of protein on your dinner plate? that is the hope of some researchers in the netherlands. john mcguire has gone to investigate for us. >> insects, worms, creepy crawlies. but how do you turn yuck into
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yum? the chefs from denmark's world- renowned nordic food lab do it like this. >> these are desert locusts. when they are frozen, the joints are very brittle. i am rubbing them like this to get all the legs off. crunched them raw? >> i am going to fry them. they will get crispy. >> what do they taste like? locusts? >> insects are very nutty, very needy, very savory. next time i eat locusts at home, i am going to take the legs off. >> now you know. >> this is part of a celebration of all things insect.
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jim madenu tonight -- from wood dance. we also have cricket broth, grasshopper, old mealworms stout, butter roasted locust, and beeswax. what normally repulses us make us ravenous instead? it is tasting time. that is delicious. crawling to a restaurant near you soon. >> despite a suicide bombing on sunday that killed at least seven people, mogadishu is actually getting safer. it is a welcome change, after years of civil war. today, it is problems like
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corruption that preoccupy somalis. a major international conference will be held in london to address the country's future. from the seaport, this report. >> these sacks of dried lemons are on their way. a decade of war and piracy nearly destroyed this once- powerful trading hubs. better security has seen the number of ships docking here more than double. the seaport represents more than a return to business for somalia. it could be the engine of its economic resurrection. great this activity is news for people trying to earn some money, from porters unloading the bags to , andsalers, lorry drivers farmers that grow lemons. the problem is that very little of this money is making its way into somali government coffers.
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have an incomet tax. most of the federal budget comes from foreign aid. --t little government's revenue the government collects is at these ports. even people who work here says corruption goes right to the being> our money is stolen by the management and by the businessman. found that report most of the revenue was going missing. to 80% is unaccounted for. , wee we are paying for that need to understand the money generated. we need to figure out. they have the right to do so. we need to demand that. otherwise, nothing is going to change.
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>> port authorities deny the allegations of corruption. these truckloads of goods are emblematic of a city rising out of the rubble. the gun is still the ultimate arbiter. join a fledgling national security force. the clan loyalties can trump a sense of the greater national good. he who controls the gates also controls the revenue flows. bbc news, mogadishu. >> somalia, making progress, but still struggling to recover from decades of brutal civil war. one man wasin 1975, a boy when the khmer rouge came to power. born into a family of politically suspect artists and musicians, he was sent to a labor camp, were he survived by playing for camp guards. his brother and sister starts
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to death, but he eventually made it to america, where he was adopted. he has launched a cultural festival in new york, celebrating his cambodian heritage. he spoke to us about his past and his new artistic object. boy when the khmer rouge came into cambodia in 1975. we did not know what happened, just like everybody else. i was just a little boy. they came and told us, you have to leave the city, because americans are going to bomb. people were packed on the highway. i had never seen anything like that. we were holding each other's hand. i was taken by them to live in a buddhist temple, where they converted it to a killing twice. they killed three or four times a day. i was forced to watch a lot of killing, and forced to do many things i did not want to do as a child. i survived by playing music for
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them. in 1979, i was forced by the khmer rouge, like thousands of other kids, to carry guns and fight. i ran away to the jungle and was put in a camp. i met my foster father there. there with refugees. he took me to new hampshire in 1980. the following week, he put me in high school. , we call the season of cambodia. it is a lifelong dream for me to come true. i am a cambodian american, adopted by an american family. i do not think there is anything better than reconnecting these two countries, what they are. 70s, bombedthe cambodia, like half a million
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tons of bombs, against international law. that hit me very hard. i was still there. i wanted to get a little revenge of new york, of america, by dropping all these artists, not bombs. my master from pol pot times, when we performed with each other, trying to keep each other alive by playing music for the khmer rouge -- today, we perform with each other at lincoln center. that is really excitement for me. i was in another world. like speaking. it is powerful. that is why it amazed me the khmer rouge wanted to kill it all off, and the people who know the skill. hopefully, music and speaking out can heal us all.
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>> an amazing journey through music, from the trauma of the khmer rouge. speaking of his experiences. that brings the show to an end. from all of us here at world news america, thanks for watching. tune in tomorrow. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and fidelitynk, investments. >> your personal economy is made up of the things that matter most, including your career. as those things change, the ability can help. just your retirement lan,
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rethink how you are invested, and refocus as your career moves forward. wherever you are today, a fidelity i.r.a. has a wide range of investment choices that can fit your personal economy. fidelity investments -- turn here. here.
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- (yawning): hi, neighbor. today i'm going to get ready for school. and tonight we can pretend to be superheroes before bed! i'm excited to be with you all day. and i'll be right back. is made possible in part by... the richard king mellon foundation. dedicated for over sixty years to south western pennsylvania's quality of life, and competitive future. and by these pittsburg foundations. working together to enhance and enrich the lives of children for more than seventy-five years. and by the arthur vining davis foundations. dedicated to strengthening america's future through education. adcasting, dedicated to strengthening america's future and contributions to your pbs station, from viewers like you.
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the neighborhood ♪ and contributions to your pbs station, ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbor ♪ ♪ would you be mine? ♪ could you be mine? ♪ won't you be my neighbor? - ♪ it's daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ ♪ a land of make-believe ♪ won't you ride along with me? ♪ - ♪ ride along - ♪ it's daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ ♪ so much to do, so much to see ♪ ♪ won't you ride along with me? ♪ - ♪ ride along - ♪ i've got lots of friends for you to meet ♪ ♪ in this land of make-believe ♪ a friendly face on every street ♪ ♪ just waiting to greet you ♪ it's a beautiful day in the neighborhood ♪ ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbor ♪ ♪ in daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ - hi, neighbor. it's me, tigey. daniel's being a sleepyhead this morning.
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you want to go wake him up? let's go. (daniel snoring softly) ready? let's say, "wake up, daniel tiger." wake up, daniel tiger. (daniel yawns.) - good morning, tigey. hi, dad. - good morning. (daniel yawns.) - oh, hi, neighbor. - what a beautiful day in the neighborhood. - wow! ♪ it's a beautiful day in the neighborhood ♪ ♪ a beautiful day to say good morning to you ♪ ♪ good morning! - ♪ good morning - ♪ good morning - ♪ good morning to you! - good morning. muah! - good morning to you. i think i have to go potty. - definitely need to go in the morning when you wake up.


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