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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 12, 2013 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their -- work hard to understand the industry that you operate in. working to nurture new ventures and provide capital for key strategic decisions.
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expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries, what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." alexa this is bbc world news america. i am katty kay. is bbc world news america. i am katty kay. a meeting over syrian chemical weapons. with sharp words, this is not a game. >> this is simply not enough which is why we come here, and why we work with the russians. >> divers search of this river for the body of a one and a half-year-old daughter of a man who threw her in because she was a girl. and the voyager one goes where
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no object has gone before, the first man-made object to leave the solar system. >> welcome to our viewers on public television and around the globe. diplomacy is underway to solve the syrian crisis. tonight, the american and russian foreign secretaries talk in geneva to see if they can find a place to meet where they will put serious chemical weapons under control. -- issad government is seeking to join this coalition. but nobody thinks that this will be easy. geneva is a world away from the horrors of syria, but this is the city where
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chemical weapons were outlawed almost a century to go. now, the two key foreign sergeirs, john kerry and lavrov, try to break two years of deadlocks over syria. not hide old tensions which still divide them. >> we proceed from the assumption that the resolution of this problem makes any strike against syria unnecessary. and i am unsure that the americans are in favor of a peaceful conclusion. >> it has to be real, comprehensive, and it has to be verified. it has to be credible. it has to be timely and implemented in a timely fashion. and finally, there are to be concert ensues if this does not take place.
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>> on russian television this afternoon, the president was seen buckling under russian and american pressure, agreeing to give up his chemical weapons, supporting russia and chiding am erica. stopsn the united states threatening us and supplying terrorists with weapons, we can finalize all of these processes and they will be acceptable from serious point of view. >> if he does comply, what is the plan? will join they treaty banning chemical weapons and disclose their stockpiles. then, chemical weapons experts would visit to verify and destroy the weapons. western nations want an ultimatum. rush is resisting this and says that syria should not be coerced.
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but with new pictures every day of terrible violence, practical and political problems remain. can those weapons experts be protected in a country torn apart by warfare? vladimir putin sees this as his moment, reaching out to americans. if we can avoid force -- of board -- avoid force against syria, this will help international affairs. my working relationship with barack obama is helped by growing trust. president obama is under pressure and relies on real progress. >> i am hopeful. >> they will be talking late into the night, possibly into the weekend. the stakes are high. chemical weapons could lead to greater peace talks but failure would be a disaster. for political reputation and for
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the people of syria. >> james robbins reporting from geneva. pickering, whoas served as the american ambassador to russia and the united nations. you spent many years as a diplomat and served at the united nations but at this time do you trust the russians to deliver? >> this is interesting. the russians have shown more interest, the very interesting point that the syrians delivered today, a document of exception or something like that, for the chemical weapons convention, which will bind them to get out of the chemical weapons business. we have seen a lot of movement and i don't think we should ignore that. but the way that president reagan would say, trust but verify.
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i think secretary john kerry is of the same mind as president obama. let's see what mechanisms can be put in place and what kind of a resolution this may lead to. and then we will have a much better view. i don't think this is something we should turn down out of hand. >> if this diplomatic process goes to a dead-end, what are the options? >> he has a couple of interesting options. he could go ahead and do this by himself and discounted the possibility because of russian opposition of getting a resolution to use military force under chapter seven of the security council. he is going to congress and i think that there are three outcomes. yes, no, and nothing. i suspect they may favor nothing. he will continue to ask
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them to postpone the vote. where you see a situation they strike in america does not go back to congress? >> he is with the congress now. taken the deal out of congress but the question remains, who will push for this and win. i think that if we were not to get a deal with the russians, and i don't think that this is impossible, i would hope this is not the right outcome, it may even be an unlikely outcome given the signs that we see now but if this were the case, he may need to carry out his threat in order to make sure that he does everything that he can to prevent the repetition. will be off to gas warfare.
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>> with the issue of american credibility, how concerned are you with what has happened over the last couple of weeks, and if this has damaged u.s. credibility? >> less than people think. they are evaluated by the results. the russians, in getting rid of these weapons with no use of force, or a failure to get the deal within a reasonable amount of time. then, the president is making a decision on his own to use force with or without the congress. for coming in. there are still a lot of sticking points in the syrian negotiation process but those discussions continue and for the moment, the diplomatic path is most likely. we will see if those military strikes take place at some time. twitter is selling shares to the
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public. they have submitted papers to sell shares on the new york stock exchange. this will be the most hotly anticipated share offering since facebook last year. a dramatic rescue has been captured on camera in colorado. firefighters were to recover the man trapped inside this upturned car. they did manage to take him to safety. flooding in that area has killed 30 had -- has killed three people as hundreds were forced to evacuate the nearby mountain communities. muslim rebels have attacked another town in the philippines. security forces are still in a standoff. this has been over the past four days and this has spread to the neighboring island of bakula n. this is the national liberation front that has been left out of the stalks.
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-- peace talks. a man has drowned his one and a half-year-old daughter because he wanted a son. he regrets what he did but this shows a more broad problem in southeast asia, parents gilding -- parents killing children because of their gender. >> the tiny body thrown into the river. days afterward, they are still trying with the resources that they have. he has cooperated with investigators trying to find his daughter. he will have to live for his crime -- with his crime. he said he made a big mistake and does not know what was going through his mind. this --ly thinks he had
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he had planned exactly what happened at the river. >> he confessed that he came here and in the dead of night, after very heavy rain, from this spot, he threw in his young daughter, less than two years old. the divers say that they have given up on finding her body. >> why did he kill her? his wife said he was threatening this for some time. >> he was not happy. i wanted to have a son and if had another daughter he would kill our first child. this is what he did. when i tried to save her, he beat me. her mother was threatened with death herself.
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after several days she has reported this. of having girls being killed because their families wanted boys is documented. in enforcement agents pakistan are accused of not taking this seriously. the police undermine the case against him. a mother who sees someone else throw her daughter in the river just leave quietly and not report this for a week? >> he may be behind bars now, and may have admitted to killing his daughter but there are no guarantees that this man will be punished for what he did. -- lahor.n law or >> extraordinary in balance of justice and the terrible risk of eating a girl and pakistan.
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still to come on tonight's program, capturing the hill country blues. to man went on a mission find the hidden musicians of mississippi. we will find out what he found. threateninghas been to restart their nuclear facility for months now, but now images have emerged which could show words are turning into actions. we have this report. the nuclear complex in april of last year. you can clearly see construction taking place where the cooling tower used to be. american researchers say that there is steam rising above the turbine building. this may signal operations have restarted. >> the reactor looks like it is or within a matter of days will be fully operational and when that happens, it will start
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producing plutonium. although north korea will probably wait, for a long amount of time and pull the fuel out in a year or two. but this will start producing now. >> the reactor has been suspended twice under international agreement. the fuel rods can be used to make plutonium for use in nuclear bombs. five years ago, north korea blew up the cooling tower as a sign of their commitment to peace, but as the tensions increase earlier this year, they vowed to restart. the officials in south korea refused to comment on this photograph. >> sometimes it is not helpful to let you know the information that we have. we cannot confirm the reports but let me say the government is monitoring the movements of north korea. signalia says this could
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a test or a man-made accident. many people on both sides will worry that this signal is a step towards a north korean nuclear arsenal. >> the human species reaches new frontiers as the voyager one becomes theecraft first man-made object to leave the solar system. a real breakthrough in the exploration of space. this is just the latest stage in a journey that started 36 years ago. we have the details. >> we have ignition and liftoff. >> the start of a journey that would take it to the very edge of the solar system and beyond. solar systemo the than ever before.
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>> -- farther into the solar system than ever before. >> this has entered a completely new region of space. this is the man who led the voyager scientific meet -- mission since the beginning 36 years ago. he says it's placed between the stars ranks among the greatest achievements of humanity. >> this is like circumnavigating the girl -- the global opening a man on the moon. this is the first time we can begin to explore this new region of space, interstellar space. >> in the days before the internet, people packed into planetariums to watch the images returned from voyager. jupiter, thefrom shimmering rings of saturn, and the earth as a pale, blue dot. >> they continued their journey past the planets of the solar system.
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it was bombarded by particles of the sun, the solar wind. went theurther it quieter this became until last year, it past the place where to sun stopped and it began feel the particles between the stars. the breeze of interstellar space. >> the new mission will be to study the nature of interstellar space. scientists presented some early results. the first time we have ever made a recording of sounds and interstellar space. >> hello, from the children of planet earth. >> on the way to the stars is a golden record. sounds and images of life on earth. we step out of our solar
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system into the universe, seeking peace and friendship. mission will continue for millions of years as an emissary human exploration. >> this is what i call humbling. we are very tiny, indeed. we will go to norway. the big number -- the sovereign wealth fund is worth over $77 billion. built on the massive profits of the oil and gas industry. matthew price has been to meet the man who runs this fund. follow the money in norway and you end up here, at number two, bank square. in the company of the man in charge of the world's biggest
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government investment fund. >> we have a cash flow of $1 billion every week. with billion per week, offices in london, shanghai and new york. selling ofs no stocks as markets plunge. they have a long-term strategy. >> we have the possibility in times of turbulence to get through the turbulence and invest in the morsi assets. that is what happened in 2008 and 2009. when other investors were forced to sell, we were able to accumulate more. >> it was the thirst for fuel but created the $750 billion fund. the oil and gas to -- gas discoveries of the 1970s turned the country of natural beauty
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into a country of colossal financial might. but rather than spending it, northway channeled -- norway channeled the profits to save for future generations. fund is so large they have a major stake in many of the world's largest companies. on average it owns one percent of all stocks and shares worldwide. in europe it has two percent of every listed company. >> but his biggest best? >> they are quite important. >> at norway's business school some people believe not. >> it is time to think about splitting? this is not whether to do this but when we should do this. >> one day the giant fund may become several anonymous cash reserves but whatever they decide, as most of europe tries
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to say that they are well ahead, focused on not providing for their children, or his children, but for generations to come so that when the oil does run out they will all share in the wealth of norway. >> a fascinating. singing the blues permeates the american south. george mitchell traveled to mississippi to capture the music and instead of recording well- known artist, he found musicians that have never been recorded before. his journey transformed the lives of many people he met. this is documented in a new book. >> we went out with our plans and our dreams, and those streams came true. especially in the hill country of mississippi.
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i am george mitchell. known blues field researcher. book is mississippi hill country blues 1967, documenting the great musicians i recorded, and 13 wonderful days in the mississippi field country. i found so many that were so some great recordings of great musicians, some of whom no one had ever heard of. and many of them became legends in their own right. we pulled off and decided to get
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some gas and i decided, the man gas, i might as well start off by asking him. said,out of the car and i do you know trent mcdonald? him, you are know looking at him. he said, i will be glad to help you out. i have my old partner, but i haven't seen him in eight years. i hear he is back in town. we were or six days looking for johnny woods. we finally found him at a house out in the country on this dirt road. there was some drumbeating going on there. was johnny woods by a pickup truck. with a few twigs, i guess. i thought, we should record him right now.
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probably, the blues was born in mississippi. but we don't know. it may have come about simultaneously among the most poor and discriminate against citizens. i think it will always have relevance. have said it is the most influential full of music in the world. it is never going to die. >> george mitchell and the sounds of the blues there, from mississippi. that brings today's program to a close. on our 24ep watching hour news network if you look at your local listings.
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reach theld like to bbc, go ti am katty kay on twitter. thanks for watching. see you tomorrow. >> make sense of international news -- at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic
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decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> ifill: secretary of state john kerry met today with his russian counterpart in geneva, as both searched for a diplomatic solution to securing syria's chemical weapons. >> woodruff: also tonight, the remarkable life story of an internet genius, who was almost certainly the first victim of 9- 11, murdered as he tried to stop the hijackers on one of the planes to hit the world trade center. >> ifill: and we begin a new series: "where poetry lives." >> once upon a midnight dreary. once upon a midnight dreary.


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