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tv   PBS News Hour Weekend  PBS  September 22, 2013 5:30pm-6:01pm PDT

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>> on this edition for sunday, september 22nd. with a government shutdown looming, still no progress in budget talks. the latest on the terrorist attack in kenya. taking steps to provide affordable housing in canada. >> we're standing in every room, my kitchen, my dining room and my living room and my bedroom and my bathroom is just around the corner. >> why the conviction of a top politician in china matters. next on "pbs newshour weekend."
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from the tissue studios, this is "pbs newshour weekend." >> the federal government will shut down 8 days from now unless congress passes a new budget. today neither party was giving an inch, instead leaving democrats and republicans to use the sunday morning talk shows to attack one another.
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nancy pelosi ridiculed congress friday for funding the affordable care act. >> i called them legislative arsonists. they're there to burn down all that it is that make our country great and the anti-government idealology that is making a mess of what goes on in government now. >> senate cruz said the president and government should be responsible, not the gop. he called on republicans to line up in support of the house bill to eliminate the president's funding for the health care plan. if they do, he proposed a different way to keep the government running. >> i think the house should hold its ground and begin passing smaller resolutions, one department at a time. it should start with focused on the military, fund the military,
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send it over and let's see if harry reid is willing to shut down the military because he wants to force obama care on the american people. >> walk us through what comes next we're joined by jeremy peters, a congressional reporter for the washington times. what happens tomorrow? >> tomorrow is going to be like a lot of the other days this week. there are going to be a number of procedural steps that the senate has to go through. it's going to be a pretty dull week in terms of voting. the first major votes that you are likely to see happen are going to be a week from today, next sunday when the senate votes on a version of the budget bill that the house passed friday. what reid is expected to do is stipulate out from that bill that says the government will not fund obama care. what the senate bill will actually have is funding for obama care. then the house votes on that next week -- i'm sorry. the senate votes on that next week and it goes back to the house. >> what are the chances of an
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actual shutdown here? >> i've learned to stop prognosticating what congress does. if there is one thing have i have learned that the 535 men and women are unincrediblely unpredictable and defy predictions from people much, much wiser than i am. it's kind of hard to see a way that there is compromise. both sides are so dug in and you're in this unusual scenario where republicans are -- conservative republicans are arguing with one another about the fe the fees faeblt of passing a budget. tom co burn is saying we don't have the votes to say this. republicans in the house are saying, no, that's not good enough. it's hard to see a way forward when both sides are screaming at each other, no. >> where does this put the
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leader of the house, john boehner. >> he's going to have to decide whether or not to put on the floor a version of the budget that includes funding for obama care. that's what the senate will send him. but a bill like that obviously does not have the support of his republican conference. the speaker has put himself in tricky situations like this before where he's enraged the right by putting a bill on the floor that doesn't have their support that ultimately passes because it ends up passing with democratic support. every time he does that there are calls for his ouster from the right. what john boehner does i think will determine how this situation is resolved. >> is there a way out of it? >> well, you know, government always seems to keep running and there is always a light at the end of the tunnel in situations like these. i think what happens is it's a very bumpy ride but the government will be funded. how that looks at the end of
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this week, two week fight we have ahead of us, who knows. >> a question i have, as you talk to all these different members, is there a sense of controversy fatigue or do they relish this brinksmanship? >> one of the most interesting things that's happened here is that the tea party itself has started to split. this is a group of legislatures who were elected to congress in 2010 basically saying we're not going to compromise on anything and that helped exacerbate this governing by crises deadline that we've been seeing. i think you raise a very good question. you have a lot of republicans saying as much as we hate boem ca care republicans do not control
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congress and if they did they would have to override a president's veto and that's not going to happen. >> thank you. >> thank you. >> late this afternoon president obama paid trib put to the 12 people gunned down in the navy yard last monday and spoke about the need to curb gun violence. >> sometimes i feel there is a creeping resignation that these tragedies are just somehow the way it is, that this is somehow the new normal. we can't accept this. americans bound in grief and love, we must insist here today there is nothing normal about innocent men and women being gunned down where they work. >> and to kenya where authorities now say at least 68 people have been killed and at least 175 people wounded in that terror attack that began yesterday in a shopping mall in
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nairobi. william brennan has the latest. >> reporter: kenyan security forces took up positions today around the five story west gate shopping mall as helicopters circled overhead. this evening kenyan authorities announced that an assault began against the islamist militants who had been holding hostages inside. most of those 30 hostages had been rescued and security forces were now in control of most of the building. a spokesman for the militants said earlier they would not surrender to and vowed that the hostages would, quote, meet their face. the president who lost his nephew addressed the nation earlier. >> there are armed terrorists inside the building as well as many unarmed, badly shaken, innocent civilians. we have reports of women as well
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as male attackers. our multi-agency response unit has had to delicately balance the pressure to contain the criminals with a need to keep our people still held in the building safe. >> there were unconfirmed reports that kenyan authorities were working closely with israeli terror experts in nairobi to oust the al shabab militants. they used guns and grenades to storm the mall yesterday. peter greenberg is in nairobi and is familiar with the mall. he said the mall provided certain advantages to the militants. >> it's a very big building and the real problem is if you cut off water it doesn't matter. it's a huge grocery store there. it's likely to the terrorists resupplied themselves. you have a lot of department stores that sell clothing. it's likely that the terrorists
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could actually reclothe themselves in civilian gear to make it more difficult to distinguish themselves between the terrorists and the hostages. is also have the churches here today completely jammed. everybody praying. great unity, solidarity, people are coming together as a community much like what happened in 9/11 of the united states. >> when the siege began yesterday the gunman reportedly told shoppers that muslims were safe and allowed to leave while nonmuslims were targeted. >> christians came under attack today when two suicide bombers detonated their explosives outside a church. o survivor said there was a blast and hell for all of us. i found nothing but smoke, blood, dust and screaming people, severed body parts and
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blood all around. a member of the pakistani taliban said all nonmuslims are our target and will remain as long as america fails to stop drone attacks in our country. this from europe tonight. the chanceler of germany re-elect re-elected. he may need to form a coalition government with the coalition democrats because0dk the last parliament did not get enough votes to win any seats in the new parliament. now to our signature segment, in depth reports from around the nation and the world. the phrase america is changing demographics might bring to mind the growing number of hispanics
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in the united states and how that affects the prospects of both political parties. another shift is taking place across america that gets virtually no attention, we're talking about a very large increase in the number of people who live by themselves. now recognizing the economic"n+ ramifications, cities in this country and canada are adapting. >> it's about 260 square feet. everything is really compact. it's multi-functional. >> reporter: shawn grof is a 26-year-old employee at whole foods who lives in a building that consists solely of what are known as micro apartments. >> we're standing in every room. my kitchen, my dining room, my living room, my bedroom. my bathroom is just around the corner. the table comes up. >> reporter: his dining room table is also his bed. >> the while thing folds down. classic murphy bed. >> reporter: for about $950 a
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month, he learning to make due with his 260 square foot space. >> voila. if i have company and i need another chair i can use my coffee table. they can enjoy. this is a solution for people like myself in the stage of my life who don't have that many things and i don't feel like i need that much space. i'm not really home that often. you ask yourself what you really need and if you are honest a lot of things become unnecessary. >> reporter: he happens to live in vancouver, canada, one of the first north american cities to embrace the tiny living concept. but the idea is catching on in seattle, san francisco, new york, boston, washington d.c., providence and cleveland. they have all been pursuing projects to develop this new model. it's an idea that may be new to
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north america but countries like japan have looked to micro apartments as a solution to high population. >> the housing really does correspond with this population need. >> reporter: sarah watson is the deputy director of a nonprofit research group in new york, the citizens housing and planning counsel. for the last five years the organization has been studying new concepts in housing. watson says the number of people living by themselves in the united states has increased dramatically. in the 40s and 50s, it was less than ten percent. today that population is closer to 30 percent. people are getting married later. getting divorced at higher rates than they once did and are living longer. watson says the supply of housing for single people has been kept up with this changing demographic. >> if the population changes but there is not housing supply to follow, what happens is people start going underground and living informally. that's why you see this huge
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growth in craig's list market, people trying to make room in housing that's not designed for it. >> reporter: and the problem is only going to get worse. for instance, new york's population is expected to rise about approximately 600,000 people by the year 2030. that's about an 8 percent increase. >> we can't just keep building taller buildings. there has to be some new way to accommodate these people within it. this whole space is 325 square feet. >> reporter: her organization lobbied to convince mayor michael bloomberg's administration to consider new types of housing in new york, including micro apartments like this one on display at a recent exhibit at the museum of the city of new york. >> the shelf stays horizontal. you don't even have to clear your books. >> this is for big cities, particularly cities that attract young people are going to be a big problem coming down the road. this is the first step that we're taking to try to find a solution. >> reporter: in a city where
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space is at a premium, the mayor launched a pilot project on manhattan's east side. each of the 55 prefab units will be housed in a single building. each will be less than 400 square feet. in order to do that, mayor bloomberg said he would waive zoning regulations put in place in the 1980s to protect against overcrowding. construction is set to begin this december or january. >> it's basically an experiment? >> right. it's an experiment and using it to properly test what happens if you just relieve a few elements, a few controls, really to see what the options could be. >> reporter: new york's micro unit building will require that 40 percent of the units are rented at an affordable rate. this being new york, the word affordable is relative. the rent for those tiny between $940 and $1800 a month. that's actually quite low for
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the neighborhood. >> this is a selling point. >> reporter: this man is a law professor in boston who studies affordable housing and land use policy. >> it's good to retain young professionals, recent college many graduates who might be priced out of the city. boston for instance is pushing that front, that they want to retain their recent graduates who otherwise can't afford to live there. those graduates are going to be important for the city's broader economy to grow. >> reporter: but there has been backlash. in seattle community groups have said they make neighborhoods less stable as young people come and go. in vancouver critics worry that they will replace housing for the poor. for example, the apartment
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it's not addressing the needs of lower middle income workers who also need the housing. >> a lot of these pilots that are happening are definitely on the higher end and because they are happening in vhigh value areas. if you think through the design concept of these small spaces and situate them in other locations you're really changing the price point and you can target different populations. >> reporter: watson believes micro units make sense for the way many people live today. >> there is a reason why this is catching on in the country because you can live quite comfortably now with your music collection and your books on a shelf. it's transformed the need for space. couple that with new
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transformable furniture and you can maximize a small space in a positive way. >> just how small is small? take a tour of a micro apartment. visit7sñ news hour.pbs.org. >> a former member of the poll it bureau was handcuffed and taken away after being convicted of taking $3 million in bribes. he used the money to pay for a lavish life-style. we're joined by the director for u.s. china relations. first question, why was this trial so significant in china? >> well, it was not only an isolated case of one official who was corrupt but a high official.
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so this sort of reached back into the deep recesses behind the veil of high party politics. this was a threat to other leaders because he saw the power base that was outside of the consensual kind of back room leadership agreements that usually decide who rises. he sought to rally a popular following. >> this was very threatening to others in the top leadership. was this an embarrassment to china overall when it comes to the private lives of some of our most powerful politicians? >> yes, it was embarrassing. not only is he a high politician with a high advivisibility sign oxford but his father was a high visibility politician and he, too, spent 11 years in prison, was rehabilitated and it looks
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like he will go to the same prison that his father went to which is sort of paradox. >> can we expect this life sentence to be carried out or perhaps he'll be pardoned a few years from now in another chapter of his recovery? >> it's very hard to say in china. if things remain as they are politically speaking with his chinese communist party in control, i think he's not going to have much of a rehabilitation. but the lord works in mysterious ways and china has frequently undergone major tech tonic changes. it's very hard to know. he's a very able, very smart man who has a substantial following despite his indiscretions. >> should the u.s. be paying attention to this? >> i think the u.s. knows a lot about this case because his police chief where he was party secretary defected for a day and
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a half to the consul general and spilled the beans. >> the u.s. consulate? >> yes. i think the u.s. has done investmenvery little about it. they know a lot. they have paid a lot of attention but chosen just to be silent. >> what are the kind of longer term consequences? it seems that some of these court transcripts were made public. are they saying here are our opportunities to be transparent? >> i think they felt they had to have a certain transparency in this trial to convince his supporters that he wasn't railroaded. but they didn't want to desmur much the party with the lurid details. >> thanks so much.
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>> announce . >> finally tonight a novel approach to save a huge but vulnerable wild animal. >> in a game reserve north of jo han es berg, rangers made another grim discovery this week. >> she was still alive when she started hacking off her horn. it was a horrific death. >> a 23-year-old pregnant rhino shot and hacked to death for her horns. >> if the children in the country got to see this, they're going to start asking their apparent about why you're using it. >> that's the question these vietnamese delegations have been asked to answer this week. they hope to shock them into action. each member of the group is hoped to use it to spread the message, a politician, a
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journalist and vietnams most famous comedian who has told his 500,000 facebook followers what he thinks. to a poaching gang, this horn could be worth a quarter of a million pounds. in the townships and villages there is no shortage of people prepared to do the killing. the rhino won't mate without a weapon to protect its young. game parks can't remove the animal's horns but can try to cut their values. a growing number of reserves are injecting the horns with poison. it doesn't harm the animals but will give the consumer an experience they won't forget and it could help to kill demand. with the very survival of this species under threat there is a growing consensus here, that desperate times call for
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desperate measures. >> on the news hour tomorrow on air and online world leaders converge on new york. margaret warner reports. judy woodruff sits down with former president clinton about iran, syria, the clinton global initiative and more. that's it for this edition of news hour weekend. thanks for watching.
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female announcer: truly california is a kqed production, presented in association with... [percussive rock music] ♪ next on truly california... in the 1980s, central california's kern county was shocked by horrific allegations. - when you start conversing with a five-year-old child, and they're able to say things that your five-year-old child at home would absolutely never know, there are bells that go off. announcer: the result was a culture of fear

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