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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 6, 2013 4:00pm-4:31pm PDT

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we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. >> andan we do for you? now, "bbc world news america." newshis is "bbc world america," reporting from washington. he inc. told to leave yemen being told to leave yemen immediately. and a trial opening in texas. celebrates an anniversary. how close did the mars rover come to finding life?
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and elsewhere around the globe. a warning of an extremely high terrorism threat in yemen, and countries are removing their diplomatic staff. the warning to leave came after a suspected drone strike in yemen. those attacks are also fueling major tensions. heart of the yemen al qaeda territory, and coverage begins with a special report. heading into southern yemen. for years, al qaeda in the arabian peninsula have planned attacks from this part of the country. operationsbeen yemen
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on the ground, and american drone strikes from the air and repeated al qaeda counterattacks. this is an attack on siege. street, we can find little public support for al qaeda, but plenty of anger over the drones. who do you blame for the destruction of your town? >> he and his two children were outside a health clinic when they were hit by an american strike. they ran to the school and hid in the basement, but then, the
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school was hit also. carried his children out, and his son survived, but his eight-year-old daughter bled to death. president obama says drone strikes kill far fewer people than conventional operations. there is one of
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the most pro-american voices in yemen. >> the drones have been one of the most effective tools. attacking civilians for no reason. apology.or issue an >> last september, one person was working in the fields, and his father, mother, and sister had gone to visit the local health clinic. it was 3:00 p.m. when he heard a buzzing noise in the sky, and he looked up.
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given to usage was by a local journalist, and it is too gruesome to show in full. they were coming back from the waset, and the target probably a local al qaeda leader, seen traveling on the same stretch of road. 13 people were incinerated. the yemen government has promised an investigation into the attack, but no one we had spoken to had seen any evidence of an inquiry. claim to that does offer justice and redress is al qaeda. and provide funeral costs also financial support of the
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families of those killed, and they also pressure the relatives of those killed to join up to get revenge. it is clear it even when they lose members, al qaeda uses the strikes as an opportunity to recruit many more. , andquested and interview the foreign minister did agree to an interview. everyone in yemen we have spoken says this is a successful recruitment tool for them. argument,heard this and there might be some truth in it, but i think the fact is if your target are al qaeda leaders , and if they are endangering the security, there is no alternative. >> the u.s. provides hundreds of millions of dollars in civilian , but the noise from
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targeted strikes is drowning out other progress. opposition in the streets is growing. level, winning in yemen is harder than it looks. bbc news, yemen. a brief time ago, i discussed the situation in yemen and the warning for u.s. citizens to leave with a man who formerly served with the state department counterterrorism unit. it like being inside the state department when a decision of this gravity is taken, to evacuate diplomats by helicopter? >> it is a serious situation and gives no one a pleasure come because diplomats want to be doing their jobs and to be on site and meeting with officials
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and civil society, so it is taken as a setback, but everybody realizes in situations like this, you have to take the prudent course and protect human life. >> do you think the shadow of benghazi and the death of ambassador stevens is hanging over this? if you have lost one ambassador, it will look at losing more diplomatic personnel. i do not think there is anything surprising about that, and the other point is that by taking these steps, there may be some deterrent effect, because the terrorists themselves are not going to want to strike empty buildings. >> they have criticized the u.s. and the british, saying it helps the extremists. is that true? well, no one likes to pull out their people or close their doors to a threat.
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it is obviously not the image that you want to present to the people of yemen, but at the same time, it would be far, far worse if we were to leave the diplomats there and a successful strike were to be carried out. loss of prestige and status and a deterrent force would be enormous, so there are trade-offs, and this is an unfortunate one. >> speaking of trade-offs, drone strikes can kill militants, but as we saw, they also flare anti- american sentiment. what is the calculation there? >> the u.s. government has done its best, no matter what the action taken to minimize what we call the blowback effect, the consequences of any use of force involved, and it certainly is something that everyone wants to avoid. imminent threats, sometimes you cannot avoid taking action, but i do think we have to he careful about
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overstating this. i happen to know the yemen foreign minister, and i agree with him that there may be some truth to these statements, but it has been very much overblown. ,he president of the country and he is a very good barometer of sentiment in his country, he has been a far stronger counterterrorism partner than his predecessor, and i think that it has helped with some u.s.s >> in other news, senators john mccain and lindsey graham have called for the and it wasprisoners, said that there could not be negotiations with members of the muslim brotherhood while they are in jail. beguntrial officially has about the man who is accused of killing 13 people at fort hood, leaving more than 30 wounded back in 2009. he is defending himself in court
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, and he will be questioning those he allegedly shot. from texas, we have this report. >> such is the security that theng the case courthouse has been turned into a bunker, with things most commonly seen in baghdad. at fort hoodility itself became a combat set, and there is this review flee unseen footage, showing soldiers fatally wounded before being shipped back to afghanistan. armywere shot by an psychiatrist who was then taken down by police. the self-confessed killer was motivated by what prosecutors called a jihad duty, set out to kill as many soldiers as he killing keep them from the taliban and, and he said he
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was on the wrong side and therefore switched sides. they continue to describe these act ofs not at that terrorism but an act of workplace violence. therity precautions, it has heel of a terror trial. sergeant survived and will now be cross examined by the man who tried to kill him. he was shot seven times. >> i will not show fear in the face of the enemy, and he is the enemy. i will not show fear in the face of a man who unsuccessfully tried to kill me seven times. i will look him in the eye without any fear, and i will speak the truth. i will let the sword of justice swing down and justice be done. >> you would like to see him put to death? >> yes, yes.
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>> many of the fort hood families want him executed, but they may have a long wait. thee is found guilty, appeals process could drag on for more than a decade. pdc news, fort hood, texas. determined to resolve a long- running dispute over the nuclear program, and speaking at a news conference since being inaugurated on sunday, he said he was prepared to enter into serious and substantial --sociations with the rest west. he stresses that their program is peaceful. i spoke with the dean of the john hopkins of advanced international studies. beingyou very much for with us. was this a breakthrough from the president? >> he would like to see maybe a
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new proposal from the united states and that if he were to put a new proposal on the table, he would like the united states and its european allies to react to it positively. >> so who is going to make the first move in this chess game? the first chess move now, standing up as the new president, making a declaration in front of the people and the conservative elite, and my expectation is you would match this signal with a signal of your own, and then we can go from there. >> but he also said he wants the u.s. to lift sanctions, and that is not a signal they are going to make, is it? >> we want them to suspend their nuclear program completely, and they want the sanctions to be gone completely, so in some ways, it is good because he is stating a goal. we will come to the negotiations see the sanctions go,
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and you are going to come to the table to see the program stop, so at least we are clarifying what we are doing, and that is a good place to start. >> how would you be responding? >> they should still say they are serious and that they are willing to explore both sides to see what they can get out of it, and this might actually be in new york. there will be more signaling happening during the united nations general assembly. >> what should the specific signal being? >> we are in a period between so clearing the air and really signaling that there is a new beginning is very important. specifically, what do you think the u.s. can do? may be
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the new president of him ran would be there also. >> i think it is that the united states is willing to discuss reliefgree of sanction given a real iranian change. there is a pass here. there is more room to negotiate with americans. >> it is still the overall charge. >> but they are also skeptical he will deliver at all, so they have given him sufficient enough rope to hang himself. you are perfectly free to signal them. go and negotiate. i do not think you will come back with anything, and we have to help him not to fail. >> take you very much, indeed. you are watching "bbc world news america."pear go -- and the european commission is
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to send a team of monitors to the border with spain and gibraltar as the row over the british territory continues. says itish government may introduce a fee to cross the border and close spanish airspace for some flights. this report was sent. >> disputed waters between and abetween spain british rock. this is now the focus of a diplomatic dispute. gibraltararly in the area waters, but the spanish government disagrees, and down in the water, you cannot see it, but below us is the source of the tension, the row between spain and and gibraltar and britain. createdult or says it an artificial reef to protect the marine life. spain says the large concrete
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blocks were dumped in the sea to keep spanish fishermen away, and they have lived with this for 300 years. spain gifted gibraltar to britain in a peace treaty, but the city claims it should be handed back. in the latest dispute, spain has toeatened a fee of 50 euros cross the border, and they say spain has gone too far. >> the idea that they have set up a toll that applies not to their workers but to anybody else who tries to exit gibraltar is totally contrary to the treaty of rome and the freedom of movement's of people that we believe would be illegal and therefore that cannot be made to work. people on either side of the divide our friends, colleagues, and neighbors, but on this issue, for now they cannot get along. bbc news in gibraltar.
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>> this week, the doping suspensions of alex rodriguez and 12 other major-league baseball players shook up the sport, but how did these men get to the top of their field in the first place? how much of being a great athlete are you born with? the issue is looked at in a new book, the sports gene. david, tell us. is there a sports gene? >> there is no single one, but there are ones identified with skill, and more importantly, the ability to respond well to training, so some that make one persons via our to set up so they get more from their one hour of training than their training partner who might be doing the same thing. tremendouss the
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success of jamaican sprinters come down to? wax people who descend from the area of west africa that many jamaican sprinters did, they are from an area where they have long legs proportional to their body size, and adaptation to willing, and then they have the muscle fibers, but they also have this amazing selection system. in no other country in the world could a six foot four inch player end up on track as opposed to the basketball or volleyball court, so they have a population and no chance of leading a talented sprinters slip through the cracks. >> why are they so reluctant to talk about the part of genetics in athletic success? wax to full. they are concerned about singing one ethnic group or another that has some that predisposes them, that it might also lead to speculation that there are innate differences in
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tellence, even though the two have absolutely nothing to do with another. the second concern is you may be taking away from the hard work of the athlete. i do not think anybody andgrates the hard work skill of michael jordan, who happens to be taller than 99% of the population. can it be that hours of practice make a better athlete? it will help my tennis? was not a rule but came from a study of 10 violinists who were already highly screened for being talented, so all of humanity mostly screened out already, and then there was still variation among them. chapters, i wrote about two high jumpers, and they averaged 10,000 hours, but the guy who had about zero hours won the world championship over the other guy, so you really want to
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know the range, not the average. >> david, thank you for joining us. >> thanks for having me. >> perhaps there is hope for me and that i could get to wimbledon as a super senior. curiosityover touchdown, and it has been a treasure trove for scientists, traveling over 300 million miles, its mission to explore places that could have supported life. has sent back 70,000 images to earth, and we have more of what it found. >> it began with a high-speed approach and then a nailbiting descent. the rover successfully touched down on mars. >> touchdown confirmed. >> mission control erupted. years of planning paid off, and a series of discoveries were to follow. this sequence of pictures showed
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how curiosity got to work, exploring the land for clues about if he could ever have supported life. let's imagine we could be on mars right beside curiosity. a most frightening thing is its sheer size, but this allows it to carry more instruments than ever before to see if life could ever have existed here. now, the first discovery was on the surface itself. curiosity was among rocks that had formed the bed of a stream, so we now know that water flowed here in the ancient past, and then the rover extended an arm in a complicated set of maneuvers to try something never attempted before on another planet, to use a drill on the arm to drill below the surface just a couple of inches, some centimeters or so, and the results are amazing. it revealed a kind of clay that
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could only be formed in water with the right chemical balance for life. in fact, the water would have been drinkable, proof from nasa of the first discovery of a potential habitat on a world beyond our own. a rock from an old street in britain, very similar to what is being found on mars, and part of the nasa science team says the findings are incredibly important. >> this water would not have been too salty or acidic. on earth, this is perfect for life to thrive in, but on mars, we have rocks perfectly conducive to life in the ancient past. >> curiosity is on the move again. once flowed here, and we now know that life at least had a chance. bbc news. >> and that search for life on mars brings today's program on mars to a close.
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to see what we are looking at any time, be sure to check out our facebook page. ask for watching. please tune in tomorrow. -- thanks for watching. >> make sense of international news -- at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic
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decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. wanna play farm with me today?
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(daniel snorts like a pig.) and then we're going to play train at school with our friends! and you're coming too! all aboard for the neighborhood of make-believe. be right back. is made possible in part by... the richard king mellon foundation. dedicated for over sixty years to south western pennsylvania's quality of life, and competitive future. and by these pittsburg foundations. working together to enhance and enrich the lives of children for more than seventy-five years. and by the arthur vining davis foundations. dedicated to strengthening america's future through education. adcasting, dedicated to strengthening america's future and contributions to your pbs station, from viewers like you.
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♪ and contributions to your pbs station, ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbor ♪ ♪ would you be mine? could you be mine? ♪ ♪ won't you be my neighbor? - ♪ it's daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ ♪ a land of make-believe ♪ won't you ride along with me? - ride along ♪ - ♪ it's daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ ♪ so much to do, so much to see ♪ ♪ won't you ride along with me? - ride along ♪ - ♪ i've got lots of friends for you to meet ♪ ♪ in this land of make-believe ♪ a friendly face on every street waiting to greet you ♪ ♪ it's a beautiful day in the neighborhood ♪ ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbor ♪ ♪ in daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ (daniel laughing) - neiiigh! hi, neighbor! i'm playing with my farm animals! see? this is my horse! neigh! and my cow! mooo!
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follow me! (daniel humming) here's my sheep! hello, sheep! baaa! oink! oink! oink! baaa! oink! oink! so, animals, where do you want to go? do you want to go to the farm? baaa! oink! oink! moo! moo! moo! neigh! (mom humming) hi, mom. we're going to a farm! oink! oink! oink! baaa! wanna play with us? my neighbor's playing too! - hi, neighbor! i wish i could play with you, daniel, and you animals too, but i'm doing a bit of cleanup right now. maybe later, ok? - oink! baaa! animals said, ok! - oh! and don't forget, miss elaina is coming over today. - mooo! i remember! thanks, mom! - (both): ugga mugga! (mom humming) - ♪ cleaning, cleaning - moo! oink! oink! oink! oink! baaa! baaa! neiiigh! mooo!


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