tv BBC World News America PBS October 11, 2013 4:00pm-4:31pm PDT
what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." more than two dozen migrants are reportedly dead after their boat capsized his the italian coast. the accident comes just a week after more than 300 were killed in a similar incident. the organization tasked with destroying serious chemical weapons has been awarded the nobel peace prize, but its toughest task may still lie ahead. and dancing on air in mexico, these highflying feats are part of a cultural tradition that one community is fighting to preserve for generations to come.
welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. tonight, a rescue operation is underway after a boat carrying around 200 migrants has capsized near the italian island of lot to do so. over two dozen people including women and children are believed to have died. in andek, a boat sank italian officials say that 319 african migrants are confirmed dead from that incident. is in italy and joins us with the latest. what can you tell us about what happened tonight? as we arejust speaking, another helicopter is landing at the airstrip. the helicopters this evening so far have been taking the injured
and some dead bodies from the scene. vote sinking has taken place about 60 miles to the south of where i am speaking to you from. we understand, as you said, a couple dozen, possibly more people, were killed in this latest syncing. some 200 were rescued. one of the reasons for the rescue is the italian coast guard vessels and navy vessels were on the scene quickly, partly as a result of the increased patrols that were put in the mediterranean because of syncing last week. more than 300 people last week died in that sinjing, and some of their relatives were here today in lampedusa. the grief is still raw. some relatives of those who have died have flown here, clutching photos to prove the identities of their brothers, sisters,
children. they're still being told the bodies cannot yet be released for burial. we were given a rare access edusa's refugee center. it has room for 250. many more have crowded in this week. they overflow outside and sleep in the dirt. they are people from somalia, and those like this woman and her four children, who did not want to be identified, fling the war in syria. they paid 3000 pounds to cross the sea. >> it was like a death trip, a suicide trip. i don't recommend it to anyone. and we dying in syria, face death coming here, too. it was only god who helped us make it here. >> also here, we found out med. thomas did cost to come here? >> from libya to hear, $1000.
>> how difficult was the journey? were you afraid? if you would ask me to repeat the trip, i would refuse. >> divers have recovered 319 bodies from last week's wreck. the boats that migrants use for the crossings pileup. imagine how desperate you would have to be to board one of these deathtraps and risk your life looking for a better future. it is not just syrian's coming across on these boats. alone, tens of thousands have made this horrendous voyage. continue and poverty to fuel the migration, there is nothing that europe's politicians can do to stop them from coming. what to do with those who make it? today, 39 children who came here without their parents were transferred to the mainland. now placing their faith in europe to look after them.
no mistake, this is a moral dilemma. only one hand, politicians are promising and pledging no more migrants will die at sea. yet those migrants will keep coming. inestically, politically, many countries across europe, they are talking not about loosening immigration laws, they are talking about tightening them. >> matthew, what is the atmosphere like in lampedusa after the second deadly accident in just over a week? >> i have to say that i think they are getting too used to them, in many ways. i think they feel sick in the summit -- sick in the stomach about it. italian immigration law has meant that in recent years if you're a boat owner and you hear of somebody in trouble off the coast, you cannot take them off their boat. you can pull them out of the water, but if you take them off a boat and rescue them that way,
you can be fined and have your license taken away and be punished by the state. it is against the law to do that. so many people here who have votes -- it is a fishing community, sailing community -- they feel trapped on that issue. it is a law the italians are talking about changing. beensland itself has overrun, on many instances, i just simply the sheer weight of the refugees and migrants arriving. it is an island with a population of 5000 people in the middle of the mediterranean, closer to africa than mainland europe, and for the people here, they know they want to help the migrants were arriving, but at the same time they also know their island cannot cope with the number of arrivals they are getting. >> matthew price, thank you. announcemente everyone was waiting for, the winner of the nobel peace prize full top it was awarded to the organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons.
they were thrust into the spotlight for their efforts to rid syria of their chemical arsenal. they have been tackling some of the most difficult tasks since 1997. we have this report. >> in the history of the nobel peace prize, individuals use to dominate. iconic figures, like mother theresa, martin luther king jr., and nelson mandela. increasingly, organizations have been hundred, such as the united nations nuclear watchdog. last year it went to the e.u. add to that list one more less than famous name. >> the nobel peace prize for 2013 is to be awarded to the organization for the prohibition of chemical weapons, opcw, for its extensive work for eliminating chemical weapons. >> this is the painstaking work of the opcw that is being honored, detecting, collecting,
and overseeing the destruction of chemical weapons materials. the nobel committee said the award recognized long-standing efforts. since it began operations in 1997, the opcw has carried out almost 5300 inspections in 86 countries. it says more than 80% of the world's declared stock tiles -- stockpiles have been destroyed. pictures fromking near damascus show chemical weapons were used just a few weeks ago. human rights groups and the syrian opposition wonder, does that make a mockery of the nobel peace prize? it certainly creates an urgent challenge for its recipients. inspectors have been on the ground 10 days tracking down stockpiles of wheezing gasp in the middle of the -- of poison gas in the middle of the brutal conflict. so for the syrian government appears to be cool operating, and the inspection team welcomes that. >> it brings efforts and
stronger commitment and greater dedication. opcw's work to rid syria of chemical weapons has barely begun. and i, the head of the operations there said they would celebrate the nobel peace prize once their mission was completed. for more on the prize in the difficult task that lies ahead for the organization in syria, i spoke with amy stinson, senior fellow for the study of nonproliferation studies. what do you think the biggest hurdle is facing inspectors in syria? >> this type of disarmament effort has never been attempted. they will do something in the middle of a civil war, on a very compressed time frame. normally this is an organization that has overseen the destruction of several other countries chemical weapons arsenals. this is something that takes place in a very peaceful setting over a long time.
we have never been a situation with inspectors in the middle of a civil war. >> how cooperative is the syrian government going to be? what is the record on that front? >> it is rather shoddy, quite friendly. with the international atomic energy agency, they have refused access to sites where the syrian government is believed to have tried to hide a nuclear weapons program. so this is something we have also seen with the chemical investigators who are in damascus a few weeks back. they also attempted to destroy evidence, and even took shots at inspectors. i am not assuming cooperation will continue. it is a nice start, but stay tuned. tight timetable inspectors are working with to destroy the arsenal by the middle of next year? has anything like that been attempted? >> it has never been done quickly before. some of these early things we are seeing are the destruction of empty munitions. some parts of this can go
relatively quickly if the syrians cooperate. the syrians are not the only ones in the middle of this. they have to move the weapons from one part to another. there is hezbollah and hamas and al qaeda who may prove to be very problematic in the equation. >> the inspectors have to find a thousand metric tons. how scattered are these chemical agents across syria? >> i am hearing numbers like you are in terms of the sites that may be involved. i am not sure anyone knows at this point, except the syrians who have these weapons. the investigators will be going to all of these places that the syrians allow them to. >> how about the rebels, how much of a threat they pose to the inspectors? toohe rebels are not enthusiastic about chemical disarmament. they would like to see more. but they said they would fight around inspectors, not necessarily shoot them. >> what will you be looking for to see if this is going to plan? >> i think we have many months
before we know if we have a success story on our hands or a partial success story. any gains here are gains for peace, but i think will be difficult to see because we do not know if they will try to do on the the sites, coastline, take some parts of the arsenal to other places to destroy it. it is a complicated situation. >> amy, think issa much for joining us. -- thank you so much for joining us. nobody is winning prizes for good behavior in washington, and the fights over the shutdown and that ceiling have taken their toll. despite meetings between the white house and republican lawmakers over a short-term extension of the debt ceiling, we are enduring another weekend of uncertainty. for more, i am joined by mark patterson, who was previously chief of staff at the u.s. half -- u.s. treasury. let's say there is a short-term fix on the debt ceiling. what does that achieve? >> we are not there yet on the
short-term fixed either. i think they're a little ways from that and it will take a little more work on the part of congress to get themselves around to doing that. at is not just a great idea either. they all to be passing something much more long-term, because a six-week limit extension, as is being discussed, will leave the economy with the threat of default hanging over it. >> let's get to the workplace, they don't reach an agreement but reaching an agreement on the debt ceiling. what do your former colleagues do on the day that the u.s. government cannot pay its bills? >> they have uncomfortable choices, and none of them are good. conceptually speaking, they have a couple of asic options. they can try to reduce payments across the board. they can try to pick and choose payments. or they can delay payments. all of those things are really no good as a contingency plan. they are not even damage control, it is damage
mitigation. it would spread pain across the economy quickly. >> is it true the president could order the printing of a one trillion dollar platinum coin and get rid of these problems? it is not true. i am a tad you there. unfortunately, i cannot make that news tonight. that does not work. it is a clever idea and kind of intriguing, but if you think about it, if the treasury were to produce those $1 trillion coins, it would render the idea of a budget moot. we would not need a tax system anymore, we would have unlimited inflation of course at the same time. it is a nifty little idea, but it is really too cute. >> some people are saying the debt ceiling could be ignored without many consequences, it is not a big deal and you are a fearmonger. >> i have heard that and it is complete nonsense. zandik if you read mark today, if you read tony james in the "wall street journal," james
in particular goes into detail what would happen on the financial markets if you attempted to operate with a government defaulting on some of its payments, only paying interest. it is not a workable idea. >> let's talk briefly about the shutdown. what damages that doing to the economy? >> it is about to do a lot more because federal employees are not getting their last paychecks. it will start to really light. -- it will start to really bite. there has been some interesting coverage of here in the washington papers, because it is a ripple effect that goes through the country from it. but you also see federal employees, many of them check their check, live check to check , as many merit is due and have to pay their mortgage and grocery bills and suddenly that becomes a real hardship. even though they will probably get a in the end. >> mark patterson, thank you for joining us. >> thank you for having me. >> still to come, we lift the lid on secret restitution at
some of china's top hotels. sexinvestigation shows that is being sold at some businesses operating from within some hotel premises. the spanish formula one test drive for has died. she was 33. she lost an eye and a test accident last year. she was found at a hotel in seville. we have this report. her courage after a life- changing crash had drawn admiration through the sporting world. this is maria last autumn, starting to rebuild her life after it was so cruelly shattered. she was that rarity of female driver in a male-dominated world of formula one. she rose through the ranch to become a test drive or. -- to become a test driver. but last summer she suffered a horrific crash.
she lost her right eye and nearly lost her life. her determination was undimmed. she wanted to inspire female drivers. she led road safety campaigns. the race now a role model. news of her death has left formula one in shock as teams practice ahead of this weekend's japanese grand prix. >> this is a somber place at the moment. walking see drivers along, not speaking to anyone, it is a very dim place at the moment. ,t is a very close community and really everyone is thinking about the sad loss that we had with this news. villota's legacy to the sport as one of its few figureheads is beyond dispute. >> she reached out to the young kids, two girls especially. you cannot have anybody more credible than her to show young people that it might be difficult, but if you really want it, you have to believe in
it and go for it. >> spanish police believe that of naturaldied causes. her family said, dear friends, maria left us. she had to go to heaven with all of the angels. >> now to a bbc investigation in china that has uncovered evidence that organized prostitution inside a number of well-known western branded hotels in china. our investigation shows sex has been bought and sold from third- party businesses operating from within some hotel premises. the ramada, intercontinental, and other hotels will deny any knowledge of the practice. prostitution is illegal in china. here is our correspondent in china. zedong oncemao claimed to have driven
prostitution from the streets. in today's communist china, it is around almost every corner. shows,our investigation inside the international hotel trade, too. hotel,basement of this we find a small independently run business with more than 10 prostitutes for hire. one of them tells me she is 20 years old and has sex with up to three clients per day. spas in dozens of international hotels across china and found evidence of prostitution in around seven percent of them. , also in the city, is managed by a british-based intercontinental hotels group. the signs here make clear the spot is under independent management, and legitimate
massage is the mainstay of the business. but the spot also rents out this prostitute. she tells us the bill could be settled at checkout through the hotel main desk. and statement, the internet -- intercontinental hotels group says prostitution district we prohibited inside of its hotels, including third-party run businesses. have notff, it says, knowingly been involved in processing bills for prostitution. it has now closed spa. kim pinsky hotel also denied knowledge of the prostitution we wasd, saying that a spa originally planned for the hotel, hence the signage in the elevators, but never approved nor open. the hotel is connected to a third-party business three basement passageway that cannot be closed off for safety reasons.
this is the ramada. or, -- down this hallway, we find a third-party spa available for the use of male customers only and we are handed a leaflet. prostitutes. handwriting says it at the top. about 85 pounds. the wyndham hotel group told us, "we take this very seriously. all independently owned and operated hotels under its ramada franchise are required to comply with the law." it provides training to identify and report human exploitation. there are huge opportunities for the international hotel industry in china, but our investigation raises questions about whether it is doing enough to keep vice and criminality from its doors. this next story will take
>> absolutely phenomenal. that is all for us here at "world news america." have a great weekend. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions.
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