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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 28, 2013 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations.
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what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news america." >> this is "abc world news america" reporting from washington. world news america" reporting from washington. president obama says that he is not looking for a photo with nelson mandela. one american is reported killed in egypt. war photography, does it reveal the horror or desensitize us to it? welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and around the globe.
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president obama has arrived in south africa saying he is not looking for a photo with the ailing nelson mandela. he tested down a few hours ago on the second stop of his weeklong tour of the continent. it has been overshadowed by concerns about mr. mandela's health. earlier, mr. mandela's former wife spoke to reporters outside of the hospital where he is .eing treated >> i am not here to answer any medical questions, i am not a dog her. .- i am not a doctor he is still on well. a shortore, i spoke time ago to our reporter in soweto. to what extent has the visit overshadowed by the
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concerns about nelson mandela's health? >> quite significantly. i have the opportunity to cover president obama's visit four years ago. there was crowds everywhere, which is of the president everywhere. you could get a sense of the excitement that the first african-american president of the u.s. was visiting. fast-forward five years, the focus is on the health of nelson mandela. you going to hotel, restaurants, and everyone is focused on the health of the former south african president. the anti-apartheid icon. when you pick up the newspapers, you might find that president obama's visit gets a section in the top corner. >> you have been speaking to south africans all day and the reactions you have got to barack obama has been quite mixed. >> it has been quite mixed, to
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be honest with you. you speak to the young and the old. what is interesting is whether or not you get a response. the enthusiasm you would expect from the visit of the american president is just not something that i am not really getting when i speak to the people. a lot of people feel that it is great that he is coming. some people are disappointed that it has taken four years for the american president to return to the continent. of course, there is the issue of the health of nelson mandela. some people are direct and it meant that they are not happy to see the american president. there are some who were criticizing their policy. some academics, others from the lookolicy group, if you at his policies, he has not lived up to expectations. there have been protests on the streets. he will be speaking to young
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people here in south africa, in johannesburg. some people will appear there just to criticize him. there are those that say we should acknowledge the u.s. president. he does have the power to inspire young people. they are waiting to hear what he has to say when he speaks to young people. hopefully, he will be able to change a few minds. opinion is seriously divided over the visit of the president of the united states. >> thank you very much. there are reports that an american has been killed in violent protests in egypt. the u.s. embassy is trying to confirm the news. supporters and opponents of resident mohamed morsi held rallies across the country, two days ahead of mass demonstrations planned for sunday. the president came to power two years ago promising radical change, but the country is deep suffering with economic concerns. >> demonstrations are once again
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filling the streets of egypt. huge rallies are planned for the coming days calling for president morsi to step down. but this is a show of strength by the president's muslim brotherhood. >> we are here today to support mohamed morsi and to prevent attempt to get out of the regime. >> we have been dreaming of an elected president and we got him come a look what they are doing. you have shown no mercy. we are here to defend him. this demonstration of pro- morsi's supporters has been very relaxed so far. there has been running battles between pro-and anti-morsi supporters in recent days with the deaths and injuries. the rhetoric between the two groups has become ever more dangerous.
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is tearingese days apart egyptian families. this is an opposition activist jailed for insulting president morsi. his father is a loyal supporter as you can get for the president. he says his son went too far. >> the agreement between us and the theological views is partly because he is so outspoken. his words go beyond the limit of our tradition and are not acceptable. >> his fellow opposition activists are gathering to plan protest to mark mohamed morsi's first year in charge. .mong them is his wife with her husband in jail, she has taken up his cause against the muslim brotherhood. they are trying to polarize
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people, she says, and egyptians know it. within the family, we have to avoid talking politics are watching the news together to stop any controversial discussions. the split in the family are reflected across the society and are turning to violence. this was egypt's second city, alexandria. the muslim brotherhood offices were attacked. two people died am including an american looking on. it is no wonder that egyptians are feel full about what the -- are fearful about what the coming days will bring. , but is 10th now in egypt on sunday there are the mass demonstrations planned. now, we always say that a baby has two parents, but a plan in britain sets the stage for
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children to be born by three parents. draft legislation is to be introduced later this year to remit the groundbreaking procedure. some say the technique is unethical. is set to make medical history, the scientists are developing a technique which will enable couples affected by a mitochondrial disease, which can be fatal, to have a healthy child. the genetic material from the parents would be removed and the fertilized egg reading behind the faulty mitochondria. it is then transferred to a donor embryo straight to its nucleus. less athe parents genes tiny bit of dna which would be passed on to future generations. , butese are rare diseases
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they are horrible, so we want to allow families the opportunity and the choice of having children without those diseases. >> this will come too late to help this family. she had six babies who all died within days of birth from a rare genetic disease. a second child decides -- a second child survived, dying at age 21. >> this would have made a huge difference. >> this showed broad support for the technique but critics say it is unethical and a slippery slope towards designer babies. parliament will be given a free vote on the issue. if the final work is successful, the first couple could be treated within two years. >> for more on the debate, i spoke a short time ago with a doctor from the birmingham institute at johns hopkins.
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,s it a good or a bad thing this breakthrough? what citizen interesting thing and a technique that has been talked about in reproductive medicine for some time. i think it is important to emphasize what we heard in the piece there which is that the nuclear dna, the dna that makes up the person really comes from just two parents. the question is whether the contribution in terms of how we think about parents that comes from the mitochondria. it is a new way of thinking about the combination of genetic materials from more than two people. that is bound to cause some eyebrows to be raised at the very least and some concern about what we are doing in terms of manipulating what will become a future child. >> as a doctor your salt and somebody who specializes in this incredibly complicated realm of , who we are will still
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come from one father and one mother. will that be enough to satisfy their concerns? >> probably not enough to satisfy everybody's concerns. one of the nice things about what is happening in the story and with the human fertilization and embryology authority is that there is a way to monitor it as it goes through a very deliberate and only a few cases sort of approach. we cannot do that in the united states. we have to let everybody do it or nobody do it. at least we can learn about whether it is safe and really what sorts of contributions come from mitochondria in addition to what we think we understand in terms of powering the cells as we heard in the lead-in. >> so, britain is kind of a useful petri dish for america's groups.
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we will continue to have medical advances which are ahead of the ethical discussions inevitably. this is going to happen, whether we like it or not, these medical advances. history.part of our no matter how smart we think about predicting what the future will hold, we miss some important details. it is important to be able to quickly respond. this is an area where the has been lots of debate, lots of talk. this is going forward in a way with lots of oversight. this is going forward in a way that is quite appropriate. it is not as if we are hearing about it after the fact, which had been a problematic way that science has advanced in the past. tbc worlde watching " news america," still to come -- "bbc world news america," still to come, why this canadian
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company is a financial rockstar. people have been killed in the floods of northern india. we have gone into the mountains to see the damage. >> as we went into the mountains, it begins to rain. in some places, the road was barely navigable, making it difficult for vehicles to negotiate the tricky terrain. a few hours later in the first signs of the impact of the floods. an entire settlement buried in the mud. there is hardly anyone here. it is like we have entered a ghost town. be a thriving settlement. look at what is left of it. just for instance, this was the local college.
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it is covered almost all the way up to the roof. i can look into the windows of what must have been a classroom. all i can see is mud. out havet have got been at the hard way. an amateur video shows how they tracked through forest and slopes. are group of westerners among the lucky ones. caught up in the floods, local help them. >> these people have lost their homes, they did not know where their families where, they were displaced. yeah, they still had time to cook food for us, to guide us out and pass for us. >> it has been one of india's against rescue operations. more than a hundred thousand have been evacuated. the focus is now shifting on those left behind. whichcommunities, some of have been completely destroyed.
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>> syrian rebels have captured a major army post in the southern .ity of dara islamic militants led by members of the al qaeda affiliate took the checkpoint after a two-week siege. this is the latest in the back and forth in the conflict that has claimed some 100,000 lives. the russian foreign minister reiterated his country's commitment to an international conference on the syrian conflict. the founder of the organization for democracy and freedom in syria. he is also the first cousin of bashar al-assad. do you think that your cousin will ever give up power? power.ould not give up
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he would have given it up at the start. >> what makes you so sure? .> he has gone too far over 100,000 people have died. i think that it is very difficult. i'm sure he will not leave. of syria will he leave behind. >> we are trying to keep. together as much as possible. this is the most important thing we need to do. we need to find a peaceful solution to this crisis. it is very important. we should not be calling on arming the rebels. the u.s. and the west should really think twice before arming those rebels who are mainly islamist rebels. we have to know exactly who we are arming before we go ahead with such a step. the supreme council is made up only of islamist groups.
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>> the argument for arming the rebels is that if you don't, the rebels will lose. president assad will stay in power he has the backing of the ron and the russians. is that what he would prefer? >> of course not, but you have to look at the facts on the ground. you have to look at the report that said that unfortunately i'm a bashar al-assad is starting hearts andof the minds of the people. this is certainly not what we want. , after0 years of exile 100,000 dead, to have such a report is a disaster. the majority of the certain people, the peaceful majority prefer to have the devil they know than the devil that is out there. >> whatever is left behind will be a serious that is deeply divided. accused of has been
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crisisne of the worst in history. >> let me clarify one thing. i am not here to talk about my father. .y father was not responsible he has said it openly and he challenged anyone to come up with facts. in anwas a difference intelligence agency repo that said exactly what went on. 50. was 2000, not 40 or second, it is not my ambition to be part of any process in syria. what we want today is to keep. together and find a peaceful solution for the syrian crisis. we don't want to see syria going the same week -- the same way as he ron did.
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we don't want to syria the, can other afghanistan. >> thank you for joining me. the bank of england will be under new management and for the first time in his 300 year history, it will be a foreigner in the top job. he is handing the reins to mark carney. he is being described as a financial rockstar. we went to toronto to find out why. >> canada had a pretty good financial crisis, this was shallower than most other advanced economies. it bounced back faster as well. dids the only country that not have to spend money bailing out banks. no wonder the finance minister wanted the head of the canadian central bank to come run the bank of england. >> when the crisis came in the fall of 2008, he was very
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effective and very helpful and we work as a team together. >> you crossed over there to steal him. i was not shocked. he told me that he had decided to go. >> he cannot take all the credit for what happened, but he seems to have one over the press. he is being called the best governor that canada has ever had. even the wayne gretzky of central banking. wayne gretzky was a famous canadian ice hockey player from the 1990s when the country suffered years of austerity of slow growth. it was painful at the time. the government could have fought to go all out support in the economy.
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in the boom years, they were teased on wall street in the city of london for being too cautious. welley have been quite managed. the financial institutions have exposed to some degree, but we were able to manage through this effectively. >> he cut interest rates and that gave a much bigger boost the economy. banks banks were willing and able to land. that isill see a home very california style. >> a lot of that did go into housing. maybe too much. >> this is the advantage of thinking positive. there was a little increase in interest rates. they havem wrong and to pay the price. mark carney is lucky as well is clever, leaving
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canada when things are starting to slow down. britain is the only country that could do it they likely -- that central-with a lucky bank governor. >> disturbing but often moving images of war are featured in a landmark exhibition. this shows reaction to conflicts in clinton the vietnam war, are recently, afghanistan and iraq. it questions whether these reveal the horror of war or just desensitizes people to human suffering. >> most people have no direct expense of war, but the 300 images of conflict in this exhibition bear a powerful witness to its impact. some are iconic, like the u.s. flags raised on the japanese island of iwo jima. others are left -- are less obvious.
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they all tell a very human story. >> what we see is a police chief who in a split second execute a prisoner of war. the vietnamring war, the picture captures the last moment of the business life. it is disturbing but also mesmerizing and raises questions about whether such images desensitize us to the reality of war. >> an exhibition like this if properly seen will prove that people can be sensitized to what they see, images of war. we can learn an immense amount from the details of just seen whether it is a horrifying scene or perhaps even an unexpected moment of grace in the middle of wartime. >> this predicts more than actual conflict. this shows the new role of women workers during world war ii building the noses of aircraft. and the euphoria that greets troops returning home is another sign of the war's aftermath.
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many photographers risked their lives to tell their stories. >> it is trying to just get a wider audience to a moment that will otherwise remain unseen. i think that most photographers wish that there was some power that their pictures could have which would imbue the world with an ability to get beyond war. it does not seem like we have done a very good job of that based on what keeps happening. >> photographs might not be able to stop wars but they do influence the way people think about them. these images are proof of that. >> amazing images. a reminder of a quick story before we go, president obama has landed in south africa but says he's not looking for a photo opportunity with the
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ailing nelson mandela. this is the only time they met when obama was still a senator in 2005. . mandela was visiting washington. a cue from watching, have a great weekend. -- >> thank you for watching, have a great weekend. >> make sense of international news -- at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic
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decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> brown: president obama arrived in south africa today, for a weekend visit likely to be shadowed by concerns about ailing former president nelson mandela. good evening, i'm jeffrey brown. >> warner: and i'm margaret warner. on the "newshour" tonight, we talk with charlayne hunter gault about the legendary south african leader and his nation. >> south africa will only be 20 years old in its democracy next year and they take baby steps and sometimes, as you know, with baby steps they stumble and fall. >> brown: then, with edward snowden still on the run, we examine new revelations about the scope of the government's monitoring of internet activity. >> warner: betty ann bowser reports on provisions in the new health care law that aim to limit the need to rehospitalize

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