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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 16, 2013 4:00pm-4:31pm PDT

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>> this is bbc world news. funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, this dough vermont and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving profits to charity for over 30 years. and union bank. >> at union bank our relationship managers work hard to know your business, operate -- offering special expertise and tavis solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now bbc world news.
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>> there are more than 1 million cars in the world today. by 2015, they could be up to 4 billion. what we do with them all? where will they go? >> and as people get richer in brazil, russia, china, they want the trappings of success and for many, that includes a car. what can we do about it? and can the car itself become a tool for cutting congestion and pollution? how about a car that could fold ?p and use less space
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how about the fastest electric car you've ever seen? this is mumbai, the bustling commercial capital of india. it is fast growing and a symbol of the country's economic success. but it has a problem, or rather, about 1.8 million problems. that is how many cars and vehicles are on the road here. there is not enough to go around. that is one of the most congested cities in the world. >> they tried other solutions, including public transport. but it is behind schedule, over budget, and not nearly finished. and the monorail, also behind schedule and over budget and not nearly finished. this was meant to take them from
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a close down to the city. but it was never finished. it just stopped. the problem with projects like these is that they take time and money to build. meanwhile, the city keeps growing staff today. with is an enormous task the traffic and the population that we have every day. the scale of it, but where it happened, inside a military building that should be ultra- secure, just a couple of miles from the white house. the president said lessons would be learned, adding ruefully, as they were after so many shootings. >> it is a shooting that targeted our military and civilian personnel. these are men and women who were going to work, doing their job protecting all of us. they are patriots and they know the dangers of serving abroad,
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but today they face to the that theyle violence would not have expected here at home. >> the senate went into lockdown for a couple of hours with extra security all around and uneasy city. there are still lots of questions about who and why. bbc news, washington. >> a very tense day in the american capital. what tall are they looking at as they piece together what happened today yeah key -- today? us from newst joins york. what do we now know about the suspect in this case, aaron alexis? >> i think there are two real key questions that need to be answered and this is where the fbi and other authorities are going to be working diligently to find out the answers. number one, are there any other people involved? fore is still a search potentially another shooter, a
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co-conspirator, so tactical operations along with intelligence operations are working together to answer that question. secondly, what is the motive behind the deceased suspect -- what was the motive behind the shooting? was it premeditated for a long time in advance? is it something that happened recently? is it something that happened in connection with his job? did he go through a personal pride -- crisis at home e -- home? these are all the questions that law enforcement is working to answer at this time. >> have you been looking at the fact that aaron alexis served, we understand, four years in the navy reserve? was it some sort of factor in today's shooting? >> absolutely. they will be looking at his military record. is a spotless record? did he have a history of disciplinary problems?
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this will go into trying to develop the profile of what kind of a person mr. alexis wasd. the other thing that struck us this morning about -- before he was even identified, this is a difficult installation to penetrate. it is not like what we would call in law enforcement a soft target, like a shopping mall or movie theater, for example. this is a military installation with armed security guards, with, you know, various levels of security, with cameras, with other security devices in place. would have to have some knowledge of that facility and have at least some level of tactical training, you would think, to be able to get as far as he did. >> how does somebody get inside the navy yard? you say they are guards on the door. you have to have security to get into the building. how is that possible?
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>> you said, you have to have access cards to get on. if you go onto a military facility as a visitor, you are, you know, somebody has to sponsor you to get on that base. you are on an approved list. generally, there is some level of search that is involved with that. you get a pass. also, for the most part, you're not familiar with the facility if you are just a guest, whereas an employee with an id card has a layout. they know when their mind exactly where the security guards are, where the parking is, where the key buildings are. agentmer fbi's national dan marelli speaking. now we will get more on the latest. mark modell is there now. what can you tell us about aaron alexis, the man named as a suspect? >> he was from texas and he
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served in the navy for about three years. he left a couple of years ago. thee then, he has been on naval reserve list. now, we don't know whether that means he was currently working for the navy or not. there were rumors earlier in the day the government was a contractor. there are also sources saying earlier in the day that the killing was carried out by a man with a grudge related to his work. we don't know if that is going to be true or not. police are still looking for motivation. the mayor of washington said that terrorism could not be ruled out, but there was no reason to suspect that it was terrorism. we are still trying to find out why he murdered. >> what is the scene at the navy yard? we can see people in the street behind you leaving the building. it looks relatively calm. >> yes. i think that is interesting.
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there is a lot of police activity. police say this is still a live crime scene. at the last conference, they said they were telling people to stay inside their homes and not around thego out area. they were still looking for somebody. they did not give the sense of urgency. i was in baltimore when they were looking for the suspect. that's real sense of fear that this man is armed and dangerous, we can't let anybody move around, that is completely absent here. i think things are really coming down. for a 60-till looking year-old black man to at least eliminate from their inquiries. they are also linking him with what happened here today. making --rtainly not for us at thel navy yard. thank you very much.
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13 people killed in that terrible shooting in washington, d.c. the gunman has been named, but no motive as of yet. let's get the news now from around the world. there have been important developments at the united nations, where weapons inspectors say they have confirmed unequivocally and objectively that sarin gas was used in the attack in syria. it stopped short of blaming the regime, but western diplomats do not say resident assad was responsible. britain, france, and the u.s. have warned of military complications -- military involvement. >> it was seen as a possible trigger for american military action. the deal reached over the weekend in geneva means that is no longer the case. with washington and moscow arguing over who carried out the august 21 attack, the report is considered vital. they were instructed to find out if
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chemical weapons were used rather than to attribute blame. this was a technical inspection rather than a criminal investigation, and it confirmed unequivocally that chemical weapons were used. are beyond the pale. this is a war crime. it is the most significant use of chemical weapons since saddam hussein used them in 1988. >> what do we know from the chemical weapons inspectors reports? first of all, blood and soil samples have confirmed that the chemical weapon used was sarin. sarin was also found on remnants of the missiles. avilians were targeted on large scale. three areas came under fire. the surface to surface missiles arrived from the northwest. the report does not go into who controls these areas.
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however, the americans argue they are under government control. the weather conditions were also ideal for an attack. experts argue this shows an understanding of chemical warfare, not a casual, improvised use. when the americans at study the report, they were in no doubt that it supported their own intelligence that the syrian government was to blame. >> the quality of the sarin was higher than that of the sarin used in saddam hussein's program . again, higher than the quality of that used in saddam hussein's program. >> we had a chemical weapon specialist to study the findings and the evidence points to the assad regime carrying out the attack. >> three things point to the syrian government. the first is the kind of chemical weapon we have used is consistent with what we know about the syrian governments stockpile of sarin. at least one of the munitions
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came from the northwest, which are regime-controlled areas. the third is the munitions used are the kind that are designed to carry a liquid phil or chemical agent. >> the russians still claim the syrian opposition orchestrated the attacks to bring america into the war on their side. >> i think some colleagues jump to their conclusions when they were saying that the report definitively proves that it was the government forces who used the chemical weapons. >> despite this fundamental difference, the agreement between russia and america still stands. bbc news, united nations in new york. >> for more on this report and the diplomatic protest, i am joined by britain's ambassador to the united nations. ambassador, thank you very much for joining me. the report does not point fingers at the assad regime, but you believe the syrian government was behind this chemical attack. why? >> you are right.
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the inspectors did not have a mandate to decide who is culpable of using chemical weapons or whether they were used. they have answered that question very clearly. if you look at the report in detail, particularly the technical annexes to it, everything pointed directly to regime used. the quantity and quality of the sarin used is very significant. , just compare it to tokyo the rockets that were examined by the inspectors, which is just a fraction of the rockets probably used, 35 times as much sarin was used as was used in the tokyo subway. the quality, as you heard earlier in the program, higher than that used by saddam hussein in his chemical arsenal. the sophistication of the rockets pointed to a professional army. lastly, the provenance of those rockets clearly demonstrated that they came from regime-held
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areas. i don't think there can really be any remaining doubt that the regime was responsible for this horrendous attack. >> what do you make of your thesian colleagues' -- russian ambassador to the united nation's remarks earlier that this might have been the rebels, the western powers are leaping to conclusions here? >> well, a few days ago, the russians were suggesting maybe it was an elaborate hollywood film set put out by the opposition. now they are saying the opposition might have been responsible. i am afraid those arguments don't really hold water. it is absolutely clear from the report that all the signs point to the regime. really, we ought to be concentrating not on that question, but on what we do next. >> if the russians are still saying things like they are today, this might be the opposition, you are suggesting that is not credible, how much can we take them at their word when they say they were organized to get the syrian
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chemical weapons out of commission? >> well, they have reached a framework agreement with the americans in geneva. the next date will be for the , they need togue take a decision, the executive committee, later this week, which will and shrine, if you like, that framework agreement. then the action will move to the security council's here in new york, where we need to pass a strong, binding, and in forcible resolution, which will put those commitments into a legally binding form. then we will see whether we can implement it and whether the syrian government is going to live up to its responsibilities to surrender its full chemical arsenal to the international community for destruction. >> will we keep the threat of military action on the table tackle -- table?
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would not expected to appear in the security council resolution. the purpose of the resolution would be to enshrine in a legally enforceable and binding way the action taken by the opcw. be, in that resolution, the threat of further measures to be taken under chapter seven if there is any evidence of noncompliance by the syrian regime to the requirements of the international community. british prime minister said in london, when something truly terrible happens, you must put up a defense mechanism. the same could so easily be true of syria. do you feel at the united nations that basically the west is powerless to act? >> well, we have been deeply frustrated for the last two and a half years. you will recall that russia and
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china have vetoed three security council resolutions that we, france, and the united states put forward, which, had they been adopted at the time, might have made a difference in preventing this horrendous casualty list that has grown daily in syria. there is an opportunity now because the syrian regime has passed an internationally recognized norma using chemical weapons in this egregious way. there is just a chance that we can bring the international community together. it is that plus the threat of force that resulted in the agreement reached by the americans and the russians in geneva at the weekend. if we can reach agreement on that, and take that forward, maybe that will open the opportunities to take forward a political settlement. but at the end of the day, there will not be a military solution to this crisis. there is going to need to be a political settlement. perhaps now there's a window of opportunity for that. >> let's hope so.
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british ambassador to the united nations, thank you for joining the program. ok. other news now from around the world. cleanup is beginning in colorado after days of flooding that have left much destruction in its wake. first estimates suggest that 1500 homes have been destroyed, 17,000 damaged, 12,000 unaccounted for. officials are hopeful the last number will drop as communication comes back online. rescuers continue to airlift people who were still stranded. you're watching "bbc world news ." still to come tonight, an engineering feat like no other. selvage experts begin posting -- hoisting the costa concorde you -- concordia. the philippines say government troops have recaptured most of the coastal areas of the city that has been under siege for more than a week now. helicopters and gunships have been used against the muslim rebel group that has been holding part of a city.
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the ferocity of the fighting has raised fears of trapped civilians. jonah fisher has the story. of finishings now things by force, not negotiations. throughout this, the eighth day of fighting, soldiers traded mortar and machine gun fire with what is now thought to be a dwindling group of rebels. the sounds of an army on the advance were matched by the compromising message. >> we hold the responsible for the lives of the dead. ed and the burn hostages still suffering. may you all be met with the full force of the law. >> now for the first time, a sign of how difficult the job has become, helicopter gunships were brought in to fire on the two remaining areas under rebel control.
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the philippines military called them precision strikes, but that will be of little comfort to the families of those still being held hostage. it's now more than a week since several hundred muslim rebels from the national liberation front arrived there, taking schools of people hostage. they are angry at being excluded from the peace agreement between another islamic rebel group and the government, which granted them autonomy. faced with attacks from both land and air, it must now only be a matter of time before the rebels are defeated. full cost ofl the life become clear. .bc news >> engineers in italy say they have completed the most challenging part of their attempts to lift the cruise ship
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which ran aground off the italian coast to your ago. 32 people died and the captain is now on trial accused of manslaughter. it is the largest marine salvage operation ever attempted. it is costing nearly $800 million. we report now from the scene. >> at sunrise, they moved it into position for the biggest salvage operation of its kind. check, thene sensors on the ship began to relay information back to the information room. huge wenches took up the strain and slowly come him perceptibly, dia began toncor move. on the seafront, they came out to watch. this tiny island has been deeply affected by the disaster. lucianoose here, castro, booked into 1022. his belongings are still stuck inside.
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life, ofs part of my the lives of all the people who were on board. that is why i am here. goinglunchtime, it was well. a rusty brown water line had appeared. ae ship will roll onto specially built platform. they fixed huge containers to its side and steel cables under the hole. wenches pull the cables to turn the ship. as the containers filled with water, they will get heavier. gravity will help to pull the costa concordia upright. midafternoon and the ship had moved 10 degrees. a tide mark the length of three football pitches ran along the top deck. >> i think initially it was said this might take eight hours. it clearly will take a lot longer. is something going wrong? >> everything is going perfectly. we are going to slowly but safely-- >> safely, because if the ship
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splits, it will porous contents into the sea. inside, rotting food for 4000. the debris of the dream cruise. they have tried to protect to the some portent marine environment, moving large saltwater clams away from the wreck. the ships oil was pumped out long ago. still muchere would to do. even when it is up, it will be months before it can finally be towed away. time, they hope to have finished it. yet it is clear they have run into a number of unforeseen problems. we have now been told that for one hour, they stopped the entire operation, something they said before hand they were not prepared to do. it is going to take some time yet. matthew price, bbc news. >> amazing images. a reminder of our top story tonight. at least 13 people were killed in the shooting at a united states navy building here in washington, d.c.
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that number does include the shooter, who has been identified as 34-year-old former navy reserve officer aaron alexis. the fbi as always -- also looking for a person of interest. that brings the program to a close on this sad day in washington, d.c. thank you so much for joining us. i will see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news -- at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our
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relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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- hi, neighbor! today at school, we're choosing something new for the playground! swings or slide! they're both fun to play on! and then, we get to choose a new class pet! be right back. is made possible in part by... the richard king mellon foundation. dedicated for over sixty years to south western pennsylvania's quality of life, and competitive future. and by these pittsburg foundations. working together to enhance and enrich the lives of children for more than seventy-five years. and by the arthur vining davis foundations. dedicated to strengthening america's future through education. adcasting, dedicated to strengthening america's future and contributions to your pbs station, from viewers like you.
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hborhood ♪ and contributions to your pbs station, ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbor ♪ ♪ would you be mine? ♪ could you be mine? ♪ won't you be my neighbor? - ♪ it's daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ ♪ a land of make-believe ♪ won't you ride along with me? ♪ - ♪ ride along - ♪ it's daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ ♪ so much to do, so much to see ♪ ♪ won't you ride along with me? ♪ - ♪ ride along - ♪ i've got lots of friends for you to meet ♪ ♪ in this land of make-believe ♪ a friendly face on every street ♪ ♪ just waiting to greet you ♪ it's a beautiful day in the neighborhood ♪ ♪ a beautiful day for a neighbor ♪ ♪ in daniel tiger's neighborhood ♪ - hi, neighbor! i'm going to have breakfast. come on in! what do you usually have for breakfast?
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good morning, mom! - good morning, daniel. hi, neighbor. now, for breakfast, you can choose hot oatmeal like your dad and i are having, or cold cereal with berries. - hmm... i like hot oatmeal and cold cereal. which one would you choose? i'm not sure which one i want. - well, when you have to make a choice, you should... ♪ stop, think, and choose - ♪ stop, think, and choose i'm thinking... that i feel cold. brrr! so some hot oatmeal will warm me up. i choose... hot oatmeal, please! - ok, good idea! now go sit down at the table and i'll bring you some hot oatmeal. - thanks, mom! - now, here's some oatmeal for you. there you go. - me too. i love mom's famous oatmeal. (mom chuckles.) - mmm. deeelicious! so, what are we going to do today?


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