tv BBC World News America PBS May 17, 2013 4:00pm-4:31pm PDT
to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." >> this is bbc world news america, reporting from washington. more than 60 people killed in two bomb attacks near the iraqi capital. what is behind the recent surge in violence. the new warnings about the syria refugee situation. the number that fled the country stands at 1.5 million.
and welcome to texas where german immigrants have developed a language all of their own. there were worries this dialect could still be gone for good. -- could soon be gone for good. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. more than 60 people have been killed in two separate bomb attacks near the capital bank. they hit a mosque and a funeral procession after a similar number of people were killed in an attack across the country. what is behind the surge in violence? >> it has been a shocking
the latest close to a mosque followed by another as crowds gathered to mourn victims. it comes after two days of attacks, 16 bombs in baghdad alone. went off at an hour. what happens to the unity that was supposed to be building? minister thinks the world turned its back on the country when american troops withdrew in 2011. several times to hell and back. but iraq still leave the engagement and the commitment of the international community. but the government itself is far from blameless.
human rights groups say it is persecuting cities in a reversal of what happened under said, the hussein.addam they have been detained for years without facing trial. have food ort anything. if he is guilty, try him. but they are only holding him because he is city. this over a split in islam that happened centuries ago. part of the story happened right here. >> this is the entrance to the for muslims, is the greatest monument in the world. for more than 1400 years, they are still giving their lives for following the teachings.
>> the fighting seems likely to bring more bloodshed. many are asking why there is no urgency to try to avert what they see as almost inevitable civil war. >> for more on the recent series of attacks and what it bodes for the country's future, i am joined by james jeffrey. war isdo you think civil inevitable? >> i don't, but i think the chances have risen exponentially as my friend just outlined to us. we have to act quickly. >> why is this happening now? >> syria. a new splittroduced throughout the region.
the tendencies of the prime minister and the majority to treat the other two groups in a manner that they do not feel included as we heard about the individual who has been arrested. in washington during the elections, iraq who drafted. >> what do you think should be done? >> the u.s. has tremendous influence as does the international community. it is still a constitutional system and one of the bodies have their own army and it is actually a stabilizing element. >> suggesting that both sides should be armed? >> we need to make sure the kurds do not drift apart from the central government because they have their own oil production in the military.
>> isn't this about discrimination? it,hat is one element of but if you can build up enough you can blocke, legal actions. that is what we're hoping to try to achieve. >> isn't part of this legacy the fact that we have this attention? lot from the minority. with usever raised that and they felt the best thing we ever did was margin there. >> are you worried that it will be as bad as it was? >> i absolutely do. thee are not careful and international community doesn't act to do something about syria, this situation is just going to
get worse and worse. hashe united nations delivered a grim assessment of the deteriorated refugee crisis there. it warned the country was spiraling toward full-scale disaster. situation has escalated dramatically, 1.5 million officially displaced. our diplomatic correspondent reports. >> exodus of overwhelming proportions that shows no sign of slowing down. only 10 weeks since the un war the world that the number of refugees has gone past 1 million. >> the number of refugees has passed 1.5 million. the conflict continues to have a devastating impact on the lives of those that are forced to flee.
>> it is bad enough that 1.5 million refugees have been forced to flee across the borders. 4.2 5ere is another million people displaced, 25% of the population forced out of their homes. they say the flood is not slowing down. borders, ande neighbors are feeling the strain. north andcamps to the east. above all, refugees pouring into 11 non and no one is sure how long these countries can co. the worry about possible chemical weapons and the pressure is mounting internationally try to do something to stop the conflict. all eyes have turned to russia.
have seen it key to a possible peace conference and the position is ambiguous. supplying the regime with arms. mediaon't know why the tries to make this into a sensation. we have never hidden the fact we supply syria with weapons without violating laws international or our own. >> the latest russian shipment includes an advanced anti-shift system that would allow assad to andter a naval blockade defend itself from air strikes. >> this will embolden the regime and prolong the suffering. it is ill-timed and very unfortunate. betweenack of trust russians and america that makes open peace talks look decidedly
fragile. the discussions over what to do continue, there are also debates about how far to go 80 and the rebels. >> for much of the past two congress, public opinion, and the white house is all on the same page. the forceful attitude, there are democrats that feel the u.s. can't afford not to intervene. concede seem ready to barring a breakthrough in talks. >> i think if we can put in
place a process for vetting is trying to limit as much as possible, that those weapons will fall in the wrong hands, although you can't possibly be 100% certain the back, it is something we should do to tilt the balance in favor of the opposition. >> there are many that don't want to fuel the syrian war and of the president sticks to the non-intervention principles. >> a legitimate reason to be quite cautious before he deploys american power in syria. the lessons are important to us. >> could still come to boots on the ground and an escalating u.s. role? neither the syrian opposition or the president of america want that. but it could still happen if
chemical weapons are being snapped up by militant groups. >> it is one case where an international force may have to go and depending on the circumstances, to secure the chemical stocks. it does not mean the united states alone, but i would argue it isn't everybody in the world's interests to see that these chemical weapons are secured rather than go to terrorist organizations like hezbollah. >> the u.s. is adamant that won't put troops on the ground but if current peace talks fails, they are looking at army and the opposition and conducting air strikes. that is a very distinct shift from the position of few months ago.
if the u.s. were to become engaged, who knows where it would end? endless debate taking place in washington on how exactly to proceed on syria. the iran constitutional court has ruled that women cannot be candidates in next month's presidential elections. they are allowed to run for parliament and 30 have filed nomination papers in the hopes of spending for the presidency. a round $1 million of jewels stolen from the hotel during a film festival there. stolen from a hotel room, they were being looked after by an employee of the watch company. half a million dollars of watches during the event. the king of spain has decided to give up his luxury yacht as the country suffers from the crisis.
it costs more than $20 million and has been used since the year 2000. in nigeria, the government continues with massive military offenses. it has carried out an air attack in the northeast of the country. to military camps have been destroyed and 30 insurgents killed. >> the military offensive is now under way with heavy exchange of gunfire being reported. news that an air force plane was hit highlights how well on a determined the insurgents are. >> i can confirm that some
have gone to the state. >> it is the biggest since 2009. people lost their lives in the fighting there and the insurgents were driven underground. later, they resurfaced, launching attacks and other parts of the country, including this one at police headquarters. they are now one of the biggest threats. over 2000 people have been .illed they are hoping the state of emergency will flush them out once and for all. this fight will have regional
implications, too. is concern that it could take advantage of this. some analysts were concerned so, it could slip across the neighboring countries. >> the battle for northern nigeria continues. still to come, british scientists advance when it comes to treatment. it have given parents a healthy child? in china, there are suspicions that censorship is increasing under the president.
freedom of the web has been an issue for years and opponents of the government are seeing that shut down for the very first time. >> they reached 200,000 online followers. take three or four days. >> really, that quick? >> before the center's moved in, his bloc was allowed to flourish for 18 months. so why close now? it might be connected with this man. china's new leader. >> it is preferred to control public opinion. profile liberal- commentator. the blocs followed by 3.9
>> the treatment involves taking thousands of time lapse photographs of embryos. how do doctors select those most likely to thrive? the fertility clinic in manchester to find out more. >> this time left photography reveals the first days of an embryo's development in a dish. using thousands of villages to see which are the lowest risk of chromosomal abnormalities. >> it will have to be removed from the incubator. compare that with these new machines where the embryo is constantly under the microscope. arehealthiest looking ones collected and implanted.
>> the fertility experts excited by the new technique says the trial was simply too small to draw firm conclusions about the benefit to patients. >> the danger is that people will hear about this and think that time lapse photography will give them a better chance of pregnancy and it is too early for us to say that. dodge the 3,000 pounds. >> new hope for millions trying to have a baby. boots andwear cowboy cattle ranches are considered enemies of the state. back to win the first settlers
came 150 years ago. many german immigrants even developed their own dialect. under threat,ge but before it disappears, we will have a lesson. texas and i have a for market which is generations. about all i spoke with a german. our families spoke german at is allowed of the german king. dodge the immigrants came to texas from various places in germany and became largely for economic reasons.
they are spoken by the defendants of the german immigrants. the youngest speakers are roughly early to mid 60's. >> the people from our generation, and it is nothing but german. >> the germans fell out of favor. tell at all. 50's, that is when the cut off line is. i realize that the dialect would be gone. interviewed and we
have more than 800 hours of interviews have documented and archived on the internet. >> who spoke german? >> is the degree of variation. it jumped over the fence. germanl say -- [making pronunciations] --i think part fo that i part of that is lost in today's culture. dodge the story of texas' german as told by our journalist and he
does happen to be german. it brings today's broadcast to a close, but you can keep watching for constant updates. check your local listings for our channel number. thanks for watching and have a great weekend. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank, and fidelity investments. >> your personal economy is made up of the things that matter most, including your career. as those things change, fidelity can help you readjust your retirement plan, rethink
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